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The Party School of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party in
Beijing Beijing ( ), Chinese postal romanization, alternatively romanized as Peking ( ), is the Capital city, capital of the People's Republic of China. It is the world's List of national capitals by population, most populous national capital city, ...
, also known as the Central Party School, is the higher education institution which specifically trains cadres of the Chinese Communist Party. As of 2012, it has around 1,600 students. The current president is Chen Xi (politician), Chen Xi, a member of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party.


History

The Party School was established as the CCP Central Committee's Marx School of Communism () in Ruijin, Jiangxi in 1933. It folded when the Red Army left on the Long March and was revived again once the CCP leadership had arrived and settled in Shaanxi, northwest China, in the winter of 1936. It was then renamed the Central Party School. The School was suspended in 1947 when the CCP retreated from Yan'an. It was re-opened in 1948 in a village in Pingshan County, Hebei province, before being moved to Beijing after the Communists captured the city in 1949. In 1955 the school was re-organized so that it came directly under the jurisdiction of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party. Then in 1966 the school was abolished during the Cultural Revolution, before being duly restored in 1977. Since 1989 the school has been headed by the top-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China, Secretariat, who is concurrently a member of the Politburo Standing Committee. In practice the day-to-day affairs of the school is managed by the executive vice president, who is generally regarded to have the same ranking as a cabinet minister. The school is, as of 2012, allowed to grant master's degrees in 14 subject areas and doctorate degrees in eight subject areas.


Location

The location of the school is now in Haidian District, Haidian district, Beijing close to the Old Summer Palace and Summer Palace.


Publications

The Central Party School publishes the ''Study Times'' (学习时报''Xuéxí Shíbào''), which provides an explanation of the relationships between the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, Central Committee's directives and the underlying political theory.


Presidents

#Li Weihan (): 1933–1935 #Dong Biwu (): 1935–1937 #Li Weihan (): 1937–1938 #Kang Sheng (): 1938–1939 #Deng Fa (): 1939–1942 #Mao Zedong: 1942–1947 #Liu Shaoqi (): 1948–1953 #Kai Feng (politician), Kai Feng (): 1953–1954 #Li Zhuoran (): 1954–1955 #Yang Xianzhen (): 1955–1961 #Wang Congwu (): 1961–1963 #Lin Feng (politician), Lin Feng (): 1963–1966 #Hua Guofeng (): 1977–1982 #Wang Zhen (general), Wang Zhen (): 1982–1987 #Gao Yang (politician), Gao Yang (): 1987–1989 #Qiao Shi (): 1989–1993 #Hu Jintao (): 1993–2002 #Zeng Qinghong (): 2002–2007 #Xi Jinping (): 2007–2013 #Liu Yunshan (): 2013–2017 #Chen Xi (politician), Chen Xi (): 2017–


Dissent

In June 2020, Cai Xia, a retired professor of the Central Party School, criticized Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the CCP. In a 20-minute audio on China social networking sites, she called Xi a "mafia boss" and the ruling Communist Party a "political zombie”. She said that everyone is Xi's slave, and there is no human rights and rule of law. She suggested that Xi should retire. On August 17, 2020, Cai was expelled from the Central Party School and her retirement pension was cancelled.


See also

* Yan'an Rectification Movement


References


External links

*
China's Central Party School trains 50,000 officials in 30 years
{{Authority control Central Party School of the Chinese Communist Party, * Central Committee of the Communist Party of China Education in Beijing Educational institutions established in 1933 1933 establishments in China Schools and Research Institutes of the Communist Party of China Chinese propaganda organisations Haidian District