HistoryThe Party School was established as the CCP Central Committee's Marx School of Communism () in Ruijin, Jiangxi in 1933. It folded when the Red Army left on the Long March and was revived again once the CCP leadership had arrived and settled in Shaanxi, northwest China, in the winter of 1936. It was then renamed the Central Party School. The School was suspended in 1947 when the CCP retreated from Yan'an. It was re-opened in 1948 in a village in Pingshan County, Hebei province, before being moved to Beijing after the Communists captured the city in 1949. In 1955 the school was re-organized so that it came directly under the jurisdiction of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party. Then in 1966 the school was abolished during the Cultural Revolution, before being duly restored in 1977. Since 1989 the school has been headed by the top-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China, Secretariat, who is concurrently a member of the Politburo Standing Committee. In practice the day-to-day affairs of the school is managed by the executive vice president, who is generally regarded to have the same ranking as a cabinet minister. The school is, as of 2012, allowed to grant master's degrees in 14 subject areas and doctorate degrees in eight subject areas.
LocationThe location of the school is now in Haidian District, Haidian district, Beijing close to the Old Summer Palace and Summer Palace.
PublicationsThe Central Party School publishes the ''Study Times'' (学习时报''Xuéxí Shíbào''), which provides an explanation of the relationships between the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, Central Committee's directives and the underlying political theory.
Presidents#Li Weihan (): 1933–1935 #Dong Biwu (): 1935–1937 #Li Weihan (): 1937–1938 #Kang Sheng (): 1938–1939 #Deng Fa (): 1939–1942 #Mao Zedong: 1942–1947 #Liu Shaoqi (): 1948–1953 #Kai Feng (politician), Kai Feng (): 1953–1954 #Li Zhuoran (): 1954–1955 #Yang Xianzhen (): 1955–1961 #Wang Congwu (): 1961–1963 #Lin Feng (politician), Lin Feng (): 1963–1966 #Hua Guofeng (): 1977–1982 #Wang Zhen (general), Wang Zhen (): 1982–1987 #Gao Yang (politician), Gao Yang (): 1987–1989 #Qiao Shi (): 1989–1993 #Hu Jintao (): 1993–2002 #Zeng Qinghong (): 2002–2007 #Xi Jinping (): 2007–2013 #Liu Yunshan (): 2013–2017 #Chen Xi (politician), Chen Xi (): 2017–
DissentIn June 2020, Cai Xia, a retired professor of the Central Party School, criticized Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the CCP. In a 20-minute audio on China social networking sites, she called Xi a "mafia boss" and the ruling Communist Party a "political zombie”. She said that everyone is Xi's slave, and there is no human rights and rule of law. She suggested that Xi should retire. On August 17, 2020, Cai was expelled from the Central Party School and her retirement pension was cancelled.
See also* Yan'an Rectification Movement