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Central German
Central German
(German: Mitteldeutsche Dialekte) is a group of High German dialects spoken from the Rhineland
Rhineland
in the west to the former eastern territories of Germany. Central German
Central German
divides into two subgroups, West Central German
West Central German
and East Central German. Central German
Central German
is distinguished by having experienced only the first and fourth phases of the High German
High German
consonant shift. It is spoken in the linguistic transition region separated from Northern Germany
Northern Germany
(Low German/Low Franconian) by the Benrath line
Benrath line
isogloss. It is separated from Southern Germany
Southern Germany
(Upper German) by the Speyer line. Central German
Central German
is spoken in large and influential German cities like the capital Berlin, the former West German capital Bonn, Cologne, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
and the main German financial center Frankfurt. The area corresponds to the geological region of the hilly Central Uplands that stretches from the North German plain
North German plain
to the South German Scarplands, covering the states of Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate, Hesse, Thuringia
Thuringia
and Saxony. Classification[edit]

West Central German
West Central German
(Westmitteldeutsch), part of the Franconian language group

Central Franconian
Central Franconian
(Mittelfränkisch)

Ripuarian (Ripuarisch) Moselle Franconian
Moselle Franconian
(Moselfränkisch) Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch), also considered a Moselle Franconian variant Lorraine Franconian
Lorraine Franconian
(Lothringisch), also considered a Moselle Franconian variant or general term for all Franconian dialects spoken in French Lorraine (francique lorrain)

Rhine Franconian
Rhine Franconian
(Rheinfränkisch)

Palatinate German (Pfälzisch) North Hessian (Nordhessisch) East Hessian (Osthessisch) Central Hessian (Mittelhessisch)

East Central German (Ostmitteldeutsch)

Thuringian (Thüringisch) Upper Saxon (Obersächsisch) Erzgebirgisch North Upper Saxon (Nordobersächsisch) Lausitzisch-neumärkisch,[1] also Sorbian language area East Central German dialects spoken in the former eastern territories:

Silesian (Schlesisch), nearly extinct High Prussian
High Prussian
(Hochpreußisch), nearly extinct

See also[edit]

High German

Upper German

Low German

Notes[edit]

^ Ludwig Erich Schmitt (editor): Germanische Dialektologie. Franz Steiner, Wiesbaden 1968, p. 143

v t e

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