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CENTRAL GERMAN (German : Mitteldeutsche Dialekte) is a group of High German dialects spoken from the Rhineland
Rhineland
in the west to the former eastern territories of Germany .

Central German
Central German
divides into two subgroups, West Central German and East Central German .

Central German
Central German
is distinguished by having experienced only the first and fourth phases of the High German consonant shift . It is spoken in the linguistic transition region separated from Northern Germany (Low German /Low Franconian ) by the Benrath line isogloss . It is separated from Southern Germany ( Upper German
Upper German
) by the Speyer line .

Central German
Central German
is spoken in large and influential German cities like the capital Berlin
Berlin
, the former West German capital Bonn
Bonn
, Cologne
Cologne
, Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
and the main German financial center Frankfurt
Frankfurt
.

The area corresponds to the geological region of the hilly Central Uplands that stretches from the North German plain to the South German Scarplands , covering the states of Saarland
Saarland
, Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
, Hesse
Hesse
, Thuringia
Thuringia
and Saxony
Saxony
.

CLASSIFICATION

* WEST CENTRAL GERMAN (Westmitteldeutsch), part of the Franconian language group

* CENTRAL FRANCONIAN (Mittelfränkisch)

* Ripuarian (Ripuarisch) * Moselle Franconian (Moselfränkisch) * Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch), also considered a Moselle Franconian variant * Lorraine Franconian (Lothringisch), also considered a Moselle Franconian variant or general term for all Franconian dialects spoken in French Lorraine (francique lorrain)

* RHINE FRANCONIAN (Rheinfränkisch)

* Palatinate German (Pfälzisch) * North Hessian (Nordhessisch) * East Hessian (Osthessisch) * Central Hessian (Mittelhessisch)

* EAST CENTRAL GERMAN (Ostmitteldeutsch)

* Thuringian (Thüringisch) * Upper Saxon (Obersächsisch) * Erzgebirgisch * North Upper Saxon (Nordobersächsisch) * Lausitzisch-neumärkisch , also Sorbian language area

* East Central German dialects spoken in the former eastern territories :

* Silesian (Schlesisch), nearly extinct * High Prussian (Hochpreußisch), nearly extinct

SEE ALSO

* High German
High German

* Upper German
Upper German

* Low German
Low German

NOTES

* ^ Ludwig Erich Schmitt (editor): Germanische Dialektologie. Franz Steiner, Wiesbaden 1968, p. 143

* v * t * e

Modern Germanic languages
Germanic languages
and dialects

North Germanic

West Scandinavian

* Bergensk * Elfdalian

* Faroese

* Gøtudanskt

* Icelandic * Jamtlandic

* Norwegian

* Bokmål
Bokmål
* Nynorsk

* Sognamål * Trøndersk * Valdris
Valdris
* Vestlandsk * Vikværsk

East Scandinavian

* Bornholmsk * Dalecarlian * Danish * Insular Danish

* Jutlandic

* South

* Perkerdansk * Gutnish * Kalix * Kebabnorsk * Kiruna * Luleå * Norrland * Småländska

* South Swedish

* Scanian

* Stockholm

* Rinkeby

* Uppländska * Västgötska * Westrobothnian
Westrobothnian

* Swedish

* Åland * Estonia * Finland * Ostrobothnia

West Germanic

Anglo- Frisian

* English

* English dialects

* North Frisian * Saterland Frisian * Scots * West Frisian

Low Franconian

* Dutch

* Hollandic * West Flemish Zeelandic * East Flemish Brabantian * Limburgish

* Meuse-Rhenish * Afrikaans
Afrikaans

Low German/ Low Saxon

* Dutch Low Saxon * Northern Low Saxon * Westphalian * Eastphalian * Mecklenburgisch-Vorpommersch * Brandenburgisch * East Pomeranian * Central Pomeranian * Low Prussian

High German

Standard German

* German * Swiss * Austrian

Central German

* Ripuarian * Moselle Franconian * Luxembourgish * Lorraine Franconian * Rhine Franconian * Hessian * Thuringian * Upper Saxon * High Prussian * Lausitzisch-neumärkisch * Silesian

Upper German

* East Franconian * South Franconian *