The Red Banner Central Asian Military District was a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces, which existed in 1926–1945 and 1969–1989, with its headquarters at Tashkent (1926–1945) and Almaty (1969–1989). By USSR Order No.304 of 4 June 1926, the Turkestan Front was renamed the Central Asian Military District.
On 22 June 1941 the Central Asian Military District included the 4th Cavalry Corps (18th, 20th, and 21st Mountain Cavalry Divisions), the 27th Mechanised Corps (9th and 53rd Tank Divisions and 221st Mechanised Division, the 58th Rifle Corps, and the independent 238th Polish Rifle Division, as well as the Air Forces of the Central Asian Military District (under General Major M.P. Kharitonov, including 4th Aviation Brigade with 34th Bomber Aviation Regt (SBs) (Tashkent) and 116th Regiment (I-153s) at Stalinabad) and district troops.
The district was reformed in 1969, as the Chinese threat to the Soviet Union increased.
In 1988 the CAMD included the 32nd Army and 17th Army Corps and troops directly subordinate to district command. Air support was carried out by the 73rd Air Army, and air defence by the 12th and 14th Air Defence Armies. The 32nd Army (headquartered in Semipalatinsk) includes a tank and three motor rifle divisions, anti-aircraft and missile brigades, artillery and rocket regiments, separate Flame-tank Regiment, and others. The 17th Army Corps (headquartered in Frunze) included the 8th Guards Motor Rifle Division (Frunze) and the 68th Motor Rifle Division (Sary Ozek) (the former 372nd Rifle Division, 68th Mountain Motor Rifle Brigade (Osh), and the 30th independent Motor Rifle Regiment (Kurdai), plus a separate battalion. District units included the 80th Guards Training Motor Rifle Division and the 134th Motor Rifle Division (Dushanbe) (formed February 1980 to replace the 201st MRD which had been deployed to Afghanistan), two communications brigades, a chemical protection missile brigade, a separate air assault battalion, and the 23rd independent Helicopter Transport Regiment (Dushanbe).