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Central European Summer Time
European Summer Time
(CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time
Central European Time
(UTC+1) during the other part of the year. It corresponds to UTC+2, which makes it the same as Central Africa Time, South African Standard Time
South African Standard Time
and Kaliningrad Time in Russia.

Contents

1 Names 2 Period of observation 3 Usage 4 See also 5 References

Names[edit] Other names which have been applied to Central European Summer Time are Middle European Summer Time
European Summer Time
(MEST), Central European Daylight Saving Time (CEDT), and Bravo Time (after the second letter of the NATO phonetic alphabet). It is also in practice called CET, for example in invitations to events during the summer. Period of observation[edit] Since 1996 European Summer Time
European Summer Time
has been observed between 1:00 UTC (2:00 CET and 3:00 CEST) on the last Sunday of March and 1:00 UTC on the last Sunday of October; previously the rules were not uniform across the European Union.[1] Usage[edit] The following countries and territories use Central European Summer Time.

Albania, regularly since 1974 Andorra, regularly since 1985 Austria, regularly since 1980 Belgium, regularly since 1980 Bosnia and Herzegovina, regularly since 1983 Croatia, regularly since 1983 Czech Republic, regularly since 1979 Denmark
Denmark
(metropolitan), regularly since 1980 France
France
(metropolitan), regularly since 1976 Germany, regularly since 1980 Gibraltar, regularly since 1982 Hungary, regularly since 1983 Italy, regularly since 1968 Kosovo, regularly since 1983 Liechtenstein Luxembourg, regularly since 1981 Malta, regularly since 1974 Monaco, regularly since 1976 Montenegro, regularly since 1983 Netherlands, regularly since 1977 Norway, regularly since 1980 Poland, regularly since 1977 Republic of Macedonia, regularly since 1983 San Marino, regularly since 1966 Serbia, regularly since 1983 Slovakia
Slovakia
regularly since 1979 Slovenia, regularly since 1983 Spain
Spain
(except Canary Islands, which apply Western European Summer Time instead), regularly since 1974 Sweden, regularly since 1980 Switzerland, regularly since 1981 Vatican, regularly since 1966

CEST was used also in the years 1993–1995 in Portugal, 1998–1999 in Lithuania
Lithuania
and 2005–2008 in Tunisia. In addition, Libya
Libya
used CEST during the years 1951–1959, 1982–1989, 1996–1997 and 2012–2013. See also[edit]

European Summer Time Other countries and territories in UTC+2
UTC+2
time zone Other names of UTC+2
UTC+2
time zone

References[edit]

^ Joseph Myers (2009-07-17). "History of legal time in Britain". Retrieved

.