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CENTRAL EUROPEAN SUMMER TIME (CEST) is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1 ) during the rest of the year. It corresponds to UTC+2 , which makes it the same as Central Africa Time , South African Standard Time
South African Standard Time
and Kaliningrad Time in Russia
Russia
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Names * 2 Period of observation * 3 Usage * 4 See also * 5 References

NAMES

Other names which have been applied to Central European Summer Time are Middle European Summer Time (MEST), Central European Daylight Saving Time (CEDT), and Bravo Time (after the second letter of the NATO phonetic alphabet ).

PERIOD OF OBSERVATION

Since 1996 European Summer Time has been observed between 1:00 UTC on the last Sunday of March and 1:00 on the last Sunday of October; previously the rules were not uniform across the European Union.

USAGE

The following countries and territories use Central European Summer Time.

* Albania
Albania
, regularly since 1974 * Andorra , regularly since 1985 * Austria
Austria
, regularly since 1980 * Belgium
Belgium
, regularly since 1980 * Bosnia and Herzegovina , regularly since 1983 * Croatia
Croatia
, regularly since 1983 * Czech Republic
Czech Republic
, regularly since 1979 * Denmark
Denmark
(metropolitan), regularly since 1980 * France
France
(metropolitan ), regularly since 1976 * Germany , regularly since 1980 * Gibraltar
Gibraltar
, regularly since 1982 * Hungary
Hungary
, regularly since 1983 * Italy
Italy
, regularly since 1968 * Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
* Luxembourg
Luxembourg
, regularly since 1981 * Malta
Malta
, regularly since 1974 * Monaco
Monaco
, regularly since 1976 * Montenegro , regularly since 1983 * Netherlands
Netherlands
, regularly since 1977 * Norway
Norway
, regularly since 1980 * Poland
Poland
, regularly since 1977 * Republic of Macedonia , regularly since 1983 * San Marino , regularly since 1966 * Serbia
Serbia
, regularly since 1983 * Slovakia
Slovakia
regularly since 1979 * Slovenia
Slovenia
, regularly since 1983 * Spain
Spain
(except Canary Islands , which apply Western European Summer Time instead), regularly since 1974 * Sweden
Sweden
, regularly since 1980 * Switzerland