A CENSUS-DESIGNATED PLACE (CDP) is a concentration of population
defined by the
United States Census Bureau
The boundaries of a CDP have no legal status. Thus, they may not always correspond with the local understanding of the area or community with the same name. However, criteria established for the 2010 Census require that a CDP name "be one that is recognized and used in daily communication by the residents of the community" (not "a name developed solely for planning or other purposes") and recommend that a CDP's boundaries be mapped based on the geographic extent associated with inhabitants' regular use of the named place.
The Census Bureau states that census-designated places are not
considered incorporated places and that it includes only
census-designated places in its city population list for Hawaii
because that state has no incorporated cities. In addition, census
city lists from 2007 include
Arlington County, Virginia
* 1 History * 2 Effects of designation and examples * 3 Purpose of designation * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References
The Census Bureau reported data for some unincorporated places as early as the 1850 Census , though usage continued to develop through the 1890 Census , in which, for the first time, the Census mixed unincorporated places with incorporated places in its products with "town" or "village" as its label. This made it confusing to determine which of the "towns" were or were not incorporated.
The 1900 through 1930 Censuses did not report data for unincorporated places.
For the 1940 Census , the Census Bureau compiled a separate report of unofficial, unincorporated communities of 500 or more people. The Census Bureau officially defined this category as "unincorporated places" in the 1950 Census and used that term through the 1970 Census. For the 1950 Census, these types of places were identified only outside "urbanized areas ". In 1960 , the Census Bureau also identified unincorporated places inside urbanized areas (except in New England ), but with a population of at least 10,000. For the 1970 Census , the population threshold for "unincorporated places" in urbanized areas was reduced to 5,000.
For the 1980 Census , the designation was changed to "census
designated places" and the designation was made available for places
inside urbanized areas in New England. For the 1990 Census , the
population threshold for CDPs in urbanized areas was reduced to 2,500.
From 1950 through 1990, the Census Bureau specified other population
requirements for unincorporated places or CDPs in
The Census Bureau's Participant Statistical Areas Program (PSAP) allows designated participants to review and suggest modifications to the boundaries for CDPs. The PSAP was to be offered to county and municipal planning agencies during 2008.
EFFECTS OF DESIGNATION AND EXAMPLES
The boundaries of such places may be defined in cooperation with local or tribal officials, but are not fixed, and do not affect the status of local government or incorporation; the territories thus defined are strictly statistical entities. CDP boundaries may change from one census to the next to reflect changes in settlement patterns. Further, as statistical entities, the boundaries of the CDP may not correspond with local understanding of the area with the same name. Recognized communities may be divided into two or more CDPs while on the other hand, two or more communities may be combined into one CDP. A CDP may also cover the unincorporated part of a named community where the rest lies within an incorporated place.
By defining an area as a CDP, that locality then appears in the same category of census data as incorporated places. This distinguishes CDPs from other census classifications, such as minor civil divisions (MCDs), which are in a separate category.
The population and demographics of the CDP are included in the data
of county subdivisions containing the CDP. In no case is a CDP defined
within the boundaries of what the Census Bureau regards to be an
incorporated city, village or borough. However, the Census Bureau
considers towns in
PURPOSE OF DESIGNATION
There are a number of reasons for the CDP designation:
* The area may be more urban than its surroundings, having a
concentration of population with a definite residential nucleus, such
Whitmore Lake, Michigan ,
* Government of the United States portal
Census county division
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Geographic Terms and Concepts – Place". United
States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ _J_ _K_ _L_ _M_ _N_ _O_ _P_
_Q_ _R_ "Chapter 9 – Places" in _Geographic Areas Reference Manual
United States Census Bureau
* ^ "Annual Estimates of the
* U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division, "Cartographic Boundary Shapefiles – Places (Incorporated Places and Census Designated Places)". Cartographic Operations Branch, December 11, 2014. * U.S. Census Bureau,""_Census 2000 Statistical Areas Boundary Criteria_"". Archived from the original on 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2009-04-08. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) , Census Designated Places (CDPs) – Census 2000 Criteria. * U.S. Census Bureau, Geographic Areas Reference Manual, United States Department of Commerce.
* v * t * e
Lists of census-designated places in the United States by state
* v * t * e
* Region * Division
* District of Columbia
* ZIP Code tabulation area
* Oklahoma tribal statistical area
* Joint-use area
* State designated tribal statistical areas * Tribal designated statistical area
* Primary statistical area (574 PSAs )
Combined statistical area
* Congressional district
* 3143 counties and equivalents
* Public use microdata area
* State legislative district * Urban growth area