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The Info List - Cecil B. DeMille

Cecil Blount DeMille (/ˈsɛsəl dəˈmɪl/;[1] August 12, 1881 – January 21, 1959) was an American filmmaker. Between 1914 and 1958, he made a total of 70 features, both silent and sound films.[2] He is acknowledged as a founding father of the cinema of the United States and the most commercially successful producer-director in film history.[3] His films were distinguished by their epic scale and by his cinematic showmanship. He made silent films of every genre: social dramas, comedies, Westerns, farces, morality plays, and historical pageants. DeMille began his career as a stage actor in 1900.[4] He later moved to writing and directing stage productions, some with Jesse Lasky, who was then a vaudeville producer. DeMille's first film, The Squaw Man (1914), was also the first feature film shot in Hollywood. Its interracial love story made it a phenomenal hit and it "put Hollywood on the map."[5] The continued success of his productions led to the founding of Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
with Lasky and Adolph Zukor. His first biblical epic, The Ten Commandments (1923), was both a critical and financial success;[6] it held the Paramount revenue record for twenty-five years.[7] In 1927, he directed The King of Kings, a biography of Jesus of Nazareth, which was acclaimed for its sensitivity and reached more than 800 million viewers.[8] The Sign of the Cross (1932) was the first sound film to integrate all aspects of cinematic technique.[9] Cleopatra (1934) was his first film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. After more than thirty years in film production, DeMille reached the pinnacle of his career with Samson and Delilah (1949), a biblical epic which did "an all-time record business."[10] Along with biblical and historical narratives, he also directed films oriented toward "neo-naturalism," which tried to portray the laws of man fighting the forces of nature.[11] He went on to receive his first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Director for his circus drama The Greatest Show on Earth (1952), which won both the Academy Award for Best Picture and the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama. His last and most famous film, The Ten Commandments (1956), also a Best Picture Academy Award nominee, is currently the seventh-highest-grossing film of all time, adjusted for inflation.[12] In addition to his Best Picture Award, he received an Academy Honorary Award for his film contributions, the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
(posthumously) for Union Pacific, a DGA Award for Lifetime Achievement, and the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award. He was also the first recipient of the Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award, which was later named in his honor.[13]

Contents

1 Name 2 Family, childhood, youth 3 Career

3.1 Broadway 3.2 Moving pictures 3.3 Silent era 3.4 Sound era 3.5 Showmanship as director 3.6 The Ten Commandments 3.7 Unfulfilled projects

4 Personal life 5 Politics 6 Race and religion 7 Death 8 Legacy

8.1 Posthumous honors

9 Filmography

9.1 Director 9.2 Actor

10 Awards 11 See also 12 References

12.1 Notes 12.2 Sources

13 External links

Name[edit] There are several variants of his surname. His family's Dutch surname was originally spelled de Mil and then became de Mille. As an adult, he adopted the spelling DeMille for professional purposes but continued to use de Mille in private life. The family name de Mille was used by his children Cecilia, John, Richard, and Katherine. DeMille's brother, William, and his daughters, Margaret and Agnes, as well as DeMille's granddaughter, Cecilia de Mille Presley, also used the de Mille spelling.[14] Family, childhood, youth[edit] Cecil Blount DeMille was born in Ashfield, Massachusetts, while his parents were vacationing there, and grew up in Washington, North Carolina. His father, Henry Churchill de Mille
Henry Churchill de Mille
(1853–1893), was a North Carolina-born dramatist and lay reader in the Episcopal Church, who had earlier begun a career as a playwright, writing his first play at age 15. His mother was the playwight and script writer Matilda Beatrice DeMille (née Samuel), whose parents were both of German Jewish heritage. She emigrated from England with her parents in 1871 when she was 18, and they settled in Brooklyn. Beatrice grew up in a middle-class English household.[15] DeMille's mother was related to British politician Herbert Louis Samuel.[16][17] DeMille's parents met as members of a music and literary society in New York. Henry was a tall, red-headed student. Beatrice was intelligent, educated, forthright, and strong-willed. They were both born in 1853 and both loved the theater. When they married, Beatrice converted to Henry's faith.[15] Henry worked as a playwright, administrator, and faculty member during the early years of The American Academy of Dramatic Arts, established in New York City in 1884. He built a house for his family in Wayne, New Jersey.[18] The family spent time in Pompton Lakes, New Jersey, operating a private school in that town and attending Christ Episcopal Church. DeMille recalled that this church was the place where he visualized the story of his 1923 version of The Ten Commandments.[19] Henry read to his children nightly, both from the classics and from the Bible. DeMille studied Scripture his entire life and read the Bible during lunch in the studio commissary.[20][21] He was the first to admit that he did not attend church services but he did profess an unshakable belief in prayer.[22] He stated that his films were a continuation of his father's work. "My ministry," said DeMille, "has been to make religious movies and to get more people to read the Bible than anyone else ever has."[23] In 1893, at the age of forty, Henry de Mille contracted typhoid fever and died suddenly, leaving Beatrice with three children, a house, and no savings. Beatrice had "enthusiastically supported" her husband's theatrical aspirations. In his eulogy, she wrote:

May your sons be as fine and as noble and good and honest as you were. May they follow in your steps.[15]

Within eight weeks of Henry's death, Beatrice opened an acting workshop in her home, the Henry C. De Mille School for Girls. She later became the second female play broker on Broadway.[24] DeMille attended Pennsylvania Military College in Chester, Pennsylvania
Chester, Pennsylvania
from the age of fifteen. Both DeMille (Class of 1900) and his brother William (Class of 1901) also attended and graduated from the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, which they attended on scholarship. The Academy later honored DeMille with an Alumni Achievement Award. Career[edit]

c. 1904

Broadway[edit] DeMille began his career as an actor on the Broadway stage in the theatrical company of Charles Frohman
Charles Frohman
in 1900. His brother William was establishing himself as a playwright and sometimes invited him to collaborate. DeMille performed on stage with actors whom he would later direct in films: Charlotte Walker, Mary Pickford, and Pedro de Cordoba. DeMille also produced and directed plays.[25] DeMille found success in the spring of 1913 producing Reckless Age by Lee Wilson, a play about a high society girl wrongly accused of manslaughter starring Frederick Burton and Sydney Shields.[26][27] DeMille and his brother at times worked with the legendary impresario David Belasco, who had been a friend and collaborator of their father. Changes in the theater rendered DeMille's melodramas obsolete before they were produced, and true theatrical success eluded him. By 1913 he was having difficulty supporting his wife and baby daughter. Moving pictures[edit] In July 1913 DeMille, Jesse Lasky, Sam Goldfish (later Samuel Goldwyn), and a group of East Coast businessmen created the Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company. On December 12, 1913, DeMille, his cast, and crew boarded a Southern Pacific train bound for Flagstaff via New Orleans. His tentative plan was to shoot a film in Arizona, but he disliked the quality of light he saw there.[28] He continued to Los Angeles. Once there, he chose not to shoot in Edendale, where many studios were, but in Hollywood. He also flouted the dictum that a film should run twenty minutes. He made his first film run sixty minutes, as long as a short play. The Squaw Man (1914), co-directed by Oscar Apfel, was a sensation and it established the Lasky Company. Silent era[edit]

Advertisement (1919)

The first few years of the Lasky Company (soon to become Famous Players-Lasky) were spent in making films nonstop, literally writing the language of film. DeMille adapted Belasco's dramatic lighting techniques to film technology, mimicking moonlight with U.S. cinema's first attempts at "motivated lighting" in The Warrens of Virginia[24] After five years and thirty hit films, DeMille became the American film industry's most successful director. In the silent era, he was renowned for Male and Female
Male and Female
(1919), Manslaughter (1921), The Volga Boatman (1926), and The Godless Girl
The Godless Girl
(1928). DeMille's trademark scenes included bathtubs, lion attacks, and Roman orgies. A number of his films featured scenes in two-color Technicolor. The immense popularity of DeMille's silent films enabled him to branch out into other areas. The Roaring Twenties were the boom years and DeMille took full advantage, opening the Mercury Aviation Company, one of America's first commercial airlines. He was also a real estate speculator, an underwriter of political campaigns, and a Bank of America executive, approving loans for other filmmakers. Sound era[edit] When "talking pictures" were innovated in 1928, DeMille made a successful transition, offering his own innovations to the painful process; he devised a microphone boom and a soundproof camera blimp. He also popularized the camera crane. DeMille made stars of unknown actors: Gloria Swanson, Bebe Daniels, Rod La Rocque, William Boyd, Claudette Colbert, and Charlton Heston. He also cast established stars such as Gary Cooper, Robert Preston, Paulette Goddard
Paulette Goddard
and Fredric March
Fredric March
in multiple pictures. DeMille displayed a loyalty to his performers, casting them repeatedly. They included Henry Wilcoxon, Julia Faye, Joseph Schildkraut, Ian Keith, Charles Bickford, Theodore Roberts, Akim Tamiroff
Akim Tamiroff
and William Boyd. DeMille was credited by actor Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
with saving his career following his eclipse in the Hollywood
Hollywood
blacklist.[29]

DeMille directing, 1920

DeMille had a reputation for autocratic behavior on the set, singling out and berating extras who were not paying attention. A number of these displays were thought to be staged, however, as an exercise in discipline.[30] He despised actors who were unwilling to take physical risks, especially when he had first demonstrated that the required stunt would not harm them. This occurred with Victor Mature
Victor Mature
in Samson and Delilah. Mature refused to wrestle Jackie the Lion, even though DeMille had just tussled with the lion, proving that he was tame. DeMille told the actor that he was "one hundred percent yellow".[31] Paulette Goddard's refusal to risk personal injury in a scene involving fire in Unconquered
Unconquered
cost her DeMille's favor and a role in The Greatest Show on Earth.[32] DeMille was adept at directing "thousands of extras", and many of his pictures include spectacular setpieces: the toppling of the pagan temple in Samson and Delilah; train wrecks in The Road to Yesterday, Union Pacific and The Greatest Show on Earth; the destruction of an airship in Madam Satan; and the parting of the Red Sea
Red Sea
in both versions of The Ten Commandments. DeMille first used three-strip Technicolor
Technicolor
in North West Mounted Police (1940). Audiences liked its highly saturated color, so DeMille made no further black-and-white features. Showmanship as director[edit]

DeMille as producer of the CBS Radio Theatre, 1937

DeMille was one of the first directors to become a celebrity in his own right. He cultivated the image of the omnipotent director, complete with megaphone, riding crop, and jodhpurs. From 1936 to 1944, DeMille hosted Lux Radio Theater, a weekly digest of current feature films. DeMille was respected by his peers, yet his individual films were sometimes criticized. "Directorially, I think his pictures were the most horrible things I've ever seen in my life", said director William Wellman. "But he put on pictures that made a fortune. In that respect, he was better than any of us."[33] Producer David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
wrote: "There has appeared only one Cecil B. DeMille. He is one of the most extraordinarily able showmen of modern times. However much I may dislike some of his pictures, it would be very silly of me, as a producer of commercial motion pictures, to demean for an instant his unparalleled skill as a maker of mass entertainment."[34] DeMille appeared as himself in numerous films, including the M-G-M comedy Free and Easy. He often appeared in his coming-attraction trailers and narrated many of his later films, even stepping on screen to introduce The Ten Commandments. DeMille was immortalized in Billy Wilder's Sunset Boulevard when Gloria Swanson
Gloria Swanson
spoke the line: "All right, Mr. DeMille. I'm ready for my closeup." DeMille plays himself in the film. In the 1940s, DeMille continued to please the public. He averaged one film a year; most of them centered on historical figures or Bible stories. His first attempt at a drama set within a semi-documentary frame was The Greatest Show on Earth, a saga of circus performers released in 1952. His experiment gained him a nomination for best director and won an Academy Award for Best Picture that year. The Ten Commandments[edit] In 1954, DeMille began his last film, the production for which he is best remembered, The Ten Commandments. On November 7, 1954, while in Egypt filming the Exodus sequence for The Ten Commandments, DeMille (who was seventy-three) climbed a 107-foot (33 m) ladder to the top of the massive Per Rameses set and suffered a serious heart attack. Ignoring his doctor's orders, DeMille was back directing the film within a week.[35] Although DeMille completed the film, his health was diminished by several more heart attacks. This film would be his last. Unfulfilled projects[edit] Because of his illness, DeMille asked his son-in-law, actor Anthony Quinn, to direct a remake of his 1938 film The Buccaneer. DeMille served as executive producer. Despite a cast led by Charlton Heston and Yul Brynner, the 1958 film The Buccaneer was a disappointment.[36] In the months before his death, DeMille was researching a film biography of Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, the founder of the Scout Movement. DeMille asked David Niven
David Niven
to star in the film, but it was never made. DeMille also was planning a film about the space race as well as another Biblical epic about the Book of Revelation.[37] Personal life[edit]

DeMille's tomb at Hollywood
Hollywood
Forever Cemetery

DeMille married Constance Adams on August 16, 1902 and had one child, Cecilia. The couple also adopted an orphan child, Katherine Lester, in the early 1920s; her father had been killed in World War I
World War I
and her mother had died of tuberculosis. Katherine became an actress at Paramount Pictures, ultimately gaining his approval. In 1937 she married actor Anthony Quinn. In the 1920s the DeMilles adopted two sons, John and Richard, the latter of whom became a notable filmmaker, writer, and psychologist. DeMille was a Freemason and a member of Prince of Orange Lodge #16 in New York City.[38] Cecil had an older brother William, and a sister Agnes who died in childhood. William later named a daughter after her, Agnes de Mille, the famed dancer-choreographer. Politics[edit] DeMille was a lifelong conservative Republican activist. He greatly admired Herbert Hoover. In 1944, he was the master of ceremonies at the massive rally organized by David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
in the Los Angeles Coliseum in support of the Dewey-Bricker ticket as well as Governor Earl Warren
Earl Warren
of California, who would become Dewey's running mate in 1948 and later the Chief Justice of the United States. The gathering drew 93,000, with short speeches by Hedda Hopper
Hedda Hopper
and Walt Disney. Among those in attendance were Ann Sothern, Ginger Rogers, Randolph Scott, Adolphe Menjou, Gary Cooper, and Walter Pidgeon. Though the rally drew a good response, most Hollywood
Hollywood
celebrities who took a public position sided with the Roosevelt-Truman ticket.[39] In 1954, Secretary of the Air Force Harold E. Talbott asked DeMille for help in designing the cadet uniforms at the newly established United States Air Force Academy. DeMille's designs, most notably his design of the distinctive cadet parade uniform, won praise from Air Force and Academy leadership, were ultimately adopted, and are still worn by cadets.[40] In the early 1950s, DeMille was recruited by Allen Dulles
Allen Dulles
and Frank Wisner to serve on the board of the anti-communist National Committee for a Free Europe, the public face of the organization that oversaw the Radio Free Europe
Radio Free Europe
service.[41] Race and religion[edit] DeMille drew on his Jewish and Protestant heritage to convey a message of tolerance. The Crusades was the first film to show accord between Christians and Muslims. DeMille received more than a dozen awards from Jewish religious and cultural groups, including B’nai B’rith. In 1954, he was seeking approval for a lavish remake of his 1923 silent film The Ten Commandments. He went before the Paramount board of directors, which was mostly Jewish-American. The members rejected his proposal, even though his last two films, Samson and Delilah and The Greatest Show on Earth, had been record-breaking hits. Adolph Zukor, the chairman of the board, rebuked the members, saying:

We have just lived through a war where our people were systematically executed. Here we have a man who made a film praising the Jewish people, that tells of Samson, one of the legends of our Scripture. Now he wants to make the life of Moses. We should get down on our knees to Cecil and say "Thank you!"

DeMille did not have an exact budget proposal for the project, and it promised to be the most costly in U.S. film history. Still, the members unanimously approved it.[42] Death[edit] In the early hours of January 21, 1959, DeMille died of a heart ailment.[43] DeMille's funeral was held on January 23 at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church. He was entombed at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Memorial Cemetery (now known as Hollywood
Hollywood
Forever).[44] Legacy[edit]

DeMille in 1952

DeMille received hundreds of awards, commendations, and honors in his lifetime. Posthumous honors[edit] For his contribution to the motion picture and radio industry, DeMille has two stars on the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame. The first, for radio contributions, is located at 6240 Vine Street. The second star is located at 1725 Vine Street.[45] Two schools have been named after him: Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Middle School, in Long Beach, California, closed and demolished in 2007 to make way for a new high school; and Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Elementary School in Midway City, California. The former film building at Chapman University
Chapman University
in Orange, California is named in honor of DeMille. The Lawrence and Kristina Dodge College of Film and Media Arts now resides in Marion Knotts Studios. The Golden Globe's annual Cecil B. DeMille Award
Cecil B. DeMille Award
recognizes lifetime achievement in the film industry. The moving image collection of Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
is held at the Academy Film Archive and includes home movies, outtakes, and never-before-seen test footage.[46] During the Apollo 11 mission, Buzz Aldrin refers to himself in one instance as "Cecil B. DeAldrin," as a humorous nod to DeMille.[47] Filmography[edit] DeMille made seventy features. In spite of careful storage in his film vaults, seven films were lost to nitrate decomposition; all were early silent films. The titles are: The Arab, The Wild Goose Chase, Chimmie Fadden, The Dream Girl, We Can't Have Everything, The Devil Stone, and The Squaw Man (the 1918 remake). Roughly twenty of his silent features are available in commercial DVD format. The sound films are in three groups: 1. The three films DeMille produced at M-G-M
M-G-M
are now owned by Warner Bros. (through Turner Entertainment). 2. The films he made at Paramount between 1932 and 1947 were sold by that company to EMKA, Ltd. in 1957, and are available through the television division of NBCUniversal. 3. DeMille's last three films were not sold to EMKA, and at present remain with Paramount. Television distribution for those films is handled by Trifecta Entertainment & Media. The Ten Commandments is broadcast every Easter Sunday in the United States on the ABC Television Network. Director[edit] Silent films

The Squaw Man (1914) Brewster's Millions (1914, Lost) The Master Mind
The Master Mind
(1914) The Only Son (1914, Lost) The Man on the Box
The Man on the Box
(1914) The Call of the North (1914) The Virginian (1914) What's His Name
What's His Name
(1914) The Man from Home (1914) Rose of the Rancho
Rose of the Rancho
(1914) The Ghost Breaker (1914, Lost) The Girl of the Golden West (1915) After Five
After Five
(1915) The Warrens of Virginia (1915) The Unafraid
The Unafraid
(1915) The Captive (1915) The Wild Goose Chase (1915, Lost) The Arab (1915, Lost) Chimmie Fadden
Chimmie Fadden
(1915) Kindling (1915) Carmen (1915) Chimmie Fadden
Chimmie Fadden
Out West (1915) The Cheat (1915) Temptation (1915, Lost) The Golden Chance
The Golden Chance
(1915) The Trail of the Lonesome Pine (1916) The Heart of Nora Flynn
The Heart of Nora Flynn
(1916) Maria Rosa (1916) The Dream Girl (1916, Lost) Joan the Woman
Joan the Woman
(1917) Lost and Won (1917) A Romance of the Redwoods
A Romance of the Redwoods
(1917) The Little American
The Little American
(1917) The Woman God Forgot
The Woman God Forgot
(1917) Nan of Music Mountain
Nan of Music Mountain
(1917) The Devil-Stone
The Devil-Stone
(1917) The Whispering Chorus
The Whispering Chorus
(1918) Old Wives for New
Old Wives for New
(1918) We Can't Have Everything
We Can't Have Everything
(1918, Lost) Till I Come Back to You
Till I Come Back to You
(1918) The Squaw Man (1918, Lost) Don't Change Your Husband
Don't Change Your Husband
(1919) For Better, for Worse (1919) Male and Female
Male and Female
(1919) Why Change Your Wife?
Why Change Your Wife?
(1920) Something to Think About
Something to Think About
(1920) Forbidden Fruit (1921) The Affairs of Anatol
The Affairs of Anatol
(1921) Fool's Paradise (1921) Saturday Night (1922) Manslaughter (1922) Adam's Rib (1923) The Ten Commandments (1923) Triumph (1924) Feet of Clay (1924, Lost) The Golden Bed
The Golden Bed
(1925) The Road to Yesterday
The Road to Yesterday
(1925) The Volga Boatman (1926) The King of Kings (1927) The Godless Girl
The Godless Girl
(1929)

Sound films

Dynamite (1929) Madam Satan
Madam Satan
(1930) The Squaw Man (1931) The Sign of the Cross (1932) This Day and Age (1933) Four Frightened People
Four Frightened People
(1934) Cleopatra (1934) The Crusades (1935) The Plainsman
The Plainsman
(1936) The Buccaneer (1938) Union Pacific (1939) North West Mounted Police (1940) Reap the Wild Wind
Reap the Wild Wind
(1942) The Story of Dr. Wassell
The Story of Dr. Wassell
(1944) Unconquered
Unconquered
(1947) Samson and Delilah (1949) The Greatest Show on Earth (1952) The Ten Commandments (1956) The Buccaneer (1958, Producer)

Actor[edit]

The Squaw Man (1914) A Trip to Paramountown
A Trip to Paramountown
(1922) Free and Easy (1930) The Last Train from Madrid (1937) Glamour Boy (1941) Star Spangled Rhythm
Star Spangled Rhythm
(1942) Variety Girl
Variety Girl
(1947) Sunset Boulevard (1950) Son of Paleface
Son of Paleface
(1952) The Buster Keaton Story
The Buster Keaton Story
(1957)

Awards[edit]

Year Award Category Title of work

1950 Academy Award Academy Honorary Award

1953 Academy Award Best Picture The Greatest Show on Earth

1953 Academy Award Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award

1939 Palme d'Or

Union Pacific

1953 Directors Guild of America Award Lifetime Achievement Award

1952 Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award

1953 Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award Best Director The Greatest Show on Earth

1958 Laurel Awards Top Producer/Director

See also[edit]

Biography portal Massachusetts portal North Carolina
North Carolina
portal New Jersey portal Los Angeles portal California portal Theatre portal Film portal Conservatism portal Christianity portal

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ "De Mille". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. ^ " Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Obituary", Variety, January 28, 1959. ^ Presley, Cecilia de Mille, and Mark Alan Vieira, Cecil B. DeMille: The Art of the Hollywood
Hollywood
Epic, Running Press, 2014, p. 12. ^ Hull, Betty Lynne, "Denver's Elitch Gardens: Spinning a Century of Dreams," Big Earth Publishing, 2003, p. 49. ^ Lowe, Walter (October 22, 1956). "DeMille At 75 Still Creating". Kentucky New Era. Retrieved April 29, 2014.  ^ "Review: 'The Ten Commandments'". Variety. December 31, 1923. Retrieved April 29, 2014.  ^ "He Himself Was "Colossal"". The Montreal Gazette. January 22, 1959. Retrieved April 29, 2014.  ^ Presley, Cecil B. DeMille, p. 10. ^ Presley, Cecil B. DeMille, p. 198. ^ "'Samson' Champion at Boxoffice". The Pittsburgh Press. March 26, 1950. Retrieved April 29, 2014.  ^ Watkins, Daniel. "'Reap the Wild Wind'...or Don't: Cecil B. DeMille, the Evolving Neo-Naturalist", MUBI, March 10, 2015 ^ "All Time Box Office - Domestic Grosses: Adjusted for Ticket Price Inflation". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 29, 2014.  ^ Beachum, Zach Laws,Chris (October 17, 2017). "Golden Globes: 75-year history of all Cecil B. DeMille Award
Cecil B. DeMille Award
recipients includes Meryl Streep, Denzel Washington, George Clooney".  ^ DeMille, Cecil B. Autobiography of Cecil B. DeMille. New York: Prentice Hall, 1959. ^ a b c (Easton 1996, pp. 6–8) ^ Weiss, Marshall (December 5, 2003). "How DeMille Created a Sanctuary Out of the Exodus". Forward.com. Retrieved February 21, 2014.  ^ Kozlovic, Anton Karl (March 2013). "Cecil B. DeMille". Senses of Cinema. Retrieved February 21, 2014.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 24, 2016. Retrieved February 9, 2017.  ^ LaPlaca, Bryan (September 19, 2011). "Back in the Day - Sept. 18, 1991: De Mille's Pompton Lakes roots recalled". NorthJersey.com. Retrieved April 21, 2014.  ^ "One Minute Testimonial: Cecil B. DeMille, "Founder Of Hollywood"". charactercincinnati.org.  ^ Interview with Debra Paget - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MKK8nX9jkMI ^ Presley, Cecil B. DeMille, p. 401. ^ Presley, Cecil B. DeMille, p. 402. ^ a b Presley, Cecil B. DeMille, p. 47. ^ " Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
plays". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved: December 8, 2011. ^ "News of Other Cities, Atlantic City". New York Dramatic Mirror, May 14, 1913. ^ (Birchard 2004, p. 2) ^ Presley, Cecil B. DeMille;;, p. 29. ^ Presley, Cecil B. DeMille, p. 375. ^ Presley, "Cecil B. DeMille", p. 259. ^ Presley, Cecil B. DeMille, p. 344. ^ Presley, Cecil B. DeMille, p. 363. ^ (Brownlow 1976, p. 185) ^ Presley, Cecil B. DeMille, p. 357. ^ Jones, Steve (April 1, 2011). "DVD extra: 'Ten Commandments' gets HD treatment". usatoday.com. Retrieved December 19, 2012.  ^ "The Buccaneer (1958)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2017-10-31.  ^ (Eyman 2010, pp. 494–496, 500) ^ "Famous Masons". MWGLNY. January 2014. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013.  ^ David M. Jordan, FDR, Dewey, and the Election of 1944 (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2011), pp. 231–232. ^ Radford, Bill. "A Digger, A Director and A Practical Joker". Colorado Springs Gazette, USAF Academy 50th Anniversary Edition, Spring 2004. ^ (Weiner 2007, p. 36) ^ Presley, Cecil B. DeMille, p. 371. ^ "Cecil De Mille, 77, Pioneer of Movies, Dead in Hollywood". nytimes.com. January 22, 1959. Retrieved December 19, 2012.  ^ (Donnelley 2009, p. 318) ^ Blake, Gene. " Hollywood
Hollywood
Star Walk: Cecil B. DeMille". latimes.com. Retrieved December 19, 2012.  ^ " Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Collection". Academy Film Archive.  ^ "Apollo 11-Technical Air to Ground Voice Transcription". Nasa Lunar Surface Journal. 

Sources[edit]

Birchard, Robert S. (2004). Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-2324-0. Brownlow, K. (1976). The Parade's Gone by... Berkeley, California: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03068-8. Donnelley, Paul (2004). Fade to Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries (3rd ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 1-844-49430-6. Easton, Carol (1996). No Intermissions: The Life of Agnes de Mille. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80975-0. Eyman, Scott. Empire of Dreams: The Epic Life of Cecil B. DeMille. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2010. ISBN 0-7432-8955-2. Orrison, Katherine. Written in Stone: Making Cecil B. DeMille's Epic, The Ten Commandments. New York: Vestal Press, 1990. ISBN 1-879511-24-X. Presley, Cecilia de Mille, and Mark Alan Vieira. Cecil B. DeMille: The Art of the Hollywood
Hollywood
Epic. Philadelphia: Running Press, 2014. ISBN 978-0-7624-5490-7. Weiner, Tim (2007). Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-3855-1445-3.

External links[edit]

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Criticism and commentary

Higashi, Sumiko. Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
and American Culture: The Silent Era. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1994 1994. - Free Online - UC Press E-Books Collection Bibliography of books and articles about Demille via UC Berkeley Media Resources Center Newsweek, September 2010, How Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Created Modern Hollywood

Archival materials

The Mary Roberts Rinehart Papers - includes conversations with DeMille about her plays Finding aid author: Garrett Schroath (2014). "Cecil B. DeMille papers". Prepared for the L. Tom Perry Special
Special
Collections, Provo, UT. Retrieved May 16, 2016. Finding aid authors: J. Norm Gillespie and Geoff McLaughlin (2010). " Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Productions records". Prepared for the L. Tom Perry Special
Special
Collections, Provo, UT. Retrieved May 16, 2016. Finding aid author: John N. Gillespie (2013). "Cecil B. DeMille correspondence". Prepared for the L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Provo, UT. Retrieved May 16, 2016.

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Films directed by Cecil B. DeMille

Silent

The Squaw Man (1914) Brewster's Millions (1914) The Master Mind
The Master Mind
(1914) The Only Son (1914) The Man on the Box
The Man on the Box
(1914) The Call of the North (1914) The Virginian (1914) What's His Name
What's His Name
(1914) The Man from Home (1914) Rose of the Rancho
Rose of the Rancho
(1914) The Ghost Breaker (1914) The Girl of the Golden West (1915) After Five
After Five
(1915) The Warrens of Virginia (1915) The Unafraid
The Unafraid
(1915) The Captive (1915) The Wild Goose Chase (1915) The Arab (1915) Chimmie Fadden
Chimmie Fadden
(1915) Kindling (1915) Carmen (1915) Chimmie Fadden
Chimmie Fadden
Out West (1915) The Cheat (1915) Temptation (1915) The Golden Chance
The Golden Chance
(1915) The Trail of the Lonesome Pine (1916) The Heart of Nora Flynn
The Heart of Nora Flynn
(1916) Maria Rosa (1916) The Dream Girl (1916) Joan the Woman
Joan the Woman
(1916) Lost and Won (1917) A Romance of the Redwoods
A Romance of the Redwoods
(1917) The Little American
The Little American
(1917) The Woman God Forgot
The Woman God Forgot
(1917) Nan of Music Mountain
Nan of Music Mountain
(1917) The Devil-Stone
The Devil-Stone
(1917) The Whispering Chorus
The Whispering Chorus
(1918) Old Wives for New
Old Wives for New
(1918) We Can't Have Everything
We Can't Have Everything
(1918) Till I Come Back to You
Till I Come Back to You
(1918) The Squaw Man (1918) Don't Change Your Husband
Don't Change Your Husband
(1919) For Better, for Worse (1919) Male and Female
Male and Female
(1919) Why Change Your Wife?
Why Change Your Wife?
(1920) Something to Think About
Something to Think About
(1920) Forbidden Fruit (1921) The Affairs of Anatol
The Affairs of Anatol
(1921) Fool's Paradise (1921) Saturday Night (1922) Manslaughter (1922) Adam's Rib (1923) The Ten Commandments (1923) Triumph (1924) Feet of Clay (1924) The Golden Bed
The Golden Bed
(1925) The Road to Yesterday
The Road to Yesterday
(1925) The Volga Boatman (1926) The King of Kings (1927) Walking Back
Walking Back
(1928) The Godless Girl
The Godless Girl
(1929)

Sound

Dynamite (1929) Madam Satan
Madam Satan
(1930) The Squaw Man (1931) The Sign of the Cross (1932) This Day and Age (1933) Four Frightened People
Four Frightened People
(1934) Cleopatra (1934) The Crusades (1935) The Plainsman
The Plainsman
(1936) The Buccaneer (1938) Union Pacific (1939) North West Mounted Police (1940) Reap the Wild Wind
Reap the Wild Wind
(1942) The Story of Dr. Wassell
The Story of Dr. Wassell
(1944) Unconquered
Unconquered
(1947) Samson and Delilah (1949) The Greatest Show on Earth (1952) The Ten Commandments (1956) The Buccaneer (1958)

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Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor
Technicolor
Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1953) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1954) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
(1955) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1956) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1959) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1963) Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
(1964) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1965) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1966) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1967) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1968) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1969) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1970) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1971) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1972) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1973) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1974) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton
Red Skelton
(1978) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1981) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1984) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1985) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1986) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Doris Day
Doris Day
(1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1990) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1991) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1992) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1993) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1994) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1998) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1999) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2000) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2001) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2002) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2003) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2004) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2005) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2006) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2007) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2009) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2012) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2013) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2014) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2015) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 4989279 LCCN: n80073529 ISNI: 0000 0001 2020 1545 GND: 119244012 SUDOC: 031415490 BNF: cb122633922 (data) BNE: XX1297187 SN