(Cebuano: Mga Sugbuanon) are a subgroup of the
whose primary language is the Cebuano language. They
originated in the province of
in the region of Central Visayas,
but then later spread out to other places in the Philippines, such as
Siquijor, Bohol, Negros Oriental, southwestern Leyte, western Samar,
Masbate, and large parts of Mindanao. It may also refer to the ethnic
group who speak the same language as their native tongue in different
parts of the archipelago.
2 Culture and festivities
4 See also
A Visayan freemen (or timawa) couple, depicted in the Boxer Codex
Provinces where "Cebuanos" are living are highlighted in dark blue.
Bisaya on the other hand is a combination of Cebuano and other Visayan
ethnolinguistic groups, shown in royal blue.
Austronesian people called Malayo-Polynesians settled Cebu
island and the rest of the
Philippines around 30,000 years ago. Most
Cebuanos today have Malayo-Polynesian ancestry. The early Cebuanos
developed similar seafaring cultures to the Micronesian people;
however, being closer to mainland Asia, the Cebuanos also engaged in
Japan and Okinawa, India, China, Malaysia, Indonesia,
Thailand and Sri Lanka.
Cebuano language has been spoken since the Proto-
(c. 6000 years ago) in the Sugbu (Cebu) heartland. The language
"has spread from its base in Cebu" to nearby islands and also
Bohol, eastern Negros, western and southern parts of
Leyte and most
parts of Mindanao, especially the northern, southern, and eastern
parts of the large island..
Pintados was the term used by Spanish colonists to describe the
tattooed indigenous Cebuano Visayan people. They were found on the
islands of Cebu, Bohol, eastern part of Negros,
Leyte in the
Biçayas (Visayas) region of the Philippines. The word itself means
"painted," and was first used during the Spanish colonization of the
The ancient Cebuanos developed a culture with significant influence
from mainly Japan, China,
India and Borneo. They traded pearls and
coral for silk, gold, weapons and spices. The early Cebuanos held
animist beliefs and worshiped anitos (spirits) until the introduction
of Roman Catholicism.
The famous encounter between explorer Magellan and the local chieftain
Lapu-Lapu ended in the death of Magellan at the Battle of Mactan. The
Cebuanos held off colonization for a while until a Spanish explorer
Cebu and the Cebuanos came under Spanish rule.
Culture and festivities
Sinulog Festival, which is held annually on the third Sunday of
Along with the rest of the Philippines,
Cebu was governed from Spain
and Mexico, and as a result received heavy Spanish and Mexican
influence. There are thousands of
Mexican Spanish loanwords in
Cebuano. Mexican and Spanish influence is evident in the cuisine,
traditional costumes, dances, music, festivals, traditions and crafts.
Cebuano culture is traditionally characterized as a blend of Malay
Hispanic traditions with influences from
Asia and the United
States. The majority of Cebuanos are Roman Catholic.
Among the island's notable festivities are the Sinulog festival,
which is a mixture of Christian and native cultural elements,
celebrated annually every third week of January.
Cebuano language is spoken by about 25,000,000 people in the
Philippines and is the most widely spoken of the Visayan languages.
Most speakers of Cebuano are found in Cebu, Bohol, Siquijor, Biliran,
Western and Southern Leyte, eastern Negros and most of northern and
Demographics of the Philippines
Ethnic groups in the Philippines
Rajahnate of Cebu
^ "Facts and Figures".
Cebu Province Official Website.
^ a b "John Woff, "Cebuano" in Facts About the World's Languages: An
Encyclopedia of the World's Major Languages, Past and Present (New
York: H. W. Wilson, 2001).
^ John Kingsley Pangan, Church of the Far East (Makati: St. Pauls), 9.
^ G. Nye Steiger, H. Otley Beyer, Conrado Benitez, A History of the
Orient, Oxford: 1929, Ginn and Company, pp. 122-123.
^ "Pintados." - WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine
Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 May 2013.
^ "Ancient Japanese pottery in Boljoon town Inquirer News". Inquirer
News. 2011-05-30. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
^ "Countries and their Cultures". Countries and Their Cultures.
^ "Culture and Lifestyle".
Cebu Province official website.
Philippines Festivals, Fiestas and Cultural Event". eTravel
Pilipinas-Discover the Wonders of Island Paradise.
* - Not an official