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The Cebuano people
Cebuano people
(Cebuano: Mga Sugbuanon) are a subgroup of the Visayan people
Visayan people
whose primary language is the Cebuano language. They originated in the province of Cebu
Cebu
in the region of Central Visayas, but then later spread out to other places in the Philippines, such as Siquijor, Bohol, Negros Oriental, southwestern Leyte, western Samar, Masbate, and large parts of Mindanao. It may also refer to the ethnic group who speak the same language as their native tongue in different parts of the archipelago.

Contents

1 History 2 Culture and festivities 3 Language 4 See also 5 References

History[edit]

A Visayan freemen (or timawa) couple, depicted in the Boxer Codex (c. 1595).

Provinces where "Cebuanos" are living are highlighted in dark blue. Bisaya on the other hand is a combination of Cebuano and other Visayan ethnolinguistic groups, shown in royal blue.

Oceanic or Austronesian people
Austronesian people
called Malayo-Polynesians settled Cebu island and the rest of the Philippines
Philippines
around 30,000 years ago. Most Cebuanos today have Malayo-Polynesian ancestry. The early Cebuanos developed similar seafaring cultures to the Micronesian people; however, being closer to mainland Asia, the Cebuanos also engaged in trade with Japan
Japan
and Okinawa, India, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand
Thailand
and Sri Lanka. The Cebuano language has been spoken since the Proto- Austronesian
Austronesian
era (c. 6000 years ago) in the Sugbu (Cebu) heartland.[2] The language "has spread from its base in Cebu" to nearby islands[2] and also Bohol, eastern Negros, western and southern parts of Leyte
Leyte
and most parts of Mindanao, especially the northern, southern, and eastern parts of the large island..[3] Pintados
Pintados
was the term used by Spanish colonists to describe the tattooed indigenous Cebuano Visayan people.[4] They were found on the islands of Cebu, Bohol, eastern part of Negros, Samar
Samar
and Leyte
Leyte
in the Biçayas (Visayas) region of the Philippines.[5] The word itself means "painted," and was first used during the Spanish colonization of the Philippines.[6] The ancient Cebuanos developed a culture with significant influence from mainly Japan, China, India
India
and Borneo.[7] They traded pearls and coral for silk, gold, weapons and spices. The early Cebuanos held animist beliefs and worshiped anitos (spirits) until the introduction of Roman Catholicism. The famous encounter between explorer Magellan and the local chieftain Lapu-Lapu
Lapu-Lapu
ended in the death of Magellan at the Battle of Mactan. The Cebuanos held off colonization for a while until a Spanish explorer colonized Cebu
Cebu
and the Cebuanos came under Spanish rule. Culture and festivities[edit]

The Sinulog
Sinulog
Festival, which is held annually on the third Sunday of January in Cebu
Cebu
City.

Along with the rest of the Philippines, Cebu
Cebu
was governed from Spain and Mexico, and as a result received heavy Spanish and Mexican influence. There are thousands of Mexican Spanish
Mexican Spanish
loanwords in Cebuano. Mexican and Spanish influence is evident in the cuisine, traditional costumes, dances, music, festivals, traditions and crafts. Cebuano culture is traditionally characterized as a blend of Malay[8] and Hispanic
Hispanic
traditions with influences from Asia
Asia
and the United States. The majority of Cebuanos are Roman Catholic.[9] Among the island's notable festivities are the Sinulog[10] festival, which is a mixture of Christian and native cultural elements, celebrated annually every third week of January. Language[edit] The Cebuano language is spoken by about 25,000,000 people in the Philippines
Philippines
and is the most widely spoken of the Visayan languages. Most speakers of Cebuano are found in Cebu, Bohol, Siquijor, Biliran, Western and Southern Leyte, eastern Negros and most of northern and southeastern Mindanao. See also[edit]

Demographics of the Philippines Ethnic groups in the Philippines Cebu Cebuano language Visayan people Rajahnate of Cebu

References[edit]

^ "Facts and Figures". Cebu
Cebu
Province Official Website.  ^ a b "John Woff, "Cebuano" in Facts About the World's Languages: An Encyclopedia of the World's Major Languages, Past and Present (New York: H. W. Wilson, 2001). https://archive.org/details/rosettaproject_ceb_detail-2 ^ http://www.gutenberg.ph/previews/wolff/WCED-complete.pdf ^ John Kingsley Pangan, Church of the Far East (Makati: St. Pauls), 9. ^ G. Nye Steiger, H. Otley Beyer, Conrado Benitez, A History of the Orient, Oxford: 1929, Ginn and Company, pp. 122-123. ^ "Pintados." - WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 May 2013. ^ "Ancient Japanese pottery in Boljoon town Inquirer News". Inquirer News. 2011-05-30. Retrieved 2013-02-08.  ^ "Countries and their Cultures". Countries and Their Cultures. Retrieved 2014-02-08.  ^ "Culture and Lifestyle". Cebu
Cebu
Province official website.  ^ " Cebu
Cebu
Philippines
Philippines
Festivals, Fiestas and Cultural Event". eTravel Pilipinas-Discover the Wonders of Island Paradise. 

v t e

Visayan-speaking peoples

Visayan

Aklanon Boholano Butuanon Caluyanon Capiznon Cebuano Davaoeño Eskaya Hiligaynon Karay-a Masbateño Negrense* Porohanon Romblomanon Surigaonon Waray

Moro

Tausūg

Mangyan

Ratagnon

Negrito

Ati

* - Not an official

.