Cazaux Air Base
Cazaux Air Base (French: Base aérienne 120 Cazaux) (ICAO: LFBC) is a
French Air Force
French Air Force (French: Armée de l'Air (ALA) base. The base is
located in the village of Cazaux, part of the town of La
Teste-de-Buch, and is approximately 35 miles (56 km) southwest of
2 Units assigned
3.1 American presence
3.2 Luftwaffe use
3.3 French Air Force
3.4 Singapore Air Force presence
5 External links
The air base was created at the behest of Commandant Marzac. The site
did not take the name of BA 120 until 1962, becoming the largest air
base in France one hundred years after it was founded.
The base is used mainly for training and integration of French fighter
pilots and gunnery training over the Bay of Biscay.
Alphajet aerial fighter school is based at Cazaux.
It is responsible for training future fighter pilots of the two
Since 1998, the base has hosted the No. 150 Squadron of the Singapore
Air Force, equipped with A-4 Skyhawks, and since 15 November 2012,
with Aermacchi M-346s to train pilots before assigning Singaporeans to
operational units of
F-16 Fighting Falcon
F-16 Fighting Falcon and F-15 Eagle. By the end
of March 2010, 120 pilots had been trained at the base.
Approximately 2,600 military and civilian personnel work on the base.
The operational transition Squadron 1/8 "Saintonge" on Alphajet. Based
in Cazaux since 1964.
The operational transition Squadron AJeTS 2/8 "Nice" on Alphajet.
Based in Cazaux since 1964.
Helicopter Squadron 1/67 "Pyrenees" on Puma and
EC725 Caracal .
Based in Cazaux since 1972.
The Centre of Expertise in Embedded Arm (00 331 SEAC) which since 1
September 2009 replaces Experimentation Center and Shooting
Instruction in Air (Ceita), which forms each year 200-250 French and
Group Instruction Flight Safety (GISV) of the National Gendarmerie
from 1 September 2010.
A DGA test site in Flight (Formerly CEV Cazaux).
Technicians Training Center Safety of Air Force (CFTSAA) 00/308
No. 150 Squadron of the Republic of Singapore Air Force.
The airfield was created in 1914 in order to train French and Allied
military pilots (fighters and bombers) and still exists as Base
Aérienne 120 "Commandant Marzac".
Most of the American volunteer pilots of the
Lafayette Escadrille came
to the Cazaux camp to achieve their training as war pilots.
When the U.S. entered the war, the AEF (American Expeditionary Force)
had several units based here, including the 36th Aero Squadron, two
Balloon companies (36th and 45th) and Artillery observers.
A former French then Russian camp located 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
from the airfield was "Camp Hunt", where infantry and artillery troops
were trained before joining the Front.
Near this "Camp Hunt" a cemetery was established for American
casualties; some of the pilots killed when serving at Cazaux were
buried in this cemetery.
American Air Service pilots training was reinforced by the finishing
course in aerial gunnery which permitted the American Air Service to
give, under French supervision and direction, at French aerial gunnery
school situated at Cazaux. This work, which commenced on December
1917, in a large measure neutralized the delay in getting an American
aerial gunnery school into operation, and overcame the early
difficulties caused by American lack of machine guns and
This meant that after graduation pilots were given a full course in
shooting from the air, either at Cazaux or the American school at St.
After the French defeat Cazaux was used by Luftwaffe units from the
summer of 1940 onwards. Several Training and Fighter units used the
place, including the 1st group of the night fighter squadron NJG.2 or
the 2nd and 3rd Fighter squadrons in Fighter Group JG26. Of the
Destroyer Squad 1. Between spring 1943 and summer 1944, it was a
target of allied air raids.
French Air Force
After German withdrawal
French Air Force
French Air Force repaired the base, naming it
Airfield R.51, and Cazaux was the home of the French bomber group GB
1/31 "Aunis" equipped with Ju-88 in the spring of 1945.
In 1962/1963 the Bomber group 2/91 "Guyenne", previously been deployed
in the Algerian war, was stationed briefly. This Group was replaced in
1964 by No 293, Escadron de Chasse 2/8 “Nice" equipped with Mystère
IV, which merged with the local shooting center and henceforth
operated two flying groups. From 1982 on, units based in Cazaux were
equipped with Alpha Jets as the Ecole de Transition Opérationnelle
(E.T.O.) since 1995. Currently theere are two training squadrons in
Cazaux, 1/8 and 2/8. In June 2004 Belgian 11 Squadron, equipped with
Alpha jets, was relocated to Cazaux, forming the French-Belgian Alpha
Jet School (AJetS).
Also based at Cazaux is 1/67th Pyrenees Squadron, a combat search and
rescue helicopter unit equipped with
EC-725 Caracal. This is a
joint unit, so its pilots come from different armed services, but is
assigned namely to the French Air Force.
Singapore Air Force presence
Cazaux Air Base
Cazaux Air Base is home to 150 Squadron RSAF and its personnel. The
RSAF has conducted flying training in France since 1998, and both Air
Forces also interact regularly through various professional exchanges
and courses. 150 Squadron currently operates M-346 aircraft that
replaced A-4SU in fighter pilots training. The Landes forest, the
target centre of Captieux and the aerial zones of Golfe de Gascogne
offer all the necessary space for RSAF pilots training requirements
which RSAF cannot find in Singapore.
Airport information for LFBC at Great Circle Mapper.
Airport information for LFBC at World Aero Data. Data current as of
Aircraft of the French Air Force
Xingu EMB 121
AS 532 UL Cougar
SA 330 Puma
AS 332 Super Puma
AS 555 AN Fennec
Air Forces in Europe
Republic of Ireland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Republic of Macedonia
States with limited