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CAYOR (Wolof : Kajoor; French : Cayor, Kayor) was the largest and most powerful kingdom (1549–1879) that split off from the Jolof Empire in what is now Senegal
Senegal
. Cayor
Cayor
was located in northern and central Senegal, southeast of Walo , west of the kingdom of Jolof and north of Baol and the Kingdom of Sine .

In 1549, the damel ("king") Dece Fu Njogu became independent from Jolof . The capital was at Mbul . After the French conquered Walo, governor Louis Faidherbe annexed Cayor
Cayor
in 1868, but Cayor
Cayor
got its independence restored in 1871. It was defeated and annexed again in 1879 and ceased to be a sovereign state. The kingdom was extinguished in its entirety October 6, 1886.

In addition to Cayor, the damels also ruled over the Lebou area at Cap-Vert
Cap-Vert
(where modern Dakar
Dakar
is), and they became the "Teignes " (rulers) of the neighboring kingdom of Baol .

Traditionally the damel himself was not purely hereditary, but was designated by a 4-member council consisting of:

* the Jaudin Bul (Diawdine-Boul), hereditary chief of the Jambur ("free men"; French Diambour) * the Calau (Tchialaw), chief of the canton of Jambanyan (Diambagnane) * the Botal (Bôtale), chief of the canton of Jop (Diop), and * the Baje (Badgié), chief of the canton of Gateny (Gatègne).

A great hero in Senegal
Senegal
history, for his defiance and battles against the French, was Lat Dyor Diop (Lat Dior) He was defeated at the battle of Dekheule, and was deposed twice, in 1869 and 1879. He converted to Islam
Islam
around 1861.

The 30th and last damel of Cayor
Cayor
was Samba Laube Fal (1858–1886), killed at Tivaouane , Senegal.

SEE ALSO

* Jolof Empire