CAYOR (Wolof : Kajoor; French : Cayor, Kayor) was the largest and
most powerful kingdom (1549–1879) that split off from the Jolof
Empire in what is now
Cayor was located in northern and
central Senegal, southeast of Walo , west of the kingdom of Jolof and
Baol and the
Kingdom of Sine .
In 1549, the damel ("king")
Dece Fu Njogu became independent from
Jolof . The capital was at Mbul . After the French conquered Walo,
Louis Faidherbe annexed
Cayor in 1868, but
Cayor got its
independence restored in 1871. It was defeated and annexed again in
1879 and ceased to be a sovereign state. The kingdom was extinguished
in its entirety October 6, 1886.
In addition to Cayor, the damels also ruled over the
Lebou area at
Cap-Vert (where modern
Dakar is), and they became the "Teignes "
(rulers) of the neighboring kingdom of
Traditionally the damel himself was not purely hereditary, but was
designated by a 4-member council consisting of:
* the Jaudin Bul (Diawdine-Boul), hereditary chief of the Jambur
("free men"; French Diambour)
* the Calau (Tchialaw), chief of the canton of Jambanyan
* the Botal (Bôtale), chief of the canton of Jop (Diop), and
* the Baje (Badgié), chief of the canton of Gateny (Gatègne).
A great hero in
Senegal history, for his defiance and battles against
the French, was
Lat Dyor Diop (Lat Dior) He was defeated at the battle
of Dekheule, and was deposed twice, in 1869 and 1879. He converted to
Islam around 1861.
The 30th and last damel of
Cayor was Samba Laube Fal (1858–1886),
Tivaouane , Senegal.