HOME
The Info List - Cayenne

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Cayenne
Cayenne
(/keɪˈɛn/;[4] French pronunciation: ​[kajɛn]) is the capital city of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France
France
located in South America. The city stands on a former island at the mouth of the Cayenne River on the Atlantic coast. The city's motto is "fert aurum industria", which means "work brings wealth".[5] At the 2015 census, there were 131,922 inhabitants in the metropolitan area of Cayenne
Cayenne
(as defined by INSEE),[3] 57,614 of whom lived in the city (commune) of Cayenne
Cayenne
proper.[1]

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Population 4 Economy 5 Culture 6 Main sights 7 Transport 8 Climate 9 Administration 10 Cayenne
Cayenne
in popular culture 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links

Geography[edit] Main article: Geography of French Guiana Cayenne
Cayenne
is located on the banks of the estuary of the Cayenne River on the Atlantic Ocean. The city occupies part of the Cayenne
Cayenne
Island. It is located 268 kilometres (167 mi) from Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni and 64 kilometres (40 mi) from Kourou.[6] Distances to some cities:

Paris: 7,100 kilometres (4,400 mi). Fort-de-France, capital of Martinique: 1,500 kilometres (930 mi).[7] Paramaribo, capital of Suriname: 342 kilometres (213 mi) to the northwest. Macapá, capital of the state of Amapá, Brazil: 554 kilometres (344 mi) to the southeast.

History[edit] See also: History of French Guiana

Historical Affiliations

French colonial empire
French colonial empire
1643–1658 Dutch Empire
Dutch Empire
1658–1664 French colonial empire
French colonial empire
1664–1676 English Empire
English Empire
1667 Dutch Empire
Dutch Empire
1676 French colonial empire
French colonial empire
1676–1809 Portuguese Empire
Portuguese Empire
1809–1817   France
France
1817–present

Ignored by Spanish explorers, who found the region too hot and poor to be claimed, the region was not colonized until 1604, when a French settlement was founded. However, it was soon destroyed by the Portuguese, who were determined to enforce the provisions of the Treaty of Tordesillas. French colonists returned in 1643 and founded Cayenne, but they were forced to leave once more following Amerindian attacks. In 1664, France
France
finally succeeded at establishing a permanent settlement at Cayenne. Over the next decade the colony changed hands between the French, Dutch, and English, before being restored to France. It was captured by an Anglo-Portuguese force at the invasion of Cayenne
Cayenne
in 1809 and administered from Brazil
Brazil
until 1814, when it was returned to French control. It was used as a French penal colony from 1854 to 1938.

Cayenne's coat of arms on a municipal sign.

The city's population has recently grown dramatically, owing to high levels of immigration (chiefly from the West Indies
West Indies
and Brazil) as well as a high birthrate. Population[edit]

1961 1967 1974 1982 1990 1999 2010 2015

Cayenne
Cayenne
(commune) 18,615 24,518 30,461 38,091 41,067 50,594 55,753 57,614

Cayenne
Cayenne
(metropolitan area) 21,505 28,257 35,812 49,118 66,803 92,059 117,600 131,922

Cayenne
Cayenne
(metropolitan area) % p.a. n/a 4.66% 3.44% 4.03% 3.92% 3.63% 2.25% 2.33%

Official figures from population censuses.[1][3]

Health conditions in Cayenne
Cayenne
and French Guiana
French Guiana
are generally good. The principal illnesses that cause mortality are circulatory, infectious and parasitic diseases, as well as cancer. A branch of the Pasteur Institute in Paris, located in Cayenne, conducts research on tropical and endemic local diseases and is renowned throughout Latin America. Life expectancy averages about 76 years for men and 83 years for women.[8] Economy[edit] Cayenne
Cayenne
is an important seaport in South America. The major port of Dégrad des Cannes, is on the estuary of the river Mahury, replacing Larivot and the Îles du Salut. Timber, rosewood essence, rum, and gold are exported in small quantities. In the mid-1960s sugarcane and pineapple were planted around the city, and a pineapple cannery and a shrimp-processing plant were later built. A seafront avenue links Cayenne
Cayenne
with the suburbs of Chaton and Montabo, where the French Institute of Tropical America and the Pasteur Institute
Pasteur Institute
are located. Historic landmarks include the Church of the Holy Saviour and a prefecture on the Place d’Armes. The Félix Eboué International Airport is the only International airport serving Cayenne.[9] Culture[edit] Cayenne
Cayenne
is very ethnically diverse, with populations of Creole, Haitian, Brazilian, European, and Hmong and other Asian origins. It is famous for its annual carnival which starts with the arrival of Vaval (the Carnival
Carnival
King) on the first Sunday after New Year's Day and continues with very popular all-night costume balls and Sunday afternoon parades every weekend until Mardi Gras. Carnaval dances include mazurka, biguine and piké djouk. It is the role of the Touloulou (disguised women) to invite men to dance; the men do not have the right to refuse her. Only Touloulou have the right to dance, non-disguised women may not dance. There is a large dance scene including both lessons and social dancing. Cafe de la Gare and Domino offer a variety of opportunities including bachata, salsa, merengue, kizomba, zouk, and forro. There are occasionally outdoor socials nears the Place de Chaînes Brisées. Capoeira is also popular and is offered in multiple styles by groups such as ENERGIA PURA. Main sights[edit]

Cayenne Cathedral
Cayenne Cathedral
is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cayenne

Cayenne
Cayenne
centres on its main commercial street, the Avenue Général de Gaulle. At the east end of the avenue near the coast is the Place des Palmistes and the Place de Grenoble
Grenoble
(also known as the Place Léopold Héder). Most of the official buildings are located in this area: the Hôtel de Ville (the town hall) built by Jesuits
Jesuits
in the 1890s, the Post Office, the Préfecture, residence of French Guiana's Préfect, and the Musée Départmental Franconie. To the west of this area lies Fort Cépérou, built in the 17th century, though now mostly in ruins. To the south lie the Place du Coq and Place Victor Schoelcher (named in honour of the anti-slavery activist) and a market. To the south of this compact region is the Village Chinois (known as Chicago), separated from the rest of Cayenne
Cayenne
by the Canal Laussat. It has a reputation for being a dangerous area. Other buildings in the city include Cayenne
Cayenne
Cathedral, municipal library, the municipal museum and a museum of French Guianese Culture (Musée des Cultures Guyanaise) and a scientific research institute (IRD or Institut de recherche pour le développement, formerly Orstom). The Jardin botanique de Cayenne
Jardin botanique de Cayenne
is the city's botanical garden. Transport[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2012)

Cayenne
Cayenne
is served by the Cayenne
Cayenne
– Félix Eboué Airport, which is located in the neighbouring commune of Matoury. Climate[edit] Under the Köppen climate classification, Cayenne
Cayenne
has a tropical monsoon climate (Am). Average high and low temperatures are nearly identical throughout the course of the year averaging about 30 °C (86 °F) and 23 °C (73 °F) respectively. Cayenne
Cayenne
sees copious precipitation during the year. The city features a very lengthy wet season and a very short dry season. The dry season only covers two months of the year (September and October) while the wet season covers the remainder of the year. Precipitation
Precipitation
is seen even during the dry season, a trait commonly seen in places featuring tropical monsoon climates. Cayenne
Cayenne
averages roughly 3,750 millimetres (150 in) of rain each year.

Climate data for Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport
Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport
(in Matoury)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 32.5 (90.5) 32.3 (90.1) 32.2 (90) 33.0 (91.4) 33.2 (91.8) 33.7 (92.7) 33.7 (92.7) 34.2 (93.6) 34.5 (94.1) 35.1 (95.2) 34.2 (93.6) 34.1 (93.4) 35.1 (95.2)

Average high °C (°F) 29.1 (84.4) 29.2 (84.6) 29.6 (85.3) 29.9 (85.8) 29.9 (85.8) 30.2 (86.4) 30.8 (87.4) 31.6 (88.9) 32.1 (89.8) 32.2 (90) 31.5 (88.7) 30.1 (86.2) 30.5 (86.9)

Average low °C (°F) 23.3 (73.9) 23.4 (74.1) 23.5 (74.3) 23.7 (74.7) 23.5 (74.3) 22.9 (73.2) 22.4 (72.3) 22.4 (72.3) 22.2 (72) 22.3 (72.1) 22.5 (72.5) 23.1 (73.6) 22.9 (73.2)

Record low °C (°F) 17.4 (63.3) 18.9 (66) 18.5 (65.3) 19.0 (66.2) 18.8 (65.8) 18.9 (66) 19.0 (66.2) 19.3 (66.7) 18.7 (65.7) 18.6 (65.5) 17.2 (63) 18.8 (65.8) 17.2 (63)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 451.2 (17.764) 309.4 (12.181) 334.3 (13.161) 448.4 (17.654) 579.4 (22.811) 411.4 (16.197) 245.7 (9.673) 143.6 (5.654) 55.7 (2.193) 63.3 (2.492) 133.4 (5.252) 340.5 (13.406) 3,516.3 (138.437)

Average precipitation days 23.63 20.00 20.67 22.20 26.43 25.17 20.57 14.20 7.13 7.60 11.93 21.57 221.10

Mean monthly sunshine hours 94.3 89.9 119.0 118.1 118.8 148.6 196.5 229.8 255.2 251.1 217.3 137.5 1,976

Source: Meteo France[10][11]

Administration[edit]

Victor-Schoelcher square

Cayenne
Cayenne
is the chief town of six cantons:

The first canton (North West) has 3,935 inhabitants; The second canton (North East) has 5,730 inhabitants; The third canton (South West) has 8,017 inhabitants; The fourth canton (Centre) has 5,955 inhabitants; The fifth canton (South) has 9,750 inhabitants; The sixth canton (South East) has 17,207 inhabitants

Cayenne
Cayenne
in popular culture[edit] The French folk song Cayenne
Cayenne
(named after the main city of French Guiana) tells the story of a pimp who shoots a well-to-do client who grossly disrespected a prostitute, and is then convicted and transferred to the infamous penitentiary.[citation needed] In The Hardy Boys
The Hardy Boys
#12: Footprints Under the Window, the Hardys' investigations take them to Cayenne. The 1955 film We're No Angels involves three prisoners who escape from Devil's Island
Devil's Island
and settle incognito into a family store in Cayenne. The Cayenne pepper
Cayenne pepper
is named after the city. The Porsche Cayenne, a mid-size luxury crossover SUV, is named after the city. See also[edit]

French Guiana
French Guiana
portal

Cayenne
Cayenne
(Dutch colony) Suzanne Amomba Paillé Communes of the Guyane department

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e INSEE. "Historique des populations légales". Retrieved 2017-12-31.  ^ INSEE. "Base des unités urbaines". Retrieved 2017-12-31.  ^ a b c INSEE. "Base des aires urbaines". Retrieved 2017-12-31.  ^ Cayenne, Oxford Dictionaries ^ "page concernant le blason de la ville sur le site page de Redris". Pagesperso-orange.fr. Retrieved 13 March 2011.  ^ Distances and duration of bonds in the dugout ^ Situation Géographique Préfecture de Guyane, archived September 15, 2008 from the original ^ " French Guiana
French Guiana
history - geography - territorial collectivity, France". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2016-12-08.  ^ " Cayenne
Cayenne
French Guiana". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2016-12-08.  ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Matoury" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 9, 2014.  ^ "Climat Guyane". Meteo France. Retrieved December 9, 2014. 

References[edit]

INSEE

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cayenne.

Cayenne
Cayenne
travel guide from Wikivoyage  "Cayenne". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). 1911.  Préfecture de Guyane Official website

v t e

Communes of the Guyane department
Communes of the Guyane department

Apatou Awala-Yalimapo Camopi Cayenne Grand-Santi Iracoubo Kourou Macouria Mana Maripasoula Matoury Montsinéry-Tonnegrande Ouanary Papaïchton Régina Remire-Montjoly Roura Saint-Élie Saint-Georges Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni Saül Sinnamary

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Prefectures of the regions of France

Metropolitan France

Lyon
Lyon
(Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) Dijon
Dijon
(Bourgogne-Franche-Comté) Rennes
Rennes
(Brittany) Orléans
Orléans
(Centre-Val de Loire) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corsica) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Grand Est) Lille
Lille
(Hauts-de-France) Paris
Paris
(Île-de-France) Rouen
Rouen
(Normandy) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Nouvelle-Aquitaine) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Occitanie) Nantes
Nantes
(Pays de la Loire) Marseille
Marseille
(Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur)

Overseas regions

Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte) Saint-Denis (Réunion)

v t e

Capitals of South America

Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in italics

Asunción, Paraguay Bogotá, Colombia Brasília, Brazil Buenos Aires, Argentina Caracas, Venezuela Cayenne, French Guiana
French Guiana
(France) Georgetown, Guyana King Edward Point, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
(UK)

La Paz
La Paz
(de facto) Sucre
Sucre
(de jure), Bolivia

Lima, Peru Montevideo, Uruguay Paramaribo, Suriname Quito, Ecuador Santiago, Chile Stanley, Falkland Islands
Stanley, Falkland Islands
(UK)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 147769175 GND: 4085187-4 SUDOC: 029983908 BNF: cb1214