Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter
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Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter is a
typhoon shelter A typhoon shelter () is a shelter for fishing boats during typhoons. These facilities are often found in Hong Kong. Structure In its usual form, a typhoon shelter is in the form of a bay or a cove, with a narrow opening for access, as most of th ...
located in
Causeway Bay Causeway Bay is a district of Hong Kong Island, and covering parts of Wan Chai District. The Cantonese name is also romanised as Tung Lo Wan as in Tung Lo Wan Road. The rents in the shopping areas of Causeway Bay were ranked as the world's mos ...

Causeway Bay
,
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a territory, Hong ...

Hong Kong
, between the
Hong Kong Island 250px, Kornhill and Shau Kei Wan, located in the northern part of Eastern District Hong Kong Island is an Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong, island in the southern part of Hong Kong. It has a population of 1,289,500 and its population de ...

Hong Kong Island
entrance of
Cross-Harbour Tunnel The Cross-Harbour Tunnel (abbreviated ''CHT'' or ''XHT'') is the first tunnel in Hong Kong built underwater. It consists of two steel road tunnels each with two lanes constructed using the single shell immersed tube method. It is the earl ...

Cross-Harbour Tunnel
on
Kellett Island Image:Kellett Island 1948.jpg, View of Kellett Island, with Royal Hong Kong Club Building and Pier, in 1948. Kellett Island is a former island of Victoria Harbour, off East Point, Hong Kong, East Point in Hong Kong. It is now connected to Ho ...
and
Island Eastern Corridor Image:Island Eastern Corridor near Sai Wan Ho 201803.jpg, 200px, Island Eastern Corridor at Sai Wan Ho The Island Eastern Corridor (IEC) is an Controlled-access highway, expressway built along the northeastern shore of Hong Kong Island in Ho ...

Island Eastern Corridor
. It was the first typhoon shelter in Hong Kong. It is roughly 17 hectares in area.


History

The original typhoon shelter was built after the 1874 typhoon, at the present location of Victoria Park (Hong Kong), Victoria Park, to provide shelter for fishing boats during storms. It was completed in 1883 with a breakwater (structure), breakwater only 427 metres (1,400 feet) long. The cost was HK$96,500. In December 1903, a Legislative Council of Hong Kong, legislative council member, Gershom Stewart, suggested that the typhoon shelter be expanded. The motion was passed but expansion works could not be carried out due to lack of capital. The Legislative Council and the Hong Kong Chamber of Commerce questioned the Government of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Government on the expansion in 1904 and 1906, but the Government did not give any response. On 18 September 1906, a typhoon struck Hong Kong, destroying 3,653 boats and killing 15,000 people, most of them fishermen. In March 1908, the Government finally carried out expansion works on the typhoon shelter, deepening it by 3 metres (9 feet) and expanded it to 30 hectares (75 acres). In 1953, the typhoon shelter was moved northwards to its present site and the original typhoon shelter was reclaimed to provide land for Victoria Park. The new typhoon shelter had a size of 26 hectares (65 acres). However, reclamation projects which started in the typhoon shelter during the late 1960s to construct the
Cross-Harbour Tunnel The Cross-Harbour Tunnel (abbreviated ''CHT'' or ''XHT'') is the first tunnel in Hong Kong built underwater. It consists of two steel road tunnels each with two lanes constructed using the single shell immersed tube method. It is the earl ...

Cross-Harbour Tunnel
decreased the size of the typhoon shelter. Much of the shelter was temporarily reclaimed as a working area for construction of the Central–Wan Chai Bypass (the working for Route 4 Reengineering), an underground road, underworks that were part of the Central and Wan Chai Reclamation#Wan Chai Phase II, Wan Chai Phase II project of the Central and Wan Chai Reclamation, begun in 2009.Wan Chai Development Phase II - Project Overview
Civil Engineering and Development Department, CEDD


Environmental concerns

A 2005 government report singled out the Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter as having "exceptionally high levels" of tributyltin, exceeding 1000 times the baseline concentration measured in the East Lamma Channel.


Surrounding roads

To the west: *
Cross-Harbour Tunnel The Cross-Harbour Tunnel (abbreviated ''CHT'' or ''XHT'') is the first tunnel in Hong Kong built underwater. It consists of two steel road tunnels each with two lanes constructed using the single shell immersed tube method. It is the earl ...

Cross-Harbour Tunnel
To the south: *Gloucester Road, Hong Kong, Gloucester Road *Victoria Park Road To the east: *
Island Eastern Corridor Image:Island Eastern Corridor near Sai Wan Ho 201803.jpg, 200px, Island Eastern Corridor at Sai Wan Ho The Island Eastern Corridor (IEC) is an Controlled-access highway, expressway built along the northeastern shore of Hong Kong Island in Ho ...

Island Eastern Corridor


Notable places nearby

*Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club *Noonday Gun *Central–Wan Chai Bypass *The Excelsior *Victoria Park (Hong Kong), Victoria Park *Shelter Street, south of Victoria Park reminds of the original typhoon shelter


See also

* List of typhoon shelters in Hong Kong


References

{{coord, 22.28570, 114.18520, display=title Causeway Bay, Typhoon Shelter, Causeway Bay Wan Chai District Typhoon shelters in Hong Kong