The CATAWBA RIVER (named after the Native American tribes that first
settled on the banks) originates in
Western North Carolina and the
name of the river changes to the
Wateree River in
It rises in the
Blue Ridge Mountains in western McDowell County,
* 1 Dams * 2 Controversy * 3 A river at risk * 4 Crossings * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
The Catawba is heavily dammed, including the following:
In 2006 the river became the center of a water use controversy
between the residents of the Catawba watershed and Cabarrus County,
Though neither Concord nor Kannapolis are located in the Catawba
River basin (both are located in the
Pee Dee River basin), the cities
On January 10, 2007, the
The controversy ended in early 2010 when all the parties reached a settlement that further limits the amount of water available to Concord and Kannapolis under drought conditions.
A RIVER AT RISK
Starting in the early autumn months of 2007 the Catawba basin, along
with large swaths of the
Southern United States , began to feel the
effects of an extreme drought. On October 15, 2007, the Morganton News
Herald reported that
On January 29, 2008, Duke Energy , the utility responsible for managing the Catawba River, extended its estimated time frame for Stage 4 water restrictions to August. The extension was possible because of conservation measures and the 6 inches of rain the basin received in December. However, area leaders converged on Valdese to hear presentations from Representatives of the N.C. Rural Center, N.C. Department of Commerce, N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources and the Appalachian Regional Commission about grants and loans that are available to help pay for solutions to the drought.
In April 2008 the environmental group American Rivers named the Catawba- Wateree River "the most endangered river in America." Reasons cited for the river's condition are the drought, the presence of 11 hydroelectric dams , global warming , and unchecked development along its banks.
On June 11, 2008,
On June 29, 2009, the
On December 11, 2014, Duke Energy received approval from North Carolina to dump coal ash (containing arsenic, lead, thallium and mercury, among other heavy metals) from the Marshall Steam Station into Lake Norman to repair a rusted, leaking pipe. Groundwater at the Marshall Steam Station does flow toward Lake Norman, and the contaminated field abuts the lake for about 30 feet of shoreline near its largest coal ash basin.
On October 3, 2015, Duke reported that a sinkhole had formed at the base of the Marshall Steam Station dam north of Charlotte on Lake Norman. The Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) says Duke placed a liner in the hole and filled it with crushed stone.
* Power House Road * Watermill Glen Alpine Road * Independence Blvd in Morganton * N Green Street (N.C. 181) in Morganton * U.S. 64 in Morganton * Huffman Bridge * Castle Bridge near Rutherford College * Rhodhiss Road in Rhodhiss * U.S. 321 in Hickory * N.C. 127 near Hickory * N.C. 16 below Oxford Dam * Interstate 40 * Hudson Chapel Road in Catawba * US 70 in Catawba * Buffalo Shoals Road over Lake Norman * N.C. 150 over Lake Norman
* Lake Norman to the SC border
* N.C. 73 bridge at Cowans Ford Dam * Rozzelle Bridge on Brookshire Blvd (N.C. 16) over Mountain Island Lake * E. Charlotte Avenue in Mount Holly * Interstate 85 * Wilkinson Blvd U.S. 29 and U.S. 74 in Belmont * Buster Boyd Bridge over Lake Wylie
* Interstate 77 between Rock Hill and Ft. Mill * Cherry Road U.S. 21 between Rock Hill and Ft. Mill * (Future) Dave Lyle Boulevard in Rock Hill * Rock Hill Highway (S.C. 5 ) in Catawba * Lancaster-Chester Highway (S.C. 9 ) * Francis Avenue in Great Falls
* ^ "Whose Water Is It?". The News Herald. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
* ^ "Political hot potato for region\'s water users". Mooresville
Tribune. Archived from the original on 2007-07-15. Retrieved
* ^ "Panel Opens Up Catawba River". News Harald. Retrieved
* ^ "Water transfer approved". The Independent Tribune. Retrieved
* ^ "Gov: Drought worse in recorded history". Morganton News
Herald. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
* ^ "Small reprieve comes in drought, towns still preparing". The
Morganton News Herald. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
* ^ "America\'s 10 Most Endangered Rivers 2008". Environment News
Service. Retrieved 2008-04-20.
* ^ "Defending the Catawba: Biggest threat is lack of sensible
land-use planning". Charlotte Observer/Charlotte.com. Retrieved
* ^ "