Coordinates: 41°0′31″N 16°30′46″E / 41.00861°N
16.51278°E / 41.00861; 16.51278
Region of Italy
Coat of arms
Michele Emiliano (PD)
19,358 km2 (7,474 sq mi)
210/km2 (540/sq mi)
English: Apulian(s), Puglian(s)
Italian: Pugliese, pl. Pugliesi
• Summer (DST)
€69.5 billion (2008)
GDP per capita
Apulia (/əˈpuːliə/ ə-POO-lee-ə; Italian: Puglia [ˈpuʎʎa];
Neapolitan: Pùglia [ˈpuʝːə]; Albanian: Pulia; Ancient Greek:
Ἀπουλία, Apoulia) is a region of
Italy in Southern Italy
Adriatic Sea to the east, the
Ionian Sea to the
southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and
Gulf of Taranto
Gulf of Taranto to the
south. Its southernmost portion, known as the
Salento peninsula, forms
a "tacco" or heel on the boot of Italy. The region comprises 19,345
square kilometers (7,469 sq mi), and its population is about
It is bordered by the other Italian regions of
Molise to the north,
Campania to the west, and
Basilicata to the southwest. Across the
Adriatic and Ionian Seas, it faces Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina,
Croatia, Greece, and Montenegro, The
Apulia region extends as far
north as Monte Gargano. Its capital city is Bari.
6 Government and politics
8 See also
10 Further reading
11 External links
Torre Sant'Andrea, Salento
Puglia's coastline is longer than that of any other mainland Italian
region. In the north, the
Gargano promontory extends out into the
Adriatic while in the south, the dry
Salento area forms the 'tacco' of
Italy's boot. 
It is home to two national parks, the
Alta Murgia National Park
Alta Murgia National Park and
Gargano National Park.
Landscape of the
Castel del Monte, built by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II between
1240 and 1250 in Andria
The medieval town of Ostuni
Apulia is one of the richest archaeological regions in Italy. It was
first colonized by Mycenaean Greeks.
A number of castles were built in the area by Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick II, including Castel del Monte, sometimes called the
"Crown of Apulia".
After 1282, when the island of
Sicily was lost,
Apulia was part of the
Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of Naples (confusingly known also as the Kingdom of Sicily),
and remained so until the unification of
Italy in the 1860s. This
kingdom was independent under the House of Anjou from 1282 to 1442,
then was part of
Aragon until 1458, after which it was again
independent under a cadet branch of the
House of Trastámara
House of Trastámara until
1501. As a result of the French–Spanish war of 1501–1504, Naples
again came under the rule of
Aragon and the Spanish Empire from 1504
to 1714. When
Barbary pirates of North Africa sacked
Vieste in 1554,
they took an estimated 7,000 slaves. The coast of
occupied at times by the Turks and at other times by the Venetians.
In 1861 the region became part of the Kingdom of Italy, with the new
capital city at Turin. In the words of one historian,
Turin was "so
far away that Otranto is today closer to seventeen foreign capitals
than it is to Turin".
The region's contribution to Italy's gross value added was around 4.6%
in 2000, while its population was 7% of the total. The per capita GDP
is low compared to the national average and represents about 68.1% of
the EU average.
The share of gross value added by the agricultural and services
sectors was above the national average in 2000. The region has
industries specialising in particular areas, including food processing
and vehicles in Foggia; footwear and textiles in the
and wood and furniture in the
Murge area to the west.
Between 2007 and 2013 the economy of
Apulia expanded more than that of
the rest of southern Italy. Such growth, over several decades, is
a severe challenge to the hydrogeological system.
The region has a good network of roads, but the railway network is
less comprehensive, particularly in the south.< The region is
crossed northwest to southeast by the A14 highway (Bologna–Taranto),
which connects the region capital, Bari, to Taranto, the second most
populous city in the region. The A14 also connects
Foggia and points
further north along the Adriatic coast to Pescara, Ancona,
eventually, Bologna. The only other highway in the region is the A16
(Napoli–Canosa), which crosses the Italian peninsula east–west and
links the region with Napoli.
There are two international airports in the region, Karol Wojtyla
Brindisi Airport in Brindisi.
Source: ISTAT 2001
Emigration from the region's depressed areas to northern
Italy and the
rest of Europe was very intense in the years between 1956 and 1971.
Subsequently, the trend declined as economic conditions improved, to
the point where there was net immigration in the years between 1982
and 1985. Since 1986 the stagnation in employment has led to a new
inversion of the trend, caused by a decrease in immigration.
Government and politics
Main article: Politics of Apulia
Since 1 June 2015, former judge and mayor of
Michele Emiliano of
the Democratic Party has served as President.
Cuisine plays an important role throughout Apulia. The key locally
produced ingredients used there include olive oil, artichokes,
tomatoes, aubergine, asparagus, and mushrooms.
As with the other regions of Italy, the national language (since 1861)
is Italian. However, because of its long and varied history, other
historical languages have been used in this region for centuries. In
isolated pockets of the southern part of Salento, a dialect of Greek
Griko is still spoken by a few thousand people. In
addition, rare dialects of the
Franco-Provençal language called
Faetar and the closely related Cellese are spoken by a dwindling
number of individuals in the towns of Faeto and Celle Di San Vito, in
the Province of Foggia. The Arbëreshë dialect of the Albanian
language has been spoken by a small community since refugees settled
there in the 15th century.
Sacra Corona Unita
Tavoliere delle Puglie
^ "Regional gross domestic product by NUTS 2 regions - million".
Eurostat. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
^ EUROPA – Press Releases – Regional GDP per inhabitant in 2008
GDP per inhabitant ranged from 28% of the EU27 average in
Severozapaden in Bulgaria to 343% in Inner London Archived February
12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Introducing Puglia". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
^ "Holiday guide to Puglia, southern Italy: the best towns,
restaurants and hotels". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. 4 July
2015. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
^ Elizabeth A. Fisher, The Mycenaeans and Apulia. An Examination of
Aegean Bronze Age Contacts with
Apulia in Eastern Magna Grecia,
^ "Italy: Puglia". Rough Guides. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
^ Heinz Götze, Castel Del Monte: Geometric Marvel of the Middle Ages
(1998), p. 89
^ Asaolu, Richard Oluseyi (n.d.). Slavery:Abolition. Mainz: Pedia.
p. 50. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
^ Dursteler, Eric R., ed. (2013). A Companion to Venetian History,
1400-1797. Leiden: Koninklejke. pp. 142–43.
ISBN 978-9004252516. Retrieved 3 June 2017. CS1 maint: Extra
text: authors list (link)
^ David Gilmour, The Pursuit of Italy: A History of a Land, Its
Regions and their Peoples (2012), p. 24
^ "Eurostat". Greenreport. Archived from the original on April 24,
2014. Retrieved 2010-08-02.
^ a b "Puglia - Economy". Portrait of the Regions. Eurostat. March
2004. Archived from the original on August 21, 2009. Retrieved 8 July
^ Massimo Monteduro, Pierangelo Buongiorno, Saverio Di Benedetto, Law
and Agroecology: A Transdisciplinary Dialogue (2015), p. 176
^ Amílcar Soares, Maria João Pereira, Roussos Dimitrakopoulos!
geoENV VI – Geostatistics for Environmental Application (2008), p.
191: "The approach highlighted the widespread degradation of water
resources in the Apulian groundwater. ... Above all the rapid
socio-economic growth over the last decades has caused severe stress
to the Apulian hydrogeological system."
^ "Eurostat". c.europa.eu. Archived from the original on July 21,
2011. Retrieved 2010-04-22.
^ "Scheda Personale". Sito web Istituzionale della Regione Puglia (in
Italian). Retrieved October 17, 2015.
^ "BIOGRAFIA" (PDF). CompletaMente.org (in Italian). Retrieved
September 5, 2015.
^ Around Italy: A look at
Apulia the cuisine at sacla.se, accessed 22
^ "Ethnologue report for language code:ell". Ethnologue.com. Archived
from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-22.
^ Nagy, Naomi (2011). "A Multilingual Corpus to Explore Variation in
Language Contact Situations" (PDF). Rassegna Italiana di Linguistica
Applicata. 43 (1–2): 3. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
^ "Ethnologue report for language code:aae". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved
13 July 2016.
See also: Bibliography of the history of
Apulia (in Italian)
Desmond Seward, An Armchair Traveller's History of
Stefania Mola, Apulia: the Cathedrals (Adda, 2008)
Francesco Carofiglio, Apulia, a Tourist's Guide to the Culture of
Susanna Gelmetti, Italian Country Cooking: Recipes from
Apulia (1996), ISBN 1872803229
Apulia: A Film Tourism Guide (Laterza, 2009, 246 pp)
Tessa Garton, Early Romanesque Sculpture in
"Apulia", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910,
Roy Domenico (2002). "Apulia". Regions of Italy: a Reference Guide to
History and Culture. Greenwood. ISBN 0313307334.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Apulia.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Apulia.
Official website (in Italian)
Accademia Apulia (in Italian)
Environmental League Puglia (in Italian)
Apulia and Calabria
Duchy of Benevento
Principality of Salerno
Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
Elections in Apulia
List of Presidents of Apulia
Regions of Italy
Ancient Italian peoples
Phoenician / Carthaginian colonies
Italy under Odoacer
Guelphs and Ghibellines
Early Modern period
Revolutions of 1820
Revolutions of 1830
Revolutions of 1848
Sicilian revolution of 1848
First War of Independence
Second War of Independence
Expedition of the Thousand
Third War of Independence
Capture of Rome
Monarchy and the World Wars
Kingdom of Italy
World War I
World War II
Years of Lead
Years of Mud
Chamber of Deputies
Council of Ministers
Regions by GDP
Science and technology
Fathers' rights movement
Festa della Repubblica
World Heritage Sites
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