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Castella de Aguada
Castella de Aguada
(Portuguese: Fort of the Waterpoint), also known as the Bandra
Bandra
Fort, is a fort located in Bandra, Mumbai. "Castella" is a misspelling for Portuguese "Castelo" (castle). Properly, it should be called Castelo da Aguada, although it seems its Portuguese builders actually called it Forte de Bandorá (or Bandra
Bandra
Fort). It is located at Land's End in Bandra. It was built by the Portuguese in 1640 as a watchtower overlooking Mahim
Mahim
Bay, the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
and the southern island of Mahim.[1] The strategic value of the fort was enhanced in 1661 after the Portuguese ceded the seven islands of Bombay that lay to the immediate south of Bandra
Bandra
to the English. The name indicates its origin as a place where fresh water was available in the form of a fountain ("Aguada") for Portuguese ships cruising the coasts in the initial period of Portuguese presence. The fort lies over several levels, from sea level to an altitude of 24 metres (79 ft).[1] Castella de Aguada
Castella de Aguada
has been featured in several Hindi films, such as Dil Chahta Hai
Dil Chahta Hai
and Buddha Mil Gaya.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Conservation 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] The Portuguese, who had established a base in the area in 1534 after defeating Bahadur Shah of Gujarat, built several sea forts along the western Indian coastline. Castella de Aguada
Castella de Aguada
was one such strategically located fort, overlooking the Mahim Bay
Mahim Bay
to the south, the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
to the west, the islands of Worli to the south and the town of Mahim
Mahim
to the south west. The fort also guarded the northern sea route into Mumbai
Mumbai
Harbour. This sea route, a large estuary, was later reclaimed from the sea in the nineteenth century. During the Portuguese rule, it was armed with seven cannons and other smaller guns as defence.[3] A freshwater spring in the vicinity supplied potable water to passing ships, thus lending the fort its name.[1] After the decline of the Portuguese in the early 18th century, the Marathas became the largest threat to British possessions. Sensing an impending Portuguese defeat, the British partially demolished the fort as a precautionary measure. The demolition would obviate the possibility of the fort being captured by the Marathas, with the possibility of it being used as a forward military base to attack British Bombay.[4] In 1739 the island was invaded by the Marathas; it was ruled by them until 1774 when the British gained possession of the area during the First Anglo-Maratha War. In 1830, the British donated large parts of Salsette Island, including Land's End (Click to view the Photosphere), to Byramjee Jeejeebhoy, a Parsi
Parsi
philanthropist. Jeejeeboy then established his residence on the hill where the fort is located, and the cape was renamed Byramjee Jeejeebhoy
Byramjee Jeejeebhoy
Point.[5] Conservation[edit] In 2003, a conservation program was started by Bandra
Bandra
Band Stand Residents’ Trust to save the fort. It was spearheaded by a local Member of Parliament (MP), Shabana Azmi, who funded part of the effort from her allotted funds. The brick arch of one of the gateways on the verge of collapse, and the foundation masonry of the fort wall that was in danger of tidal erosion were repaired. The nearby Taj Land's End hotel is responsible for maintenance of the fort, having inherited it from the previous owners.[1] The fort is owned by the Archaeological Survey of India
Archaeological Survey of India
(ASI). Included in the fort makeover are the preservation of the natural rock formations, providing pathways, and the creation of an amphitheatre. The architect for the makeover was P.K. Das, who had earlier redesigned the Carter Road
Carter Road
area.[5] See also[edit]

Mahim
Mahim
Fort Worli Fort List of forts in Maharashtra

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bandra
Bandra
Fort.

^ a b c d Ball, Iain (2003-03-19). "Local 'army' offers to protect Mumbai's 'Castella'". Mumbai
Mumbai
Newsline. Express Group. Retrieved 2008-09-16.  ^ Lambah, Abha Narain (2008-02-04). "Heritage is also Bollywood's preserve". Mumbai
Mumbai
Newsline. Express Group. Retrieved 2008-12-29.  ^ D'Cunha, Jose Gerson (1900). "IV The Portuguese Period". The Origins of Bombay (3 ed.). Bombay: Asian Educational Services. p. 212. ISBN 81-206-0815-1. Retrieved 2008-12-29.  ^ Marpakwar, Prafulla (2006-11-26). "Govt Will Remain Owner Of The State's Heritage Sites But Corporate Caretaker, Too, Stands To Gain From Tie-Up". Times of India. Times Group. Retrieved 2008-12-29.  ^ a b " Bandra
Bandra
to get back a chunk of its past glory". Times of India. Times Group. 2002-08-04. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 

v t e

Forts around Mumbai

Bassein Fort Belapur Fort Bombay Castle Castella de Aguada Dongri Fort Fort George Madh Fort Mahim
Mahim
Fort Mazagon Fort Riwa Fort Sewri Fort Sion Hillock Fort Worli Fort

v t e

Forts in Maharashtra

Ahmednagar district

Ahmednagar Fort Bahadurgad Bhairavgad Bitangad Harishchandragad Kaladgad Kharda Kunjargad Madan Fort Manjarsumbha fort Pabargad Patta Fort Ratangad

Akola district

Akola Fort Balapur Narnala

Amravati district

Amner Fort Gawilghur

Aurangabad district

Antur Fort Daulatabad

Dhule district

Bhamer Laling Thalner

Kolhapur district

Bhudargad Gandharvgad Panhala Pargadh Pavangad Samangad Vishalgad

Latur district

Udgir

Mumbai
Mumbai
city district

Bombay Castle Dongri Fort Fort George Mahim
Mahim
Fort Mazagon Fort Riwa Fort Sewri Fort Sion Hillock Fort Worli Fort

Mumbai
Mumbai
suburban district

Castella de Aguada Madh

Nagpur district

Sitabuldi

Nanded district

Kandhar Fort

Nashik district

Aavandhagad Achla Fort Ahivant Fort Alang Anjaneri Ankai Fort Bahulagad Bhaskargad Chandwad Chaulher Dermal Dhodap Haargad Harshgad Hatgad Indrai Fort Kanchangad Kanhergad Kavnai Fort Kulang Madangad Malegaon Fort Mangi-Tungi Moragad Mulher Fort Nhavigad Rajdher Fort Ramsej Salher Salota Saptashrungi Tankai fort Tringalwadi Waghera

Osmanabad district

Naldurg Fort Paranda Fort

Palghar district

Bassein Tandulwadi

Pune district

Anghaai Fort Bhorgiri Fort Chawand Dhakoba Ghangad Hadsar Fort Induri Fort Jivdhan Kailasgad Kawla Korigad/Koraigad Lohagad Malhargad Manaranjan Mangalgad Morgiri Fort Narayangad Nimgiri Purandar Rajgad Rajmachi Rayri Fort Rohida Sangram Durg Sindola Fort Shaniwar Wada Shivneri Shrivardhan Sinhagad Tikona Torna Tung Vajragad Fort Visapur

Raigad district

Agarkot Avchitgad Bhimashankar Fort Bhiwgad Birwadi Chambhargad Chandragad Dhak Bahiri Dronagiri Gadad Bahiri Ghangad Ghosalgad Irshalgad Karnala Khaderi Khanderi Kondhawi Fort Korlai Kothaligad
Kothaligad
Peb fort Kulaba Kurdugad Lingana Maangad Madgad Malanggad Mangalgad
Mangalgad
(Kangori) Manikgad Mirgad Mrugagad Murud-Janjira Padmadurg/ Kasa Fort Prabalgad Raigad Ratnagad Revdanda Sagargad Samrajgad Sankshi Fort Sarasgad Sarjekot Songad Songiri Fort Sudhagad Surgad Talagad Underi Vikatgad
Vikatgad
Peb fort

Ratnagiri district

Aambolgad Anjanwel Bankot Fattedurg Gopalgad Govindgad Gowalkot Jaigad Kanakdurg Mahipatgad Mandangad Prachitgad Prunagad Rasalgad Ratnagiri Fort/ Ratnadurg Sumargad Suvarnadurg Yashwantgad

Satara district

Ajinkyatara Bhairavgad Bhushangad Chandan-Vandan Dategad Gunavantgad Jangali Jayagad Kalyangad Kamalgad Kenjalgad Mahimangad Pandavgad Prachitgad Pratapgad Sajjangad Santoshgad Vairatgad Vardhangad Varugad Vasantgad Vasota

Sindhudurg
Sindhudurg
district

Aasavgad Bharatgad Rajkot Fort Sanrjekot Sindhudurg Vijaydurg

Thane district

Aajobagad Aasawa Arnala Asherigad Ballalgad Balwantgad Belapur Fort Bhairavgad Bhandargad Bhavanigad Bhupatgad Chanderigad Dahanugad Daulatmandal Dharavi Durgadi Fort Gambhirgad Ghodbunder Fort Gorakhgad Gotara Jivdhaanigad Kaldurg Kamandurg Kelwegad Kohojgad Mahuli Malang gad Palasgad Pankot Tahuli Segwa Shirgav Fort Siddhgad Tarapur Fort Vasai Fort

v t e

Forts in India

Vijayanagara

Gingee Bangalore Udayagiri Vellore

Deccan sultanates

Ahmednagar Gawilghur Narnala Panhala

Gujarat Sultanate

Mahim Bhadra Surat Castle

Delhi Sultanate

Aligarh Bandhavgarh Hathras Qila Mubarak Siri Tughlaqabad Salimgarh Daulatabad

Nayak Dynasty

Chitradurga Bekal Dindigul Gingee Tiruchirapalli Rock Chandragiri FortChandragiri Fort, KeralaChandragiri Hosdurg

Malwa Sultanate

Mandsaur Mandavgadh

Faruqi dynasty

Asirgarh Laling Thalner

Rabari

Achalgarh Amber Bhangarh Chittor Jaigarh Jaisalmer Jalore Junagarh Kankwadi Kumbhalgarh Nahargarh Qila Rai Pithora Taragarh Lal Kot Gwalior Kalinjar Hinglajgarh Mehrangarh Narwar Senapati fortress Sabalgarh Bahu Kangra Ranthambore Derawar Umarkot

Maratha Empire

Dongri Harishchandragad Kolaba Lohagad Sudhagad Sinhagad Tikona Panhala Pratapgad Vishalgad Rajgad Sindhudurg Vijaydurg Shivneri Raigad Gajendragarh Gingee Shaniwar Wada Jhansi Hinglajgarh Manora Visapur Sadashivgad

Mughal Empire

Purana Qila Chanderi Agra Allahabad Fatehpur Sikri Red Akola Hari Parbat Ramnagar

Jat

Gohad Lohagarh Nahar Singh Mahal

Mysore Kingdom

Devanahalli Palakkad Bekal Sankagiri

Siddi

Murud-Janjira Belapur Underi

Travancore

Vattakottai Udayagiri East

Portuguese

Bassein Bombay Castle Arnala Castella de Aguada Emmanuel Korlai Madh St Thomas, Tangasseri St. Angelo Pallipuram Aguada Anjediva Cranganore Ghodbunder Diu Terekhol

Sikh Empire

Jamrud Kamlah Multan Harkishangarh Lahore

British Raj

Anchuthengu St. George William Bombay Riwa Worli Mazagon Sion Hillock Sewri Mahim Tellicherry St. David

Sur Empire

Chunar Rohtasgarh Munger

Ahom Dynasty

Talatal Ghar Kareng Ghar Rang Ghar Garchuk Lachit Garh

Kakatiya Dynasty

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