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CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD. (カシオ計算機株式会社, Kashio Keisanki Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and commercial electronics manufacturing company headquartered in Shibuya
Shibuya
, Tokyo, Japan. Its products include calculators , mobile phones , digital cameras , electronic musical instruments , and digital watches . It was founded in 1946, and in 1957 released the world's first entirely electric compact calculator. CASIO was an early digital camera innovator, and during the 1980s and 1990s, the company developed numerous affordable home electronic keyboards for musicians.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Products

* 2.1 Calculators

* 2.1.1 Scientific calculators * 2.1.2 Basic calculators

* 2.2 Watches * 2.3 Musical instruments * 2.4 Other

* 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY

Casio
Casio
was established in April 1946 by Tadao Kashio, an engineer specializing in fabrication technology. Kashio's first major product was the yubiwa pipe, a finger ring that would hold a cigarette , allowing the wearer to smoke the cigarette down to its nub while also leaving the wearer's hands free. Japan
Japan
was impoverished immediately following World War II
World War II
, so cigarettes were valuable, and the invention was a success.

After seeing the electric calculators at the first Business Show in Ginza
Ginza
, Tokyo in 1949, Kashio and his younger brothers (Toshio, Kazuo and Yukio) used their profits from the yubiwa pipe to develop their own calculators. Most of the calculators at that time worked using gears and could be operated by hand using a crank or using a motor (see adding machine ). Toshio possessed some knowledge of electronics, and set out to make a calculator using solenoids . The desk-sized calculator was finished in 1954 and was Japan's first electro-mechanical calculator. One of the central and more important innovations of the calculator was its adoption of the 10-key number pad; at that time other calculators were using a "full keypad", which meant that each place in the number (1s, 10s, 100s, etc...) had nine keys. Another distinguishing innovation was the use of a single display window instead of the three display windows (one for each argument and one for the answer) used in other calculators.

In 1957 Casio
Casio
released the Model 14-A, sold for 485,000 yen , the world's first all-electric compact calculator, which was based on relay technology. 1957 also marked the establishment of Casio
Casio
Computer Co., Ltd.

In the 1980s, its budget electronic instruments and its line of affordable home electronic musical keyboard instruments became popular. The company also became well known for the wide variety and innovation of its wristwatches . It was one of the earliest manufacturers of quartz watches , both digital and analog. It also began selling calculator watches during this time. It was one of the first manufacturers of watches that could display the time in many different time zones and of watches with temperature, atmospheric-pressure, altitude, and even Global Positioning System displays.

A number of notable digital cameras innovations have been made by Casio, including the QV-10, the first consumer digital camera with an LCD screen on the back (developed by a team led by Hiroyuki Suetaka in 1995), the first consumer three megapixel camera, the first true ultra-compact model, and the first digital camera to incorporate ceramic lens technology.

PRODUCTS

Casio's products include calculators , watches , cash registers , illuminators , digital cameras ( Exilim series), film cameras , laptop and sub-notebook computers, mobile phones , electronic keyboards , PDAs (E-Data Bank), electronic dictionaries , digital diaries (early PDAs), electronic games , computer printers , clocks , and portable televisions .

In the 1970s and 80s, Casio
Casio
was known for its electronic (including scientific) calculators and electronic musical instruments. Today, Casio
Casio
is most commonly known for making durable and reliable digital watches. The G-Shock range of shock resistant watches is popular, with the 1983 G-Shock DW-5600C being highly sought-after by collectors. Casio
Casio
made a variety of digital watches with in-built games in the 1980s and 90s, which were highly popular at the time.

Casio
Casio
also makes products for local markets, including a "Prayer Compass" watch designed to help Muslims pray on time and in the right direction.

CALCULATORS

Scientific Calculators

Note: This is a list of selected calculators. Figures in parentheses imply approximate year of introduction.

* GRAPHING

* FX-9860G / GII / SD * FX-9860G Slim * ClassPad 300 Plus / 330 * ClassPad II fx-CP400 * fx-CG500 * Algebra FX 2.0 Plus * FX 1.0 Plus * CFX-9850GC Plus * CFX-9850GB Plus * CFX-9800G * fx-9750G Plus / GII * fx-8500G, 8000G * fx-7500G, 7400G Plus / GII * fx-7000G (ca. 1985) * VI-9850GB Plus * RM 7000/9000

* PROGRAMMING

* fx-5800P, 3950P, fx-3650P , 50F Plus (2000s) * fx-4500PA, 4500P * fx-5500LA, 5500L * fx-3900PV , 3900P (1990s) * fx-4800P * fx-3600P (1980s) * fx-4000P, 3500P, 3800P, fx-5000F, 50F (late 1980s) * FX-850P * FX-702P (ca. 1981) * FX-603P , FX-602P (1981) * fx-180P, 390PV (Program) (early 1980s), fx-180PV, * FX-502P, 501P (ca. 1979)

* PROFESSIONAL

* fx-FD10 Pro (2014) (Surveying calculator for civil engineering)

* CLASSWIZ (HIGH-RESOLUTION NATURAL TEXTBOOK DISPLAY)

* fx-991EX, 570EX, 350EX, 82EX (early 2015) * fx-JP900, JP700, JP500 (late 2014), (JAPAN ONLY)

* "NATURAL V.P.A.M." * "NATURAL DISPLAY" * S-V.P.A.M. / TWO-LINE, MULTI-REPLAY * V.P.A.M. (VISUALLY PERFECT ALGEBRAIC METHOD)

* LCD (ONE-LINE)

* fx-65 (True fraction) (mid 1990s) * fx-95 (equation) (mid 1990s) * fx-991D, 570D, 115D, 100D (early-mid 1990s) * fx-82D, 250D, 82LB, 82SUPER, 82SX, 82SOLAR (early 1990s) * fx-992V, 992VB, 991V, 115V, 85V; fx-991H, 911H (early 1990s) * fx-991N, 911N, 115N, 85N; fx-250C, fx-570C (late 1980s) * fx-991M, 115M, 85M; fx-451M,(mid-late 1980s) * fx-650M; fx-580; fx-100C, 82C (mid-late 1980s) * fx-570, 100, 350, 77 (early-mid 1980s) * fx-82, 82B, 82L, fx-58 (early 1980s) * fx-2000, 2200, 2500, fx-48(late 1970s)

* VFD (DIGITRON) DISPLAY

* fx-1, 2, 3 (desk); fx-10 (handheld) (early-mid 1970s), used MSI (medium scale integration) * fx-11, 15, 20, 101, 17, 19, 102, 1000, PRO fx-1, PRO-101, (mid-1970s) * fx-21, 29, 31, 39, 120, 140 (mid-late 1970s) * fx-201P, 202P (Program) (mid 1970s)

Basic Calculators

Note: This is a list of selected models.

* LCD DISPLAY

* DESK CALCULATORS

* DS-3TS, DH-160, DV-220, DJ-240D, DJ-120D, MJ-120D, MW-8V (2000s)

* POCKET CALCULATORS

* JS-140TVS, NJ-120D, SL-1000TW, HL-122TV (2000s) * HL-810 (1985) * SL-800 (FILM CARD) (1983) * LC-78 (MINI-CARD) (1978)

* PRINTING CALCULATORS

* HR-100TM, DR-210TM (2000s)

* VFD (DIGITRON) / LED DISPLAY

* DESKTOP CALCULATORS

* AL-1000 (1967)

* POCKET CALCULATORS (1970S)

* CM-601 (MINI) * CM-606 (Personal MINI) * 101-MR * Y-811 (Memory-8R) * AL-8 (with fraction input) * H-813 (Personal M-1) * CQ-1 (with clock function)

WATCHES

* G-Shock

* Baby-G

* Lineage * Oceanus * Edifice * Wave Ceptor * Databank * Youth

* Pro-Trek

* Casio
Casio
PRT-40 * Casio
Casio
PRG-60-T * Casio
Casio
PRG-240 * Casio
Casio
PRG-600 * Casio
Casio
PRW-6100Y-1DR * Casop WSD-F200-RG

* Classic

* Casio
Casio
F-series * Casio F91W * Casio
Casio
A-series * Casio
Casio
A158W * Casio
Casio
A159W * Casio
Casio
A168W * Casio
Casio
A178W * Casio
Casio
LA680 * Casio
Casio
B640 * Casio
Casio
W59

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

* Electronic Musical Instruments ( Casiotone keyboards, Privia , Celviano, etc.)

* Keyboards

* CZ-Synthesizer * FZ-1 Sampling Synthesizer * PT-80 (monophonic, eight patches, mid-1980s) * PD-Synthesizer * VL 1 Synthesizer * ToneBank CT Series * LK Series Key Lighting (1997–present) * CTK/WK Series Standard (2000–present) * CTK/WK Series High-Grade (2003–present) * XW Synthesizers (2013) * SA Mini Keyboards * MZ-X performance arrangers(2016-)

* Other instruments

* DG-20 electronic guitar (1987)

* Digital Pianos

* Privia (2005–present) * Privia Pro Stage (2012–present) * Celviano (2007–present) * Celviano Hybrid/Grand Hybrid (2015) * CDP Compact Series (2008–present)

OTHER

DIGITAL CAMERAS

* QV-Series * WQV-Series * EX-Series ( Exilim ) * TRYX

PDA/DATABANK

* Cassiopeia * PV-Series ( Pocket Viewer
Pocket Viewer
) * SF-Series * FX-Series

ELECTRONIC DICTIONARY

* EX-word-Series

ELECTRONIC GAMES

* CG-Series

DATA AND VIDEO PROJECTOR

* XJ-S (Super Slim-Projectors)

SYSTEM PRODUCTS

* POS systems * Portable data terminals

PRINTING SYSTEMS

* CD label printer * Label printer

MOBILE PHONES

* G'zOne Type-L * G'zOne Commando * G'zOne CA-201L

DIGITAL DIARIES (early PDA's: no longer produced)

GAME CONSOLES

* PV-1000 * Casio Loopy

COMPUTERS

CP/M and Z80 Based:

* FP1000 * FP1100

DOS and x86 Based:

* FP6000 * FP4000 * FP4100 * FX9000

GALLERY

*

Casio
Casio
EV-SP3900 Electronic dictionary *

Cassiopeia PDA *

QV-10 Digital camera
Digital camera
*

EX-S600 Digital camera
Digital camera
*

Au W31CA Mobile phone
Mobile phone
*

Casio
Casio
fx-570MS *

An old Casio
Casio
calculator *

Casio
Casio
fx-115ES Scientific calculator
Scientific calculator
with Natural Display *

fx-991MS Scientific calculator
Scientific calculator
*

Casio
Casio
fx-991EX ClassWiz (High-resolution Natural Textbook Display)

*

Casio fx-7000G , the world's first graphing calculator *

FR-2650T calculator with printer for checkout *

NAME LAND KL-P7 *

PB-770 pocket computer, with FA-11 extension dock *

SF-R20 Digital Diary (early PDA) *

F-105W watch (left) and fx-300ES scientific calculator (right) *

Casio
Casio
Sport OutGear SGW-400HD-1BV *

Casio F-91W Digital watch
Digital watch
*

DW-5600E -1V A G-Shock watch with one of the first Illuminator *

Casio Edifice
Casio Edifice
EFA-111D-7AV watch with 10-year battery life *

Casio
Casio
PRG 60 AVER Triple Sensor Watch
Watch
*

Pro Trek Triple Sensor Watch
Watch
*

Casio
Casio
" G-Shock " with "Tough Solar " watch *

Casio
Casio
Tough Solar "Wave Ceptor" watch *

Casio
Casio
"Wave Ceptor" Radio-Synchronized Watch
Watch
*

VL-Tone VL-1 *

Sampletone SK-1 *

Casiotone 201 *

CZ-1 digital synthesizer *

AZ-1 keytar *

PG-380 MIDI Guitar *

DH-800 Digital Horn *

CTK-496 home keyboard *

WK-200 workstation keyboard *

Privia PX-130 digital piano *

Casio
Casio
Celviano AP-620

SEE ALSO

* Tokyo portal * Companies portal

* Casio graphic calculators
Casio graphic calculators

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "History". Casio
Casio
Computer Co., Ltd. Retrieved 30 April 2012. * ^ "Corporate." Casio. Retrieved on 25 February 2009 * ^ "CASIO Annual Report 2017" (PDF). CASIO. Retrieved 8 August 2017. * ^ "Employees". CASIO. Retrieved 8 August 2017. * ^ "CASIO Corporate History 1954". CASIO-Europe. CASIO Europe GmbH. Retrieved 13 February 2016. * ^ "Tadao Kashio Biography: History of Casio
Casio
Computer Company". * ^ Casio
Casio
desktop calculator Archived 12 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. by Dentaku Museum. * ^ A B Review: Casio:History * ^ "PRAYER COMPASS". Retrieved 22 March 2015. * ^ " Casio
Casio
PT-80". Synthmuseum. Retrieved 7 September 2015. * ^ " Casio
Casio
G-Shock GA 100 Review". YouTube. Retrieved 14 June 2016.

* ^ "The Museum". www.old-computers.com. * ^ "The Museum". www.old-computers.com. * ^ "The Museum". www.old-computers.com.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia