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Caryophyllineae
Caryophyllineae
is a suborder of flowering plants.

Contents

1 Systematics

1.1 See also

2 References 3 External links

Systematics[edit] Caryophyllales
Caryophyllales
is separated into 2 sub-orders: Caryophyllineae
Caryophyllineae
and Polygonineae. Caryophyllineae
Caryophyllineae
contains 21 families and 8,600 species and major families include Aizoaceae, Basellaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Didiereaceae, Phytolaccaceae
Phytolaccaceae
(including Petiveriaceae[1]), Nyctaginaceae, Molluginaceae, Amaranthaceae
Amaranthaceae
(sometimes including Chenopodiaceae), Cactaceae, and Portulacaceae.[2][3] This roughly constitutes the Caryophyllales
Caryophyllales
as defined before the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group expanded it to include the plants which can be classified in the Polygonales
Polygonales
or Polygonineae (depending on whether they are considered an order or a suborder of Caryophyllales). The Caryophyllineae
Caryophyllineae
is sometimes called "core Caryophyllales" and the Polygonineae is sometimes called the "non-core Caryophyllales". The core Caryophyllineae
Caryophyllineae
sub-order is well-supported with numerous distinctive synapomorphies,[2] such as: 1) sieve tubes of phloem with plastids with peripheral ring of proteinaceous filaments (often with a central protein crystal), 2) presence of betalains, 3) loss of the rpl2 intron in cpDNA, 4) single whorl of tepals, 5) pollen with spinulose and tubiliferous/punctuate exine, 6) placentation free-central to basal, curved embryo, and 7) presence of perisperm with endosperm scanty or lacking [2] See also[edit]

Centrospermae

References[edit]

^ http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/family.pl?852 ^ a b c Judd et al. (2008). Plant
Plant
Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach, Third Edition. Sinauer Associates, Inc. Sunderland, MAM ^ Cuenoud, P.; Savolainen, V.; Chatrou, L. W.; Powell, M.; Grayer, R. J.; Chase, M. W. (2002), "Molecular phylogenetics of Caryophyllales based on nuclear 18S rDNA and plastid rbcL, atpB, and matK DNA sequences", American Journal of Botany, 89 (1): 132, doi:10.3732/ajb.89.1.132, PMID 21669721 

External links[edit] Data related to Caryophyllineae
Caryophyllineae
at Wikispecies

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Caryophyllales
article is a stub. You can help by expandi

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