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The Info List - Caryophyllineae



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(i)

CARYOPHYLLINEAE is a suborder of flowering plants.

CONTENTS

* 1 Systematics

* 1.1 See also

* 2 References * 3 External links

SYSTEMATICS

Caryophyllales is separated into 2 sub-orders: CARYOPHYLLINEAE and Polygonineae. Caryophyllineae
Caryophyllineae
contains 21 families and 8,600 species and major families include Aizoaceae
Aizoaceae
, Basellaceae , Caryophyllaceae
Caryophyllaceae
, Didiereaceae
Didiereaceae
, Phytolaccaceae (including Petiveriaceae ), Nyctaginaceae , Molluginaceae
Molluginaceae
, Amaranthaceae (sometimes including Chenopodiaceae
Chenopodiaceae
), Cactaceae
Cactaceae
, and Portulacaceae
Portulacaceae
. This roughly constitutes the Caryophyllales as defined before the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group expanded it to include the plants which can be classified in the Polygonales
Polygonales
or Polygonineae (depending on whether they are considered an order or a suborder of Caryophyllales). The Caryophyllineae
Caryophyllineae
is sometimes called "core Caryophyllales" and the Polygonineae is sometimes called the "non-core Caryophyllales".

The core Caryophyllineae
Caryophyllineae
sub-order is well-supported with numerous distinctive synapomorphies, such as: 1) sieve tubes of phloem with plastids with peripheral ring of proteinaceous filaments (often with a central protein crystal), 2) presence of betalains , 3) loss of the rpl2 intron in cpDNA, 4) single whorl of tepals , 5) pollen with spinulose and tubiliferous/punctuate exine, 6) placentation free-central to basal, curved embryo , and 7) presence of perisperm with endosperm scanty or lacking

SEE ALSO

* Centrospermae

REFERENCES

* ^ http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/family.pl?852 * ^ A B C Judd et al. (2008). Plant
Plant
Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach, Third Edition. Sinauer Associates, Inc. Sunderland, MAM * ^ Cuenoud, P.; Savolainen, V.; Chatrou, L. W.; Powell, M.; Gray