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CARTOON NETWORK is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by Turner Broadcasting System which is a division and subsidiary of Time Warner . It was founded by Betty Cohen and launched on October 1, 1992.

The channel primarily broadcasts children's shows, mostly animated programming, ranging from action to animated comedy. It is primarily aimed at children and young teenagers between the ages of 7 to 15, and targets older teens and adults with mature content during its late night daypart Adult Swim , which is treated as a separate entity for promotional purposes and as a separate channel by Nielsen for ratings purposes. It operates daily from 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM (ET). A Spanish language audio track for select programs is accessible via second audio programing (SAP); some cable and satellite companies offer the Spanish feed as a separate channel by removing the main English-language audio track. It is also the related channel of Turner-owned Boomerang .

As of January 2016, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
is available to approximately 94.0 million pay television households (80.7% of households with television) in the United States.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Development * 1.2 1990s * 1.3 2000s * 1.4 2010s

* 2 Programming

* 2.1 Original series * 2.2 Programming blocks

* 3 Marketing * 4 Controversy and censorship

* 5 Sister channels and related projects

* 5.1 Adult Swim * 5.2 Toonami * 5.3 Boomerang * 5.4 Move It Movement * 5.5 Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
On Demand * 5.6 High definition channels and service * 5.7 Cartoon Network Studios * 5.8 Williams Street * 5.9 Cartoon Network Development Studio Europe * 5.10 Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
Productions * 5.11 Mobile app * 5.12 Video games

* 6 Online * 7 International channels * 8 See also

* 9 References

* 9.1 Bibliography

* 10 External links

HISTORY

DEVELOPMENT

On August 4, 1986, Ted Turner 's Turner Broadcasting System acquired Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer / United Artists from Kirk Kerkorian ; due to concerns over the debt load of his companies, on October 17, 1986, Turner was forced to sell MGM back to Kerkorian after approximately only 74 days of ownership. However, Turner kept much of MGM's film and television library made prior to May 1986 (as well as some of the United Artists library) and formed Turner Entertainment
Turner Entertainment
.

On October 3, 1988, its cable channel Turner Network Television was launched and had gained an audience with its extensive film library. At this time, Turner's animation library included the MGM cartoon library, the pre-1948 color _ Looney Tunes _ and _ Merrie Melodies _ shorts, the Harman-Ising _ Merrie Melodies _ shorts (except _Lady, Play Your Mandolin! _), and the Fleischer Studios / Famous Studios
Famous Studios
_ Popeye _ cartoons.

In 1991, Turner Entertainment
Turner Entertainment
purchased animation studio Hanna-Barbera Productions for US $320 million. On February 18, 1992, Turner Broadcasting System announced its plans to launch the Cartoon Network as an outlet for Turner's considerable library of animation.

1990S

The original Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
logo, used from October 1, 1992, to June 14, 2004. This logo is still in use on its merchandising products along with the 2010 version and as a production logo from 1994 until 2016.

On October 1, 1992, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
played "The Star Spangled Banner" (which was a tradition whenever a new Turner-owned network launched) and a video of a person placing a dynamite in a field and then blowing the dynamite up, the channel's launch then occurred on that day and was hosted by the MGM cartoon character Droopy in a special event called _Droopy's Guide to the Cartoon Network_, during which the first cartoon on the network, _ The Great Piggy Bank Robbery _, was shown. Initial programming on the channel consisted exclusively of reruns of classic Warner Bros. cartoons (the pre-1948 _ Looney Tunes _ and _ Merrie Melodies _), the 1933–1957 _Popeye_ cartoons, MGM cartoons, and Hanna-Barbera cartoons. At first, cable providers in New York City , Philadelphia
Philadelphia
, Washington D.C. , and Detroit
Detroit
carried the channel. By the time the network launched, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
had an 8,500-hour cartoon library. From its launch until 1995, the network's announcers said the network's name with the word "The" added before "Cartoon Network", thus calling the network "The Cartoon Network". By the time that the network debuted, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
also operated a programming block (containing its cartoons) that aired on TNT, entitled " Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
on TNT".

Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
was not the first cable channel to have relied on cartoons to attract an audience; however, it was the first 24-hour single-genre channel with animation as its main theme. Turner Broadcasting System had defied conventional wisdom before by launching CNN
CNN
, a channel providing 24-hour news coverage. The concept was previously thought unlikely to attract a sufficient audience to be particularly profitable, however the CNN
CNN
experiment had been successful and Turner hoped that Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
would also find success.

Initially, the channel would broadcast cartoons 24 hours a day. Most of the short cartoons were aired in half-hour or hour-long packages, usually separated by character or studio – _Down Wit' Droopy D_ aired old Droopy Dog shorts, _The Tom and Jerry
Tom and Jerry
Show_ presented the classic cat-and-mouse team, and _Bugs and Daffy Tonight_ provided classic Looney Tunes shorts. _Late Night Black and White_ showed early black-and-white cartoons (mostly from the Fleischer Studios and Walter Lantz cartoons from the 1930s, as well as black-and-white Merrie Melodies and MGM cartoons), and _ ToonHeads _ would show three shorts with a similar theme and provide trivia about the cartoons. There was also an afternoon cartoon block called _ High Noon Toons _, which was hosted by cowboy hand puppets (an example of the simplicity and imagination the network had in its early years). The majority of the classic animation that was shown on Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
no longer air on a regular basis, with the exception of _ Tom and Jerry
Tom and Jerry
_ and _Looney Tunes _.

A challenge for Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
was to overcome its low penetration of existing cable systems. When launched on October 1, 1992, the channel was only carried by 233 cable systems. However, it benefited from package deals . New subscribers to sister channels TNT and TBS could also get access to Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
through such deals. The high ratings of Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
over the following couple of years led to more cable systems including it. By the end of 1994, Cartoon Network had become "the fifth most popular cable channel in the United States".

For the first few years of Cartoon Network's existence, programming meant for the channel would also be simulcast on TBS and/or TNT, both of which were still full-service cable networks that carried a variety of different programming genera, in order to increase the shows' (and Cartoon Network's) exposure; examples include _The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest _, _ Cartoon Planet _, _SWAT Kats: The Radical Squadron _ and _ 2 Stupid Dogs
2 Stupid Dogs
_.

The network's first exclusive original show was _ The Moxy Show _, an animation anthology series first airing in 1993. The first series produced by Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
was _ Space Ghost Coast to Coast _ in 1994, but the show mostly consisted of "recycled animation cells" from the archives of Hanna-Barbera, being an ironic deconstruction of a talk show . It featured live-action guests, mostly consisting of celebrities which were past their prime or counterculture figures. A running gag was that the production cost was dubbed "minimal". The series found its audience among young adults who appreciated its "hip " perspective.

Kevin Sandler considered _ Space Ghost Coast to Coast_ instrumental in establishing Cartoon Network's appeal to older audiences. Space Ghost , a 1960s superhero by Hanna-Barbera, was recast as the star of a talk show parody. This was arguably the first time the network revived a "classic animated icon" in an entirely new context for comedic purposes. Grown-ups who had ceased enjoying the original takes on the characters could find amusement in the "new ironic and self-referential context" for them. Promotional shorts such as the " Scooby-Doo Project", a parody of _ The Blair Witch Project _, gave similar treatments to the Scooby gang. However, there were less successful efforts at such revivals. _A Day in the Life of Ranger Smith _ and _ Boo Boo Runs Wild _ (1999) were short cartoons featuring new takes on Yogi Bear
Yogi Bear
's supporting cast by John Kricfalusi . Their style of humor, sexual content and break in tone from the source material was rather out of place among the rest of the Cartoon Network shows, and the network rarely found a place for them in its programming.

In 1994, Hanna-Barbera's new division Cartoon Network Studios was founded and started production on _ What a Cartoon! _ (also known as _World Premiere Toons_ and _Cartoon Cartoons_). This show debuted in 1995, offering original animated shorts commissioned from Hanna-Barbera and various independent animators. The network promoted the series as an attempt to return to the "classic days" of studio animation, offering full animator control, high budgets, and no limited animation . The project was spearheaded by Cartoon Network executives, plus John Kricfalusi and Fred Seibert
Fred Seibert
. Kricfalusi was the creator of _The Ren _I Am Weasel_ was later spun off into a separate show), _ The Powerpuff Girls _, _ Courage the Cowardly Dog _, and _Mike, Lu & Og _. The unrelated series _ Ed, Edd n Eddy _ was also launched in 1999, creating a line-up of critically acclaimed shows. Many of these series premiered bearing the "Cartoon Cartoons" brand, airing throughout the network's schedule and prominently on Cartoon Cartoon Fridays, which became the marquee night for premieres of new episodes and series beginning on June 11, 1999.

These original series were intended to appeal to a wider audience than the average Saturday morning cartoon . Linda Simensky , vice president of original animation, reminded adults and teenage girls that cartoons could appeal to them as well. Kevin Sandler's article of them claimed that these cartoons were both less "bawdy " than their counterparts at Comedy Central and less "socially responsible " than their counterparts at Nickelodeon
Nickelodeon
. Sandler pointed to the whimsical rebelliousness, high rate of exaggeration and self-consciousness of the overall output, each individual series managed.

In 1996, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
decided to air preschool programming and air them every Sunday morning, such as hiring Children\'s Television Workshop , the makers of _ Sesame Street _ on PBS Kids , to make a show called _ Big Bag _, a live-action/puppet television program targeted at pre-school viewers, as well as _Small World _, a children's animated anthology show and variety show, in which showcased featured several segments from animated TV programs aimed at preschoolers from several countries around the world except for Japan, China, and Korea. _Big Bag_ ran until 1998, and _Small World_ ran until 2001.

In 1996, Turner Broadcasting System merged with Time Warner (ironically, Time Warner's predecessor Warner Communications had created rival Nickelodeon
Nickelodeon
, now owned by Viacom
Viacom
, in 1977). The merger consolidated ownership of all the Warner Bros. cartoons, allowing the post-July 1948 and the former Sunset -owned black-and-white cartoons (which Warner Bros. had reacquired in the 1960s) releases to be shown on the network. Although most of the post-July 1948 cartoons were still contracted to be shown on Nickelodeon
Nickelodeon
and ABC , the network would not air them until September 1999 (from Nickelodeon) and October 2000 (from ABC), however, the majority of the post-July 1948 cartoons that were shown on its now-sibling broadcast network The WB 's Kids\' WB block began airing on Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
in January 1997. Newer animated productions by Warner Bros.' animation subsidiary also started appearing on the network – mostly reruns of shows that had aired on Kids' WB and some from Fox Kids , along with certain new programs such as _ Justice League
Justice League
_.

Cartoon Network's programming would not be available in Canada until 1997 when a Canadian specialty channel called Teletoon and its French-language counterpart launched.

In 1997, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
launched a new action block entitled Toonami . Its lineup consisted of action cartoons and anime, such as _Sailor Moon _, _ Tenchi Muyo! _, _ Gundam Wing _, and _ Dragon Ball Z _. Toonami was hosted by Moltar from the _Space Ghost_ franchise until 1999, where Toonami was later hosted by its own original character, a muscular teenage robot named TOM. During that same year, a series of bumpers featuring the instrumental Powerhouse were introduced. These bumpers lasted from 1997 to 2004.

2000S

One new original series premiered in 2000: _ Sheep in the Big City _. On April 1, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
launched a digital cable and satellite channel known as Boomerang , which was spun off from one of their programming blocks that featured retro animated series and shorts.

Three new original series premiered in 2001: _ Time Squad _, _Samurai Jack _, and _Grim the block initially aired on Sunday nights, with a repeat telecast on Thursdays. The initial lineup consisted of _Harvey Birdman: Attorney at Law _, _ Sealab 2021 _, _ The Brak Show _, _Aqua Teen Hunger Force _, and _ Space Ghost Coast to Coast _.

In 2002, _ Whatever Happened to... Robot Jones? _ and _Codename: Kids Next Door _ premiered; the former was short-lived, but the latter became a juggernaut for the network in the mid-2000s. The first theatrical film based on a Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
series, _The Powerpuff Girls Movie _, was released on July 3, 2002. It received generally positive reviews from critics and grossed $16.4 million globally on a budget of $11 million. On October 1 of that year, Cartoon Network celebrated their tenth anniversary, with a montage showcasing the network's various phases over the years.

2003 saw the debuts of _ The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy _ and _ Evil Con Carne _, both spinoffs of _Grim "> Cartoon Network's second logo, used in various forms and styles from June 14, 2004, to May 28, 2010.

In 2004, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
premiered three new original series: _Megas XLR _, _Foster\'s Home for Imaginary Friends _, and _Hi Hi Puffy AmiYumi _. As well as _ Code Lyoko
Code Lyoko
_ despite being acquired. On June 14, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
debuted an updated version of its original logo (with the checkerboard motif retained and the "C" and "N" being the centerpiece) and a new slogan, "This is Cartoon Network!" The bumpers introduced as part of the rebrand featured 2D cartoon characters from its shows interacting in a CGI city composed of sets from their shows. These bumpers lasted from 2004 to 2007. By now, nearly all of Cartoon Network's classic programming had been relocated to its sister network Boomerang to make way for new programming.

2005 saw the debuts of four more original series: _The Life and Times of Juniper Lee _, _ Camp Lazlo _, _My Gym Partner\'s a Monkey _, and _ Ben 10 _. On August 22, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
launched a block aimed at the preschool demographic known as _Tickle U_; shows on the block included _ Gordon the Garden Gnome _, _ Harry and His Bucket Full of Dinosaurs _, _ Peppa Pig _, _ Firehouse Tales _, and _Gerald McBoing-Boing _. The block was largely unsuccessful and was discontinued in 2007. From 2005 to 2008, most of the network's older Cartoon Cartoons (such as _Dexter's Laboratory_ and _The Powerpuff Girls_) could be viewed in segments on a half-hour block known as _The Cartoon Cartoon Show_.

After its predecessor, _ What a Cartoon! _, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
created an all-new animated short series consisting of overseas shorts, pilots, college shorts, or even shorts created for the show itself. That show was called _ Sunday Pants _; it first aired on the day of October 2, 2005. _Sunday Pants_ varies on different types of animation, from traditional hand-drawn animation to Flash, or even CGI, possibly making it similar to other shows such as _ Liquid Television _ on MTV or _ KaBlam! _ on Nickelodeon
Nickelodeon
. The show was created by Craig "Sven" Gordon and Stuart Hill, and was produced at Spitfire Studios. The show has a similar concept to _What a Cartoon!_, except that the shorts are 1–3 minutes long and the show is squeezed to be 23 minutes (without commercials). There are animated and live-action intervals in-between shorts. The live-action ones are performed by American band The Slacks, while the animated ones are animated by WeFail. The show lasted for less than a month, with its final airing taking place on October 23, 2005. In January 2006, the show was announced to be returning the month after but said return never came to fruition and the series was ultimately cancelled.

Two new Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
original series premiered in 2006: _Squirrel Boy _ and _ Class of 3000 _. Three made-for-TV movies debuted this year: _Codename: Kids Next Door – Operation Z.E.R.O. _, _Foster\'s Home for Imaginary Friends: Good Wilt Hunting _, and _ Re-Animated _, the latter of which was the network's first live-action TV movie and a collaboration between live-action and animation.

Samples resigned from his post on February 9, 2007, following a bomb scare in Boston caused by packages left around the city that were part of an outdoor marketing campaign promoting the Adult Swim series _Aqua Teen Hunger Force_. On May 2, Stuart Snyder was named Samples' successor. On September 1, the network's look was revamped, with bumpers and station IDs themed to The Hives song "Fall is Just Something That Grown-Ups Invented ." 2007 saw the debut of _Out of Jimmy\'s Head _, a spin-off of the movie _Re-Animated_, and the first live-action Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
series. 2007 also saw the debut of the series _Chowder _. In late 2007, The network began broadcasting programs from Canadian channels such as YTV and Teletoon , including _George of the Jungle _, _ 6teen
6teen
_, _ Storm Hawks _, _League of Super Evil _, _Chaotic _, _ Bakugan Battle Brawlers _, _Stoked _, and the _ Total Drama _ series. Each October from 2007 to 2009, Cartoon Network also re-ran 40 episodes of the former Fox Kids series _Goosebumps _.

Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
announced at its 2008 upfront that it was working on a new project called _ The Cartoonstitute _, which was headed by animators Craig McCracken as executive producer and Rob Renzetti as supervising producer. Both reported to Rob Sorcher , who created the idea. It would have worked similar to _ What a Cartoon! _, by creating at least 150 pieces of animation within 20 months. _Cartoonstitute_ was eventually cancelled, and out of all the shorts, two or three, _ Regular Show _, _ Secret Mountain Fort Awesome _ and _ Uncle Grandpa _, were selected, after animator Craig McCracken (creator of _The Powerpuff Girls_ and _Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends_) left the network after 15 years in 2009. On September 20, 2008, Cartoon Network ended Toonami after its 11-year run. From 2008 to 2010, Cartoon Network aired animated shorts that served as interstitials between programs, called _Wedgies_, which included _The Talented Mr. Bixby_, _Nacho Bear_, _Big Baby_ and _The Bremen Avenue Experience_. On June 5, 2008, the network took on a refreshed look created by Tristan Eaton and was animated by Crew972 . The bumpers of that era had white, faceless characters called Noods, based on the DIY toy, Munny . The standard network logo was then completely white, adopting different colors based on the occasion in the same style.

In June 2009, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
introduced a block of live-action reality shows called "CN Real", featuring programs such as _The Othersiders _, _ Survive This _, _ BrainRush _, _Destroy Build Destroy _, _ Dude, What Would Happen _ and _Bobb\'e Says _. The network also aired some limited sports programming, including basketball recaps and Slamball
Slamball
games, during commercial breaks. That year, it also started airing live-action feature films from Warner Bros. and New Line Cinema .

2010S

A variation of the network's current logo which resembles its original logo, used as of 2010 . It is also used as the production logo at the end of their shows since November 10, 2016 and on some of its merchandising products along with the 1992 logo.

A new identity for the channel was introduced on May 29, 2010, along with a new theme and new bumpers. The network's current branding, designed by Brand New School , makes heavy use of the black and white checkerboard which made up the network's first logo (and was carried over in a minimized form to the second logo), as well as various CMYK color variations and various patterns. On December 27, 2010, Adult Swim expanded by one hour, moving its start time from 10 p.m. to 9 p.m. ET. In February 2011, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
aired its first sports award show _ Hall of Game Awards _, hosted that year by professional skateboarder Tony Hawk .

At its 2011 upfront, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
announced 14 new series, including _ Adventure Time
Adventure Time
_, _ Regular Show _, _ The Problem Solverz _ (originally planned for Adult Swim, but switched to CN for being "too cute"), _The Looney Tunes Show _, _ Secret Mountain Fort Awesome _, _Level Up _ (a scripted live-action comedy series with a 90-minute precursor film), _ Tower Prep _, _ Green Lantern _, _Dragons: Riders of Berk _ (a series based on the DreamWorks film, _How to Train Your Dragon _), _ The Amazing World of Gumball _, _Total Drama: Revenge of the Island _, the 4th season of _ Total Drama _; _ThunderCats _, _Ninjago: Masters of Spinjitzu _ and _Ben 10: Omniverse _. The network announced it planned to debut a new programming block called _DC Nation_ which would focus on the DC superheroes , the first being the series _ Green Lantern _.

After announcing two new live-action shows in _Unnatural History _ and _ Tower Prep _, which were both cancelled after their first seasons, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
acquired the game show, _Hole in the Wall _ (originally aired on Fox ). By the end of 2011, _Hole in the Wall_ and the final two CN Real shows, _Destroy Build Destroy_ and _Dude, What Would Happen?_ were removed from Cartoon Network's schedule completely. In 2012, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
acquired the television rights to _ The High Fructose Adventures of Annoying Orange _, based on the web series, _ The Annoying Orange _ and added it to its primetime lineup.

On February 2, 2012, Corus Entertainment and Astral Media , owners of Teletoon , announced they would launch a Canadian version of Cartoon Network that also includes a version of the U.S. network's Adult Swim nighttime block. The channel launched on July 4, 2012.

On March 18, 2012, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
aired its first documentary, _Speak Up_, an anti-bullying campaign featuring a special appearance by President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
. On April 28, 2013, the network aired the CNN
CNN
half-hour documentary _The Bully Effect_, which details the story of teenager Alex Libby and his struggle with bullying in high school. The special is based on the 2011 film _Bully _ directed by Lee Hirsch .

To celebrate the 20th anniversary of Cartoon Network, the Cartoon Planet block was revived on March 30, 2012, now airing the channel's original programming from the late 1990s through mid-2000s. From October 1 to November 4, 2012, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
celebrated its 20th birthday, airing birthday and party-themed reruns of its shows.

In 2012, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
announced new programming for the upcoming year, including the live-action series _ Incredible Crew _; the animated series _ Teen Titans Go! _, _ Uncle Grandpa _, _Steven Universe _, _I Heart Tuesdays_, _Clarence _, _Total Drama: All-Stars _, _ Grojband _, _ Beware the Batman
Beware the Batman
_, _The Tom and Jerry
Tom and Jerry
Show _, and _ Legends of Chima _; and a new _Powerpuff Girls _ special, the latter of which aired on January 20, 2014.

On May 20, 2013, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
gave a refresh to its look by adding new bumpers, graphics, and sounds. The background used in its promos and bumpers was also changed from black to white.

On March 6, 2014, Stuart Snyder was confirmed to have been removed as president and COO of Turner's Animation, Young Adults & Kids Media division after company changes. On July 16, 2014, Christina Miller was named his successor as president and general manager of Cartoon Network, Adult Swim, and Boomerang.

On March 31, 2014, Cartoon Network's 8 pm ET/PT primetime hour was given to its night time block Adult Swim, causing new episodes of the network's programming to change timeslots.

On October 21, 2014, Cartoon Network, along with CNN
CNN
and Boomerang, were taken off the Dish Network
Dish Network
in the United States after Turner Broadcasting declined to renew its contract with the Dish Network. The channels were restored on November 21, 2014.

On May 30, 2016, Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
USA refreshed the channel with a new graphics package based on previous rebrands in the Check It family called "Dimensional", the new graphics were developed by Bent Design Lab and features cartoon characters in 3D CGI, stop-motion, and 2D graphic techniques. Branding and marketing agency Troika developed the "Dimensional" style guide , a list of rules on how the graphics should be implemented on the channel. In September 2016, the network took back an extra hour from its Adult Swim block, ending its broadcasting daily at 9 pm.

On October 22, 2016, AT&T reached a deal to buy Time Warner for $108.7 billion. If approved by federal regulators, the merger would bring Time Warner's properties, including Cartoon Network, under the same umbrella as AT Adult Swim is treated by Nielsen as a separate network in its ratings reports (similar to the company's ratings treatment of Nickelodeon
Nickelodeon
, Nick at Nite
Nick at Nite
and the now-defunct Nickmom
Nickmom
) due to differing target demographics between it and Cartoon Network. The network features myriad stylistically variable animated and live-action shows, including original programming, syndicated shows mainly consisting of Fox animated programming, and Japanese anime , generally with minimal or no editing for content. The programs featured on Adult Swim are geared toward a mature audience, in contrast to the originally all-ages young teen and preteen daytime programming on Cartoon Network. Adult Swim moved its start time up an hour at 8 pm on March 31, 2014.

TOONAMI

Main article: Toonami

Toonami (a portmanteau of "cartoon" and "tsunami ", suggesting a "tidal wave" of animated cartoons) is a brand of Cartoon Network, used initially for action-oriented programming blocks on Cartoon Network television channels worldwide, mostly showing American cartoons and Japanese anime, originating in the United States on March 17, 1997, and ending on September 20, 2008. It was revived on May 26, 2012, as a Saturday night anime block on Adult Swim, reclaiming their Saturday anime lineup, similar to its previous mature-geared "Midnight Run" incarnation which was that block's forerunner. The host was a muscular teenage robot named TOM, voiced by Steven Blum
Steven Blum
.

The Toonami brand was subsequently used in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
as the name of an action-oriented animation channel with two CGI hosts. It replaced a former Cartoon Network-owned channel, CNX, which had been a Toonami/live-action hybrid network.

Toonami was launched as a 24-hour channel in Asia in December 2011, in India in February 2015 and in France in February 2016. "It really is the ultimate home of the action hero," said Sunny Saha from Turner International.

BOOMERANG

Main article: Boomerang (TV channel)

Boomerang began as a programming block on Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
on December 8, 1992, and continued until October 2004, aimed towards the Baby Boom generation. The block's start time changed frequently but was always aired in the weekends. On April 1, 2000, Boomerang received a new look and was spun off into its own cable channel.

MOVE IT MOVEMENT

Move It Movement (previously named Get Animated) is a campaign of the channel, encouraging children to get active, more importantly in outdoor areas. The program is designed "to provide support and encouragement in the ongoing battle against childhood obesity." The _Get Animated_ campaign was launched on February 28, 2005.

CARTOON NETWORK ON DEMAND

Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
On Demand is a video on demand service, which launched in 2002, and allows viewers to watch the latest episodes of the most Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
programming. These Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
episodes can be rented and are available in widescreen and in high definition . Some on-demand programs for Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
will restrict the ability to fast forward if the episode is fairly new. If the program cannot fast forward, the intro will be replaced by an advisory bumper saying: "You're watching Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
On Demand, Fast-Forward is not available during this program".

HIGH DEFINITION CHANNELS AND SERVICE

A high definition feed of Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
is available on many cable and all satellite service providers. The high definition feed was launched on October 15, 2007. Like all Turner networks, 4:3 -sourced content is stretched on the high definition feed to fill the 16:9 aspect ratio . The network's HD content airs with letterboxing on the standard definition channel, and since May 13, 2013, the high definition feed is downscaled by the provider for the standard definition feed, resulting in all programming appearing in a 16:9 ratio with letterboxing. Unlike the other Turner networks, standard definition advertising is also stretched into 16:9 mode.

CARTOON NETWORK STUDIOS

Main article: Cartoon Network Studios

CARTOON NETWORK STUDIOS is a production studio located in the network's West Coast headquarters of Burbank , California
California
, which serves as the network's first animation studio division to provide original programs for the network. While the studio makes original programs for the network, original Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
shows like _The Moxy Show _, _ Big Bag _, _Mike, Lu padding:0.4em 2em">

* Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
portal * Animation
Animation
portal * Television in the United States portal * Companies portal * Atlanta
Atlanta
portal * Greater Los Angeles portal

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ "Adult Swim/CN Split Cements Strategy". _ICv2_. GCO. March 3, 2005. Retrieved November 30, 2012. * ^ "Cable Network Coverage Area Household Universe Estimates: January 2016". _ Broadcasting & Cable _. NewBay Media . January 31, 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016. * ^ Delugach, Al (March 4, 1986). "Way Cleared for Turner\'s MGM Deal". _ Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
_. Retrieved August 30, 2010. * ^ Hall, Jane (January 23, 1990). "Ted Turner\'s TNT Exploding Onto the Cable Scene". _Los Angeles Times_. Retrieved August 30, 2010.

* ^ "Turner Buying Hanna-Barbera". _ The New York Times _. The New York Times Company . October 30, 1991. Retrieved June 13, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ Carter, Bill (February 19, 1992). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Turner Broadcasting Plans To Start a Cartoon Channel". _The New York Times_. The New York Times Company. Retrieved April 28, 2013. * ^ Winfrey, Lee (October 4, 1992). "That\'s All Cartoons, Folks – 24 Hours Daily". _The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer _. Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Media Network . Retrieved May 31, 2013. * ^ "New Network Sold Out to Toon of First 3 Months". _The Hollywood Reporter _. Prometheus Global Media
Prometheus Global Media
: 81. September 11, 1992. * ^ _A_ _B_ Scott, Jeffry (October 1, 1992). "Turner\'s 5th: The Cartoon Network". _The Free Lance-Star_. Retrieved May 30, 2011. * ^ Partible, Van (October 1, 2012). "CN TWENTY". _VanPartible.com_. Retrieved October 2, 2012. * ^ " Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
off to a slow start". _Observer-Reporter_. October 1, 1992. Retrieved September 3, 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Mittell (2004), p. 80 * ^ Winfrey, Lee (February 12, 1995). " Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
Brings Some Fresh Faces To Life". _ Chicago Tribune
Chicago Tribune
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BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Mittell, Jason (2004). _Genre and Television: From Cop Shows to Cartoons in American Culture_. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-96903-1 * Stabile, Carol A.; Harrison, Mark (2003). _Prime Time Animation:Television Animation
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and American culture_. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-28326-7

EXTERNAL LINKS

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