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Carson City, officially the Consolidated Municipality of Carson City, is an independent city and the capital of the US state of Nevada, named after the mountain man Kit Carson. As of the 2010 census, the population was 55,274.[2] The majority of the town's population lives in Eagle Valley, on the eastern edge of the Carson Range, a branch of the Sierra Nevada, about 30 miles (50 km) south of Reno. The town began as a stopover for California
California
bound emigrants, but developed into a city with the Comstock Lode, a silver strike in the mountains to the northeast. The city has served as Nevada's capital since statehood in 1864 and for much of its history was a hub for the Virginia
Virginia
and Truckee Railroad, although the tracks were removed in the 1950s. Before 1969, Carson City was the county seat of Ormsby County. In 1969, the county was abolished, and its territory merged with Carson City to form the Consolidated Municipality of Carson City.[3] With the consolidation, the city limits extend west across the Sierra Nevada
Nevada
to the California
California
state line in the middle of Lake Tahoe. Like other independent cities in the United States, it is treated as a county-equivalent for census purposes.

Contents

1 History

1.1 20th-century revitalization and growth

2 Geography

2.1 Geographic Location 2.2 Climate 2.3 Places of interest

2.3.1 Museums 2.3.2 Open land

3 Demographics

3.1 Languages

4 Government and politics 5 Culture

5.1 Sports and recreation 5.2 Notable people

6 Economy and infrastructure

6.1 Transportation

7 Education 8 Historic buildings 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit]

Abraham Curry

Illustration of Carson City in 1877

The Washoe people
Washoe people
have inhabited the valley and surrounding areas for about 6,000 years.[4] The first European Americans to arrive in what is now known as Eagle Valley were John C. Frémont
John C. Frémont
and his exploration party in January 1843.[5] Fremont named the river flowing through the valley Carson River in honor of Kit Carson, the mountain man and scout he had hired for his expedition. Later, settlers named the area Washoe in reference to the indigenous people.[6] By 1851 the Eagle Station ranch along the Carson River
Carson River
was a trading post and stopover for travelers on the California
California
Trail's Carson Branch which ran through Eagle Valley. The valley and trading post received their name from a bald eagle that was hunted and killed by one of the early settlers and was featured on a wall inside the post. As the area was part of the Utah
Utah
Territory, it was governed from Salt Lake City, where the territorial government was headquartered. Early settlers bristled at the control by Mormon-influenced officials and desired the creation of the Nevada
Nevada
territory. A vigilante group of influential settlers, headed by Abraham Curry, sought a site for a capital city for the envisioned territory.[7] In 1858, Abraham Curry bought Eagle Station and thereafter renamed the settlement Carson City.[8][not in citation given (See discussion.)] As Curry and several other partners had Eagle Valley surveyed for development. Curry decided Carson City would someday serve as the capital city and left a 10-acre (40,000 m2) plot in the center of town for a capitol building. After gold and silver were discovered in 1859 on nearby Comstock Lode, Carson City's population began to grow. Curry built the Warm Springs Hotel a mile to the east of the city center. When territorial governor James W. Nye traveled to Nevada, he chose Carson City as the territorial capital, influenced by Carson City lawyer William Stewart, who escorted him from San Francisco
San Francisco
to Nevada.[9] As such, Carson City bested Virginia
Virginia
City and American Flat. Curry loaned the Warm Springs Hotel to the territorial Legislature as a meeting hall. The Legislature named Carson City to be the seat of Ormsby County
County
and selected the hotel as the territorial prison with Curry serving as its first warden. Today the property is still part of the state prison. When Nevada
Nevada
became a state in 1864 during the American Civil War, Carson City was confirmed as Nevada's permanent capital. Carson City's development was no longer dependent on the mining industry and instead became a thriving commercial center. The Virginia
Virginia
and Truckee Railroad was built between Virginia
Virginia
City and Carson City. A log flume was also built from the Sierra Nevadas into Carson City. The current capitol building was constructed from 1870 to 1871. The United States
United States
Mint operated the Carson City Mint
Carson City Mint
between the years 1870 and 1893, which struck gold and silver coins. People came from China during that time, many to work on the railroad. Some of them owned businesses and taught school. By 1880, almost a thousand Chinese people, "one for every five Caucasians", has lived in Carson City.[10] Carson City's population and transportation traffic decreased when the Central Pacific Railroad
Central Pacific Railroad
built a line through Donner Pass, too far to the north to benefit Carson City. The city was slightly revitalized with the mining booms in Tonopah and Goldfield. The US federal building (now renamed the Paul Laxalt
Paul Laxalt
Building) was completed in 1890 as was the Stewart Indian School. Even these developments could not prevent the city's population from dropping to just over 1,500 people by 1930. Carson City resigned itself to small city status, advertising itself as "America's smallest capital". The city slowly grew after World War II; by 1960 it had reached its 1880 boom-time population. 20th-century revitalization and growth[edit] As early as the late 1940s, discussions began about merging Ormsby County
County
and Carson City. By this time, the county was little more than Carson City and a few hamlets to the west. However, the effort did not pay off until 1966, when a statewide referendum approved the merger. The required constitutional amendment was passed in 1968. On April 1, 1969; Ormsby County
County
and Carson City officially merged as the Consolidated Municipality of Carson City.[3] With this consolidation, Carson City absorbed former town sites such as Empire City, which had grown up in the 1860s as a milling center along the Carson River
Carson River
and current U.S. Route 50. Carson City could now advertise itself as one of America's largest state capitals with its 146 square miles (380 km2) of city limits.[11] In 1991, the city adopted a downtown master plan, specifying no building within 500 feet (150 metres) of the capitol would surpass it in height. This plan effectively prohibited future high-rise development in the center of downtown.[12] The Ormsby House
Ormsby House
is the tallest building in downtown Carson City, at a height of 117 feet (36 m). The structure was completed in 1972.[13] Geography[edit] Geographic Location[edit]

Places adjacent to Carson City, Nevada

Washoe County Storey County

Placer County, California

Carson City

Lyon County

Douglas County, Nevada

Climate[edit] Carson City features a semi-arid climate[14] with cool but not inordinately cold winters and hot summers. The city is in a high desert river valley approximately 4,802 feet (1,464 m) above sea level. There are four fairly distinct seasons, all of which are relatively mild compared to many parts of the country and to what one may expect given its elevation. Winters see typically light to moderate snowfall, with a median of 8.9 inches (23 cm).[15] Most precipitation occurs in winter and spring, with summer and fall being fairly dry, drier than neighboring California. There are 37 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs annually,[15] with 100 °F (38 °C)+ temperatures occurring in some years. The average temperature in Carson City increased by 4.1 °F (2.3 °C) between 1984 and 2014, a greater change than in any other city in the United States.[16] The Carson River
Carson River
flows from Douglas County
County
through the southwestern edge of Carson City.

Climate data for Carson City, Nevada
Nevada
(1981–2010 normals)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 72 (22) 76 (24) 81 (27) 88 (31) 94 (34) 101 (38) 107 (42) 105 (41) 103 (39) 93 (34) 79 (26) 75 (24) 107 (42)

Average high °F (°C) 45.2 (7.3) 49.9 (9.9) 56.7 (13.7) 62.7 (17.1) 71.4 (21.9) 81.1 (27.3) 89.6 (32) 88.0 (31.1) 80.4 (26.9) 67.9 (19.9) 54.4 (12.4) 45.0 (7.2) 66.0 (18.9)

Daily mean °F (°C) 33.5 (0.8) 37.6 (3.1) 43.3 (6.3) 48.3 (9.1) 56.1 (13.4) 64.1 (17.8) 70.9 (21.6) 69.3 (20.7) 61.9 (16.6) 51.2 (10.7) 40.7 (4.8) 33.4 (0.8) 50.9 (10.5)

Average low °F (°C) 21.7 (−5.7) 25.3 (−3.7) 29.9 (−1.2) 33.9 (1.1) 40.8 (4.9) 47.1 (8.4) 52.2 (11.2) 50.6 (10.3) 43.4 (6.3) 34.6 (1.4) 27.1 (−2.7) 21.9 (−5.6) 35.7 (2.1)

Record low °F (°C) −27 (−33) −22 (−30) −5 (−21) 3 (−16) 18 (−8) 25 (−4) 33 (1) 26 (−3) 17 (−8) 6 (−14) −5 (−21) −26 (−32) −27 (−33)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.59 (40.4) 1.50 (38.1) 1.15 (29.2) 0.43 (10.9) 0.43 (10.9) 0.40 (10.2) 0.19 (4.8) 0.21 (5.3) 0.39 (9.9) 0.77 (19.6) 1.19 (30.2) 1.43 (36.3) 9.66 (245.4)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.4 (8.6) 3.4 (8.6) 1.9 (4.8) 0.2 (0.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.9 (2.3) 3.9 (9.9) 13.8 (35.1)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.3 5.7 5.1 3.4 3.1 2.3 1.1 1.4 1.9 3.3 4.1 5.1 42.6

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.4 1.2 0.9 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 1.1 5.4

Source: NOAA (extremes 1893–present)[15]

Places of interest[edit] See also: National Register of Historic Places listings in Carson City, Nevada Museums[edit]

Nevada
Nevada
State Capitol – original capitol still housing the governor's offices with museum exhibits Nevada
Nevada
State Museum – former state mint featuring rock, mining and prehistoric exhibits, and a recreated Wild West
Wild West
village Nevada
Nevada
State Railroad Museum – featuring the Inyo locomotive and relocated Wabuska Railroad Station Stewart Indian School
Stewart Indian School
– museum collection includes items from former faculty, students and school[17] Foreman-Roberts House Museum[18] – Gothic Revival architecture, tours available. Sears–Ferris House[19] (not open to public) – home of George Washington Gale Ferris Jr., inventor of the Ferris wheel

Secret Harbor Beach, Lake Tahoe

Yesterday's Flyers, an aviation museum in Carson City.[20] Children's Museum of Northern Nevada
Nevada
- Carson City

Open land[edit]

Silver Saddle Ranch Mexican Dam – 1860s stone dam across the Carson River Prison Hill – California
California
Trail historic markers, location of the Stewart "S" Carson Aquatic Trail Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest
Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest
(Carson Ranger District)

Kings Canyon Falls Snow Valley Peak
Snow Valley Peak
– 9,214 ft (2,808 m) – highest point within Carson City

Tahoe Rim Trail Lake Tahoe
Lake Tahoe
Nevada
Nevada
State Park Lake Tahoe
Lake Tahoe
beachfront (several beaches along Lake Tahoe
Lake Tahoe
lie within the city limits)

Chimney Beach Secret Harbor Whale Beach Skunk Harbor

Washoe Lake State Park
Washoe Lake State Park
– borders city to the north "C Hill" – hill featuring the Carson City "C" and giant American Flag

Demographics[edit] See also: Race and ethnicity in the United States
United States
Census Carson City is the smallest of the United States' 366 metropolitan statistical areas.

Historical population

Census Pop.

1850 714

1860 714

0.0%

1870 3,042

326.1%

1880 4,229

39.0%

1890 3,950

−6.6%

1900 2,100

−46.8%

1910 2,466

17.4%

1920 1,685

−31.7%

1930 1,596

−5.3%

1940 2,478

55.3%

1950 3,082

24.4%

1960 5,163

67.5%

1970 15,468

199.6%

1980 32,022

107.0%

1990 40,443

26.3%

2000 52,547

29.9%

2010 55,274

5.2%

Est. 2016 54,742 [1] −1.0%

U.S. Decennial Census[21] 1790-1960[22] 1900-1990[23] 1990-2000[24] 2010-2013[2]

As of the 2010 census there are 55,274 people, 20,171 households, and 13,252 families residing in the city. The population density is 366 people per square mile (141/km2). There are 21,283 housing units at an average density of 148/sq mi (57/km2). The racial makeup of the city is 81.1% White, 1.9% Black or African American, 2.4% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 9.4% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. 21% of the population are Hispanic
Hispanic
or Latino
Latino
of any race. As of the 2000 census, there are 20,171 households, out of which 29.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% are married couples living together, 11.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% are non-families. 27.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.00% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.44 and the average family size is 2.97. The city's age distribution is: 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 106.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 108.20 males.[25] Data from the 2000 census indicates the median income for a household in the city is $41,809, and the median income for a family is $49,570. Males have a median income of $35,296 versus $27,418 for females. The per capita income for the city is $20,943. 10.0% of the population and 6.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.7% of those under the age of 18 and 5.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Languages[edit] As of 2010, 82.31% (42,697) of Carson City residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a first language, while 14.12% (7,325) spoke Spanish, 0.61% (318) French, and numerous Indo-Aryan languages
Indo-Aryan languages
were spoken as a main language by 0.50% (261) of the population over the age of five. In total, 17.69% (9,174) of Carson City's population age 5 and older spoke a first language other than English.[26]

Government and politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[27][28]

Year Republican Democratic Third Parties

2016 52.5% 13,125 38.4% 9,610 9.1% 2,281

2012 53.2% 12,394 44.1% 10,291 2.7% 634

2008 48.2% 11,419 49.1% 11,623 2.7% 638

2004 57.0% 13,171 40.9% 9,441 2.1% 494

2000 57.0% 11,084 37.8% 7,354 5.2% 1,014

1996 48.7% 9,168 38.6% 7,269 12.6% 2,377

1992 38.8% 7,302 32.1% 6,035 29.1% 5,466

1988 63.4% 9,701 33.3% 5,088 3.3% 502

1984 70.0% 9,477 28.0% 3,790 2.0% 269

1980 66.8% 8,389 22.1% 2,769 11.1% 1,398

1976 54.1% 5,282 39.7% 3,874 6.2% 605

1972 71.8% 5,396 28.2% 2,120

1968 56.6% 3,169 31.6% 1,770 11.8% 662

1964 48.4% 1,997 51.6% 2,129

1960 60.3% 1,946 39.7% 1,283

1956 68.0% 1,749 32.0% 822

1952 74.1% 1,653 25.9% 579

1948 60.8% 1,095 37.8% 681 1.4% 25

1944 55.8% 841 44.2% 665

1940 48.8% 748 51.2% 785

1936 41.7% 533 58.3% 745

1932 45.6% 486 54.4% 579

1928 58.1% 590 41.9% 426

1924 44.3% 413 44.5% 415 11.2% 104

1920 57.8% 592 40.3% 413 1.9% 19

1916 43.5% 534 49.7% 610 6.8% 83

1912 22.2% 150 43.6% 294 34.2% 231

1908 46.6% 350 45.7% 343 7.7% 58

1904 60.2% 409 32.1% 218 7.8% 53

Ormsby County
County
consolidated with Carson City in 1969, and the county simultaneously dissolved.[29] The city is now governed by a five-member board of supervisors, consisting of a mayor and four supervisors.[29] All members are elected at-large, but each of the four supervisors must reside in respective wards, numbered 1 through 4.[29] The mayor and supervisors serve four year terms. Elections are staggered so the mayor and the supervisors from Wards 2 and Ward 4 are elected in presidential election years, and the supervisors from Ward 1 and 3 are elected in the even-numbered years in between (i.e., the same year as gubernatorial elections).[29] Nevada's capital is generally considered a Republican stronghold, often voting for Republicans by wide margins. In 2004, George Bush defeated John Kerry 57-40%. In 2008 however Barack Obama
Barack Obama
became the first Democrat since 1964 to win Ormsby County/Carson City, defeating John McCain
John McCain
49% to 48%, by 204 votes, a margin of under 1%.[30] Carson City, being the state capital, is home to many political protests and demonstrations at any given time.[31][32][33] In an attempt to either make proposed spent nuclear fuel storage facility at Yucca Mountain
Yucca Mountain
prohibitively expensive (by raising property tax rates to the maximum allowed) or to allow the state to collect the potential federal payments of property taxes on the facility, the state government in 1987 carved Yucca Mountain
Yucca Mountain
out of Nye County
County
and created a new county with no residents out of the area surrounding Yucca called Bullfrog County. Carson City became the county seat of Bullfrog County, even though it is not in Bullfrog County
County
and is more than 100 miles (160 km) from Yucca Mountain. A state judge found the process unconstitutional in 1989, and Bullfrog County's territory was retroceded to Nye County. Culture[edit] Sports and recreation[edit] Carson City has never hosted any professional team sports. However, a variety of sports are offered at parks and recreation.[34] Many neighborhood parks offers a wide variety of features, including picnic tables, beaches, restrooms, fishing, softball, basketball hoops, pond, tennis, and volleyball. The largest park is Mills Park, which has a total land area of 51 acres (0.21 km2) and includes the 2 ft (610 mm) narrow-gauge[35] Carson & Mills Park Railroad.[36] While there are no ski slopes within Carson City, the city is near Heavenly Mountain Resort, Diamond Peak and Mount Rose Ski Tahoe
Mount Rose Ski Tahoe
skiing areas.[37] Notable people[edit] Carson City has served as one of the state’s centers for politics and business. Every state governor since Denver S. Dickerson
Denver S. Dickerson
has resided in the Governor's Mansion in Carson City.[38] See also: List of Governors of Nevada. The following personalities took up a residence in Carson City at some point in their lives.[39]

Duane Leroy Bliss, timber businessman[40] Orion Clemens, Secretary of Nevada
Nevada
Territory[41] Steven S. Coughlin, American epidemiologist and author John Cradlebaugh, first Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from Nevada
Nevada
Territory[42] Abraham Curry, founding father of Carson City and early politician[43] Dat So La Lee, Native American basket weaver and artist[44] Nellie Verrill Mighels Davis, journalist[45] David Eddings, best selling author of fantasy novels[46] George Washington Gale Ferris Jr., inventor of the Ferris wheel[47] Ellen Hopkins, author[48] Paul Laxalt, former Governor and U.S. Senator[49] Greg LeMond, two time World Champion road racing cyclist, and three-time winner of the Tour de France [50][51] David Lundquist, Major League baseball player (Chicago White Sox)[52] Maurice E. McLoughlin, two-time U.S. Open champion, member of International Tennis Hall of Fame[53] Henry Rust Mighels, journalist, politician, first husband of Nellie Verrill Mighels Davis[citation needed] Hank Monk, stagecoach driver[54] William Ormsby, soldier and namesake of Ormsby County
County
and Ormsby House[55] Donovan Osborne, Major League baseball player (St.Louis Cardinals)[56] Darrell Rasner, Major League baseball player (New York Yankees)[57] Mark Twain, author (lived with his brother Orion)[58] Matt Williams, Major League third baseman ( San Francisco
San Francisco
Giants, Cleveland Indians, and Arizona
Arizona
Diamondbacks)[59] Sarah Winnemucca, Native American activist and author[60]

Economy and infrastructure[edit] The following is a list of the top employers in Carson City from the fourth quarter of 2012:[61] 1,500 - 1,999 employees

Carson Tahoe Health

1,000 - 1,499 Employees

Carson City School District

500 - 999 employees

Carson City Municipal Government Nevada
Nevada
Department of Transportation Western Nevada
Nevada
College

200 - 499 employees

Nevada
Nevada
Department of Corrections Legislative Counsel Bureau Nevada
Nevada
Department of Motor Vehicles Casino Fandango Walmart Click Bond, Inc. Precision Castparts Corp. Gold Dust West Hotel and Casino Carson Nugget Costco Wholesale Corporation Nevada
Nevada
Department of Conservation and Natural Resources Chromalloy Nevada

100-199 employees

Nevada
Nevada
Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Welfare and Supportive Services Nevada
Nevada
Department of Taxation Sierra Surgery and Imaging

Transportation[edit]

Looking south on US 395, just south of US 50 in Douglas County
County
near Carson City

There are two highways in the city U.S. Route 395
U.S. Route 395
and U.S. Route 50.[62] Carson City is home to Interstate 580, its only freeway. Phase 1 of the Carson City Freeway Project from US 395, just north of the city, to US 50 was completed in February 2006 and Phase 2A, extending from Rt. 50 to Fairview Drive, was officially opened on September 24, 2009. Phase 2B, Fairview Drive to Rt. 50, was completed in August 2017. Prior to 2012, Carson City was one of only five state capitals not directly served by an Interstate highway; the city lost this distinction when I-580 was extended into the city limits. Carson City's first modern bus system, Jump Around Carson, or JAC, opened to the public in October 2005.[63] JAC uses a smaller urban bus ideal for Carson City.[64] However, there is virtually no ground public transportation to other destinations. Passenger trains haven't served Carson City since 1950, when the Virginia
Virginia
and Truckee Railroad was shut down. Greyhound Lines
Greyhound Lines
stopped their bus services to the town in 2006 and Amtrak
Amtrak
discontinued their connecting thruway bus to Sacramento, California
California
in 2008. There is now only a limited Monday – Friday RTC bus service[65] to Reno which is still served by both Greyhound and Amtrak. Carson City is also served by the Carson Airport, which is a regional airport in the northern part of the city. Reno–Tahoe International Airport, which is 28 miles (45 km) away, handles domestic commercial flights.[66]

Education[edit] The Carson City School District operates ten schools in Carson City. The six elementary schools are Bordewich-Bray Elementary School, Empire Elementary School, Fremont Elementary School, Fritsch Elementary School, Mark Twain
Mark Twain
Elementary School, and Al Seeliger Elementary School. The two middle schools are Carson Middle School and Eagle Valley Middle School. Carson High School and the alternative Pioneer High School serve high school students. Carson High is on Saliman Road.[67] Western Nevada
Nevada
College (WNC) is a regionally accredited, two-year and four-year institution which is part of the Nevada
Nevada
System of Higher Education. The college offers many programs including education, arts and science.[68] Historic buildings[edit]

Historic St Charles Hotel in Carson City

Former Carson City Post Office

The Governor's Mansion in Carson City

Paul Laxalt
Paul Laxalt
State Building - formerly the U.S. Court House & Post Office, now home to the Nevada
Nevada
Commission on Tourism

See also[edit]

Nevada
Nevada
portal

Carson Hot Springs

References[edit]

^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ a b "State & County
County
QuickFacts". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2013.  ^ a b "About Carson City". Carson City. May 29, 2006. Retrieved November 20, 2011.  ^ Pritzker, Barry M. "A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples". Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.  Missing or empty url= (help) ^ "National Park Service: Three Historic Cities". Travel Nevada.com. Retrieved June 2, 2010.  ^ Bayer, C.W. (1995). Profits, plots & lynching; the creation of Nevada
Nevada
Territory. Carson, City NV: Purple Mountain Press. p. 2. ISBN 0-9628890-3-2.  ^ Oldham, Willa (1991). Carson City: Nevada’s Capital City. Carson City, NV: Nevada
Nevada
State Museum. p. 5. ASIN B0006QSL8Q.  ^ Carson City website. "Carson City Living History". Retrieved 2013-01-17.  ^ Hauck, Eldon (1991). American Capitols. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 138.  ^ Kelli Du Fresne. "Dedicated to Carson's Chinese history". Nevada Appeal. Archived from the original on April 7, 2012. Retrieved September 7, 2011.  ^ Carson City Government. "Carson City: History". Retrieved February 6, 2010.  ^ Staff Writer. "About Carson City". Emporis. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2010.  ^ "Carson City High Rise Buildings". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2013-01-17.  ^ "Carson City: Geography and Climate". www.city-data.com. Retrieved December 25, 2017.  ^ a b c "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-06-25.  ^ Chereb, Sandra (2014-06-04). "Carson City leads nation in warming trend". The Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2017-10-07.  ^ "Stewart Indian School-Three Historic Nevada
Nevada
Cities: Carson City, Reno and Virginia
Virginia
City-A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary". Nps.gov. Retrieved 2013-01-17.  ^ "The Historic James Doane Roberts House". Cchistorical.org. Archived from the original on August 28, 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-17.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ "Yesterday's Flyers:". Retrieved April 19, 2012.  ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 22, 2013. Retrieved December 20, 2014.  ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia
Virginia
Library. Retrieved December 20, 2014.  ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014.  ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States
United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014.  ^ Staff Writer. "Carson City Demographics". City-Data.com. Retrieved June 3, 2010.  ^ "Carson City (city) County, Nevada". Modern Language Association. Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013.  ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 25, 2017.  ^ Presidential results until 1968 are Ormsby County
County
results ^ a b c d Board of Supervisors, Carson City. ^ "Carson City Politics". carson.org. p. 95. Retrieved 2013-01-17.  ^ Terri Russell, Advocates Protest Horse Slaughter, KOLO News (January 5, 2013). ^ "World War II, Korea veterans join anti-war protests in Carson City". Las Vegas Review Journal.  ^ Chereb, Sandra (March 21, 2011). "Protestors in Carson City Objecting to Education Cuts". Las Vegas Review Journal. Stephens Media. Associated Press. Retrieved January 13, 2015.  ^ Staff Writer (2010-05-14). "Carson City Recreation". Carson City. Retrieved March 6, 2010.  ^ "Carson City & Mills Park RR No. 3". Retrieved December 25, 2017.  ^ Staff Writer. "Parks in Carson City". Carson City. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2010.  ^ Staff Writer. "Ski resort near Carson City". Google. Retrieved March 6, 2010.  ^ Ballew, Susan J.; Dolan, L. Trent (2010). Early Carson City. Arcadia Publishing. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-7385-7158-4. Retrieved November 20, 2010.  ^ "Historic Personalities". Visitcarsoncity.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-17.  ^ "Duane Leroy Bliss". Carson City Convention & Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved 19 September 2013.  ^ "Orion Clemens". nps.gov. Retrieved 19 September 2013.  ^ "CRADLEBAUGH, John - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved December 25, 2017.  ^ "Abraham Curry". Carson City Convention & Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved 19 September 2013.  ^ "Dat-So-La-Lee". californiabaskets.com. Retrieved 19 September 2013.  ^ "Nellie Verrill Mighels Davis". .unr.edu. Retrieved 19 September 2013.  ^ Pardington, Suzanne (July 15, 2009). "Fantasy writer David Eddings leaves Reed College $18 million". The Oregonian. Retrieved August 25, 2014.  ^ "George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr". Carson City Convention & Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved 19 September 2013.  ^ "Ellen Hopkins". Simon & Schuster. Retrieved August 25, 2014.  ^ Moreno, Richard (2011). A short history of Carson City. Reno: University of Nevada
Nevada
Press. pp. 128–129. ISBN 978-0874178364. Retrieved 11 September 2015.  ^ Wallack, Roy. "Once shunned, Greg LeMond
Greg LeMond
returns to biking world and road to success". latimes.com. Retrieved 2017-01-20.  ^ "Greg LeMond's five greatest wins - Cycling Weekly". Cycling Weekly. 2015-04-20. Retrieved 2017-01-20.  ^ "David Lundquist". BASEBALL REFERENCE. COM. Retrieved 23 September 2013.  ^ "Maurice McLoughlin". International Tennis Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 20, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2013.  ^ "Hank Monk". Carson City Convention & Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on January 31, 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.  ^ Schrantz, Scott (2006-05-06). "The Two Houses of Ormsby Then and Now". Aroundcarson.com. Retrieved 2013-12-28.  ^ "Donovan Osborne". BASEBALL REFERENCE. COM. Retrieved 23 September 2013.  ^ "Darrell Rasner". BASEBALL REFERENCE. COM. Retrieved 23 September 2013.  ^ " Mark Twain
Mark Twain
(Samuel Clemens) – Carson City". Visitcarsoncity.com. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-17.  ^ "Matt Williams". BASEBALL REFERENCE. COM. Retrieved 23 September 2013.  ^ " Sarah Winnemucca
Sarah Winnemucca
may get her day in Nevada". Las Vegas Review-Journal. 2017-04-11. Retrieved 2018-03-31.  ^ " Nevada
Nevada
Workforce". Archived from the original on March 16, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-17.  ^ "Getting here". Carson City Convention and Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2011.  ^ "About JAC - Carson City". carson.org. Retrieved December 25, 2017.  ^ Staff Writer. "Jump Around Carson". Jump Around Carson. Retrieved 2013-01-17.  ^ "RTC Public Transportation". Retrieved 2013-12-28.  ^ Staff Writer. "Carson City Airport". Carson City Airport. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved March 6, 2010.  ^ Staff Writer. "Carson City School District". Carson City School District. Archived from the original on March 5, 2010. Retrieved March 6, 2010.  ^ Staff Writer. "Western Nevada
Nevada
College Website". Western Nevada College. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Carson City.

Media related to Carson City at Wikimedia Commons Carson City travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website Carson City Convention and Visitors Bureau "Carson City". C-SPAN
C-SPAN
Cities Tour. August 2013. 

v t e

 State of Nevada

Carson City (capital)

Topics

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Nevada
Nevada
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Regions

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Metro areas

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Counties

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Cities and communities

Alamo Amargosa Valley Austin Baker Battle Mountain Beatty Boulder City Caliente Carlin Carson City Elko Ely Enterprise Eureka Fallon Fernley Gardnerville Ranchos Gerlach Goldfield Hawthorne Henderson Incline Village Las Vegas Laughlin Lovelock Mesquite Minden North Las Vegas Panaca Pahrump Paradise Pioche Primm Rachel Reno Spanish Springs Sparks Spring Creek Spring Valley Stateline Summerlin South Sun Valley Sunrise Manor Tonopah Virginia
Virginia
City West Wendover Winnemucca Whitney Winchester Yerington

Former counties

Bullfrog Ormsby Roop

v t e

Capitals of the United States
United States
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Territories:

AS Pago Pago GU Hagåtña MP Saipan PR San Juan VI Charlotte Amalie

v t e

American Old West

Notable people

Explorers and pioneers

John Bozeman Jim Bridger William Clark Davy Crockett John C. Frémont Liver-Eating Johnson Meriwether Lewis Joe Mayer William John Murphy John Wesley Powell Levi Ruggles Jedediah Smith Jack Swilling Trinidad Swilling Ora Rush Weed Henry Wickenburg Brigham Young

Native Americans

Black Hawk Black Kettle Bloody Knife Chief Joseph Cochise Crazy Horse Geronimo Irataba Mangas Coloradas Manuelito Massai Quanah Parker Red Cloud Sacagawea Sitting Bull Ten Bears Touch the Clouds Tuvi Victorio

Lawmen

Elfego Baca Charlie Bassett Roy Bean Morgan Earp Virgil Earp Wyatt Earp Henry Garfias Pat Garrett Jack Helm "Wild Bill" Hickok Bat Masterson "Mysterious Dave" Mather Bass Reeves George Scarborough John Selman John Horton Slaughter William "Bill" Tilghman James Timberlake Harry C. Wheeler

Outlaws

Billy the Kid Black Bart "Curly Bill" Brocius Butch Cassidy Billy Clanton Ike Clanton Bill Dalton Bill Doolin John Wesley Hardin Johnny Ringo Jesse James Tom Ketchum Frank McLaury Tom McLaury Joaquin Murrieta Cochise
Cochise
County
County
Cowboys Belle Starr Soapy Smith Sundance Kid Cole Younger

Soldiers and scouts

Frederick Russell Burnham Kit Carson "Buffalo Bill" Cody Texas
Texas
Jack Omohundro James C. Cooney George Crook George Armstrong Custer Samuel P. Heintzelman Tom Horn Calamity Jane Luther Kelly Ranald S. Mackenzie Charley Reynolds Philip Sheridan Al Sieber

Others

John Jacob Astor William H. Boring Jonathan R. Davis George Flavel C. S. Fly John Joel Glanton George E. Goodfellow Doc Holliday Seth Kinman Nat Love Sylvester Mowry Emperor Norton Annie Oakley Thomas William Sweeny Jack Swilling

Native Americans

Apache Arapaho Arikara Assiniboine
Assiniboine
(Nakota) Blackfoot Cahuilla Cayuse Cheyenne Chinook Chippewa (Ojibwe) Caddo Cocopah Comanche Crow Dakota Five Civilized Tribes Hidatsa Hopi Hualapai Kickapoo Kiowa Ktunaxa Kumeyaay Lakota Mandan Maricopa Modoc Mohave Navajo Nez Perce Northern Paiute Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) Pawnee Pend d'Oreilles Pima Pueblo Shoshone Sioux Southern Paiute Tohono O'odham Tonkawa Umpqua Ute Washoe Yaqui Yavapai Yuma (Quechan)

Frontier culture

American bison Barbed wire Boot Hill Cattle drive Cowboy poetry Cattle rustling Cow town Fast draw Ghost town Gunfights Homesteading Land rush Manifest destiny Moonshine One-room schoolhouse Rodeo Stagecoach Train robbery Vigilante
Vigilante
justice Western saloon

Tack piano

Westward expansion Wild West
Wild West
shows

Transport and trails

Barlow Road Bozeman Trail Butterfield Trail California
California
Trail Chisholm Trail Great Platte River Road Great Western Cattle Trail Lolo Pass Meek Cutoff Mormon Trail Oregon
Oregon
Trail Pony Express Santa Fe Trail Southern Emigrant Trail Tanner Trail First Transcontinental Railroad

Folklore

Dead man's hand Dime novel John Henry Johnny Kaw Lone Ranger Long Tom's treasure Lost Dutchman's Gold Mine Lost Ship of the Desert Montezuma's treasure Paul Bunyan Pecos Bill Seven Cities of Gold

Gold rushes

Black Hills Gold Rush California
California
Gold Rush Confederate Gulch and Diamond City Klondike Gold Rush Pike's Peak Gold Rush

Gunfights

Battle of Coffeyville Battle of Lincoln Frisco shootout Gunfight at the O.K. Corral Long Branch Saloon gunfight Variety Hall shootout

Military conflicts

Battle of the Alamo Battle of Glorieta Pass Battle of the Little Bighorn Battle of San Jacinto Battle of Washita River First Battle of Adobe Walls Indian Wars Sand Creek massacre Wounded Knee Massacre

Range wars and feuds

Earp-Clanton feud Johnson County
County
War Lincoln County
County
War Mason County
County
War Pleasant Valley War Sheep Wars Sutton–Taylor feud

Lists

Arizona
Arizona
Rangers Cowboys and cowgirls Gangs Gunfights Lawmen Mountain men Outlaws Timeline of the American Old West

Influence

Western genre Western lifestyle

Places

Alaska

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Arizona
Arizona
Territory

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California

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Colorado

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Dakota Territory

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Idaho
Idaho
Territory

Fort Boise Fort Hall

Illinois

Fort Dearborn

Kansas

Abilene Dodge City Ellsworth Hays Leavenworth Wichita

Missouri

Independence Kansas
Kansas
City St. Louis

Montana
Montana
Territory

Billings Bozeman Deer Lodge Fort Benton Fort Peck Helena Livingston Missoula Virginia
Virginia
City

Nebraska

Chadron Fort Atkinson Fort Robinson Nebraska
Nebraska
City Ogallala Omaha Valentine

Nevada

Carson City Virginia
Virginia
City Reno

New Mexico
New Mexico
Territory

Alamogordo Albuquerque Cimarron Fort Sumner Gallup Las Vegas Lincoln Mesilla Mogollon Roswell Santa Fe Tucumcari

Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Territory and Indian Territory

Broken Arrow Fort Sill Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City

Oregon
Oregon
Territory

Astoria The Dalles La Grande McMinnville Oregon
Oregon
City Portland Salem Vale

Texas

Austin Abilene El Paso Fort Worth Gonzales Lubbock San Antonio

Utah
Utah
Territory

Salt Lake City

Washington Territory

Everett Port Townsend Seattle Vancouver

Wyoming
Wyoming
Territory

Fort Bridger Fort Laramie

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 135486418 LCCN: n79011072 ISNI: 0000 0004 0447 6

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