HOME
The Info List - Carpocyon


--- Advertisement ---



Carpocyon
Carpocyon
is an extinct member of the Borophaginae, and a terrestrial canid (dog) which inhabited most of North America
North America
during the Barstovian
Barstovian
stage of the Middle Miocene through the Hemphillian stage of the Late Miocene epoch 13.6 to 5.3 Ma Mya.[1] Carpocyon
Carpocyon
existed for approximately 16.5 million years.

Contents

1 Taxonomy 2 Morphology 3 Species 4 Sister genera 5 Sources 6 References

Taxonomy[edit] Carpocyon
Carpocyon
was named by Webb in 1969 and assigned to Canidae
Canidae
by Webb that same year. In 1988, Carroll assigned it to Canidae
Canidae
with X. Wang assigning it to Borophaginae
Borophaginae
in 1999. Morphology[edit] Two fossil specimens of Carpocyon
Carpocyon
were measured by Legendre and Roth in 1988. They estimated that specimen one weighed 24.1 kg (53 lb) and the second weighed 21.8 kg (48 lb).[2] Its physical size was between a jackal and a small wolf. Species[edit]

Carpocyon
Carpocyon
compressus (synonymous with Cynodesmus cuspidatus) lived 23.13—13.6 Ma, existing for 23.13 million years. Weight of two specimens were estimated at 19.3 kg (43 lb) and 17.6 kg (39 lb) Carpocyon
Carpocyon
limosus lived from 16.3—10.3 Ma, existing for 17.97 million years. Carpocyon
Carpocyon
robustus lived 13.6—10.3 Ma, existing for 13 million years. Weight of two specimens were 27 kg (60 lb) and 24.3 kg (54 lb). Carpocyon
Carpocyon
webbi lived from 16.3—10.3 Ma, existing for 6 million years. Weight of two specimens were estimated at 30.4 kg (67 lb) and 27.2 kg (60 lb)

Sister genera[edit] Borophagus, Epicyon, Paratomarctus
Paratomarctus
and Protepicyon. Sources[edit]

zipcodezoo.com paleodb.org The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids By David W. Macdonald, and Claudio Sillero-Zubiri ISBN 0-19-851555-3 Flynn, J.J., 1998. Early Cenozoic Carnivora
Carnivora
("Miacoidea"). pp. 110–123 in C.M. Janis, K.M. Scott, and L.L. Jacobs (eds.) Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America. Volume 1: Terrestrial Carnivores, Ungulates, and Ungulatelike Mammals. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 0-521-35519-2

References[edit]

^ PaleoBiology Database: Carpocyon
Carpocyon
Taxonomy, Species ^ S. Legendre and C. Roth. 1988. Correlation of carnassial tooth size and body weight in recent carnivores (Mammalia). Historical Biology: p. 85-98

Xiaoming Wang, Richard H. Tedford, Mauricio Antón, Dogs: Their Fossil Relatives and Evolutionary History, New York : Columbia University Press, 2008; ISBN 978-0-231-13528-3

v t e

Extinct members of the family Canidae

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Suborder: Caniformia

†Hesperocyoninae

Hesperocyon Mesocyon Cynodesmus Sunkahetanka Philotrox Enhydrocyon Paraenhydrocyon Osbornodon Caedocyon Ectopocynus

†Borophaginae

Archaeocyon Oxetocyon Otarocyon Rhizocyon

Phlaocyonini

Cynarctoides Phlaocyon

Borophagini

Cormocyon Desmocyon Metatomarctus Euoplocyon Psalidocyon Microtomarctus Protomarctus Tephrocyon

Cynarctina

Paracynarctus Cynarctus

Aelurodontina

Tomarctus Aelurodon

Borophagina

Paratomarctus Carpocyon Protepicyon Epicyon Borophagus

Caninae

Chailicyon Cynotherium Dusicyon Eucyon Gobicyon Leptocyon Neocynodesmus Nurocyon Prototocyon Theriodictis

Urocyon

U. progressus

Cuon

C. alpinus europaeus

Vulpes

V. qiuzhudingi V. riffautae V. skinneri

Canis

C. apolloniensis C. armbrusteri C. arnensis C. cedazoensis C. dirus C. edwardii C. etruscus C. ferox C. lepophagus

C. latrans

C. l. orcutti

C. lupus

C. l. hattai C. l. hodophilax

C. (Xenocyon)

C. (X.) africanus C. (X.) antonii C. (X.) falconeri C. (X.) lycanoides

Category

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q5045846 EoL: 4445043 GBIF: 4833460

This article related to prehistoric animals from order Carnivora
Carnivora
is a stub. You can help by expanding it.

v t e

This canid article is a stub. You can help by expandi

.