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CAROLINE OF BADEN (German : Friederike Karoline Wilhelmine von Baden; 13 July 1776 – 13 November 1841) was by marriage an Electress of Bavaria and later the first Queen consort of Bavaria by marriage to Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria.

CONTENTS

* 1 Life * 2 Issue * 3 Honours * 4 Ancestors * 5 References

LIFE

She was the eldest child of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden , and his wife Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt . She was born 13 July 1776, twin sister of Katharina Amalie Christiane Luise.

Caroline was considered as a bride for the Louis Antoine Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Enghien , but the fear of attracting opposition from France made her family hesitate.

On 9 March 1797, in Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
, she became the second spouse of Maximilian , Duke of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, who two years later would inherit the Electorate of Bavaria . As a result of the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 1806, the rank of Elector became obsolete, and the ruler of Bavaria was promoted to the rank of King. As a result, Caroline became Queen of Bavaria.

She was allowed to keep her Protestant religion and had her own Protestant pastor, which was unique for a Bavarian queen. She was described as a very dignified consort and hostess of the Bavarian court, and raised her daughters to have a strong sense of duty.

Caroline of Baden
Caroline of Baden
died 13 November 1841, outliving her husband by sixteen years and one month. Due to her Protestant religion, her funeral was conducted with so little royal dignity that there were public protests. By order of the Catholic archbishop of Munich, Lothar Anselm von Gebsattel, all participating Catholic clergy were dressed in ordinary clothes instead of church vestments. The Protestant clergy were halted at the church door and not allowed to proceed inside for the service, so Ludwig Friedrich Schmidt gave the funeral sermon there. Afterwards, the funeral procession dissipated, and the coffin was placed in the burial crypt without ceremony. This treatment of his beloved stepmother permanently softened the attitude of Caroline's stepson Ludwig I of Bavaria
Ludwig I of Bavaria
, who up until that time had been a strong opponent of Protestantism in spite of his marriage to the Protestant princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen .

ISSUE

ISSUE

NAME PORTRAIT BIRTH DEATH NOTES

Son

5 September 1799 Stillborn

MAXIMILIAN JOSEPH CHARLES

28 October 1800 12 February 1803 Died in childhood

ELIZABETH LOUISE Queen consort of Prussia 13 November 1801 (twins) 14 December 1873 Married in 1823 the future King Frederick William IV of Prussia
Frederick William IV of Prussia
and had no issue

AMALIE AUGUSTE Queen consort of Saxony 8 November 1877 Married in 1822 the future King John of Saxony
John of Saxony
and had issue

MARIA ANNA LEOPOLDINE Queen consort of Saxony 27 January 1805 (twins again) 13 September 1877 Married in 1833 the future King Frederick Augustus II of Saxony
Frederick Augustus II of Saxony
and had no issue

SOPHIA FREDERICA Archduchess of Austria 28 May 1872 Married in 1824 Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
and had issue

LUDOVIKA WILHELMINA Duchess in Bavaria 30 August 1808 25 January 1892 Married in 1828 Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria

MAXIMILIANA JOSEPHA CAROLINE

21 July 1810 4 February 1821 Died in childhood

HONOURS

Electorate of Bavaria / Kingdom of Bavaria
Kingdom of Bavaria
: Sovereign of the Order of Saint Elizabeth (feminine order)

ANCESTORS

ANCESTORS OF CAROLINE OF BADEN

16. Charles III William, Margrave of Baden-Durlach

8. Friedrich, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach

17. Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg

4. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden

18. John William Friso, Prince of Orange

9. Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz

19. Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel

2. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden

20. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

10. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

21. Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach

5. Landgravine Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgravine Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt

22. Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg

11. Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg

23. Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach

1. CAROLINE OF BADEN

24. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt =20

12. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
=10

25. Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach =21

6. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

26. Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg
=22

13. Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg =11

27. Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
=23

3. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

28. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken

14. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken

29. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein

7. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken

30. Ludwig Kraft, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken

15. Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken

31. Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

REFERENCES

* Françoise de Bernardy : "Stéphanie de Beauharnais, fille adoptive de Napoléon et grande-duchesse de Bade " L.A.P. Pais, 1977. * Caroline of Baden
Caroline of Baden
at Find a Grave
Find a Grave

Preceded by Augusta Wilhelmina of Hesse-Darmstadt DUCHESS OF ZWEIBRüCKEN 1797–1825 Succeeded by Last of title

Preceded by Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Este ELECTRESS OF BAVARIA 1799–1806 Succeeded by Last of title

Preceded by New title QUEEN OF BAVARIA 1806–1825 Succeeded by Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen

Wikimedia Commons has media related to KAROLINE FRIEDERIKE WILHELMINE VON BADEN .

* v * t * e

Princesses of Baden by birth

The generations indicate descent from Charles Frederick , the first Grand Duke of a united Baden.

1ST GENERATION

* Amalie, Princess von Fürstenberg

2ND GENERATION

* Princess Amalie * Caroline, Queen of Bavaria * Empress Elizabeth Alexeievna of Russia * Frederica, Queen of Sweden * Marie, Duchess of Brunswick and Lunenburg * Wilhelmine, Grand Duchess of Hesse * Alexandrine, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha * Marie, Princess of Leiningen * Cecilie, Grand Duchess Olga Feodorovna of Russia * Sophie, Princess of Lippe * Princess Elisabeth * Leopoldine, Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

3RD GENERATION

* Victoria, Queen of Sweden * Marie, Duchess of Anhalt

4TH GENERATION

* Marie Alexandra, Princess Wolfgang of Hesse

5TH GENERATION

* Margarita, Princess Tomislav of Yugoslavia *

6TH GENERATION

* Princess Marie Louise, Mrs. Richard Dudley Baker* * Princess Sophie Thyra* * Princess Aglaë Margarete*

*Titular princess of Baden due to the 1918 German Revolution

* v * t * e

Electresses of Bavaria

* Princess Elisabeth of Lorraine (1623–1635) * Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1635–1651) * Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy (1651–1676) * Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria
Maria Antonia of Austria
(1685–1692) * Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska (1695–1726) * Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
Maria Amalia of Austria
(1726–1745) * Princess Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony
Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony
(1747–1777) * Countess Palatine Elisabeth Auguste of Sulzbach (1777–1794) * Archduchess Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Este (1795–1799) * Princess Caroline of Baden
Caroline of Baden
(1799–1806)

* v * t * e

Queens of Bavaria

* Princess Caroline of Baden
Caroline of Baden
(1806–1825) * Duchess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1825–1848) * Princess Marie of Prussia
Marie of Prussia
(1848–1864) * Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1913–1918)

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 20482271 * GND :

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