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Carol Elaine Channing (born January 31, 1921) is an American actress, singer, dancer and comedian. Notable for starring in Broadway and film musicals, her characters typically radiate a fervent expressiveness and an easily identifiable voice, whether singing or for comedic effect. Carol Channing
Carol Channing
also studied acting at the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre in New York City. She began as a Broadway musical actress, starring in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes in 1949, and Hello, Dolly! in 1964, when she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical. She revived both roles several times throughout her career, most recently playing Dolly in 1995. Channing was nominated for her first Tony Award
Tony Award
in 1956 for The Vamp followed by a nomination in 1961 for Show Girl. She received her fourth Tony Award
Tony Award
nomination for the musical Lorelei in 1974. As a film actress, she won the Golden Globe Award and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
for her performance as Muzzy in Thoroughly Modern Millie
Thoroughly Modern Millie
(1967). Other film appearances include The First Traveling Saleslady
The First Traveling Saleslady
(1956) and Skidoo (1968). On television, she appeared as an entertainer on variety shows, from The Ed Sullivan Show in the 1950s to Hollywood Squares. She had a standout performance as The White Queen in the TV production of Alice in Wonderland (1985), and had the first of many TV specials in 1966, An Evening with Carol Channing.[2] Channing was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame in 1981 and received a Lifetime Achievement Tony Award
Tony Award
in 1995. She continues to perform and make appearances, singing songs from her repertoire and sharing stories with fans, cabaret style. She released an autobiography, titled Just Lucky I Guess, in 2002, and Larger Than Life, a documentary film about her career, was released in 2012.[3]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Hello, Dolly! (1964) 2.2 Thoroughly Modern Millie
Thoroughly Modern Millie
(1967) 2.3 Television appearances

3 Personal life 4 Legacy and honors 5 Theater credits 6 Filmography 7 Discography 8 Awards and nominations 9 Notes 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

Early life[edit] Channing was born in Seattle, Washington, on January 31, 1921,[4] the only child of George (1888-1957) and Adelaide Channing (née Glaser; 1886–1984). Her mother was of German-Jewish descent, and Channing considers herself "part-Jewish".[5]:51 Her father was a Black American of mixed ancestry, was born George Christian Stucker but changed his surname before his daughter's birth.[5]:50 A city editor at the Seattle Star, he took a job in San Francisco
San Francisco
and the family moved when Channing was two weeks old. He became a Christian Science practitioner, editor, and teacher. Channing attended Aptos Junior High School and Lowell High School San Francisco, graduating in 1938. She won the Crusaders' Oratorical Contest and a free trip to Hawaii with her mother in June 1937.[6] When she was 16, she left home to attend Bennington College
Bennington College
in Vermont, and her mother told her for the first time that her father's mother was African American
African American
and his father was German-American.[7][5]:8 Her mother felt that the time was right to tell her since now that she was going off to college and would be on her own, she didn't want her to be surprised if she ever had a black baby.[5]:8[8][9][10][a] Channing writes:

I know it's true the moment I sing and dance. I'm proud as can be of [my black ancestry]. It's one of the great strains in show business. I'm so grateful. My father was a very dignified man and as white as I am. My [paternal] grandparents were Nordic German, so apparently I [too] took after them [in appearance].[10]

She majored in drama at Bennington, and during an interview in 1994 admitted that she first wanted to perform on stage as a singer when she was in the fourth grade. She recalls being emotionally drawn to the stage after seeing Ethel Waters
Ethel Waters
perform.[13] She has stated that in the fourth grade she ran for and was elected class secretary: "I stood up in class and campaigned by kidding the teachers. The other kids laughed. I loved the feeling—It was a very good feeling; it still is." She read the class minutes every Friday, often impersonating the children who were discussed.[14] She also considers the fact that she was able to see plays while very young to have been an important inspiration:

I was lucky enough to grow up in San Francisco, and it was the best theater town that Sol Hurok
Sol Hurok
knew, and he brought everybody from all over the world. And we schoolchildren got to see them with just 50-cent tickets.[15]

Her election to class secretary continued through grammar and high school: "It was very good training—like stock"[14] Those weekly sessions in front of students became a habit which she carried to Bennington College, where she would entertain every Friday night.[14] During her junior year she began trying out for acting parts on Broadway. After playing a small part in revue, the New Yorker magazine noted her performance: "You'll be hearing more from a comedienne named Carol Channing."[14] The inspiration she received from that brief notice made her decide to quit school. However, it was four years before she found another acting job. During that period she performed at small functions or benefits, including some in the Catskill resorts. She also worked in Macy's bakery.[14] Career[edit] Channing was introduced to the stage while helping her mother deliver newspapers to the backstage of theatres.[b] Her first job on stage in New York was in Marc Blitzstein's No for an Answer, starting January 5, 1941, at the Mecca Temple (later New York's City Center). She was 19 years old. Channing moved to Broadway for Let's Face It!, in which she was an understudy for Eve Arden, who was 13 years older than Channing. Decades later, Arden would play Dolly in a road company after Channing finally relinquished her signature role.

Finding roles that suit the strange and wonderful charms of Carol Channing has always been a problem to Broadway showmen. She looks like an overgrown kewpie. She sings like a moon-mad hillbilly. Her dancing is crazily comic. And behind her saucer eyes is a kind of gentle sweetness that pleads for affection.

Life magazine cover story, 1955[17]

Five years later, Channing had a featured role in Lend an Ear
Lend an Ear
(1948), for which she received her Theatre World Award and launched her as a star performer. Channing credited illustrator Al Hirschfeld
Al Hirschfeld
for helping make her a star when he put her image in his widely published illustrations.[18] She said that his drawing of her as a flapper was what helped her get the lead in her next play, the Jule Styne and Anita Loos
Anita Loos
musical, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. From that role, as Lorelei Lee, she gained recognition, with her signature song from the production, "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend," among the most widely known.[19][20] In January 1950, Time magazine ran a cover story about her becoming a new star on Broadway, followed by cover stories in Life magazine in 1955 and 1964.[21][22][c][d][e][f] In 1956, Channing married her manager and publicist Charles Lowe. During the 1950s, he produced the Burns and Allen
Burns and Allen
comedy show, which starred George Burns
George Burns
and Gracie Allen.[23] When Allen was forced to discontinue performing due to medical problems, she saw that Burns was in need of a partner to play off of on stage since he was best as a straight man. She remembered that Channing, like her, had one of the most distinctive and recognizable voices in show business, and Lowe asked Channing if she would perform with Burns during his shows. She accepted immediately, and Channing worked on and off with Burns through the late 1950s. Burns also appeared in her TV special, "An Evening with Carol Channing", in 1966.[24] In 1961, Channing became one of the few performers nominated for a Tony Award
Tony Award
for work in a revue (rather than a traditional book musical); she was nominated for Best Actress in a Musical for the short-lived revue Show Girl.[25] Hello, Dolly! (1964)[edit]

Channing with David Burns in Hello, Dolly! (1964)

Channing came to national prominence as the star of Jerry Herman's Hello, Dolly! (1964). Her performance as Dolly Levi won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical. She recalls that playwright Thornton Wilder so loved the musical, which was based on his play, The Merchant of Yonkers, that he came once a week.[23] He also planned to rewrite his 1942 play The Skin of Our Teeth, with Channing playing the parts of both Mrs. Antrobus and Sabina, but died before he could finish it.[23] Her role became widely popular in the 1960s, and she was often invited to major events, including those at the White House, where she might sing. In 1964, for instance, she was invited to the Democratic convention where she sang a take-off song, "Hello, Lyndon", for Lyndon Johnson's campaign.[26] She was a favorite of Lady Bird Johnson, who once gave her a massive bouquet after a show.[27] The old-fashioned plot of Hello, Dolly, when first described, might seem uninspired, says columnist Dick Kleiner:

But then you sit in the audience and Carol Channing
Carol Channing
comes out, turns on her huge eyes and monumental smile—and you sit there with a silly grin on your face for 2 1/2 hours, bathed in the benevolent spell of a great comedienne...It is hard to imagine her doing anything else but making people smile. She is that human curio, the born female comic.[14]

The show had first opened on Broadway on January 16, 1964, and by the time the show closed in late December 1970, it had become the longest running musical in Broadway history, with nearly 3,000 performances. Besides Channing, six other stars played the title role during those seven years: Ginger Rogers, Martha Raye, Betty Grable, Pearl Bailey, Phyllis Diller
Phyllis Diller
and Ethel Merman.[28]

Channing with Peter Palmer in Lorelei (1973)

Al Hirschfeld's illustration of her was printed on the front page of the "Sunday Theatre" section of the New York Times, which she feels captured the essence of her character: "How did the great Hirschfeld know precisely what I was thinking?...To be Hirschfelded is an eerie experience. You better not have anything to hide, because he'll expose it like a neon sign", she wrote.[5]:68[g] The illustration was also printed on the cover of magazines, including Horizon.[29] She later appeared in the movie biography about his life, The Line King, in 2004.[30] Channing reprised her role of Lorelei Lee when the musical Lorelei, directed by Robert Moore and choreographed by Ernest O. Flatt, premiered in 1973 at the Oklahoma City (6000 seat) Civic Center Music Hall and broke all box office records after six days' worth of performances sold out within 24 hours.[31] To commemorate this record event, the street running in front of the Music Hall was renamed Channing Square Drive in her honor. Also in the cast were Peter Palmer, Brandon Maggart, Dody Goodman, and Lee Roy Reams. For nearly a year, the stage musical then toured 11 cities across the country. Lorelei had already earned a hefty profit by the time it opened on Broadway at the Palace Theatre on January 27, 1974, and ran for a total of 320 performances. Channing also appeared in two New York City
New York City
revivals of Hello, Dolly!, and toured with it extensively throughout the United States.[32] She performed songs from Hello, Dolly during a special television show in London in 1979.[33] Thoroughly Modern Millie
Thoroughly Modern Millie
(1967)[edit] She also appeared in a number of films, including The First Traveling Sales Lady (1956; with Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers
and Clint Eastwood), the cult film Skidoo, and Thoroughly Modern Millie
Thoroughly Modern Millie
(starring Julie Andrews, Mary Tyler Moore, John Gavin, and Beatrice Lillie). For Millie she received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, and was awarded a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture.[34][35][36] Channing said she was especially grateful to Andrews for helping her develop her character: "She will forever be my angel," she says.[37] Due to her success on Broadway in Hello Dolly! and her co-starring role in Thoroughly Modern Millie, Channing attracted the attentions of Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
and Desi Arnaz, who were interested in starring her in a sitcom. Directed and produced by Arnaz and written by Bob Carroll, Jr. and Madelyn Davis (who co-wrote I Love Lucy
I Love Lucy
and The Lucy Show), The Carol Channing
Carol Channing
Show starred Channing as Carol Hunnicut, a small-town girl trying and failing to make it in New York City
New York City
show business. Character actors Richard Deacon and Jane Dulo were in the supporting cast. The pilot was filmed in front of a live audience (with a laugh track added) at Desilu
Desilu
in 1966, but did not sell as a series.[38]

Channing performing with Pearl Bailey
Pearl Bailey
in 1973[39]

In 1966, she won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre. During her film career, Channing also made some guest appearances on television sitcoms and talk shows, including What's My Line? where she appeared in 11 episodes from 1962 to 1966.[40] Channing did voice-over work in cartoons, most notably as Grandmama in an animated version of The Addams Family
The Addams Family
from 1992-95. Television appearances[edit] During most of her career, she was asked to perform in various skits or appear as a guest on regular shows. In the 1960s, she was on The Andy Williams Show.[41] In 1985, she played the role of the White Queen in the television special Alice in Wonderland.[42] In 1986, Channing appeared on Sesame Street
Sesame Street
and sang a parody of the song "Hello, Dolly!" called "Hello, Sammy!", a love song being sung by Carol to a character known as Sammy the Snake (as voiced by Muppets creator Jim Henson). Carol, in this parody segment, serenades Sammy telling him just how much she loves and adores him while Sammy coils himself around Carol's arms. Carol's song includes lyrics such as: "So..turn on your charm, Sammy/Coil yourself around my arm, Sammy/Sammy the Snake, I'll stake a claim on you".[43] Songwriter Jule Styne, who wrote the score for Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, invited her on his television special in 1987 where she performed another one of her signature songs, "Little Girl from Little Rock".[44] In 1993, she poked a little fun at herself in an episode of The Nanny. The episode "Smoke Gets in Your Lies" shows the producer auditioning for a new musical and Channing, playing herself, is trying out. Just after the producer announces he wants a stage presence that is instantly recognizable to the entire country, Channing begins with her signature "Hello, Dolly!", but he stops her with a resounding "Next!". In January 2003, Channing recorded the audiobook of her best-selling autobiography Just Lucky, I Guess: A Memoir of Sorts, directed and produced by Steve Garrin at VideoActive Productions in New York City. It was during the recording sessions that she received a phone call from her childhood sweetheart Harry Kullijian that rekindled their romance and led to their marriage a few months later. In January 2011, the documentary Carol Channing: Larger Than Life (which chronicles Channing's life and career) was released.[45] Personal life[edit]

Channing in 2009

Channing has been married four times. Her first husband was Theodore Naidish, whom she married when she was twenty in 1941. He was a writer, who in 1944 wrote Watch Out for Willie Carter,[46][5]:52 but during the nearly five years of their marriage, earned little income: "There was no money for food, clothing or housing."[5]:52 They lived near his grandparents in Brighton Beach. She remembers his grandfather, Sam Cohen, describing his life back in Russia before he immigrated. Cohen also introduced her to some of his neighborhood friends, who were amazed that she enjoyed hearing their funny stories. "They were delighted that I almost ate them up alive," she says, "because they were so funny, especially since such appreciation was coming from what we all thought then was a shiksa (me)." She learned to speak fluent Yiddish
Yiddish
from "Grandpa Cohen", a skill which helped her understand the boardwalk conversations that went on around her in town.[5]:51 Her second husband Alexander Carson played center for the Ottawa Rough Riders Canadian football
Canadian football
team. They had one son named Channing Carson.[47] In 1956, Channing married her manager and publicist Charles Lowe. They remained married for 42 years. During this time, her son Channing Carson took his stepfather's surname; he publishes his cartoons as Chan Lowe and has been nominated for a Pulitzer Prize for his work.[48] Channing filed for divorce from Lowe in 1998, but her estranged husband died before the divorce was finalized.[49] After Lowe's death and until shortly before her fourth marriage, the actress's companion was Roger Denny, an interior decorator.[50] In 2003, while recording the audiobook of her autobiography Just Lucky, I Guess, at VideoActive Productions, NYC, Produced and Directed by Steve Garrin, she rekindled her romance with her junior high school sweetheart, Harry Kullijian, and they married on May 10, 2003. They later performed at their old junior high school in a benefit for the school. They also promoted arts education in California schools through their Dr. Carol Channing
Carol Channing
and Harry Kullijian Foundation. The couple resided in Rancho Mirage, California. Harry Kullijian died on December 26, 2011, the eve of his 92nd birthday.[citation needed] The recording of Carol's autobiography has never been publicly released. Channing has unique dietary habits. She has not eaten restaurant food since at least 1963. In 1978, she said she hadn't eaten restaurant food in 15 years, and preferred only organic food. When invited to restaurants, she would bring several sealed containers with her own food, such as zucchini or chopped celery, and simply ask for an empty plate and glass. For dessert, she would eat seeds. Nor would she drink alcoholic beverages of any sort.[23] Channing is an ovarian cancer survivor.[51] Legacy and honors[edit]

The handprints of Carol Channing
Carol Channing
in front of The Great Movie Ride
The Great Movie Ride
at Disney's Hollywood Studios
Disney's Hollywood Studios
at the Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World
Resort.

1970, Channing was the first celebrity to perform at a Super Bowl halftime.[52] In 1973, it came to light during the Watergate hearings that Channing was on a master list of Nixon's political opponents, informally known as Nixon's "enemies list". She has subsequently said that her appearance on this list was the highest honor in her career.[53] 1981, Channing was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame.[54] 1984, Lowell High School renamed its auditorium "The Carol Channing Theatre" in her honor.[15] 1988, The city of San Francisco, California, proclaimed February 14, 1988, to be " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
Day."[55] 1995, she was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Tony Award.[56] 2004, she was awarded an honorary doctorate in Fine Arts by California State University, Stanislaus.[57] 2004, she received the Oscar Hammerstein Award for Lifetime Achievement in Musical Theatre.[58] 2010, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to her.[59] In December 2010, Channing was honored at Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS Gypsy of the Year competition.[60]

Theater credits[edit]

No For an Answer (1941)[61] Let's Face It!
Let's Face It!
(1941) (understudy for Eve Arden)[61] Proof Thro' the Night (1942)[61] Lend an Ear
Lend an Ear
(1948)[61] Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1949; 1951)[61] Pygmalion (1953)[62] Wonderful Town
Wonderful Town
(1954) (replacement for Rosalind Russell)[61] The Vamp (1955)[61] Show Business (1959)[62] Show Girl (1961)[61] The Millionairess
The Millionairess
(1963)[62] Hello, Dolly! (1964; 1977; 1981; 1994)[61] Four on a Garden (1971)[61] Lorelei (1973)[61] Julie's Friends at the Palace (1974) (benefit concert)[62] The Bed Before Yesterday (1976)[62] Sugar Babies (1980)[62] Jerry's Girls
Jerry's Girls
(1984)[62] Legends (1985)[62] Happy Birthday, Mr. Abbott! or Night of 100 Years (1987) (benefit concert)[62] Broadway at the Bowl (1988)[62] Give My Regards to Broadway (1991) (benefit concert)[62] Singular Sensations (2003)[62] Razzle Dazzle! (2004)[62] Carol Channing: The First Eighty Years Are the Hardest (2005)[62] Hello, Dolly! 50th Anniversary conversation with Justin Vivian Bond at New York City
New York City
Town Hall January 20, 2014 "Time Steppin’", in conversation with Tommy Tune at the Curran Theatre, San Francisco
San Francisco
November 8, 2014[63] 95th Birthday in Celebration of a Broadway Legend on March 5, 2016 at the McCallum Theatre in Palm Desert California. To date this was her last major public appearance sitting in the audience as numerous stars paid tribute.

Filmography[edit] Main article: Carol Channing
Carol Channing
in film and television Discography[edit] Main article: Carol Channing
Carol Channing
in film and television § Discography Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Work Result

1956 Tony Award Best Actress in a Musical The Vamp Nominated

1961 Show Girl Nominated

1964 Hello, Dolly! Won

1968 Academy Awards Best Supporting Actress Thoroughly Modern Millie Nominated

Golden Globes Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture Won

Tony Award Special
Special
Award Won

1974 Best Actress in a Musical Lorelei[64] Nominated

1979 Olivier Award Best Actress in a Musical Hello, Dolly! Nominated

1995 Tony Award Lifetime Achievement Award[65]

Won

1996 Drama Critics Circle Lifetime Achievement Award[66]

Won

2002 Grammy Awards Grammy Hall of Fame Hello, Dolly! Original Broadway Cast Recording Won

Tony Awards
Tony Awards
(West) Lifetime Achievement Award[67] Benefit for Aids and Actors' Fund Won

Notes[edit]

^ Channing told Larry King
Larry King
during an interview, that because her father's birth certificate was destroyed in a fire, she cannot verify the details beyond some old photos and what her mother told her.[11][12] ^ We went through the stage door alley (for the Curran Theatre), and I couldn't get the stage door open. My mother came and opened it very well. Anyway, my mother went to put the Monitors where they were supposed to go for the actors and the crew and the musicians, and she left me alone. And I stood there and realized – I'll never forget it because it came over me so strongly – that this is a temple. This is a cathedral. It's a mosque. It's a mother church. This is for people who have gotten a glimpse of creation and all they do is recreate it. I stood there and wanted to kiss the floorboards.[16] ^ Hirschfeld illustration of Channing as Lady Macbeth ^ Hirschfeld illustration of Channing with George Burns ^ Hirschfeld illustration of Channing with Liza Minelli and Zero Mostel ^ Hirschfeld illustration of Channing with Matt Mattox in The Vamp ^ Hirschfeld illustration of Channing in Hello, Dolly

References[edit]

^ Potempa, Phil (2014-08-09). "Carol Channing, 93, teams with Tune for stage tour". The Times of Northwest Indiana. Retrieved 2015-10-06.  ^ "An Evening with Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1966)". YouTube.com. Retrieved March 27, 2017.  ^ "Carol Channing, Larger Than Life (2012) - trailer". YouTube.com. Retrieved March 27, 2017.  ^ " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
biography" tcm.com; retrieved August 17, 2010. ^ a b c d e f g h Channing, Carol. Just Lucky I Guess: A Memoir of Sorts, Simon & Schuster, (2002), ISBN 0743216067 ^ Zinko, Carolyne (May 11, 2003). " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
marries long-time sweetheart" Archived 2013-06-14 at the Wayback Machine., reprinted at lowellalumni.org; retrieved June 10, 2013. ^ " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
on The Wendy Williams Show". The Wendy Show. 2010-08-24. Retrieved 2015-10-06.  ^ " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
reveals her father was Black". Jet. November 4, 2002. Retrieved April 21, 2008.  ^ "CNN.com". CNN.  ^ a b "At 82, Channing still in step", Chicago Tribune, May 22, 2003; accessed May 10, 2014. ^ Larry King
Larry King
interview with Carol Channing, CNN, Nov. 27, 2002 ^ The November 4, 2002, issue of Jet magazine reported, based on her autobiography, that Channing's father was African-American. ^ Carol Channing
Carol Channing
interview during the Hello, Dolly tour in 1994 ^ a b c d e f Kleiner, Dick. "Analyze Hello, Dolly and You Get Carol Channing", The Progress-Index (Petersburg, Virginia) July 9, 1964 ^ a b "Fake diamonds not a president's friend", The Greenville News, (Greenville, South Carolina), Nov. 8, 1992 ^ Faires, Robert (July 22, 2005). "The Carol You Don't Know". Austin Chronicle, Online Edition. Retrieved May 10, 2006.  ^ Life magazine, Nov. 28, 1955, p. 154 ^ Al Hirschfeld
Al Hirschfeld
Exhibit, WPIX News, 2013 ^ vintage video clips (21 May 2015). " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
- "Diamonds Are A Girl's Best Friend" (1957)" – via YouTube.  ^ "YouTube". www.youtube.com.  ^ toldes (24 October 2010). " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
Interview 1994 Hello, Dolly tour" – via YouTube.  ^ Leopold, David, ed.; Hirschfeld, Al (illustrations) The Hirschfeld Century: Portrait of an Artist and His Age, Knopf Doubleday (2015) ^ a b c d "Enchanting Channing: 'Oh, oh, oh, fellas; look at the old girl now, fellas'",The Orlando Sentinel Nov. 24, 1978 ^ keywslt (20 October 2015). "An Evening with Carol Channing
Carol Channing
1966" – via YouTube.  ^ "1961 Tony Award
Tony Award
Winners - Browse by Year". BroadwayWorld.com. Wisdom Digital Media. Retrieved 18 July 2012.  ^ Carol Channing
Carol Channing
at DNC for Lyndon Johnson, 1964, FilmArchives NYC ^ toldes (24 October 2010). " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
Interview 1994 Hello, Dolly tour" – via YouTube.  ^ "'Hello Dolly' Closing After Record Run", Cincinnati Enquirer, December 1, 1970. ^ "Hirschfeld cover image of Carol Channing".  ^ The Line King: The Al Hirschfeld
Al Hirschfeld
Story, Amazon Books (2004) ^ Price, Mary Sue (1984-09-30). "Well, Hello, Carol! That Luminous Lady Lights City's Night". NewsOK. Retrieved 2015-10-06.  ^ "Hello, Dolly! on Broadway". Playbill Vault. Retrieved 2015-10-06.  ^ Hello, Dolly (London appearance, 1979), youtube.com; accessed January 15, 2017. ^ "Awards for Thoroughly Modern Millie". Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967). IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved July 18, 2012.  ^ "The 40th Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(1968) Nominees and Winners". The Awards. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 18, 2012.  ^ "Thoroughly Modern Millie". Award Search. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on September 11, 2012. Retrieved July 18, 2012.  ^ Shapiro, Eddie. Nothing Like a Dame: Conversations with the Great Women of Musical Theater, Oxford Univ. Press (2014) p. 34 ^ "The Carol Channing
Carol Channing
Show" (1966), IMDB ^ BHB PR (15 September 2014). " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
TV and Film Clips" – via YouTube.  ^ Carol Channing
Carol Channing
on What's My Line ^ NedNickerson2010 (28 September 2012). " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
& Andy Williams - HILARIOUS Cecilia Sisson Comedy Sketch" – via YouTube.  ^ Carol Channing
Carol Channing
in Alice in Wonderland (1985) ^ Carol Channing
Carol Channing
sings to Sammy the Snake on YouTube ^ Tom B (13 September 2009). "Little Girl from Little Rock - Carol Channing" – via YouTube.  ^ "Documentary film about Carol Channing
Carol Channing
premieres in January 2011", latimes.com, January 20, 2012; accessed September 29, 2015. ^ Watch Out For Willie Carter, Amazon Books ^ Shapiro, Eddie. Nothing Like a Dame: Conversations with the Great Women of Musical Theater. p. 33.  ^ "Meet Chan Lowe". Slate. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved April 21, 2008.  ^ Oliver, Myrna (1999-09-05). "Obituaries: Charles Lowe; Husband of Carol Channing". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-10-06.  ^ Winn, Steven (October 24, 2002). "Looking swell: Carol Channing's back in the spotlight with memoir and plans for new show". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 21, 2008.  ^ " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
on her battle with ovarian cancer", outinperth.com; accessed September 29, 2015. ^ "Super Bowl halftime headliners", Arizona Republic (Phoenix), Dec. 2, 2007 ^ "Carol Channing". IMDb.  ^ "26 Elected to the Theater Hall of Fame", The New York Times, March 3, 1981. ^ "Dolly is back where she belongs", Chicago Tribune, Feb. 14, 1988 ^ Hodgins, Paul (February 4, 2006). "Carol Channing: A Lifetime of Experience". Orange County Register. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 21, 2007.  ^ Moran, Frankie (November 8, 2006). " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
to Offer Highlights From Her Six Decade Career". North County Times. Retrieved August 21, 2007.  ^ Gans, Andrew (May 13, 2004). " Carol Channing
Carol Channing
Honored By York Theatre Company". Playbill.com. Archived from the original on December 18, 2004. Retrieved September 21, 2008.  ^ " Palm Springs Walk of Stars
Palm Springs Walk of Stars
- Palm Springs.com". palmsprings.com.  ^ Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS (16 December 2010). "Carol Channing - Gypsy of the Year 2010 Opening" – via YouTube.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Monush, Barry. The Encyclopedia of Hollywood Film Actors, Applause Books (2003) p. 123 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Carole Channing Biography & Film/TV List, Netogram.com ^ Hurwitt, Robert. "Theater: Carol Channing
Carol Channing
and Tommy Tune tell all" Gate, November 9, 2014 ^ MrPoochsmooch (13 April 2012). "Lorelei - Carol Channing
Carol Channing
1974 Tony Awards" – via YouTube.  ^ "Curtain Up", The Baltimore Sun, June 5, 1995 p. 38 ^ "Awards: 'Folly,' 'Captivity,' 'Wit' Honored", Los Angeles Times, March 20, 1996 ^ " Tony Awards
Tony Awards
West", Los Angeles Times, June 9, 2002

Further reading[edit]

Just Lucky I Guess: A Memoir of Sorts by Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(Simon & Schuster, 2002) Diary of a Mad Playwright: Perilous Adventures on the Road with Mary Martin and Carol Channing
Carol Channing
by James Kirkwood, Jr., about production of the play Legends (Dutton, 1989)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carol Channing.

Carol Channing
Carol Channing
on IMDb Carol Channing
Carol Channing
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Carol ChanningPlaybillVault.com Carol Channing
Carol Channing
at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Carol Channing
Carol Channing
- Downstage Center interview at American Theatre Wing.org TonyAwards.com Interview with Carol Channing Photo of Carol Channing
Carol Channing
in 1965 with her son, Chan American Foundation for Arts Education Channing-Kullijian Foundation for the Arts at the Wayback Machine (archived April 12, 2009)

v t e

Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture

Katina Paxinou
Katina Paxinou
(1943) Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead
(1944) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1945) Anne Baxter
Anne Baxter
(1946) Celeste Holm
Celeste Holm
(1947) Ellen Corby
Ellen Corby
(1948) Mercedes McCambridge
Mercedes McCambridge
(1949) Josephine Hull (1950) Kim Hunter
Kim Hunter
(1951) Katy Jurado
Katy Jurado
(1952) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1953) Jan Sterling
Jan Sterling
(1954) Marisa Pavan
Marisa Pavan
(1955) Eileen Heckart (1956) Elsa Lanchester
Elsa Lanchester
(1957) Hermione Gingold
Hermione Gingold
(1958) Susan Kohner
Susan Kohner
(1959) Janet Leigh
Janet Leigh
(1960) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1961) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1962) Margaret Rutherford
Margaret Rutherford
(1963) Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead
(1964) Ruth Gordon
Ruth Gordon
(1965) Jocelyne LaGarde (1966) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1967) Ruth Gordon
Ruth Gordon
(1968) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1969) Karen Black/ Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1970) Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
(1971) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1972) Linda Blair
Linda Blair
(1973) Karen Black
Karen Black
(1974) Brenda Vaccaro
Brenda Vaccaro
(1975) Katharine Ross
Katharine Ross
(1976) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1977) Dyan Cannon
Dyan Cannon
(1978) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1979) Mary Steenburgen
Mary Steenburgen
(1980) Joan Hackett
Joan Hackett
(1981) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1982) Cher
Cher
(1983) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1984) Meg Tilly
Meg Tilly
(1985) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1986) Olympia Dukakis
Olympia Dukakis
(1987) Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1988) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1989) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1990) Mercedes Ruehl
Mercedes Ruehl
(1991) Joan Plowright
Joan Plowright
(1992) Winona Ryder
Winona Ryder
(1993) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1994) Mira Sorvino
Mira Sorvino
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Kim Basinger
Kim Basinger
(1997) Lynn Redgrave
Lynn Redgrave
(1998) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1999) Kate Hudson
Kate Hudson
(2000) Jennifer Connelly
Jennifer Connelly
(2001) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2002) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2003) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2004) Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2005) Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
(2006) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Mo'Nique
Mo'Nique
(2009) Melissa Leo
Melissa Leo
(2010) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2011) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2012) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2013) Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette
(2014) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2015) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2016) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2017)

v t e

Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year

1951–1975

Gertrude Lawrence
Gertrude Lawrence
(1951) Barbara Bel Geddes
Barbara Bel Geddes
(1952) Mamie Eisenhower
Mamie Eisenhower
(1953) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1954) Debbie Reynolds
Debbie Reynolds
(1955) Peggy Ann Garner
Peggy Ann Garner
(1956) Carroll Baker
Carroll Baker
(1957) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1958) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1959) Carol Lawrence
Carol Lawrence
(1960) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1961) Piper Laurie
Piper Laurie
(1962) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1963) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1964) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1965) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1966) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1967) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1968) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1969) Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
(1970) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1971) Ruby Keeler
Ruby Keeler
(1972) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1973) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1974) Valerie Harper
Valerie Harper
(1975)

1976–2000

Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1976) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1977) Beverly Sills
Beverly Sills
(1978) Candice Bergen
Candice Bergen
(1979) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1980) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(1981) Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald
(1982) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1983) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
(1984) Cher
Cher
(1985) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1986) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1987) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1988) Kathleen Turner
Kathleen Turner
(1989) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1990) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1991) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1992) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1993) Meg Ryan
Meg Ryan
(1994) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1995) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1996) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1997) Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1998) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1999) Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
(2000)

2001–present

Drew Barrymore
Drew Barrymore
(2001) Sarah Jessica Parker
Sarah Jessica Parker
(2002) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(2003) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2004) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2005) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2006) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2007) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2008) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2009) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2010) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2011) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2012) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Amy Poehler
Amy Poehler
(2015) Kerry Washington
Kerry Washington
(2016) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2017) Mila Kunis
Mila Kunis
(2018)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical

Grace Hartman (1948) Nanette Fabray
Nanette Fabray
(1949) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1950) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1951) Gertrude Lawrence
Gertrude Lawrence
(1952) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1953) Dolores Gray
Dolores Gray
(1954) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1955) Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1956) Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday
(1957) Thelma Ritter
Thelma Ritter
/ Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1958) Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1959) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1960) Elizabeth Seal (1961) Anna Maria Alberghetti
Anna Maria Alberghetti
/ Diahann Carroll
Diahann Carroll
(1962) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1963) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1964) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1965) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1966) Barbara Harris (1967) Patricia Routledge / Leslie Uggams
Leslie Uggams
(1968) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1969) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1970) Helen Gallagher
Helen Gallagher
(1971) Alexis Smith
Alexis Smith
(1972) Glynis Johns
Glynis Johns
(1973) Virginia Capers (1974) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1975) Donna McKechnie
Donna McKechnie
(1976) Dorothy Loudon
Dorothy Loudon
(1977) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1978) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1979) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(1980) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1981) Jennifer Holliday (1982) Natalia Makarova
Natalia Makarova
(1983) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1984) No Award (1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) Maryann Plunkett (1987) Joanna Gleason
Joanna Gleason
(1988) Ruth Brown
Ruth Brown
(1989) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1990) Lea Salonga
Lea Salonga
(1991) Faith Prince (1992) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1993) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1996) Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Natasha Richardson
Natasha Richardson
(1998) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1999) Heather Headley (2000) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2001) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2002) Marissa Jaret Winokur
Marissa Jaret Winokur
(2003) Idina Menzel
Idina Menzel
(2004) Victoria Clark
Victoria Clark
(2005) LaChanze
LaChanze
(2006) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Alice Ripley
Alice Ripley
(2009) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2010) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Patina Miller
Patina Miller
(2013) Jessie Mueller
Jessie Mueller
(2014) Kelli O'Hara
Kelli O'Hara
(2015) Cynthia Erivo (2016) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 42029623 LCCN: n81080999 ISNI: 0000 0000 6309 9352 GND: 124259030 BNF: cb139378746 (data) MusicBrainz: 1b3004ab-ca43-495e-8b11-88a10773c

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