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Carnforth
Carnforth
is a small town and civil parish near Lancaster in the north of Lancashire, England, situated at the north east end of Morecambe Bay. The parish of Carnforth
Carnforth
had a population of 5,350 recorded in the 2001 census,[1] and forms part of the City of Lancaster. The 2011 Census measured a population of 5,560.[2] Due to the closeness of the coast and the hills, Carnforth
Carnforth
is a popular base for walkers and cyclists exploring the area. The River Keer, the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
(WCML), the A6 and the Lancaster Canal pass through the town. The M6 motorway
M6 motorway
passes just to the east, linked to Carnforth
Carnforth
by the A601(M).

Contents

1 History 2 David Lean
David Lean
film 3 Sport 4 Education 5 Health service 6 Geography 7 Governance 8 Notable people 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] The name "Carnforth" is thought to derive from its old function as a ford of the River Keer
River Keer
on which it is situated. Over time the descriptive name "Keer-ford" may have morphed into the modern "Carnforth". An alternative explanation is that the name derives from 'Chreneforde' and is Anglo-Saxon in origin, as cited in the Victoria County History of Lancashire. Much of the history of Carnforth
Carnforth
revolves around the railway and ironworks. Vast deposits of limestone located locally made Carnforth an ideal place for an ironworks, as limestone is a key component of the smelting process. In 1846 the Carnforth
Carnforth
Ironworks
Ironworks
Company established a works, located near the railway station. In the same year a recession occurred in the Earl of Dudley
Earl of Dudley
ironworks in Worcestershire, this meant there was a surplus of workers. A number of workers moved to the ironworks and lived in the nearby company village of Dudley (now called Millhead). In 1864 the Carnforth
Carnforth
Haematite Company took over the works and production was vastly increased due to iron ore that was brought in by rail from the Furness
Furness
Peninsula. By 1872 steel production became the main focus for the works using the new Bessemer process. By 1889 this process had failed.[citation needed] Iron production continued at the works until 1929 when it eventually closed down. The site was taken over by the War Department as an ordnance depot and remained as such until the 1960s. From then to the present the site is now an industrial estate consisting of several businesses.[3] In the 19th century, Carnforth
Carnforth
grew from a small village into a railway town when it became the junction of three major railways. With the closure of Carnforth MPD
Carnforth MPD
in 1968, the railway station facilities were reduced – the main line platforms were closed in May 1970 and subsequently removed when the line was electrified two years later. As a result, no express services on the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
(WCML) call at the town. The railway station is nowadays served by trains from Lancaster to Barrow and Leeds. An important motive power depot was located to the west of the WCML and was one of the last to retain an allocation of steam locomotives until mid-1968. The buildings are now occupied by West Coast Railways[4] who still maintain and overhaul steam locos in their premises. The concrete locomotive coaling tower is a rare survivor. From the 1920s to the 1980s Morphy's Mill, in Oxford Street, was a major employer of women in Carnforth. Contrary to its name it was not a mill but a factory making blouses and other garments.[5][6] David Lean
David Lean
film[edit] In 1945, Carnforth railway station
Carnforth railway station
was used as a set for the David Lean film Brief Encounter, starring Celia Johnson
Celia Johnson
and Trevor Howard. Fans of this film were one of the major factors in the recent refurbishment of the railway station, including construction of a refreshment room to match the studio set used in the film, which is now run by the Carnforth
Carnforth
Station Trust.[7][8]

Gallery of film locations

Carnforth railway station
Carnforth railway station
refreshment room - scene for much of the film

Carnforth railway station
Carnforth railway station
clock and ramp from subway under platforms

Sport[edit] The town has a popular rugby club Carnforth
Carnforth
RUFC and football team Carnforth
Carnforth
Rangers. Education[edit] Primary schools:

Our Lady of Lourdes RC Primary School North Road Primary School Christ Church C of E Primary School

Secondary schools:

Carnforth
Carnforth
High School

There is also a small public library within the town.[9] Health service[edit] There is a general practice surgery in the town with eleven partners and four associate GPs. It has smaller surgeries in Arnside, Bolton-le-Sands, Halton, and Silverdale, to serve patients in outlying villages.[10] It is within the North Lancashire
Lancashire
clinical commissioning group and patients are served by the University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Foundation Trust. There is also an NHS clinic, adjacent to the GP practice, used for a variety of services.[11][12] Geography[edit]

Destinations from Carnforth

Silverdale, Ulverston Millhead, Kendal, Warton Capernwray, Kirkby Lonsdale

Morecambe
Morecambe
Bay, Barrow-in-Furness

Carnforth

Over Kellet, Gressingham, Pennines

Bolton-le-Sands, Hest Bank, Morecambe, Heysham Nether Kellet, Lancaster, Galgate, Garstang, Preston Aughton, Caton

Governance[edit] An electoral ward in the same name exists. This ward is smaller than the parish with a total population of 4,439.[13] Notable people[edit] The Conservative Party politician Cecil Parkinson
Cecil Parkinson
was born in Carnforth
Carnforth
in 1931 and became Baron Parkinson of Carnforth
Carnforth
in 1992. See also[edit]

Lancashire
Lancashire
portal

Listed buildings in Carnforth Carnforth
Carnforth
War Memorial

References[edit]

^ "Parish headcount" (PDF). Lancashire
Lancashire
County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 December 2006. Retrieved 10 January 2009.  ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 7 June 2015.  ^ " Carnforth
Carnforth
Canal Walks" (PDF). Simon Holt Marketing Services. p. 16. Retrieved 8 October 2007.  ^ "Yorkshire and Scotland Steam Train Trips – Online Booking Now Available all operated by West Coast Railways". Westcoastrailways.co.uk. Retrieved 22 August 2012.  ^ Jones, Sheila (2013). "Morphy's Mill (Part One)" (PDF). Mourholme Magazine of Local History. 63: 4–10. Retrieved 6 March 2016.  ^ Jones, Sheila (2013). "Morphy's Mill (Part Two)" (PDF). Mourholme Magazine of Local History. 64: 4–10. Retrieved 6 March 2016.  ^ " Carnforth
Carnforth
Station Heritage Centre – Home of Brief Encounter". Carnforth-station.co.uk. 17 October 2003. Retrieved 22 August 2012.  ^ " Carnforth
Carnforth
Station Heritage Centre – Home of Brief Encounter". Carnforthstation.co.uk. 17 October 2003. Retrieved 22 August 2012.  ^ " Carnforth
Carnforth
Library". Libraries. Lancashire
Lancashire
County Council. Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ "Home page". Ash Trees Surgery. Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ " Carnforth
Carnforth
Clinic". NHS Property Services. Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ "Open repair clinics". Audiology. University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay. Retrieved 7 November 2017.  ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutCarnforthat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

Visit Carnforth
Carnforth
Website – Tourism Website for Carnforth Carnforth
Carnforth
Town Council – Official Website for the Town (parish) Council of Carnforth

v t e

Geography of the City of Lancaster

Cities & towns

Carnforth Lancaster Morecambe

Villages & suburbs

Abbeystead Abraham Heights Aldcliffe Arkholme Aughton Bank Houses Bare Bay Horse Bolton-le-Sands Borwick Cantsfield Caton Claughton Cockerham Conder Green Cowan Bridge Dolphinholme Ellel Galgate Glasson Gressingham Halton-on-Lune Heysham Hornby Ireby Lower Thurnham Melling Middleton Nether Burrow Nether Kellet Over Kellet Overton Poulton-le-Sands Priest Hutton Quernmore Scotforth Silverdale Skerton Slyne Sunderland Tatham Tewitfield Torrisholme Tunstall Upper Thurnham Warton Wennington Whittington Wray Yealand Conyers Yealand Redmayne Yealand Storrs

Parishes

Arkholme-with-Cawood Bolton-le-Sands Borwick Burrow-with-Burrow Cantsfield Carnforth Caton-with-Littledale Claughton Cockerham Ellel Gressingham Halton-with-Aughton Heaton-with-Oxcliffe Hornby-with-Farleton Ireby Leck Melling-with-Wrayton Middleton Morecambe Nether Kellet Over Kellet Over Wyresdale Overton Priest Hutton Quernmore Roeburndale Scotforth Silverdale Slyne-with-Hest Tatham Thurnham Tunstall Warton Wennington Whittington Wray-with-Botton Yealand Conyers Yealand Redmayne

Topography

Arnside
Arnside
and Silverdale AONB Forest of Bowland
Forest of Bowland
AONB

Footpaths

Lancashire
Lancashire
Coastal Way Lancashire
Lancashire
Witches Walk

Hills

Clougha Pike Gragareth Green Hill Grit Fell Hawthornthwaite Fell Leck Fell Ward's Stone Warton Crag White Hill Wolfhole Crag

Rivers

Cocker Conder Greta Grizedale Hindburn Keer Lune Roeburn Wenning Wyre

Other waterways

Artle Beck Lancaster Canal Leck Beck

v t e

Ceremonial county of Lancashire

North West England
North West England
Portal

Unitary authorities

Blackburn
Blackburn
with Darwen Blackpool

Boroughs or districts

City of Lancaster City of Preston Burnley Chorley Fylde Hyndburn Pendle Ribble Valley Rossendale South Ribble West Lancashire Wyre

Major settlements

Accrington Adlington Bacup Barnoldswick Blackburn Blackpool Brierfield Burnley Carnforth Chorley Cleveleys Clitheroe Colne Darwen Earby Fleetwood Garstang Great Harwood Haslingden Kirkham Lancaster Leyland Longridge Lytham St Annes Morecambe Nelson Ormskirk Oswaldtwistle Padiham Penwortham Poulton-le-Fylde Preesall Preston Rawtenstall Rishton Skelmersdale Waterfoot Whitworth See also: List of civil parishes in Lancashire

Rivers

Calder Darwen Douglas Hodder Irwell Lune Ribble Wyre

Canals

Lancaster Leeds and Liverpool

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements Schools SSSIs Country houses Grade I buildings Grade II* buildings History Museums Lord Lieuten

.