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In ancient Roman religion and myth, Carmenta
Carmenta
was a goddess of childbirth and prophecy, associated with technological innovation as well as the protection of mothers and children, and a patron of midwives. She was also said to have invented the Latin alphabet.

Contents

1 Background 2 See also 3 References

3.1 Primary sources 3.2 Secondary sources

4 External links

Background[edit]

Porta Carmentalis
Porta Carmentalis
(at location 12)

The name Carmenta
Carmenta
is derived from Latin carmen, meaning a magic spell, oracle or song, and also the root of the English word charm. Her original name was Nicostrate, but it was changed later to honor her renown for giving oracles. She was the mother of Evander and along with other followers they founded the town of Pallantium, which later was one of the sites of the start of Rome. Gaius Julius Hyginus (Fab. 277) mentions the legend that it was she who altered fifteen letters of the Greek alphabet to become the Latin alphabet, which her son Evander introduced into Latium. Carmenta
Carmenta
was one of the Camenae, and the Cimmerian Sibyl. The leader of her cult was called the flamen carmentalis. It was forbidden to wear leather or other forms of dead skin in her temple, which was next to the Porta Carmentalis
Porta Carmentalis
in Rome. Her festival, called the Carmentalia, was celebrated primarily by women on January 11 and January 15. See also[edit]

Theodontius

References[edit] Primary sources[edit]

Ovid, Fasti i.461-542 Servius, In Aeneida viii.51 Solinus, Collectanea rerum memorabilium i.10, 13

Secondary sources[edit]

The Dictionary of Classical Mythology by Pierre Grimal, page 89 "Carmenta" The Book of the City of Ladies, by Christine de Pizan, section I.33.2

External links[edit]

Roman Mythology List of Minor Roman Gods Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, page 589 (v. 1)

v t e

Time
Time
in religion and mythology

Time
Time
and fate deities Eternity Eschatology Golden Age Divination Prophecy Calendar Fate

v t e

Ancient Roman religion and mythology

Deities

Apollo Bellona Bona Dea Castor and Pollux Ceres Cupid Diana Dīs Pater Egeria Fauna Faunus Flora Genius Hercules Janus Juno Jupiter Lares Liber Libertas Lucina Mars Mercury Minerva Orcus Neptune Penates Pluto Pomona Priapus Proserpina Quirinus Saturn Silvanus Sol Venus Vesta Vulcan

Abstract deities

Abundantia Aequitas Concordia Fides Fortuna Pietas Roma Salus Securitas Spes Victoria Terra

Legendary figures

Aeneas Rhea Silvia Romulus and Remus Numa Pompilius Tullus Hostilius Servius Tullius Ancus Marcius Lucius Tarquinius Priscus Lucius Tarquinius Superbus

Texts

Virgil

Aeneid

Ovid

Metamorphoses Fasti

Propertius Apuleius

The Golden Ass

Varro

Concepts and practices

Religion in ancient Rome Festivals Interpretatio graeca Imperial cult Temples

See also

Glossary of ancient Roman religion Greek mythology Myth and ritual Classical mythology Conversion to Christianity Decline of Greco-Roma

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