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The Carlton Club
Carlton Club
is a gentlemen's club in London
London
which describes itself as the "oldest, and most important of all Conservative clubs in Britain."[1] Membership of the club is by nomination and election only.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Where it was formed 1.2 Carlton Club
Carlton Club
meeting 1.3 Bombing by the Luftwaffe, and move to current building 1.4 Junior Carlton Club 1.5 Bombing by IRA

2 Membership 3 Notable members 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

Pall Mall with the Carlton Club, photographed by James Valentine

The club was founded in 1832, by Tory
Tory
peers, MPs and gentlemen, as a place to coordinate party activity after the party's defeat over the First Reform Act. It later played a major role in the transformation of the Tory
Tory
party into its modern form as the Conservative Party. The club lost its role as a central party office with the widening of the franchise after the Reform Act 1867, but remained the principal venue for key political discussions between Conservative ministers, MPs and party managers. Where it was formed[edit] The club was formed at the Thatched House Tavern in 1832 and its first premises were in Carlton Terrace (provided by Lord Kensington), from which it drew its name. These premises were quickly found too small. The second club house was situated near to the Reform Club
Reform Club
at 94 Pall Mall, London, and was purpose-built in 1835. It was replaced by a third club house on the same site in 1856. The Caen stone
Caen stone
used on the façade of the third building proved unsuitable in the London
London
atmosphere and had to be completely replaced in 1923–24.[2] Carlton Club
Carlton Club
meeting[edit] The club is most famous for the Carlton Club meeting of 19 October 1922, in which backbench Conservative MPs decided to overthrow their leader Austen Chamberlain
Austen Chamberlain
and withdraw from the David Lloyd George–led coalition government. MPs voted 187 to 87 in favour of discontinuing the coalition, after speeches from Bonar Law
Bonar Law
and Stanley Baldwin, with Baldwin saying that the fact Lloyd George was a 'dynamic force' was a danger to the stability of the Conservative party.[3] Bombing by the Luftwaffe, and move to current building[edit] The club suffered a direct hit during the Blitz on 14 October 1940,[4] No-one was killed in the explosion, although the building was destroyed. The Carlton at once moved to its current premises, at 69 St James's Street, London, formerly the premises of Arthur's Club - one of the top St James's clubs, which had closed the same year, after 150 years of operations.[5][6] The current Georgian clubhouse is architecturally important (Grade II* listed) and includes two elegant dining rooms, together with a collection of political portraits and paintings dating back to the 18th century, imported from ruins of the old club house and the former Junior Carlton Club
Junior Carlton Club
(see below). The current Carlton has not retained any of the furnishings belonging to the building when it was Arthur's club, apart from the war memorial plaque in the entrance. There is a marble Arthur's Club World War I War Memorial to be found on the wall by the stairs in the main vestibule of St James's Church Piccadilly (designed by Wren). The walls of the Disraeli and Macmillan rooms and their windows at the back of the club were part of the fabric of the original White's
White's
Club building. Junior Carlton Club[edit] The Junior Carlton Club, which was entirely separate from the Carlton itself, was established in 1864 and occupied a large purpose-built club house, completed in 1869, at 30 Pall Mall, almost opposite the Carlton. This was sold early in the 1960s and part of the proceeds used to buy the site of the former Carlton Club
Carlton Club
building at 94 Pall Mall. The erection of the new clubhouse on this site in a modern 1960's prototype 'club of the future' led to mass resignations from that club. In December 1977 it formally merged with the Carlton Club, with negotiations conducted by Harold Macmillan. Bombing by IRA[edit] At 8:39 p.m. on 25 June 1990, the Carlton Club
Carlton Club
was bombed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
(IRA), injuring more than 20 people.[7] Lord Kaberry later died of his injuries received in the attack.[8] Membership[edit] Many Conservative politicians have been members. The leader of the Conservative Party is invited to become an honorary member. Iain Duncan Smith refused membership when it was offered to him. Traditionally, only men could become full members after being proposed and seconded by a number of current members. From the 1970s onwards, women were allowed to become associate members, meaning they were unable to vote. On becoming Conservative leader in 1975, Margaret Thatcher was made an honorary member of the club and, as such, until 2008 was the only female member entitled to full membership. David Cameron
David Cameron
accepted honorary membership of the club as of 22 May 2008. Thatcher was elected as the club's second president (the first was Harold Macmillan) in May 2009. An entirely separate, unrelated Ladies' Carlton Club
Carlton Club
was established after the First World War as a social and political centre for women Conservatives. It closed in 1958. The current chairman is Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde. A full history of the club was published to mark its 175th anniversary in 2007. Notable members[edit]

Leo Amery[9] Michael Ancram Stanley Baldwin[9] Arthur Balfour[9] Alexander Bruce, 6th Lord Balfour of Burleigh[9] F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead[9] Bonar Law[9] William Bridgeman, 1st Viscount Bridgeman[9] St John Brodrick[9] Patrick Buchan-Hepburn[9] Rab Butler[9] David Cameron George Cave, 1st Viscount Cave[9] Austen Chamberlain[9] Neville Chamberlain[9] John Colomb Harry Crookshank, 1st Viscount Crookshank[9] Philip Cunliffe-Lister[9] Aretas Akers-Douglas, 1st Viscount Chilston[9] Lord Randolph Churchill Winston Churchill[9] (twice; a member 1900-5, resigned when he defected to the Liberal party, and rejoined from 1926 until his death) Ronald McNeill, 1st Baron Cushendun[9] J. C. C. Davidson, 1st Viscount Davidson Jim Davidson Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby[9] Benjamin Disraeli Sir Alec Douglas-Home[9] Sir Anthony Eden[9] Walter Elliot[9] Bolton Eyres-Monsell[9] Christopher Gabbitas Sir John Gilmour[9] William Hague Michael Heseltine Douglas Hogg Douglas Hogg, 1st Viscount Hailsham[9] Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone E. F. L. Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax[9] Lord Claud Hamilton[9] Lord George Hamilton[9] Sir Samuel Hoare,[9] 1st Viscount Templewood William Joynson-Hicks[9] David Heathcoat-Amory Derick Heathcoat-Amory[9] Edward Heath[9] Boris Johnson David Maxwell Fyfe[9] Rudyard Kipling[9] George Kynoch (currently Deputy Chairman) Alan Lennox-Boyd[9] Geoffrey William Lloyd[9] Selwyn Lloyd[9] Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 6th Marquess of Londonderry[9] Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 7th Marquess of Londonderry[9] Walter Long, 1st Viscount Long[9] Harold Macmillan[9] Maurice Macmillan, Viscount Macmillan of Ovenden[9] John Major Theresa May[10] Percy Mills, 1st Viscount Mills[9] William Morrison[9] Walter Guinness, 1st Baron Moyne[9] Gerald Nabarro[9] Ronald Munro-Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar[9] Osbert Peake[9] William Wellesley Peel, 1st Earl Peel[9] Charles Ritchie, 1st Baron Ritchie of Dundee[9] Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury[9] James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury[9] Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury[9] Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury[9] Robert Sanders[9] Guy Spier James Stanhope, 7th Earl Stanhope[9] Sir Peter Tapsell Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher
(honorary member) Peter Walker, Baron Walker of Worcester
Peter Walker, Baron Walker of Worcester
(former Chairman) William Walrond, 1st Baron Waleran[9] Ann Widdecombe
Ann Widdecombe
(first full female member, June, 2008) Sir Kingsley Wood[9] Frederick Marquis, 1st Earl of Woolton[9] George Wyndham[9]

See also[edit]

List of London's gentlemen's clubs

References[edit]

^ "ConservativeHome's ToryDiary: Women to remain half-members at the Carlton Club". Conservativehome.blogs.com. 2007-05-19. Retrieved 2013-11-28.  ^ Survey of London: volumes 29 and 30: St James Westminster, Part 1 (1960), pp. 180–86, online at British-History.ac.uk (accessed 18 January 2008) ^ Keith Middlemass and John Barnes, Baldwin (Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1969) ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-13.  ^ "St. James's Street, West Side, Past Buildings Survey of London: volumes 29 and 30 (pp. 459–471)". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 2013-11-28.  ^ "The Carlton Club". Traditional Gentlemen's Clubs of London. Retrieved 2017-06-29.  ^ "BBC Review of the IRA bombing". News.bbc.co.uk.  ^ "Sutton Index of Deaths". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 2013-11-28.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh Who Was Who, 1897–present (OUP, 2007) ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/09/21/theresa-may-rejoins-the-historic-carlton-club-15-years-after-qui/

External links[edit]

Official website Architectural description and plans – from the Survey of London online

v t e

Gentlemen's clubs historically aligned with the Tories, Unionists and/or Conservatives

Current

White's
White's
1693–present (No longer politically aligned) Boodle's
Boodle's
1762–present (No longer politically aligned) Carlton Club
Carlton Club
1832–present

Former

Cocoa-Tree Club 18th century-1932 Conservative Club 1841–1950 Junior Carlton Club
Junior Carlton Club
1866–1977 City Carlton Club
Carlton Club
1868 – Early 20th century Beaconsfield Club 1880–1887 Palace Club 1882–1900s Constitutional Club 1883–1979 Unionist Club 1886–1892 National Conservative Club 1886–1890s Primrose Club 1886–1910s Junior Constitutional Club 1887 – Early 20th century National Union 1887–1890s Junior Conservative Club 1889 – Early 20th century Ladies' Carlton Club
Carlton Club
Late 19th/early 20th century Ladies' Imperial Club Early 20th century St Stephen's Club
St Stephen's Club
1870–2013

v t e

Electoral reform in the United Kingdom

Reform Acts

Parliamentary

England and Wales, 1832 Scotland, 1832 Ireland, 1832 England and Wales, 1867 Scotland, 1868 Ireland, 1868

Municipal

Scotland, 1833 England and Wales, 1835 Ireland, 1840

Representation of the People Acts

1884 1918 1928 1948 1949 1969 1981 1983 1985 1989 1990 1991 1993 2000

Other related Acts

Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 Parliamentary Elections Act 1868 Ballot Act 1872 Corrupt and Illegal Practices Prevention Act 1883 Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949 European Assembly Elections Act 1978 Parliamentary Constituencies Act 1986 Registration of Political Parties Act 1998 European Parliamentary Elections Act 1999 Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 Electoral Administration Act 2006 Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011 Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 Electoral Registration and Administration Act 2013

Related topics

Unreformed House of Commons Chartism Reform Club Carlton Club Rotten and pocket boroughs Women's suffrage

Wales

United Kingdom Alternative Vote refe

.