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Carlton "Carly" Barrett (17 December 1950 – 17 April 1987) was an influential reggae drummer and percussionist. His musical development in the early years was with his brother Aston "Family Man" Barrett as a member of Lee "Scratch" Perry's "house band" The Upsetters. The brothers joined Bob Marley
Bob Marley
and The Wailers around 1970. He wrote the well known Bob Marley
Bob Marley
song "War" and with his brother Aston co-wrote "Talkin' Blues". Carlton Barrett is featured on all the albums recorded by the Wailers. Barrett popularised the one drop rhythm, a percussive drumming style created by Winston Grennan. With Carly's beats and his brother Aston's bass, the Wailer rhythm section planted the seeds of today's international reggae. Barrett was murdered outside his home in Jamaica
Jamaica
on 17 April 1987. Biography[edit] "Carly Barrett", as he liked to be called, was born in Jamaica
Jamaica
in 1950, the son of Wilfred and Violet Barrett. As a teenager he built his first set of drums out of some empty paint tins, and had initially been influenced by Lloyd Knibb, the great drummer from the Skatalites. He and his brother Aston were raised in Kingston and absorbed the emerging ska sound. Working as a welder he first tried building a guitar and playing. He realised guitar wasn't his thing and picked up the drums. In the late 1960s Carlton started playing sessions with his brother Aston, the pair calling themselves the Soul Mates or the Rhythm Force, before settling on The Hippy Boys, a line-up that featured Max Romeo on vocals. Leroy Brown, Delano Stewart, Glen Adams
Glen Adams
and Alva Lewis also played in the band's fluctuating line-up. The Hippy Boys became one of Kingston's busiest session bands; fittingly their first recording was "Watch This Sound", backing the late Slim Smith. They also released a couple of albums for Lloyd Charmers, Reggae
Reggae
with the Hippy Boys and Reggae
Reggae
Is Tight. As well as playing on many sessions for Bunny Lee
Bunny Lee
and Sonia Pottinger, the Barrett brothers also played on two 1969 UK chart hits, "Liquidator" for Harry J, and "Return of Django" for Lee "Scratch" Perry, with whom they had now taken root. For Perry, they took the name The Upsetters, and knocked out a long run of instrumentals, including "Clint Eastwood", "Cold Sweat", "Night Doctor", and "Live Injection". It was while with Perry that the Barrett brothers first teamed up with The Wailers, then a vocal trio consisting of Bob, Peter and Bunny. After recording many now classic numbers, Carly and Aston decided to team up with The Wailers on a permanent basis. The Barrett brothers recorded several singles with the Wailers in 1969–70: "My Cup (Runneth Over)", "Duppy Conqueror, "Soul Rebel", and "Small Axe". Most of these songs appeared on two Perry-produced Wailers albums: Soul Rebels
Soul Rebels
and Soul Revolution, and formed the early foundation of the one drop sound. Though original Wailers Peter Tosh
Peter Tosh
and Bunny Livingston
Bunny Livingston
left the group in 1973, Carlton and Aston remained with Bob Marley
Bob Marley
and went on to record Natty Dread
Natty Dread
in 1974. Carlton has songwriting credits for two of Natty Dread's songs: "Talkin' Blues" and "Them Belly Full". Carlton remained with the Wailers in the studio and on tour until Bob Marley's death in 1981. His signature style can be heard on every recording the Wailers produced since 1969, with the exception of the 1970 "Soul Shakedown Party" sessions produced by Leslie Kong. On 17 April 1987, just as Carlton arrived at his Kingston home and walked across his yard, a gunman stepped up behind him and shot him twice in the head. He was dead on arrival at a Kingston hospital at age 36. Shortly after his murder, Carlton's wife, Albertine, her lover, a taxi driver named Glenroy Carter, and another man, Junior Neil, were arrested and charged with his killing. Albertine and Carter escaped the murder charge, and were instead convicted and sentenced to 7 years for conspiracy. After just one year in prison, they were released in December 1992 on a legal technicality. Equipment[edit] Throughout his tenure with the Wailers and other projects, Carlton used a standard five-piece drum set consisting of a bass drum, two tom-toms (mounted on the bass drum), a floor tom-tom, and a snare drum. Each tom-tom had only one drumhead, which gave the drums a dry sound that was ideal for the close-miked environment of the recording studio. However, it was Carlton's snare drum which was perhaps the biggest part of his signature sound. Carlton used Ludwig drums, and his snare was the popular Supraphonic model, which is made of "ludalloy", an aluminium alloy. The metal construction of the drum, in combination with the extremely high head tension that Carlton preferred, produced a loud, cutting "crack" sound that was a very prominent element of the Wailers' recordings. Carlton almost always left the snare wires of the drum disengaged, making the drum sound very similar to a timbale. It is unknown exactly what make and model of cymbals were used on Carlton's drum set, although it is very likely that they were made by the Avedis Zildjian Company
Avedis Zildjian Company
in the United States
United States
and imported into Jamaica. Carlton used only a pair of hi-hat cymbals (relatively light in weight), at times with a cloth placed between the two cymbals, and two crash cymbals (most likely of medium weight), but due the nature of Carlton's style, in which the snare drum, bass drum, and hi-hat cymbals were the primary timekeeping instruments, he did not use a ride cymbal. He also used a cowbell for live performances, evident in Bob Marley & The Wailers album Live!. External links[edit]

Carlton Barrett Website

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v t e

Bob Marley
Bob Marley
and the Wailers

Bob Marley
Bob Marley
(outline) Peter Tosh Bunny Wailer

Other vocalists: Junior Braithwaite Cherry Smith Beverley Kelso Constantine Walker Rita Marley Marcia Griffiths Judy Mowatt

Musicians: Aston Barrett Carlton Barrett Earl Lindo Tyrone Downie Alvin Patterson Al Anderson Earl Smith Donald Kinsey Junior Marvin

Studio albums

Early

The Wailing Wailers
The Wailing Wailers
(1965) Soul Rebels
Soul Rebels
(1970) Soul Revolution
Soul Revolution
(1971) The Best of The Wailers
The Best of The Wailers
(1971)

Island

Catch a Fire
Catch a Fire
(1973) Burnin' (1973) Natty Dread
Natty Dread
(1974) Rastaman Vibration
Rastaman Vibration
(1976) Exodus (1977) Kaya (1978) Survival (1979) Uprising (1980) Confrontation (1983)

Compilations

Island

Legend (1984) Rebel Music (1986) Natural Mystic (1995) One Love (2001) Gold (2005) Africa Unite
Africa Unite
(2005)

Others

African Herbsman
African Herbsman
(1973) Rasta Revolution
Rasta Revolution
(1974)

Other albums

Live

Live! (1975) Babylon by Bus
Babylon by Bus
(1978) Talkin' Blues
Talkin' Blues
(1991) Live at the Roxy (2003) Live Forever (2011) Uprising Live! (2014) Easy Skanking In Boston '78 (2015)

Remix

Chances Are (1981) Chant Down Babylon
Chant Down Babylon
(1999) B Is for Bob
B Is for Bob
(2009)

Box set

Songs of Freedom
Songs of Freedom
(1992) The Complete Bob Marley
Bob Marley
& the Wailers 1967–1972 (1997–2002)

Performances

Catch a Fire
Catch a Fire
Tour (1973) Burnin' Tour (1973) Natty Dread
Natty Dread
Tour (1975) Rastaman Vibration
Rastaman Vibration
Tour (1976) Smile Jamaica
Jamaica
Concert (1976) Exodus Tour (1977) One Love Peace Concert (1978) Kaya Tour (1978) Babylon by Bus
Babylon by Bus
Tour (1979) Survival Tour (1979–1980) Uprising Tour (1980)

Associated acts

The Skatalites The Upsetters The I Threes Word, Sound and Power The Wailers Band The Original Wailers

Related people

Chris Blackwell Errol Brown Allan Cole Coxsone Dodd Vincent Ford Neville Garrick Joe Higgs Lee Jaffe Arthur Jenkins King Sporty Leslie Kong Johnny Nash Jimmy Norman Lee "Scratch" Perry Mortimer Planno Karl Pitterson Alex Sadkin

Related articles

Discography Band members Marley Natural Upsetter Records Tuff Gong Bob Marley
Bob Marley
Museum Tribute to the Legend: Bob Marley Marley (soundtrack) Hall of Fame: A Tribute to Bob Marley's 50th Anniversary Time Will Tell: A Tribute to Bob Marley One Love: The Bob Marley
Bob Marley
Musical

Book Category Portal WikiProject

v t e

Bob Marley
Bob Marley
and the Wailers singles

Catch a Fire

"Stir It Up"

Burnin'

"Get Up, Stand Up" "I Shot the Sheriff"

Natty Dread

"No Woman, No Cry"

Rastaman Vibration

"Positive Vibration"

Exodus

"Waiting in Vain" "Jamming" "Three Little Birds" "One Love/People Get Ready"

Kaya

"Is This Love"

Survival

"Zimbabwe"

Uprising

"Could You Be Loved" "Redemption Song"

Non-album singles

"Jah Live" "Punky Reggae
Reggae
Party"

Posthumous

"Buffalo Soldier" "Iron Lion Zion" "Sun Is Shining" "Turn Your Lights Down Low" "Slogans" "Mr Brown"

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 85861437 ISNI: 0000 0000 7730 3422 GND: 134684990 MusicBrainz: 1e85ec19-0c22-4a7e-b7ce-784bae954

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