Carlsbad is an affluent seaside resort city occupying a 7-mile
(11 km) stretch of Pacific coastline in northern San Diego
County, California. The city is 87 miles (140 km) south of Los
Angeles and 35 miles (56 km) north of downtown
part of the San Diego-Carlsbad, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It
is bordered by Oceanside to the north, Vista and San Marcos to the
east and Encinitas to the south. Referred to as "The Village by the
Sea" by locals, Carlsbad is a tourist destination. The city's
estimated 2014 population was 112,299. Among the nation's top 20
wealthiest communities, Carlsbad is the 5th richest city in the state
with a median household income close to $105,000 
4 Carlsbad neighborhoods
4.1 Northwest quadrant
4.2 Northeast quadrant
4.3 Southeast quadrant
4.4 Southwest quadrant
6 Politics and government
6.1 Federal and state representation
7.1 Top employers
7.2 Notable corporate headquarters
9 Public libraries
10 Sister cities
12 Notable people
13 See also
15 External links
Statue of John Frazier
Carlsbad's history began with the
Luiseño people (the Spanish name
given to them because of their proximity to Mission San Luis Rey).
Nearly every reliable fresh water creek had at least one native
village, including one called Palamai. The site is located just
south of today's Agua Hedionda Lagoon.
The first European land exploration of Alta California, the Spanish
Portolà expedition of 1769, met native villagers while camped on
Buena Vista Creek. During the Mexican period, in 1842, the
southern portion of Carlsbad, was granted as
Rancho Agua Hedionda to
Juan María Marrón.
In the 1880s a former sailor named John Frazier dug a well in the
area. He began offering his water at the train station and soon the
whistle-stop became known as Frazier's Station. A test done on a
second fresh-water well discovered the water to be chemically similar
to that found in some of the most renowned spas in the world, and the
town was named after the famed spa in the Bohemian town of Karlsbad
(now Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic).
To take advantage of the find, the Carlsbad Land and Mineral Water
Company was formed by a German-born merchant from the Midwest named
Gerhard Schutte together with Samuel Church Smith, D. D. Wadsworth and
Henry Nelson. The naming of the town followed soon after, along with a
major marketing campaign to attract visitors. The area experienced a
period of growth, with homes and businesses sprouting up in the 1880s.
Agricultural development of citrus fruits, avocados and olives soon
changed the landscape. By the end of 1887, land prices fell throughout
San Diego County. However, the community survived on the back of its
fertile agricultural lands.
The site of John Frazier's original well can still be found at Alt
Karlsbad, a replica of a German Hanseatic house, located on Carlsbad
In 1952, Carlsbad was incorporated to avoid annexation by its
The single-runway Palomar Airport opened in 1959 after County of San
Diego officials decided to replace the Del Mar Airport. The
airport was annexed to the City of Carlsbad in 1978 and renamed
McClellan-Palomar Airport in 1982 after a local civic leader, Gerald
The first modern skateboard park, Carlsbad Skatepark, was built in
March 1976. It was located on the grounds of Carlsbad Raceway and
was designed and built by inventors Jack Graham and John O'Malley. The
site of the original Carlsbad
Skatepark and Carlsbad Raceway was
demolished in 2005 and is now an Industrial Park. However, two
skateparks have since been developed.
In March 1999, Legoland
California was opened. It was the first
Legoland theme park outside of Europe and is currently operated by
Merlin Entertainments owns 70 percent of
the shares, and the remaining 30 percent is owned by the LEGO group
and Kirkbi A/S.
Carlsbad is home to the nation's largest desalination plant.
Construction of the $1 billion Carlsbad Desalination Plant at the
Encina Power Plant
Encina Power Plant was completed in December 2015.
According to the
Census Bureau, the city has a total
area of 39.1 square miles (101 km2) of which 37.7 square miles
(98 km2) are land and 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) are (3.55%)
water, the majority of which is contained within three lagoons and one
The northern area of the city is part of a tri-city area consisting of
northern Carlsbad, southern Oceanside and western Vista.
Carlsbad has a semi-arid
Mediterranean climate (Koppen classification
BSh) and averages 263 sunny days per year. Winters are mild with
periodic rain. Frost is rare along the coast, but sometimes occurs in
inland valleys in December and January. Summer is almost rain free,
but sometimes overcast and cool with fog off the Pacific. While most
days have mild and pleasant temperatures, hot dry Santa Ana winds
bring high temperatures on a few days each year, mostly in the fall.
Climate data for Carlsbad, California
Record high °F (°C)
Average high °F (°C)
Average low °F (°C)
Record low °F (°C)
Average precipitation inches (mm)
Carlsbad has Coaster and
Amtrak rail service at its two stations,
Carlsbad Village station
Carlsbad Village station and Carlsbad Poinsettia station.
Two freeways, Interstate 5 and
California State Route 78, serve the
city of Carlsbad.
McClellan–Palomar Airport allows general aviation and limited
commercial service to Carlsbad.
The Old Santa Fe Depot, built in 1907, is a local landmark listed on
National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places and currently houses the
city's Visitor's Information Center.
For city planning and growth management purposes, Carlsbad is divided
into four distinct quadrants.
The northwest quadrant of Carlsbad (
ZIP code 92008) includes the
downtown "Village," the Barrio, and "Old Carlsbad." It was the first
part of Carlsbad to be settled. Homes range from 1950s cottages and
bungalows to elegant mansions on the hill overlooking the ocean. It is
also home to Hosp Grove Park, a grove of trees relatively untouched by
development and now designated by the city for recreational use, in
addition to the Buena Vista and Agua Hedionda Lagoons. It is located
west of El Camino Real and north of Palomar Airport Road.
"The Barrio" area is near downtown Carlsbad bordered by Carlsbad
Village Drive to the north, Tamarack Avenue to the south, Interstate 5
to the east and the railroad tracks to the west. It was settled by
Latinos in the early 20th century. It is the site of the Centro de
Aprendizaje, a Spanish division of the Carlsbad City Library.
This quadrant (
ZIP code 92010) is located east of El Camino Real and
north of Palomar Airport Road and consists mostly of single-family
homes, with larger lots found in the older area known as Chestnut
Hills and the new developments around Calavera Hills.
Lake and Mount Calavera on the eastern boundary of Carlsbad
The southeast quadrant (
ZIP code 92009) is located east of El Camino
Real and south of Palomar Airport Road and features several newer
expensive master-planned communities set among hillsides, golf
courses, Alga Norte Community Park and permanent open spaces. It
includes Bressi Ranch and the La Costa neighborhoods of Rancho La
Costa, La Costa Ridge, La Costa Oaks, La Costa Greens, and Rancho
Carillo. In 1965, La Costa gave its name to the Gold Medal Golf
Resort, La Costa Resort and Spa, now known as the Omni La Costa Resort
and Spa. Residents here are served by the Carlsbad Unified School
San Marcos Unified School District and the Encinitas Union
This quadrant (
ZIP code 92011) extends along the Pacific Ocean to the
south of the center of Carlsbad. It includes the Aviara neighborhood.
It is located west of El Camino Real and south of Palomar Airport
U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2010
United States Census Carlsbad had a population of
105,328. The population density was 2,693.1 per square mile
(1,039.8/km²). The racial makeup of Carlsbad was 87,205 (82.8%)
White, 1,379 (1.3%) African American, 514 (0.5%) Native American,
7,460 (7.1%) Asian, 198 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 4,189 (4.0%) from
other races, and 4,383 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or
Latino of any race were 13,988 persons (13.3%).
Census reported that 104,413 people (99.1% of the population)
lived in households, 459 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group
quarters, and 456 (0.4%) were institutionalized.
Out of 39,964 households in 2011, there were 26,992 (67.5%) families,
of which 12,345 (30.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in
them, 21,705 (54.3%) were married-couple families, 1,489 (3.7%) had a
male householder with no wife present, and 3,798 (9.5%) had a female
householder with no husband present. There were 12,972 (32.5%)
nonfamily households, of which 10,198 (25.5%) were made up of a
householder living alone and 3,299 (8.3%) were a householder living
alone who was 65 years or over. The average household size was 2.55
and the average family size was 3.10.
The population was spread out with 25,366 people (24.1%) under the age
of 18, 6,718 people (6.4%) aged 18 to 24, 28,073 people (26.7%) aged
25 to 44, 30,373 people (28.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 14,798 people
(14.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.4
years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.
There were 44,673 housing units at an average density of 1,142.2 per
square mile (441.0/km²), of which 26,808 (64.8%) were owner-occupied,
and 14,537 (35.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy
rate was 1.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 69,855 people (66.3%
of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 34,558
people (32.8%) lived in rental housing units.
In 2011, the median household income was $85,743 and the median family
income was $102,254, with 11.9% of households and 14.9% of families
earning $200,000 or more. Males had a median income of $80,590
versus $54,159 for females. The per capita income for the city was
$42,712. About 6.8% of families and 8.4% of the population reported
income below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18
and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.
Of the population 25 years and over, 95.7% graduated from high school
and 51.3% held a bachelor's degree or higher. 65.2% of the population
16 years and over was in the labor force.
As of the census of 2000, there were 78,247 people, 31,521 households,
and 20,898 families residing in the city. The population density
was 2,090.2 people per square mile (806.9/km²). There were 33,798
housing units at an average density of 902.8 per square mile
(348.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.6% Caucasian, 1.0%
African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific
Islander, 4.7% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.7% of the population.
There were 31,521 households out of which 30.7% contained children
under the age of 18, 54.3% were married couples living together, 8.6%
had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were
non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of single
individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age
or older. The mean household size was 2.46 and the mean family size
23.3% of residents were under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 31.9%
from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% 65 years of age or
older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were
95.8 males. Among those 18 and older, there were 92.8 males for every
Politics and government
Carlsbad voters in 2008 voted to make Carlsbad a charter city. City
government is led by an elected mayor and four council members,
elected at large.
Carlsbad's current mayor is Matt Hall, who has served since 2010.
Starting with the 2018 elections, Carlsbad will go from having its
city council members being at large to district representation. The
mayoral office will remain at large. .
The city has drafted ordinances protecting sensitive wildlife habitat,
becoming one of the first municipalities in
California to do so. The
city has also pledged to protect about 40 percent of the city as
permanent open space.
Federal and state representation
California State Legislature, Carlsbad is in the 36th Senate
District, represented by Republican Patricia Bates, and in the 76th
Assembly District, represented by Republican Rocky Chávez.
United States House of Representatives, Carlsbad is in
California's 49th congressional district, represented by Republican
Carlsbad's core industries include information technology, video game
development, manufacturing, robotics, medical devices, life science,
wireless technology, clean technology, action sports, tourism, design
development and real estate. In 2013, Google named Carlsbad the
digital capital of
California with the strongest online business
Carlsbad is also known as the "Titanium Valley" because of it being
the golf manufacturing capital of the world. With Callaway Golf
TaylorMade-adidas Golf Company, Cobra Golf, Titleist, and
Odyssey Golf all located in Carlsbad.
According to March 2015 figures, the top employers in the city
Life Technologies Corporation
Carlsbad Unified School District
Smart Kids Publishing, Smart Kidz Media, Inc., and Penton Overseas,
Omni La Costa Resort and Spa
TaylorMade-Adidas Golf Company (TMaG)
Gemological Institute of America
City of Carlsbad
Notable corporate headquarters
Arkeia Software, network backup solutions
Atticus Clothing, Apparel
Business.com, online B2B marketing platform
Callaway Golf Company, Golf equipment and apparel manufacturer
Cobra Golf, Golf equipment and apparel manufacturer
Fallen Footwear, Shoe company
Gemological Institute of America, gem nonprofit
Hay House, new age publisher
Hot Dog on a Stick, restaurants
Islands Fine Burgers & Drinks, restaurant
Jazzercise, International dance fitness program
Jenny Craig, Inc., Weight management
Kisco Senior Living, senior living
Macbeth Footwear, apparel
No Fear, apparel
Osiris Shoes, Shoe company
PC Power & Cooling, PC power supply manufacturer
Razer USA Ltd, Computer peripherals manufacturer
Rockstar San Diego, video game developer
Rubio's Fresh Mexican Grill, Quick serve restaurants
TaylorMade-adidas Golf Company, Golf equipment and apparel
Upper Deck, Sports and entertainment trading card manufacturer
ViaSat, Satellite communications
Carlsbad Unified School District
Encinitas Union School District-for Elementary schools in South
San Dieguito Union High School District-for Junior High and High
schools in South Carlsbad
San Marcos Unified School District-for schools in southeast Carlsbad
Carlsbad High School
La Costa Canyon High School
Sage Creek High School
Aviara Oaks Middle School
Calavera Hills Middle School
Valley Middle School
Carlsbad Seaside Academy (Independent Study)
Aviara Oaks Elementary School
Buena Vista Elementary School
Calavera Hills Elementary School
Carlsbad Seaside Academy (K-6 Alternative Education)
El Camino Creek Elementary School
Hope Elementary School
Jefferson Elementary School
Kelly Elementary School
La Costa Heights Elementary School
La Costa Meadows Elementary School
Magnolia Elementary School
Pacific Rim Elementary School
Poinsettia Elementary School
Mission Estancia Elementary School
Olivenhain Pioneer Elementary School
Rancho Carillo Elementary School
Army and Navy Academy: College Prep Middle and High School
Beautiful Saviour Lutheran Elementary School
Montessori Arts and Sciences School
Pacific Ridge School
Palisades Point Christian Academy
St. Patrick School
The Academy by the Sea: Camp Pacific
Carlsbad City Library
Carlsbad City Library (three branches)
Carlsbad has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities
Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
Sea Life Aquarium at Legoland
Carlsbad State Beach
South Carlsbad State Beach
South Carlsbad State Beach
Aviara Golf Club and The Aviara Golf Academy.
La Costa Resort and Spa
The Crossings at Carlsbad.
Rancho Carlsbad Golf Club
Agua Hedionda Lagoon
Buena Vista Lagoon
Carlsbad Historical Society Museum
Museum of Making Music
Miniature Engineering Craftsmanship Museum
Frank Alesia, character actor and television director
Marcus Allen, college and professional football star
Brian P. Bilbray, U.S. Congressman, claims to have lived in
Ron Blair, bassist for Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers[citation
David M. Brahms, Marine Corps Brigadier General, Military Lawyer
Adam Brody, film and television actor; played
Seth Cohen on The
Chad Butler, drummer for Switchfoot
Francesca Capaldi, child actress
Leo Carrillo, actor, cartoonist, conservationist and preservationist,
and owner of
Leo Carrillo Ranch in Carlsbad
Aaron Chang, surf and ocean photographer
Brandon Chillar, linebacker for the Green Bay Packers
Jim Cochran, pioneering organic strawberry farmer
Jonathan Compas, center for Tampa Bay Buccaneers
S.E. Cupp, journalist and political commentator
David Díaz, Caldecott-winning illustrator/author
Jon Foreman, lead singer of alternative band Switchfoot
Tim Foreman, brother of
Jon Foreman and bassist for Switchfoot
Robert C. Frazee, businessman and politician
Ryan Gallant, professional skateboarder
Troy Glaus, baseball player
LeRoy Grannis, photographer
Ryan Guy, football player for St. Patricks Athletic
Tony Hawk, professional skateboarder and entrepreneur
Taylor Knox, professional surfer
Ted Johnson, professional football player
Michellie Jones, triathlete, 2006 Ironman world champion, 2000 Olympic
Josh Kalis, professional skateboarder
Rod Laver, former world #1 Australian tennis player, retired in La
Fred Lynn, baseball player
Sal Masekela, son of musician Hugh Masekela. CHS graduate. TV host
Winter X Games
Winter X Games on ESPN
Tim Miller an original student of Ashtanga-yoga founder, K.P. Jois,
and one of the foremost teachers of Ashtanga in the US.
Martin Milner, television actor, Route 66 and Adam-12
Dale D. Myers, former Deputy Administrator of NASA, three NASA
Distinguished Service Medals
Gregory R Nelson Sr., co-founder of DonJoy, Inc., CEO of United
The Young and the Restless
The Young and the Restless actress; 2003 graduate
Ron Packard, U.S. Congressman
Kevin Pearce, snowboarder, public speaker and advocate for traumatic
brain injury and
Down syndrome research and education; extreme sport
Jean Peters, actress and wife of Howard Hughes
John Pugsley, libertarian political activist
Bridget Regan, actress known for her role as Kahlan Amnell on Legend
of the Seeker
Allard Roen, co-founder and the on-site Manager of the La Costa Resort
and Spa in Carlsbad, California.
Gene Roddenberry, creator of Star Trek
Boris Said, NASCAR
Sprint Cup Series
Sprint Cup Series driver
Steve Scott, champion miler
Pancho Segura, former professional tennis player and coach
Brian Simo, NASCAR
Nationwide Series driver
Staciana Stitts, 2000
Summer Olympics gold medalist swimmer; graduate
Brett Swain, professional football player.
Victor Villaseñor, author
Barbara Werle, actress and dancer
Shaun White, professional snowboarder, skateboarder, 2006, 2010 and
Winter Olympics gold medalist
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Mayor selected from city council