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Carlos Herrera y Luna (26 October 1856 – 3 July 1930)[1] was acting President of Guatemala from March 30, 1920 to September 15, 1920 and President of Guatemala from September 16, 1920 until December 10, 1921.

Biography

Business

Herrera Luna was a successful sugar business man, developing Pantaleón Sugar Mill in Santa Lucía Cotzumalguapa, and Concepción and El Baúl sugar mills in Escuintla in the early 1900s. Pantaleón Sugar Holdings is today one of the top 10 sugar companies in America, with mills in Central and South America.

Presidency

Areal view of Guatemala City during the Herrera administration.  On the lower right corner of the image there is evidence of the 1917 Guatemala earthquake
1917-18 earthquakes: the Cathedral no longer has towers, the "Cardboard Palace" is built where the colonial Royal Palace used to stand and the old colonial City Hall has disappeared and in its place a Chinese Palace was built.
"Palacio del Centenario" -Centennial Palace-. Built in 1921 by Herrera administration to celebrate the first centennial of the Independence. It was located where the Royal Palace used to be, before it was destroyed by the 1917 Guatemala earthquake. The Centennial Palace was made of wood and therefore the Guatemalans called it the "Cardboard palace". It got destroyed in a fire a few years later.

After Manuel Estrada Cabrera was overthrown on April 14, 1920, the Unionist Party leaders, who were mostly conservatives, dealt with the liberal leaders from the Cabrera's regime such that they could appoint the new cabinet. However, the liberal leaders outsmarted the conservatives and appoint Herrera Luna in office, in spite that he had served as a liberal representative for the whole 22 years that Estrada Cabrera's government lasted; furthermore, they also appointed several key members of the ousted government in the new administration.[2] Under these circumstances, the deals that Estrada Cabrera had set with the United Fruit Company were sure to hold. However, as an experienced business man, Herrera Luna realized that all of those concessions granted too much power to UFCO without any real benefit for Guatemala in return and did not accept them.

Education

Herrera Luna granted several benefits to the National University after its valuable contributions to the revolution against Estrada Cabrera's regime:

  • Autonomy to elect authorities
  • A house for the students to assemble and create their Student Body.

Coup d'état

Herrera and his cabinet shortly before the coup d'état of 1921.
General José María Orellana (right) and general Jorge Ubico (left) after the coup d'état that deposed president Herrera in 1921.

Herrera was deposed in a coup, led by José María Orellana, in December 1921 after Herrera resisted to approve the concessions granted to the United Fruit Company and its subsidiaries by his predecessor, Manuel Estrada Cabrera.[3] He subsequently went into exile in France.

See also

References

Bibliography

External links

Preceded by
Manuel Estrada Cabrera
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg
President of Guatemala

1920–1921
Succeeded by
José María Orellana