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The Info List - Carlos Ghosn


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Carlos Ghosn, KBE
KBE
(pronounced [ɡɔn]; born March 9, 1954) is a Brazilian-Lebanese-French[1] businessman born in Porto Velho, Brazil, who is currently the Chairman and CEO of France-based Renault, Chairman and former CEO of Japan-based Nissan, and Chairman of Mitsubishi Motors. From June 2013 to June 2016, Ghosn was Chairman of Russia-based automobile manufacturer AvtoVAZ.[2][3][4] Ghosn is also Chairman and CEO of the Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance, the strategic partnership overseeing Nissan, Mitsubishi and Renault through a unique cross-shareholding agreement. The Alliance, which includes AvtoVAZ, has held approximately 10% of the global market share since 2010, and as of 2017 is the third largest automobile group worldwide,[5] having previously been the fourth largest automobile group worldwide since 2010.[6][7][8][9][10] After his radical restructuring of Renault
Renault
that returned the company to profitability in the late 1990s Ghosn became known as "Le Cost Killer".[11] In the early 2000s, for orchestrating one of the auto industry's most aggressive downsizing campaigns and spearheading the turnaround of Nissan
Nissan
from its near bankruptcy in 1999, he earned the nickname "Mr. Fix It".[12] Following the Nissan
Nissan
financial turnaround, in 2002 Fortune awarded him Asia Businessman of the Year.[13][14] In 2003 Fortune identified him as one of the 10 most powerful people in business outside the U.S.,[15] and its Asian edition voted him Man of the Year.[16] Surveys jointly published by the Financial Times
Financial Times
and PricewaterhouseCoopers named him the fourth most respected business leader in 2003,[17] and the third most respected business leader in 2004 and in 2005.[18][19][20] He quickly achieved celebrity status in Japan and in the business world,[21][22] and his life has been chronicled in a Japanese manga comic book.[23] Ghosn has been asked to run at least two other automakers, General Motors
General Motors
and Ford.[24] His decision to spend €4 billion (more than $5 billion)[25] so Renault
Renault
and Nissan could jointly develop an entire lineup of electric cars including the Nissan
Nissan
Leaf, billed as "the world's first affordable zero-emission car",[26][27] is one of the four subjects of the 2011 documentary Revenge of the Electric Car.[28] Ghosn stepped down as CEO of Nissan
Nissan
on April 1, 2017, while remaining Chairman of the company.[29]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career

2.1 From Michelin
Michelin
to Renault 2.2 Nissan
Nissan
and the Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance 2.3 Mitsubishi 2.4 Advisorships

3 Personal life

3.1 In the media

4 Awards and recognition 5 Sources 6 References

Early life and education[edit] Ghosn's grandfather Bichara Ghosn emigrated from Lebanon
Lebanon
to Brazil
Brazil
at the age of 13, eventually settling in remote Guaporé, Rondônia, near the border between Brazil
Brazil
and Bolivia.[30] Bichara Ghosn was an entrepreneur and eventually headed several companies, in fields including the rubber trade, the sale and purchase of agricultural products, and aviation.[31] His son Jorge Ghosn married a Nigerian-born woman whose family also came from Lebanon,[32] and they settled in Porto Velho, the state capital of Rondônia.[33] Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
was born on March 9, 1954 in Porto Velho.[33][34][35] When he was about two years old he became sick after drinking unsanitary water, and his mother moved with him to Rio de Janeiro.[33] He did not fully recover there, and in 1960, when Ghosn was six years old, he and his mother and sister moved to Beirut, Lebanon, where his grandmother lived.[33] Ghosn completed his secondary school studies in Lebanon, at the Jesuit school Collège Notre-Dame de Jamhour. He then completed his classes préparatoires in Paris, at the Collège Stanislas and the Lycée Saint-Louis.[36] He graduated with university engineering degrees from the École Polytechnique
École Polytechnique
in 1974 and the École des Mines de Paris in 1978.[34][37][38] Career[edit] From Michelin
Michelin
to Renault[edit]

Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
answers reporters' questions at the Nissan
Nissan
factory in Kyushu, Japan. (September 2011)

After graduation in 1978, Ghosn spent 18 years at Michelin, Europe's largest tire maker, initially training and working in several plants in France
France
and Germany.[34][39] In 1981, he became plant manager in Le Puy-en-Velay, France.[34][40] In 1984 he was named head of research and development for the company's industrial tire division.[34][41] In 1985, when Ghosn was 30 years old, he was appointed Chief Operating Officer (COO) of Michelin’s South American operations.[34][42] He returned to Rio de Janeiro, reporting directly to François Michelin, who tasked Ghosn with turning around the operation, which was unprofitable and struggling under Brazil's hyperinflation.[42][43] Ghosn formed cross-functional management teams to determine best practices among the French, Brazilian, and other nationalities working in the South American division.[44] The multicultural experience in Brazil
Brazil
formed the basis of his cross-cultural management style and emphasis on diversity as a core business asset.[44][45] "You learn from diversity ... but you're comforted by commonality", Ghosn has said.[46] The division returned to profitability in two years.[44][47][48] After turning around Michelin's South American operations, Ghosn was appointed President and COO of Michelin
Michelin
North America in 1989, and moved to Greenville, South Carolina
Greenville, South Carolina
with his family.[49] He was promoted to CEO of Michelin
Michelin
North America in 1990.[44][49] He presided over the restructuring of the company after its acquisition of the Uniroyal Goodrich Tire Company.[34][50] In 1996, the ailing French auto manufacturer Renault
Renault
recruited Ghosn as Executive Vice President in charge of purchasing, advanced research, engineering and development, powertrain operations, and manufacturing; and he was also in charge of Renault’s South American division, located in the Mercosur.[34][51] Ghosn's radical restructuring of Renault
Renault
successfully returned the company to profitability in 1997.[11][52] Nissan
Nissan
and the Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance[edit] In March 1999, Renault
Renault
and Nissan
Nissan
formed the Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance, and in May 1999 Renault
Renault
purchased a 36.8% stake in Nissan.[53] While maintaining his roles at Renault, Ghosn joined Nissan
Nissan
as its Chief Operating Officer (COO) in June 1999, became its President in June 2000, and was named Chief Executive Officer (CEO) in June 2001.[34] When he joined the company, Nissan
Nissan
had a consolidated interest-bearing net automotive debt of more than $20 billion (more than 2 trillion yen),[43][54] and only three of its 46 models sold in Japan were generating a profit.[55] Reversing the company's sinking fortunes was considered nearly impossible.[56][57][58][59] Ghosn's " Nissan
Nissan
Revival Plan", announced in October 1999, called for a return to profitability in fiscal year 2000, a profit margin in excess of 4.5% of sales by the end of fiscal year 2002, and a 50% reduction in the current level of debt by the end of fiscal year 2002.[60][61][62] Ghosn promised to resign if these goals were not met.[63] Ghosn's Nissan
Nissan
Revival Plan called for cutting 21,000 Nissan jobs (14% of total workforce), mostly in Japan; shutting five Japanese plants; reducing the number of suppliers and shareholdings; and auctioning off prized assets such as Nissan's aerospace unit.[60][64][65] Ghosn was the fourth non-Japanese person to lead a Japanese automaker, after Mark Fields, Henry Wallace, and James Miller were appointed by Ford
Ford
to run Mazda
Mazda
in the late 1990s.[66] In addition to cutting jobs, plants, and suppliers, Ghosn spearheaded major and dramatic structural and corporate-culture changes at Nissan. He defied Japanese business etiquette in various ways, including by eliminating seniority-based and age-based promotion, by changing lifetime employment from a guarantee to a desired goal for when the company achieved high performance, and by dismantling Nissan's keiretsu system – an interwoven web of parts suppliers with cross-holdings in Nissan.[67][68][69] When the Nissan
Nissan
Revival Plan was announced, the proposed dismantling of keiretsu earned Ghosn the nickname "keiretsu killer",[70] and the Wall Street Journal
Wall Street Journal
quoted a Dresdner Kleinwort Benson analyst in Tokyo as saying Ghosn might become a "target of public outrage" if Nissan
Nissan
threw former affiliates out of its supply chain.[71][72] Ghosn changed Nissan's official company language from Japanese to English, and included executives from Europe and North America in key global strategy sessions for the first time.[73][74] In the first year of the Nissan
Nissan
Revival Plan, Nissan's consolidated net profit after tax climbed to $2.7 billion for fiscal year 2000,[75] from a consolidated net loss of $6.46 billion in the previous year.[76] Twelve months into his three-year turnaround plan, Nissan had returned to profitability, and within three years it was one of the industry's most profitable auto makers, with operating margins consistently above 9%—more than twice the industry average.[77] The goals of the Nissan
Nissan
Revival Plan were all reached before March 31, 2002.[78] In May 2002 Ghosn announced his next set of goals for the company, " Nissan
Nissan
180", a three-year plan for growth based on the numbers 1, 8, and 0: By the end of September 2005 Nissan
Nissan
planned to increase its global sales by one million vehicles; and by the spring of 2005 it was committed to achieving an operating margin of at least 8% and reducing its net automotive debt to zero.[79][80] These goals were all reached:[81] In the spring of 2003 Nissan
Nissan
announced that its net automotive debt was eliminated in fiscal year 2002.[82][83] Nissan's operating profit margin climbed to 11.1% in fiscal year 2003;[84] it had been 1.4% in fiscal year 1999.[85] In October 2005 Nissan announced that its annual sales from September 30, 2004 to September 30, 2005 were more than 3.67 million, up from the 2.6 million vehicles sold in the fiscal year ended March 2002.[86][87]

Ghosn at Datsun Go
Datsun Go
launch in New Delhi, India (2013)

In May 2005, Ghosn was named President and Chief Executive Officer of Renault.[34] When he assumed the CEO roles at both Renault
Renault
and Nissan, Ghosn became the world's first person to run two companies on the Fortune Global 500 simultaneously.[88] In 2005, billionaire investor Kirk Kerkorian
Kirk Kerkorian
acquired a 9.9% stake in General Motors
General Motors
(GM) and seated one of his representatives on the company's board, then urged GM to investigate a merger with Renault and Nissan
Nissan
with Ghosn as the new Chairman of GM. In 2006, GM's embattled management rebuffed the takeover attempt, and by the end of the year, Kerkorian's Tracinda Corp. sold most of its GM stock.[89] In 2006, Ford
Ford
Motor Co. made Ghosn a formal offer to lead the company, according to the book American Icon: Alan Mulally and the Fight to Save Ford
Ford
Motor Company by Bryce Hoffman.[90] Ghosn refused, reportedly saying the only way he would come to the struggling company was if he was named both the CEO and Chairman of the board. Bill Ford Jr. refused to give up his chairmanship.[91]

Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
at Nissan’s Honmoku Wharf, a logistics hub about 10 km southeast of Nissan’s global headquarters in Yokohama, July 2011.

In 2007, Ghosn led the Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance into the mass-market zero-emission electric car market in a major way, and committed €4 billion (more than $5 billion) to the effort.[25][92][93][94] In 2008 he confirmed that Nissan- Renault
Renault
would bring an "entire lineup" of zero-emission electric cars to the worldwide market by 2012.[95][96] In 2009, he told the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School of Business, "If you're going to let developing countries have as many cars as they want—and they're going to have as many cars as they want one way or another—there is no absolutely alternative but to go for zero emissions. And the only zero-emissions vehicle available today is electric.... So we decided to go for it."[97] The Nissan Leaf, an electric car billed as "the world's first affordable zero-emission car",[26][27] debuted in December 2010.[92][98] As of 2017, the Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance is the world's electric vehicle leader, selling more than double the number of electric cars as Tesla, and the Nissan Leaf
Nissan Leaf
is the world's best-selling electric vehicle by a wide margin.[99] In 2008, Ghosn was named Chairman, President, and CEO of Nissan.[34] In 2009 he was named Chairman and CEO of Renault.[34] Ghosn was a visible leader in recovery efforts after the Japanese earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011, one of the worst natural disasters in modern history.[100] On March 29, 2011, he made the first of several visits to the hard-hit Iwaki engine plant in Fukushima prefecture, 50 km (31 miles) from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant,[101][102][103] and at his direction Nissan
Nissan
restored full operations at the Iwaki factory well ahead of expectations.[104][105][106] He appeared on television in Japan to encourage optimism.[103][107][108][109] In May 2011 Ghosn remained committed to building at least 1 million of Nissan's cars and trucks in Japan annually.[110] In June 2012, Ghosn was named Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors of Russian automobile manufacturer AvtoVAZ.[111] In June 2013 he was appointed Chairman of the Russian company, a position he retained through June 2016.[112][2][113][3][4] Renault
Renault
had begun a strategic partnership with AvtoVAZ
AvtoVAZ
in 2008 by acquiring a 25% stake in the company;[114] this led to increasingly deeper partnerships between Renault- Nissan
Nissan
and AvtoVAZ,[115] ending in Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance control of the Russian automaker in 2014.[116] In February 2017 Ghosn announced he would step down as CEO of Nissan on April 1, 2017, while remaining chairman of the company.[29][117] Hiroto Saikawa, who had been at Nissan
Nissan
40 years and was co-chief executive of the company, became its CEO.[29] Mitsubishi[edit] In October 2016, Nissan
Nissan
completed the acquisition of a controlling 34% stake in Mitsubishi Motors. Ghosn became, in addition to his Renault- Nissan
Nissan
posts, Chairman of Mitsubishi, with an aim to rehabilitate the automaker after a months-long scandal involving fuel-economy misrepresentation and consequent falling revenues. The Nissan-Mitsubishi partnership includes partnership in developing electric automobiles for Mitsubishi, and the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi alliance creates the world’s fourth-largest auto group, after Toyota, Volkswagen AG, and General Motors
General Motors
Co.[6][118][119] Advisorships[edit] Ghosn served on the International Advisory Board of Brazilian bank Banco Itaú
Banco Itaú
until 2015.[120][121] He is also a member of the Advisory Board of Tsinghua University
Tsinghua University
School of Economics and Management in Beijing.[122] He has received an honorary doctorate from American University of Beirut;[123] and he is a member of the Strategic Council, Saint Joseph University
Saint Joseph University
of Beirut.[124] In 2014 and 2015, he was elected president of the European Automobile Manufacturers Association.[125][126][127] He serves as Governor of the World Economic Forum.[128] Personal life[edit] Ghosn, whom Forbes
Forbes
magazine called "the hardest-working man in the brutally competitive global car business",[44] splits his time between Paris and Tokyo and as of 2006 logged roughly 150,000 miles in airplanes per year.[44] Japanese media have called him "Seven-Eleven" ("work very hard from early in the morning till late at night").[72] He holds both Brazilian and French citizenships.[129] He has been noted for his direct, no-nonsense, results-oriented and execution-oriented style in business strategy meetings,[44] but also for his interest in resolving problems from within a company by listening to workers and by cross-functional and cross-cultural team groupings.[69] Ghosn is multilingual and speaks four languages fluently: French, Portuguese, English, and Arabic, and he has also studied Japanese.[47][130] He also maintains ties to Lebanon, where he lived for 10 years and where he completed his primary and secondary education. He is a partner in Ixsir, a winery in the northern coastal town of Batroun, Lebanon.[131] In 2012 he was named to the Honorary Board of the American Foundation of Saint George Hospital
Saint George Hospital
in Beirut.[132][133] Ghosn has been hailed as a potential presidential candidate in Lebanon.[134][135] In a June 2011 survey by life-insurance company AXA, Ghosn was ranked No. 7 in a random poll asking Japanese people, "Which celebrity do you want to run Japan?" (Barack Obama was No. 9, and Prime Minister Naoto Kan
Naoto Kan
was No. 19.)[136][137][138][139] He has so far declined such overtures, saying he has "no political ambitions".[134] Ghosn is the divorced father of four grown children.[140] He has residences in France, Japan, and Brazil.[140] In the media[edit] Beginning in November 2001, Ghosn's life story was turned into a superhero comic book series in Japan, titled The True Story of Carlos Ghosn, in the manga comic book Big Comic Superior.[141] The series was published as a book in 2002.[72][142] Ghosn also has a Japanese bento box named after him on the menus at some Tokyo restaurants.[143] Bento boxes are popular with businessmen, students, and others who want a quick lunch. The Financial Times called the " Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
Bento" a "measure of the extraordinary rise of Mr. Ghosn in Japan that he should be deemed worthy enough to eat. The Japanese take their food seriously and do not welcome foreign intrusions. As such, the 'Ghosn bento' could be seen as a Japanese way of bestowing acceptance upon him."[143] Ghosn is the subject of a number of books in English, Japanese, and French. In English, he wrote a best-selling business book called Shift: Inside Nissan's Historic Revival.[144] He was the subject of another business book called Turnaround: How Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
Rescued Nissan
Nissan
by David Magee.[145] He also provided strategic business commentary and on-the-job lessons to aspiring managers in a book called The Ghosn Factor: 24 Inspiring Lessons From Carlos Ghosn, the Most Successful Transnational CEO by Miguel Rivas-Micoud.[146] Ghosn's quest to develop Nissan's line of zero-emission electric cars is one of the four subjects of the 2011 documentary Revenge of the Electric Car.[28] The zero-emission Nissan
Nissan
Leaf, which Nissan
Nissan
began delivering in late 2010 in the United States
United States
and Japan, is the world's first mass-produced zero-emission electric vehicle.[26][98] Ghosn authorized more than $5 billion to bring the Leaf, and numerous derivative electric cars based on the Leaf's architecture, to market—a gamble that prompted BusinessWeek
BusinessWeek
to ask whether he was "crazy".[93] Ghosn is a frequent subject of university thesis papers and essays among business students. CyberEssays has a section dedicated to papers about Ghosn's corporate leadership.[147] One of the more commonly cited thesis papers is the June 2005 MBA thesis written by Koji Nakae of the MIT Sloan School of Management, which compares Ghosn to U.S. General Douglas MacArthur, who restructured Japanese society after World War II.[72] Awards and recognition[edit] As a result of his achievements, Ghosn has had numerous awards and honors bestowed upon him. Some of these include: In 2002, he was appointed a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour
Chevalier of the Legion of Honour
(Knight of the Legion of Honour) by the French government.[148] In 2002 Fortune awarded him Asia Businessman of the Year.[13][14] In 2003, he was named Man of the Year by Fortune magazine's Asian edition.[16] In 2003 Fortune listed him as one of the 10 most powerful business leaders outside the U.S.[15] In 2004, he was added to the Automotive Hall of Fame.[149] In 2004, he was also added to the Japan Automotive Hall of Fame.[150] In October 2006, Ghosn was made an Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.[151] In 2010, CEO Quarterly magazine listed Ghosn as one of the "Most Respected CEOs"[152] In November 2011, CNBC
CNBC
listed Ghosn as Asia Business Leader of the Year.[153] In June 2012, Ghosn received the Japan Society Award.[154] In October 2012, Ghosn became the first person in the auto industry, and the fourth overall, to win a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Strategic Management Society, a non-profit group that promotes ethical and strategic business stewardship.[155] In October 2012, Ghosn was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, an honorific designation to civilians in recognition of services that benefit Spain.[156] In 2013, he was appointed an International Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering.[157] Sources[edit]

Ghosn, Carlos. SHIFT: Inside Nissan's Historic Revival. Crown Publishing Group, 2007.

References[edit]

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180' complete, annual sales reach 3.67 million". LeftLane.com. October 6, 2005. ^ Kase, Kimio; Sáez-Martinez, Francisco J.; Riquelme, Hernán. Transformational CEOs: Leadership and Management Success in Japan. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2005. p. 136. ^ Annual Report Year Ended March 31, 2003. Nissan-Global.com. ^ NISSAN 180 Update and FY2003 Financial Results, Apr.26, 2004 Nissan-Global.com. April 26, 2004. ^ Ibison, David. " Nissan
Nissan
sees modest growth after record profit". Financial Times. April 25, 2005. ^ "Strong global sales boost Nissan's profit". Associated Press. October 28, 2005. ^ " Nissan
Nissan
reaches vehicle sale growth target". Associated Press. October 6, 2005. ^ Taylor III, Alex (2006-07-10). "How would Ghosn fix GM?". CNN.  ^ " Kirk Kerkorian
Kirk Kerkorian
Biography". Encyclopedia of World Biography. Retrieved 2011-09-27.  ^ Sabatini, Jeff. "Book: Ghosn would've taken top spot at Ford, but only if named CEO and Chairman". Autoblog.com. March 12, 2012. ^ " Ford
Ford
book: Bill fumed over Focus; Ghosn eyed the crown". Automotive News. March 12, 2012. ^ a b Squatriglia, Chuck. "Q&A: Renault- Nissan
Nissan
CEO Pledges $5.6 Billion for EVs". Wired. June 16, 2011. ^ a b David Welch (May 26, 2010). "Nissan's Ghosn gambles big on electric cars". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 2011-04-17. Retrieved 2011-09-27.  ^ "Renault- Nissan
Nissan
and Project Better Place prepare for first mass marketed electric vehicles" Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine.. (Press release) Nissan-Global.com. January 21, 2008. ^ Chambers, Nick. " Nissan
Nissan
& Oregon Team Up to Bring Electric Cars to the Masses". Gas2.org. November 20, 2008. ^ "Electricity and Cars". World Nuclear Association. October 2014. ^ "Renault- Nissan
Nissan
CEO Carlos Ghosn: 'Now Is the Time for the Electric Car' - Knowledge@Wharton". Knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2011-09-27.  ^ a b " Nissan
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delivers first LEAF cars in Japan". International Business Times. 2010-12-22. Retrieved 2014-09-25.  ^ Schmitt, Bertel. "Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance Trounces Tesla 2:1 (Or Worse.)". Forbes. April 7, 2017. ^ Schmitt, Bertel (May 17, 2011). "With Nissan's Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
Near Fukushima. A Glowing Report". The Truth About Cars. Retrieved 2011-09-27.  ^ Nishimura, Koji; Nomura, Shu; Komori, Atsushi. "Nuclear crisis overshadows manufacturers' restoration efforts" Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Asia & Japan Watch. March 30, 2011. ^ "Ghosn vows to reopen Iwaki plant in April". Japan Times. March 30, 2011. ^ a b " Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
interview on "World Business Satellite" - TV Tokyo". Facebook. 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2011-09-27.  ^ Zulovich, Nick. " Nissan
Nissan
& Toyota Celebrate More Production Restoration". Auto Remarketing. May 19, 2011. ^ Kim, Chang-Ran (2011-05-17). "UPDATE 1- Nissan
Nissan
working to restore full production before Oct-CEO". Reuters.  ^ Nissan
Nissan
CEO Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
Iwaki Visit (Full Version). (video) Uploaded May 19, 2011. ^ "現場に甘えぬ経営者 震災対応第2幕、問われる決断". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. June 5, 2011. ^ March 29, 2011 broadcast 23:00 to 23:58 (broadcast notes). TV Tokyo. ^ "Ghosn visits affected Nissan
Nissan
factory to encourage employees". News24.jp. May 17, 2011. ^ Kitamura, Makiko and Yuki Hagiwara. "Ghosn Says Suppliers Recovering From Quake". Bloomberg. May 12, 2011. ^ "The composition of the Board of Directors of AVTOVAZ since June 28, 2012". Archived from the original on 2012-08-20. Retrieved 2014-09-21. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Jolley, David (29 June 2013). "Ghosn becomes chairman of Russian carmaker AvtoVAZ". europe.autonews.com. Automtive News Europe. Retrieved 29 June 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ Avtovaz OAO: Directors & Officers – Carlos Ghosn. Financial Times. Retrieved November 11, 2014. ^ RENAULT AND AVTOVAZ CONFIRM THEIR STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP. Renault (press release). February 29, 2008. ^ "Renault- Nissan
Nissan
to take control of Lada-owner Avtovaz". BBC News. May 3, 2012. ^ Ostrouk, Andrey. "Renault, Nissan
Nissan
Buy Majority Stake in Russia's Avtovaz". Wall Street Journal. June 27, 2014. ^ McLain, Sean; Sylvers, Eric. "Renault-Nissan’s Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
Sees Paris as Hurdle to Auto Merger". Wall Street Journal. February 23, 2017. ^ " Nissan
Nissan
to take 34% stake in Mitsubishi Motors". BBC News. May 12, 2016. ^ Greimel, Hans." Nissan
Nissan
takes control of Mitsubishi with Ghosn as chairman". Automotive News Europe. October 20, 2016. ^ "Itaú Unibanco forms International Advisory Board". Banco Itaú. Retrieved November 24, 2014. ^ "Organizational Structure". Itaú. Itaú. Retrieved 6 October 2015.  ^ "First Nissan-Tsinghua Lecture on Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance". Tsinghua University. June 4, 2012. ^ " Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
tells students to embrace diversity" Archived 2012-05-05 at the Wayback Machine.. American University of Beirut News. August 28, 2007. ^ The Secretary General's High-Level Group on Sustainable Engery for All: Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
Archived September 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. United Nations. UN.org. Retrieved November 24, 2014. ^ " Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
elected ACEA President". ACEA - European Automobile Manufacturers Association. 12 May 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2016.  ^ " Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
re-elected President of ACEA for 2015". ACEA - European Automobile Manufacturers Association. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2016.  ^ "Dieter Zetsche elected ACEA President for 2016". ACEA - European Automobile Manufacturers Association. 8 December 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2016.  ^ "CARLOS GHOSN - Chairman and Chief Executive Officer". Renault. Renault. Retrieved 6 October 2015.  ^ "The Gaijin with two jobs". CNN. December 7, 2006. ^ "The True Story of Carlos Ghosn". CNN. June 16, 2008. ^ Karam, Michael. " Lebanon
Lebanon
reluctant to recognise a big local success story" Archived 2011-10-21 at the Wayback Machine.. The National. October 20, 2011. ^ Saint George Hospital
Saint George Hospital
– Our Mission Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine.. Saint George Hospital. StGeorgeFoundation.org. Retrieved November 24, 2014. ^ Mosalli, Irène. "Pour sa capacité à « faire la différence », Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
honoré par la Fondation américaine de l’Hôpital Saint-Georges". L'Orient-Le Jour. November 19, 2012. ^ a b Sami Moubayed (July 1, 2009). "Man behind the wheel". Forward Syria. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-27.  ^ " Nissan
Nissan
chief Ghosn shrugs off Lebanon
Lebanon
politics career". Agence France-Presse. July 17, 2014. ^ "Japan chooses Kitano Takeshi in AXA
AXA
Life Survey" Archived October 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Kyodo News. 47news.jp. June 27, 2011. ^ Schmitt, Bertel. "With Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
Down By The Waterfront". TheTruthAboutCars.com. July 16, 2011. ^ "Survey after the earthquake": 10,000-person survey. (Japanese) AXA Life. AXA.co.jp. June 27, 2011. p. 9. ^ "Survey later the earthquake, maximum Japanese meditation entrusted Takeshi Kitano". June 28, 2011. ^ a b Dumaine, Brian. "Renault-Nissan: Can anyone succeed Carlos Ghosn?". Fortune. December 29, 2014. ^ Zaun, Todd.""Nissan's Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
Becomes Unlikely Star of Japanese Comic"". Archived from the original on 2007-12-28. Retrieved 2007-10-16. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) . Wall Street Journal. December 27, 2001. ^ "Winding up 2002" Archived February 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Big Comic Superior
Big Comic Superior
Newsletter. January 18, 2003. ^ a b Ibison, David and James Mackintosh. "The boss among bosses". Financial Times. 7 July 2006. ^ Ghosn, Carlos. Shift: Inside Nissan's Historic Revival. Crown Business, 2006. ^ Magee, David. Turnaround: How Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
Rescued Nissan. HarperBusiness, 2003. ^ Rivas-Micoud, Miguel. The Ghosn Factor: 24 Lessons the World's Most Dynamic CEO. McGraw-Hill, 2006. ^ "Free Essays on Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
As a Leader 1 - 30". Cyberessays.com. Retrieved 2011-09-27.  ^ "La promotion de Pâques". Le NouvelObs. 2 April 2002. Retrieved 10 May 2017.  ^ "Nissan's Ghosn to be registered in Automotive Hall of Fame". Kyodo News International. October 28, 2004. ^ "カルロス・ゴーン(Carlos Ghosn)氏 略歴". Japan Automobile Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2014-08-03.  ^ "Car maker turnaround king Ghosn now a knight". Reuters. October 24, 2006. ^ Most Respected CEOs Archived August 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. CEO Quarterly. 2010. ^ Bagchee, Deepanshu. " Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
Named Asia Business Leader of the Year" Archived November 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. CNBC. November 24, 2011. ^ Japan Society 2012 Annual Dinner Archived May 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Japan Society. June 7, 2012. ^ "Ghosn wins 'lifetime achievement' award from Strategic Management Society". Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance. October 8, 2012. ^ Ghosn: by royal appointment". Renault- Nissan
Nissan
Alliance. October 29, 2012. ^ List of Fellows. Royal Academy of Engineering. Retrieved November 24, 2014.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carlos Ghosn.

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Nissan
Nissan
Motor Company

Marques

Current Datsun Infiniti Nissan Venucia1 Defunct/Integrated Prince Kurogane Aichi Shatai Sold Nissan
Nissan
Diesel

Divisions and subsidiaries

Autech Infiniti Nismo Nissan
Nissan
Motor India Private Limited Nissan
Nissan
Motor Manufacturing UK

Joint ventures

Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd.
Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd.
(50%) Ghandhara Nissan Nissan
Nissan
Motor Indonesia Nissan
Nissan
Philippines Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance Tan Chong Motor

Shareholdings

Mitsubishi Motors
Mitsubishi Motors
(34%)

Current Datsun
Datsun
vehicles

redi-Go Go Go+ on-Do mi-Do

Current Nissan
Nissan
vehicles

Cars

370Z/Fairlady Z Altima/Teana Cima Dayz Fuga GT-R Lannia Latio/Versa Sedan/Almera/Sunny Leaf Livina/Grand Livina March/Micra Maxima Note/Versa Note Pulsar C12/Tiida Sentra/Sylphy/Pulsar B17 Skyline

Pickup Trucks

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SUVs/Crossovers

Armada Juke Kicks Murano Pathfinder Patrol Patrol Y61 Qashqai/Rogue Sport Rogue Terra Terrano X-Trail Xterra

Vans/Minivans

Caravan Cube Elgrand NV100 NV150 AD NV200/Evalia NV300 NV350 NV400 NV1500 NV2500 HD NV3500 HD Serena

Commercial trucks

NT100 Clipper NT400 Cabstar NT450 Atlas NT500

Buses

Civilian

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DC-3 100NX 180SX 200SX B-210 240SX 240Z 280ZX 300C 300ZX 310 350Z 510 810 1200 Almera Tino Altra (EV) Aprio Auster Avenir Bassara Be-1 Bluebird Caball Cablight Cedric Cefiro Cherry Crew Datsun
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Truck Dualis Echo Expert Fairlady Figaro Gazelle Gloria Hardbody Truck Homy Hypermini Interstar Junior Kubistar Lafesta Largo Laurel Leopard Liberty Mistral Moco Multi Murano CrossCabriolet NX Paladin Pao Pino Pintara Platina Prairie Presage Presea Primastar Primera Prince Royal President Pulsar EXA Pulsar GTI-R Quest R390 GT1 R'nessa Rasheen Roadster-Road Star S-Cargo Saurus Saurus Jr Sileighty Silvia Skyline Crossover Skyline GT-R Stagea Stanza Terrano Terrano II Trade Vanette Violet Wingroad

Concept vehicles

126X 216X 240Z Concept 270X 300 Bambu 300 Seta 300XM 315-a AA-X Actic AD-1 AD-2 AL-X Alpha T Amenio AP-X AQ-X ARC-X AXY AZEAL Bevel BladeGlider Boga C-Note Chapeau Chappo Cocoon Compact Sport CONCEPT 2020 Vision Gran Turismo CQ-X Crossbow CUE-X Cypact Denki Cube Duad Dunehawk Effis Ellure Esflow ESV EV Guide II EV Truck Evalia Extrem FEV FEV-II Foria Forum Friend-ME Fusion Gobi GR-1 GR-2 Gripz Hi-Cross ideo IDS IDx IMx Intima Invitation Jikoo Judo Jura Kicks Kino KYXX Land Glider LEAF LUC-2 MID4 Mixim mm.e Moco Nails NCS NEO-X NRV-II Nuvu NV2500 NX-018 NX-21 Pivo Pivo 2 Pivo 3 Qazana Redigo Resonance Round Box Saurus Serenity Sport Concept Sport Sedan Stylish VI SUT Sway TeRRA Terranaut Tone Townpod Trailrunner TRI-X URGE UV-X Xmotion XIX XVL Yanya Z Concept Zaroot

Engines

Straight-3

HR UD

Straight-4

A BD C CA CD CG CR D E FJ G GA GB H HR J KA L LD MA MR NA QD QG QR SD SR TD UD YD Z ZD

Straight-6

FD H L LD P RB RD S20 SD TB TD UD

V

V6 VE VG VQ VR V8 UD VEJ30 VH VK VRH35 W64 Y V12 GRX-3 UD VRT35

Places

Nissan
Nissan
Engine Museum Nissan
Nissan
Proving Grounds Nissan
Nissan
Stadium (Nashville) Nissan
Nissan
Stadium (Yokohama)

Other

ATTESA CarWings dCi HICAS NAPS VVEL VVL Yokohama F. Marinos

1A brand of Dongfeng Motor Co., Ltd.

Category Commons

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Renault

Current models

Cars

Clio Fluence Fluence Z.E. Latitude Logan Lutecia Mégane Sandero Safrane Symbol Talisman (China) Talisman (Europe) Twingo Twizy Zoe

Pickup trucks

Alaskan Duster Oroch Master Dropside Master Tipper

Minivans

Grand Scénic Lodgy Scénic

Crossovers/SUVs

Captur Duster Espace Kadjar Kaptur Koleos Kwid Lodgy Sandero Stepway

Vans

Dokker Kangoo Kangoo Express Kangoo Z.E. Master Trafic

Numeric

3 4 5 6 7 8 and 10 9 and 11 12 14 15 and 17 16 18 19 20 and 30 21 25

1970–2017

Alliance Avantime Encore Fuego Grand Espace Grand Modus Laguna Medallion Modus Premier Pulse Rodeo Safrane Scala (India) Scala (Mexico) Torino Vel Satis Virage Wind

1945–1970

4CV Caravelle Colorale Dauphine Dauphinoise Floride Frégate Ondine

Between wars

Celtaquatre Monaquatre Juvaquatre KJ KZ GS Monasix NN Nervasport Nervastella Novaquatre Primaquatre Primastella Reinastella Suprastella Viva Grand Sport Vivasix Vivasport Vivastella Type MT

Pre-WWI

40CV AX Taxi de la Marne Towncar Voiturette Y

Alpine

A106 A108 A110 A110 (2017) A310 A442 A443 A610/GTA

Renault
Renault
Sport

Grand Prix de l'A.C.F. 5 Turbo Clio Williams Clio Renault
Renault
Sport Spider Mégane Renault
Renault
Sport Clio V6 Renault
Renault
Sport Sandero R.S. 2.0

Concepts/Prototypes

Alpine A110-50 Altica Argos Be Bop Captur DeZir Egeus Eolab Étoile Filante Fiftie Frendzy Initiale Paris Kwid Laguna Mégane Nepta Racoon R-Space Scénic Talisman Trezor Twin'Run Twin'Z Z.E. Zo Zoom

Historic commercial vehicles

1 000 kg Estafette Express

Regional marques

Automobile Dacia Renault
Renault
Samsung Motors

Subsidiaries and joint ventures

Alpine AvtoVAZ Dongfeng Renault Motrio Oyak-Renault Renault
Renault
Argentina Renault
Renault
do Brasil Renault
Renault
España Renault
Renault
India Renault
Renault
México Renault
Renault
Pars Renault
Renault
Russia Revoz RCI Banque Sofasa Somaca

Related

Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance

Category

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Renault
Renault
in Formula One

Équipe Renault
Renault
Elf (1977–1985)

Notable personnel Bernard Dudot Gérard Larrousse Jean Sage Michel Tétu

Notable drivers Jean-Pierre Jabouille René Arnoux Alain Prost Eddie Cheever Derek Warwick Patrick Tambay

Formula One
Formula One
cars RS01 RS10 RE20 RE20B RE30 RE30B RE30C RE40 RE50 RE60 RE60B

Related Renault Renault
Renault
Sport

Renault
Renault
F1 Team (2002–2010)

Notable personnel Flavio Briatore Pat Symonds James Allison Bob Bell Steve Nielsen Rob White Patrick Faure Dino Toso Éric Boullier Gérard Lopez

Notable drivers Jarno Trulli Jenson Button Giancarlo Fisichella Heikki Kovalainen Nelson Piquet Jr. Robert Kubica

World Champion(s) Fernando Alonso

Drivers' titles 2005 2006

Constructors' titles 2005 2006

Formula One
Formula One
cars R202 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30

Related Renault Renault
Renault
Sport RF1 Driver Programme

Lotus Renault
Renault
GP (2011)

Notable personnel Éric Boullier James Allison Gérard Lopez Eric Lux Alan Permane

Notable drivers Nick Heidfeld Vitaly Petrov Bruno Senna

Formula One
Formula One
cars R31

Related Genii Capital Group Lotus LRGP Academy

Renault
Renault
Sport Formula One
Formula One
Team (2016–present)

Executive management Cyril Abiteboul (managing director) Carlos Ghosn
Carlos Ghosn
(Group CEO) Jérôme Stoll (President)

Personnel Bob Bell Nick Chester Chris Dyer Alan Permane Alain Prost Rémi Taffin

Former personnel Frédéric Vasseur

2018 Race drivers 27. Nico Hülkenberg 55. Carlos Sainz Jr.

2018 Test and reserve drivers Jack Aitken Artem Markelov
Artem Markelov
(Development)

Former drivers Kevin Magnussen Jolyon Palmer

Renault
Renault
Sport Academy Jack Aitken Sacha Fenestraz Max Fewtrell Christian Lundgaard Victor Martins Arthur Rougier

Formula One
Formula One
cars R.S.16 R.S.17 R.S.18

Related Groupe Renault Renault
Renault
Sport

Success with Renault
Renault
engines

Drivers' titles 1992 1993 1995 1996 1997 2005 2006 2010 2011 2012 2013

Constructors' titles 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 2005 2006 2010 2011 2012 2013

Related Renault Renault
Renault
Sport Renault
Renault
Sport F1

Italics indicate factory team.

Authority control

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