CARLO LORENZINI, better known by the pen name CARLO COLLODI (Italian
pronunciation: ; 24 November 1826 – 26 October 1890), was a
children\'s writer born in the
Grand Duchy of Tuscany
* 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Death * 4 References * 5 External links
Collodi was born in
During the Italian wars of Independence in 1848 and 1860 Collodi served as a volunteer with the Tuscan army. His active interest in political matters may be seen in his earliest literary works as well as in the founding of the satirical newspaper Il Lampione in 1853. This newspaper was censored by order of the Grand Duke of Tuscany. In 1854 he published his second newspaper, Lo scaramuccia ("The Controversy").
Lorenzini's first publications were in his periodicals. A debut came in 1856 with the play Gli amici di casa and parodic guidebook Un romanzo in vapore, both in 1856; he had also begun intense activity on other political newspapers such as Il Fanfulla; at the same time he was employed by the Censorship Commission for the Theatre. During this period he composed various satirical sketches and stories (sometimes simply by collating earlier articles), including Macchiette (1880), Occhi e nasi (1881), Storie allegre (1887).
In 1875, he entered the domain of children's literature with Racconti delle fate, a translation of French fairy tales by Perrault . In 1876 Lorenzini wrote Giannettino (inspired by Alessandro Luigi Parravicini 's Giannetto), the Minuzzolo , and Il viaggio per l'Italia di Giannettino, a pedagogic series which explored the unification of Italy through the ironic thoughts and actions of the character Giannettino .
Lorenzini became fascinated by the idea of using an amiable, rascally
character as a means of expressing his own convictions through
allegory . In 1880 he began writing Storia di un burattino ("The story
of a marionette "), also called Le avventure di