The Info List - Carlisle (Pennsylvania)

Carlisle is a borough in and the county seat of Cumberland
County, Pennsylvania, United States.[5] The name is locally pronounced as in British English
British English
with emphasis on the second syllable /kɑːrˈlaɪl/. Carlisle is located within the Cumberland
Valley, a highly productive agricultural region. As of the 2010 census, the borough population was 18,682;[6] the estimated population as of 2014 was 18,916.[2] Including suburbs in the neighboring townships, 37,695 live in the Carlisle urban cluster. Carlisle is an suburb of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, to the east. Carlisle is the slightly smaller principal city of the Harrisburg−Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Cumberland, Dauphin, and Perry counties in South Central Pennsylvania. In 2010, Forbes
rated Carlisle and Harrisburg the second-best place to raise a family.[7] The U.S. Army War College, located at the Carlisle Barracks, prepares high-level military personnel and civilians for strategic leadership responsibilities. Carlisle Barracks ranks among the oldest U.S. Army installations and the most senior military educational institution in the United States Army. Carlisle Barracks is home of the United States Army Heritage and Education Center, an archives and museum complex open to the public. Carlisle also hosts Dickinson College
Dickinson College
and Penn State Dickinson School of Law. Ahold's U.S. headquarters are in Carlisle.


1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Industry 2.2 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Education

4.1 Colleges and universities 4.2 Public school 4.3 Private schools

5 Media

5.1 Print 5.2 Radio

6 Notable people 7 Other 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

History[edit] American pioneer John Armstrong Sr.
John Armstrong Sr.
laid the plan for the settlement of Carlisle in 1751. He fathered John Armstrong Jr., who was born in Carlisle in 1758. Scots-Irish immigrants settled in Carlisle and farmed the Cumberland
Valley. They named the settlement after its sister town of Carlisle, Cumberland, England, and even built its former jailhouse (which Cumberland
County now uses as general government offices) to resemble The Citadel in the English city.[8][9] In 1757, Colonel Commandant John Stanwix—for whom Fort Stanwix
Fort Stanwix
in upstate New York is named—–made his headquarters in Carlisle, and was promoted to brigadier general on December 27 of that year. Stanwix had sat in Parliament as Member for Carlisle during the 1740s. Later during the French and Indian Wars, the Forbes
Expedition organized in Carlisle in 1758, and Henry Bouquet
Henry Bouquet
organized an expedition there for Pontiac's War, the last conflict of the war, in 1763. Carlisle served as a munitions depot during the American Revolutionary War. The depot was later developed into the United States Army
United States Army
War College at Carlisle Barracks. Revolutionary War legend Molly Pitcher died in the borough in 1832, and her body lies buried in the Old Public Graveyard. A hotel was built in her honor, called the Molly Pitcher Hotel; it has since been renovated to house apartments for senior citizens. Carlisle was incorporated as a borough a few years after the war on April 13, 1782. Carlisle continued to play a part in the early development in the United States through the end of the century: In response to a planned march in favor of the United States Constitution in 1787, Anti-Federalists
instigated a riot in Carlisle. A decade later, during the Whiskey Rebellion
Whiskey Rebellion
in 1794, the troops of Pennsylvania
and New Jersey
New Jersey
assembled in Carlisle under the leadership of President George Washington.[10] While in Carlisle, the president worshiped in the First Presbyterian Church at the corner of Hanover Street and High Street. Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, developed Carlisle Grammar School in 1773 and chartered it as Dickinson College—the first new college founded in the newly recognized United States. One of the college's more famous alumni, the 15th U.S. president, James Buchanan, graduated in 1809.[11] The Dickinson School of Law, founded in 1834 and affiliated then with Dickinson College, ranks as the fifth-oldest law school in the United States and the oldest law school in Pennsylvania. A general borough law of 1851 (amended in 1852) authorized a burgess and a borough council to administer the government of the borough of Carlisle.

External video

County Courthouse Tour, Cumberland
County, Pennsylvania, 29:27

Leading up to the American Civil War, Carlisle served as a stop on the Underground Railroad. During the war, an army of the Confederate States of America, under General Fitzhugh Lee, attacked and shelled the borough during the Battle of Carlisle on July 1, 1863 as part of the Gettysburg Campaign.[12] A cannonball dent can still be seen on one of the columns of the historic county courthouse. United States Army
United States Army
Lieutenant Richard Henry Pratt
Richard Henry Pratt
founded Carlisle Indian Industrial School in 1879 as the first federally supported school for American Indians off a reservation. The United States government maintained the school, housed at Carlisle Barracks as an experiment in educating Native Americans and teaching them to reject tribal culture and to adapt to white society. Pratt retired from the Army in 1903 and from supervising the school as its superintendent in 1904. Athletic hero Jim Thorpe
Jim Thorpe
entered the school in 1907 and joined its football team under coach Glenn "Pop" Warner in 1908. Playing halfback, Jim Thorpe
Jim Thorpe
led the team to startling upset victories over powerhouses Harvard, Army, and the University of Pennsylvania
in 1911–12, bringing nationwide attention to the school. Marianne Moore taught there c. 1910. Carlisle Indian School
Carlisle Indian School
closed in 1918. The Dickinson School of Law
Dickinson School of Law
ended its affiliation with Dickinson College in 1914, against much protest from locals, and reorganized as an independent institution. Dickinson School of Law
Dickinson School of Law
merged into the Pennsylvania
State University in 1997 as Penn State Dickinson School of Law. The Carlisle Historic District, Carlisle Indian School, Hessian Powder Magazine, Carlisle Armory, and Old West, Dickinson College
Dickinson College
are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[13] Geography[edit] Carlisle is located slightly northeast of the center of Cumberland County at 40°12′9″N 77°11′42″W / 40.20250°N 77.19500°W / 40.20250; -77.19500 (40.202553, −77.195016) at an elevation of 479 feet (146 m).[14][15] The borough lies in the Cumberland
Valley, a section of the Great Appalachian Valley, to the south of Conodoguinet Creek, a tributary of the Susquehanna River. Letort Spring Run, a tributary of Conodoguinet Creek, runs north through the eastern part of the borough. Carlisle lies in south-central Pennsylvania
southwest of the intersection of Interstate 76 (the Pennsylvania
Turnpike) and Interstate 81
Interstate 81
roughly 20 miles (32 km) west-southwest of Harrisburg, the state capital. By road it is approximately 80 mi (130 km) northwest of Baltimore
and 124 mi (200 km) west-northwest of Philadelphia.[16] According to the United States Census Bureau, Carlisle has a total area of 5.54 square miles (14.35 km2), of which 5.53 square miles (14.33 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.14%, is water.[6] Industry[edit] Leading industries in Carlisle's past have included Carlisle Tire and Rubber Company (founded 1917), Masland Carpets (founded 1866), and Frog Switch Manufacturing (founded 1876 by John Hays). Carlisle Tire and Rubber and Masland Carpets have since gone out of business, and both plants were demolished in 2013. CenturyLink
maintains a call center in the city, and Amazon.com
is one of several warehouse facilities in the city. Climate[edit] Carlisle has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa) with hot, humid summers and cool winters. The average temperature in Carlisle is 51.3 °F (10.7 °C) with temperatures exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) an average of 16 days a year and dropping below 32 °F (0 °C) an average of 119 days a year. On average, the borough receives 38.8 inches (986 mm) of precipitation annually. Snowfall averages 29.8 inches (757 mm) per year.[17] On average, January is the coolest month, July is the warmest month, and September is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Carlisle was 102 °F (39 °C) in 1966; the coldest temperature recorded was −19 °F (−28 °C) in 1994.[18]

Climate data for Carlisle, Pennsylvania

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 71 (22) 77 (25) 85 (29) 93 (34) 95 (35) 98 (37) 102 (39) 100 (38) 98 (37) 89 (32) 82 (28) 77 (25) 102 (39)

Average high °F (°C) 35 (2) 39 (4) 48 (9) 60 (16) 70 (21) 79 (26) 83 (28) 81 (27) 74 (23) 62 (17) 51 (11) 40 (4) 60.2 (15.7)

Average low °F (°C) 20 (−7) 22 (−6) 30 (−1) 39 (4) 49 (9) 58 (14) 63 (17) 61 (16) 53 (12) 42 (6) 34 (1) 25 (−4) 41.3 (5.1)

Record low °F (°C) −19 (−28) −6 (−21) 2 (−17) 13 (−11) 26 (−3) 37 (3) 44 (7) 42 (6) 31 (−1) 20 (−7) 6 (−14) −3 (−19) −19 (−28)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.17 (80.5) 2.65 (67.3) 3.34 (84.8) 3.35 (85.1) 4.16 (105.7) 4.18 (106.2) 3.93 (99.8) 3.36 (85.3) 4.28 (108.7) 3.22 (81.8) 3.19 (81) 2.99 (75.9) 41.82 (1,062.1)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.0 (22.9) 8.9 (22.6) 6.1 (15.5) 0.6 (1.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1.7 (4.3) 6.0 (15.2) 32.3 (82)

Source: The Weather Channel;[18] Weatherbase[17]


Historical population

Census Pop.

1800 2,052

1810 2,491


1820 2,908


1830 3,708


1840 4,351


1850 4,581


1860 5,664


1870 6,650


1880 6,209


1890 7,620


1900 9,626


1910 10,303


1920 10,916


1930 12,596


1940 13,984


1950 16,812


1960 16,623


1970 18,079


1980 18,314


1990 18,419


2000 17,970


2010 18,682


Est. 2016 19,162 [3] 2.6%

U.S. Decennial Census[19] 2014 estimate[2]

As of the census of 2000, there were 17,970 people, 7,426 households, and 4,010 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,308.9 people per square mile (1,277.8/km2). There were 8,032 housing units at an average density of 1,479.0 per square mile (571.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 88.93% White, 6.92% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.60% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.96% of the population. There were 7,426 households, out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.0% were non-families. 39.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.81. In the borough, the population was spread out, with 18.6% under the age of 18, 17.2% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $33,969, and the median income for a family was $46,588. Males had a median income of $34,519 versus $25,646 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,394. About 8.6% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over. Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit]

Dickinson College Penn State Dickinson School of Law United States Army
United States Army
War College

Public school[edit]

Carlisle Area School District

Private schools[edit] As reported by the National Center for Educational Statistics[20]

Carlisle Christian Academy Blue Ridge Mennonite School Dickinson College
Dickinson College
Children's Center Hidden Valley School St Patrick School The Christian School of Grace Baptist Church

Media[edit] Print[edit] Carlisle has one daily newspaper, The Sentinel.[21] Radio[edit] AM

Frequency Callsign[22] Format[23] City of License Notes

960 WHYL Adult Standards Carlisle, Pennsylvania -

1000 WIOO Country Carlisle, Pennsylvania -


Frequency Callsign[24] Format[23] City of License Notes

88.3 WDCV-FM Variety Carlisle, Pennsylvania Dickinson College
Dickinson College

93.1 W226AS Contemporary Christian Carlisle, Pennsylvania Translator of WBYO, Sellersville, Pennsylvania

97.9 W250AP Country Carlisle, Pennsylvania Translator of WIOO

101.7 W269AS Christian Carlisle, Pennsylvania Family Radio
Family Radio

102.3 WCAT-FM Country Carlisle, Pennsylvania Broadcasts from Camp Hill, Pennsylvania

Notable people[edit]

Ian Patrick Shannon (Mayor of Carlisle) Also known for dabbling in comedy & adult films. Charles Jefferson Albright (1816–1883), congressman from Pennsylvania[25] James Armstrong, congressman from Pennsylvania[25] John Armstrong, Jr., United States Secretary of War[25] Sid Bream, Major League Baseball player Jackson Bostwick, actor Alice Bridges, born in 1916, Olympic bronze medalist at age 20 in 100 m swimming event (1936 Berlin Olympics); resided in Carlisle Stephen Duncan, the wealthiest cotton planter in the South prior to Civil War, and second largest slave owner in the country[26] Cheston Lee Eshelman, inventor, aviator, manufacturer (Cheston L. Eshelman Company) and automaker (see Eshelman) Harold J. Greene
Harold J. Greene
(1955-2014), United States Army
United States Army
soldier[27] Arthur Japy Hepburn
Arthur Japy Hepburn
(1877–1964), admiral whose naval career spanned Spanish–American War, World War I, and World War II John Huzvar
John Huzvar
(1929–2007), football player Alexander J. Irwin, Wisconsin territorial legislator Robert Irwin, Jr., Michigan territorial legislator J. E. Keeny, president of Louisiana Tech University
Louisiana Tech University
from 1908–1926, born in Carlisle in 1860[28] Jeff Lebo, current men's basketball coach at East Carolina University Lois Lowry, author of children's literature, awarded Newbery Medal twice; several childhood years were spent in Carlisle, her mother's hometown Andrew G. Miller, United States federal judge Marianne Moore, Modernist poet and writer Billy Owens, former NBA player Molly Pitcher
Molly Pitcher
(Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley), heroine at the Battle of Monmouth during the American Revolutionary War; a statue of her can be seen in Old Cemetery, where she is buried Samuel Smith, a U.S. senator and congressman from Maryland, born in Carlisle in 1752 Jim Thorpe
Jim Thorpe
(1887-1953), iconic athlete, Olympic gold medalist, football player and coach; considered one of the most versatile athletes in modern sports Frederick Watts, U.S. Commissioner of Agriculture (1871–1876) and "Father of Penn State University" Samuel Wilkeson, former mayor of Buffalo, New York William Wilkins (1779-1865), U.S. Senator 1831-34, U.S. Representative, U.S. Secretary of War James Wilson, signer of Declaration of Independence, twice elected to the Continental Congress, a major force in the drafting of the nation's Constitution Lee Woodall, former NFL player Lt. Col. Jay Zeamer, Jr., World War II
World War II
U.S. Army Air Forces
U.S. Army Air Forces
veteran and Medal of Honor recipient

Other[edit] Carlisle is famous to many people for its car shows, put on regularly by Carlisle Events throughout the spring, summer, and fall at the Carlisle Fairgrounds. In addition to the regularly scheduled shows there are specialty shows, including the GM Nationals, the Ford Nationals, the Chrysler Nationals, the Truck Nationals, Corvettes at Carlisle, and the Import/Kit Car Nationals. Most likely because of its location at the intersection of two major trucking routes ( I-81
and I-76), air pollution within the borough often falls within the range considered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as "Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups" [i.e., children, the elderly, and people with respiratory or heart disease]. The pollutant typically involved is PM2.5, particulate matter composed of particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter.[citation needed] The Central Pennsylvania
Youth Ballet (CPYB), a ballet school and performing company known internationally for their alumni, is based in Carlisle. Carlisle is the headquarters of the Giant Food supermarkets in Pennsylvania. Carlisle was home to the Washington Redskins
Washington Redskins
training camp for many years. In 1986, cornerback Darrell Green
Darrell Green
ran the 40-yard dash at Dickinson College
Dickinson College
in 4.09 seconds. Although the result was unofficial, it is the fastest "legitimate" time ever recorded in the 40-yard dash. References[edit]

^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.  ^ a b c "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 18, 2015.  ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "PHMC Historical Markers Search" (Searchable database). Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2014-01-25.  ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File
1 (G001): Carlisle borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 18, 2015.  ^ Levy, Francesca (June 7, 2010). "America's Best Places to Raise a Family". Forbes.com.  ^ Citadel, Carlisle, England. Old-picture.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-23. ^ [1] Archived July 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ^  Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), "Carlisle (2.)", Encyclopædia Britannica, 5 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 110  ^ Klein, Philip S. (1962). President James Buchanan: A Biography (1995 ed.). Newtown, CT: American Political Biography Press. pp. 9–12. ISBN 0-945707-11-8.  ^ EB (1878). ^ National Park Service
National Park Service
(2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.  ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ "Google Maps". Google.com. Retrieved June 18, 2015.  ^ a b "Historical Weather for Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2010-04-03.  ^ a b "Average weather for Carlisle, PA". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-04-03.  ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 11, 2014.  ^ ies, National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, Private School Universe Survey 2008 ^ "About this Newspaper: The sentinel". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2010-04-05.  ^ "AMQ AM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Archived from the original on August 25, 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-05.  ^ a b "Radio-Locator". Radio-Locator. Retrieved 2010-04-05.  ^ "FMQ FM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Archived from the original on August 25, 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-05.  ^ a b c Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.  ^ Engerman, Stanley L. (1976). Owens, Harry P., ed. The Southern Slave Economy. Perspectives and Irony in American Slavery. University Press of Mississippi. p. 107.  ^ Air Force Mortuary Affairs (August 7, 2014). "Army Maj. Gen. Harold J. Greene honored in dignified transfer Aug. 7". United States Air Force. United States Department of the Air Force. Retrieved August 7, 2014.  ^ "Keeny, John Ephraim". Louisiana Historical Association, A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography (lahistory.org). Archived from the original on December 1, 2010. Retrieved December 27, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

Ridner, Judith. A Town In-Between: Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and the Early Mid-Atlantic Interior ( 2010) excerpt and text search

External links[edit]


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

 "Carlisle (Pennsylvania)", Encyclopædia Britannica, 5 (11th ed.), 1911, p. 342  Borough of Carlisle official website Cumberland Valley
Cumberland Valley
Visitors Bureau Photographs of the Spring Carlisle collector car swap meet – Rochester Area Ballparks Photographs of the Frogswitch foundry in Carlisle

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Cumberland
County, Pennsylvania, United States

County seat: Carlisle


Camp Hill Carlisle Lemoyne Mechanicsburg Mount Holly Springs New Cumberland Newburg Newville Shippensburg‡ Shiremanstown Wormleysburg


Cooke Dickinson East Pennsboro Hampden Hopewell Lower Allen Lower Frankford Lower Mifflin Middlesex Monroe North Middleton North Newton Penn Shippensburg Silver Spring South Middleton South Newton Southampton Upper Allen Upper Frankford Upper Mifflin West Pennsboro


Boiling Springs Enola Lower Allen Messiah College New Kingstown Plainfield Schlusser Shippensburg University West Fairview

Unincorporated communities

Bloserville Bowmansdale Caprivi Entlerville Grantham Lisburn Shepherdstown Sporting Hill Summerdale Walnut Bottom Wertzville Williams Grove


‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

County seats of Pennsylvania


Allentown Butler Chester (1682-1851) Easton Erie Franklin Greensburg Harrisburg Lancaster Lebanon Lock Haven Meadville New Castle Philadelphia Pittsburgh Pottsville Reading Scranton Sunbury Uniontown Warren Washington Wilkes-Barre Williamsport York


Beaver Bedford Bellefonte Brookville Carlisle Chambersburg Clarion Clearfield Coudersport Danville Doylestown Ebensburg Emporium Gettysburg Hollidaysburg Honesdale Huntingdon Indiana Jim Thorpe Kittanning Laporte Lewisburg Lewistown McConnellsburg Media Mercer Middleburg Mifflintown Milford Montrose New Bloomfield Norristown Ridgway Smethport Somerset Stroudsburg Tionesta Towanda Tunkhannock Waynesburg Wellsboro West Chester



v t e

 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Harrisburg (capital)


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