Carl Sandburg
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Carl August Sandburg (January 6, 1878 – July 22, 1967) was an American poet, biographer, journalist, and editor. He won three
Pulitzer Prizes The Pulitzer Prize () is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine, online journalism, literature, and musical composition within the United States. It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of Joseph Pulitzer, who had made hi ...
: two for his poetry and one for his biography of
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln ( ; February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American lawyer, politician, and statesman who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in 1865. Lincoln led the nation throu ...
. During his lifetime, Sandburg was widely regarded as "a major figure in contemporary literature", especially for volumes of his collected verse, including '' Chicago Poems'' (1916), ''Cornhuskers'' (1918), and ''Smoke and Steel'' (1920). He enjoyed "unrivaled appeal as a poet in his day, perhaps because the breadth of his experiences connected him with so many strands of American life". When he died in 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson observed that "Carl Sandburg was more than the voice of America, more than the poet of its strength and genius. He was America."


Life

Carl Sandburg was born in a three-room cottage at 313 East Third Street in
Galesburg, Illinois Galesburg is a city in Knox County, Illinois Illinois ( ) is a state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern United States. Its largest metropolitan areas include the Chicago metropolitan area, and the Metro East section, of Greater ...
, to Clara Mathilda (née Anderson) and August Sandberg, Sandburg's father's last name was originally "Danielson" or "Sturm". He could read but not write, and he accepted whatever spelling other people used. The young Carl, sister Mary, and brother Mart changed the spelling to "Sandburg" when in elementary school. both of Swedish ancestry. He adopted the nickname "Charles" or "Charlie" in elementary school at about the same time he and his two oldest siblings changed the spelling of their last name to "Sandburg". At the age of thirteen he left school and began driving a milk wagon. From the age of about fourteen until he was seventeen or eighteen, he worked as a porter at the Union Hotel barbershop in Galesburg. After that he was on the milk route again for 18 months. He then became a bricklayer and a farm laborer on the wheat plains of
Kansas Kansas () is a U.S. state, state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern United States. Its Capital city, capital is Topeka, Kansas, Topeka, and its largest city is Wichita, Kansas, Wichita. Kansas is a landlocked state bordered by Nebras ...
. After an interval spent at
Lombard College Lombard College was a Universalist Church, Universalist college located in Galesburg, Illinois. History Lombard College was founded in 1853 by the Universalist Church as the Illinois Liberal Institute. In 1855, however, a major fire damaged muc ...
in Galesburg, he became a hotel servant in
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, then a coal-heaver in Omaha. He began his writing career as a journalist for the ''
Chicago Daily News The ''Chicago Daily News'' was an afternoon daily newspaper in the midwestern United States, published between 1875 and 1978 in Chicago, Illinois. History The ''Daily News'' was founded by Melville E. Stone, Percy Meggy, and William Dougherty ...
''. Later he wrote poetry, history, biographies, novels, children's literature, and film reviews. Sandburg also collected and edited books of ballads and folklore. He spent most of his life in
Illinois Illinois ( ) is a state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern United States. Its largest metropolitan areas include the Chicago metropolitan area, and the Metro East section, of Greater St. Louis. Other smaller metropolitan areas inc ...
,
Wisconsin Wisconsin () is a U.S. state, state in the Upper Midwest, upper Midwestern United States. Wisconsin is the List of U.S. states and territories by area, 25th-largest state by total area and the List of U.S. states and territories by populatio ...
, and
Michigan Michigan () is a U.S. state, state in the Great Lakes region, Great Lakes region of the Upper Midwest, upper Midwestern United States. With a population of nearly 10.12 million and an area of nearly , Michigan is the List of U.S. states and ...
before moving to
North Carolina North Carolina () is a U.S. state, state in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the United States. The state is the List of U.S. states and territories by area, 28th largest and List of states and territories of the United ...
. Sandburg volunteered to go to the military during the
Spanish–American War , partof = the Philippine Revolution, the decolonization of the Americas, and the Cuban War of Independence , image = Collage infobox for Spanish-American War.jpg , image_size = 300px , caption = (clock ...
and was stationed in Puerto Rico with the 6th Illinois Infantry, disembarking at Guánica,
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on July 25, 1898. Sandburg was never actually called to battle. He attended
West Point The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known Metonymy, metonymically as West Point or simply as Army, is a United States service academies, United States service academy in West Point, New York. It was originally established as a f ...
for just two weeks before failing a mathematics and grammar exam. Sandburg returned to Galesburg and entered
Lombard College Lombard College was a Universalist Church, Universalist college located in Galesburg, Illinois. History Lombard College was founded in 1853 by the Universalist Church as the Illinois Liberal Institute. In 1855, however, a major fire damaged muc ...
but left without a degree in 1903. He then moved to
Milwaukee, Wisconsin Milwaukee ( ), officially the City of Milwaukee, is both the most populous and most densely populated city in the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the county seat of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, Milwaukee County. With a population of 577,222 at th ...
, to work for a newspaper, and also joined the Wisconsin Social Democratic Party, the name by which the
Socialist Party of America The Socialist Party of America (SPA) was a socialist political party in the United States formed in 1901 by a merger between the three-year-old Social Democratic Party of America and disaffected elements of the Socialist Labor Party of America ...
was known in the state. Sandburg served as a secretary to Emil Seidel,
socialist Socialism is a left-wing Economic ideology, economic philosophy and Political movement, movement encompassing a range of economic systems characterized by the dominance of social ownership of the means of production as opposed to Private prop ...
mayor of Milwaukee from 1910 to 1912. Carl Sandburg later remarked that Milwaukee was where he got his bearings and that the rest of his life had been "the unrolling of a scene that started up in Wisconsin". Sandburg met Lilian Steichen (1883-1977) at the Milwaukee Social Democratic Party office in 1907, and they married the next year in Milwaukee. Lilian's brother was the photographer
Edward Steichen Edward Jean Steichen (March 27, 1879 – March 25, 1973) was a Luxembourgish American photographer, painter, and curator, renowned as one of the most prolific and influential figures in the history of photography. Steichen was credited with tra ...
. Sandburg with his wife, whom he called Paula, raised three daughters. Their first daughter, Margaret, was born in 1911. The Sandburgs moved to Harbert, Michigan, and then to suburban
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive Map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = List of sovereign states, Count ...
, Illinois in 1912 after he was offered a job by a Chicago newspaper. They lived in Evanston, Illinois before settling at 331 South York Street in Elmhurst, Illinois, from 1919 to 1930. During the time, Sandburg wrote ''Chicago Poems'' (1916), ''Cornhuskers'' (1918), and ''Smoke and Steel'' (1920). In 1919 Sandburg won a Pulitzer Prize "made possible by a special grant from The Poetry Society" for his collection ''Cornhuskers''. Sandburg also wrote three children's books in Elmhurst: ''Rootabaga Stories'', in 1922, followed by ''Rootabaga Pigeons'' (1923), and ''Potato Face'' (1930). Sandburg also wrote ''Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years'', a two-volume biography, in 1926, '' The American Songbag'' (1927), and a book of poems called ''Good Morning, America'' (1928) in Elmhurst. The Sandburg house at 331 South York Street in Elmhurst was demolished and the site is now a parking lot. The family moved to Michigan in 1930. Sandburg won the 1940
Pulitzer Prize for History The Pulitzer Prize for History, administered by Columbia University Columbia University (also known as Columbia, and officially as Columbia University in the City of New York) is a Private university, private research university in New York ...
for the four-volume '' The War Years'', the sequel to his ''Abraham Lincoln'', and a second Poetry Pulitzer in 1951 for ''Complete Poems''."Poetry"
The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
The
Pulitzer Prize for Poetry The Pulitzer Prize for Poetry is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prize The Pulitzer Prize () is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine, online journalism, literature, and musical composition within the United States. It was est ...
was inaugurated in 1922 but the organization now considers the first winners to be three recipients of 1918 and 1919 special awards.
In 1945 he moved to
Connemara Connemara (; )( ga, Conamara ) is a region on the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic coast of western County Galway, in the west of Ireland. The area has a strong association with traditional Irish culture and contains much of the Connacht Irish-speak ...
, a rural estate in Flat Rock, North Carolina. Here he produced a little over a third of his total published work and lived with his wife, daughters, and two grandchildren. On February 12, 1959, in commemorations of the 150th anniversary of
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln ( ; February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American lawyer, politician, and statesman who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in 1865. Lincoln led the nation throu ...
's birth, Congress met in
joint session A joint session or joint convention is, most broadly, when two normally separate Decision making, decision-making groups meet, often in a special session or other extraordinary meeting, for a specific purpose. Most often it refers to when both ho ...
to hear actor
Fredric March Fredric March (born Ernest Frederick McIntyre Bickel; August 31, 1897 – April 14, 1975) was an American actor, regarded as one of Hollywood's most celebrated, versatile stars of the 1930s and 1940s.Obituary ''Variety Obituaries, Variety' ...
give a dramatic reading of the
Gettysburg Address The Gettysburg Address is a Public speaking, speech that President of the United States, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered during the American Civil War at the dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery, Soldiers' National Cemetery, ...
, followed by an address by Sandburg. Sandburg supported the
Civil Rights Movement The civil rights movement was a nonviolent social and political movement and campaign from 1954 to 1968 in the United States to abolish legalized institutional Racial segregation in the United States, racial segregation, Racial discrimination ...
and was the first white man to be honored by the
NAACP The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as an interracial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E.&nb ...
with their Silver Plaque Award as a "major prophet of civil rights in our time." Sandburg died of
natural causes In many legal jurisdictions Jurisdiction (from Latin 'law' + 'declaration') is the legal term for the legal authority granted to a legal entity to enact justice. In federations like the United States, areas of jurisdiction apply to loca ...
in 1967 and his body was cremated. The ashes were interred under "Remembrance Rock", a granite boulder located behind his birth house in Galesburg.His wife and two daughters would also be interred there. See the signage.


Career


Poetry and prose

Much of Carl Sandburg's poetry, such as "
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive Map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = List of sovereign states, Count ...
", focused on
Chicago, Illinois (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive Map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = List of sovereign states, Count ...
, where he spent time as a reporter for the ''
Chicago Daily News The ''Chicago Daily News'' was an afternoon daily newspaper in the midwestern United States, published between 1875 and 1978 in Chicago, Illinois. History The ''Daily News'' was founded by Melville E. Stone, Percy Meggy, and William Dougherty ...
'' and '' The Day Book''. His most famous description of the city is as "Hog Butcher for the World/Tool Maker, Stacker of Wheat/Player with Railroads and the Nation's Freight Handler,/Stormy, Husky, Brawling, City of the Big Shoulders." Sandburg earned
Pulitzer Prize The Pulitzer Prize () is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine, online journalism, literature, and musical composition within the United States. It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of Joseph Pulitzer, who had made hi ...
s for his collection ''The Complete Poems of Carl Sandburg'', ''Corn Huskers'', and for his biography of
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln ( ; February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American lawyer, politician, and statesman who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in 1865. Lincoln led the nation throu ...
('' Abraham Lincoln: The War Years''). Sandburg is also remembered by generations of children for his '' Rootabaga Stories'' and ''Rootabaga Pigeons'', a series of whimsical, sometimes melancholy stories he originally created for his own daughters. ''The Rootabaga Stories'' were born of Sandburg's desire for "American fairy tales" to match American childhood. He felt that the European stories involving royalty and knights were inappropriate, and so populated his stories with skyscrapers, trains, corn fairies and the "Five Marvelous Pretzels". In 1919, Sandburg was assigned by his editor at the ''Daily News'' to do a series of reports on the working classes and tensions among whites and
African Americans African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans and Afro-Americans) are an Race and ethnicity in the United States, ethnic group consisting of Americans with partial or total ancestry from sub-Saharan Africa. The term "African American" ...
. The impetus for these reports were race riots that had broken out in other American cities. Ultimately, major riots broke out in Chicago too, but much of Sandburg's writing on the issues before the riots caused him to be seen as having a prophetic voice. A visiting philanthropist, Joel Spingarn, who was also an official of the
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as an interracial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E.&nb ...
, read Sandburg's columns with interest and asked to publish them, as ''The Chicago Race Riots, July, 1919''.


Lincoln works

Sandburg's popular multivolume biography ''Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years'', 2 vols. (1926) and ''Abraham Lincoln: The War Years'', 4 vols. (1939) are collectively "the best-selling, most widely read, and most influential book about Lincoln." The books have been through many editions, including a one-volume edition in 1954 prepared by Sandburg. Sandburg's Lincoln scholarship had an enormous impact on the popular view of Lincoln. The books were adapted by Robert E. Sherwood for his Pulitzer Prize-winning play, ''Abe Lincoln in Illinois'' (1938) and
David Wolper David Lloyd Wolper (January 11, 1928 – August 10, 2010) was an American television and film producer, responsible for shows such as '' Roots'', '' The Thorn Birds'', and '' North and South'', and the theatrically-released films '' L.A. Confi ...
's six-part dramatization for television, ''Sandburg's Lincoln'' (1974). He recorded excerpts from the biography and some of Lincoln's speeches for Caedmon Records in
New York City New York, often called New York City or NYC, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distributed over , New York City is also the L ...
in May 1957. He was awarded a
Grammy Award The Grammy Awards (stylized as GRAMMY), or simply known as the Grammys, are awards presented by the Recording Academy of the United States to recognize "outstanding" achievements in the music industry. They are regarded by many as the most pr ...
in 1959 for Best Performance – Documentary Or Spoken Word (Other Than Comedy) for his recording of
Aaron Copland Aaron Copland (, ; November 14, 1900December 2, 1990) was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later a conductor of his own and other American music. Copland was referred to by his peers and critics as "the Dean of American Com ...
's '' Lincoln Portrait'' with the
New York Philharmonic The New York Philharmonic, officially the Philharmonic-Symphony Society of New York, Inc., globally known as New York Philharmonic Orchestra (NYPO) or New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra, is a symphony orchestra based in New York City. It is ...
. Some historians suggest more Americans learned about Lincoln from Sandburg than from any other source. The books garnered critical praise and attention for Sandburg, including the 1940
Pulitzer Prize for History The Pulitzer Prize for History, administered by Columbia University Columbia University (also known as Columbia, and officially as Columbia University in the City of New York) is a Private university, private research university in New York ...
for the four-volume '' The War Years''. But Sandburg's works on Lincoln also received substantial criticism. William E. Barton, who had published a Lincoln biography in 1925, wrote that Sandburg's book "is not history, is not even biography" because of its lack of original research and uncritical use of evidence, but Barton nevertheless thought it was "real literature and a delightful and important contribution to the ever-lengthening shelf of really good books about Lincoln." Historian
Milo Milton Quaife Milo Milton Quaife (1880–1959) was a historian of Michigan and the Great Lakes region. Quaife was born in Nashua, Iowa. He received his education at Grinnell College, the University of Missouri and the University of Chicago. He was head of the ...
criticized Sandburg for not documenting his sources and questioned the accuracy of ''The Prairie Years'', noting they contain a number of factual errors. Others have complained ''The Prairie Years'' and ''The War Years'' contain too much material that is neither biography nor history, saying the books are instead "sentimental poeticizing" by Sandburg. Sandburg himself may have viewed his works more as an American epic than as a mere biography, a view also mirrored by other reviewers.


Folk music

Sandburg's 1927 anthology the '' American Songbag'' enjoyed enormous popularity, going through many editions; and Sandburg himself was perhaps the first American urban folk singer, accompanying himself on solo guitar at lectures and poetry recitals, and in recordings, long before the first or the second folk revival movements (of the 1940s and 1960s, respectively). According to the musicologist Judith Tick:
As a populist poet, Sandburg bestowed a powerful dignity on what the '20s called the "American scene" in a book he called a "ragbag of stripes and streaks of color from nearly all ends of the earth ... rich with the diversity of the United States." Reviewed widely in journals ranging from the ''New Masses'' to ''Modern Music'', the ''American Songbag'' influenced a number of musicians. Pete Seeger, who calls it a "landmark", saw it "almost as soon as it came out." The composer Elie Siegmeister took it to Paris with him in 1927, and he and his wife Hannah "were always singing these songs. That was home. That was where we belonged."


Film

Sandburg said he considered working on D. W. Griffith's '' Intolerance'' (1916) but his first film work was when he signed on to work on the production of '' The Greatest Story Ever Told'' (1965) in July 1960 for a year, receiving an "in creative association with Carl Sandburg" credit on the film.


Legacy


Commemoration

Carl Sandburg's boyhood home in Galesburg is now operated by the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency as the Carl Sandburg State Historic Site. The site contains the cottage Sandburg was born in, a modern visitor's center, and small garden with a large stone called Remembrance Rock, under which his and his wife's ashes are buried. Sandburg's home of 22 years in
Flat Rock, Henderson County, North Carolina Flat Rock is a village in Henderson County, North Carolina, Henderson County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 3,114 at the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census. It is part of the Asheville, North Carolina, Asheville Asheville me ...
, is preserved by the
National Park Service The National Park Service (NPS) is an List of federal agencies in the United States, agency of the Federal government of the United States, United States federal government within the United States Department of the Interior, U.S. Department of ...
as the Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site. Carl Sandburg College is located in Sandburg's birthplace of
Galesburg, Illinois Galesburg is a city in Knox County, Illinois Illinois ( ) is a state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern United States. Its largest metropolitan areas include the Chicago metropolitan area, and the Metro East section, of Greater ...
, and Fairfax County, Virginia has a Carl Sandburg Middle School. On January 6, 1978, the 100th anniversary of his birth, the
United States Postal Service The United States Postal Service (USPS), also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service, is an Independent agencies of the United States government, independent agency of the executive branch of the Federal government of the Uni ...
issued a
commemorative stamp A commemorative stamp is a postage stamp, often issued on a significant date such as an anniversary, to honor or commemorate a place, event, person, or object. The ''subject'' of the commemorative stamp is usually spelled out in print, unlike defi ...
honoring Sandburg. The spare design consists of a profile originally drawn by his friend William A. Smith in 1952, along with Sandburg's own distinctive autograph. The Rare Book & Manuscript Library (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) (RBML) houses the Carl Sandburg Papers. The bulk of the collection was purchased directly from Carl Sandburg and his family. In total, the RBML owns over 600 cubic feet of Sandburg's papers, including photographs, correspondence, and manuscripts. In 2011, Sandburg was inducted into the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame.


Namesakes

Carl Sandburg Village was a 1960s urban renewal project in the
Near North Side, Chicago The Near North Side is the eighth of Chicago's 77 Community areas of Chicago, community areas. It is the northernmost of the three areas that constitute central Chicago, the others being the Chicago Loop, Loop and the Near South Side, Chicago, Ne ...
. Financed by the city, it is located between Clark and LaSalle St. between Division Street and North Ave. Solomon & Cordwell, architects. In 1979, Carl Sandburg Village was converted to condominium ownership. Numerous schools are named for Sandburg throughout the United States, and he was present at some of these schools' dedications. (Some years after attending the 1954 dedication of Carl Sandburg High School in Orland Park, Illinois, Sandburg returned for an unannounced visit; the school's principal at first mistook him for a
hobo A hobo is a migrant worker in the United States. Hoboes, tramps and bums are generally regarded as related, but distinct: a hobo travels and is willing to work; a tramp travels, but avoids work if possible; and a bum neither travels nor works. ...
.) Sandburg Halls, a student residence hall at the
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee The University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee (UW–Milwaukee, UWM, or Milwaukee) is a Public university, public Urban university, urban research university in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It is the largest university in the Milwaukee metropolitan area and a ...
, carries a plaque commemorating Sandburg's roles as an organizer for the Social Democratic Party and as personal secretary to Emil Seidel, Milwaukee's first Socialist mayor. Carl Sandburg Library opened in
Livonia, Michigan Livonia is a city in Wayne County, Michigan, Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 95,535 at the 2020 United States census, 2020 census, which ranked it as Michigan's ninth most-populated municipality. Livonia is a part ...
in 1961. The name was recommended by the Library Commission as an example of an American author representing the best of literature of the Midwest. Carl Sandburg had taught at the
University of Michigan The University of Michigan (U-M, UMich, or Michigan) is a public university, public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Founded in 1817 by an act of the old Michigan Territory as the History of the University of Michigan#The Catholepistemi ...
for a time. Galesburg opened Sandburg Mall in 1975, named in honor of Sandburg. The
Chicago Public Library The Chicago Public Library (CPL) is the public library system that serves the Chicago, City of Chicago in the U.S. state of Illinois. It consists of 81 locations, including a central library, two regional libraries, and branches distributed throug ...
installed the Carl Sandburg Award, annually awarded for contributions to literature. A subdivision in a suburbs of Atlanta Georgia is named after Carl Sandburg and his life. Connemara HOA in Lawrenceville (GA) includes the namesake of Connemara, his home in NC. Street names include Galesburg Dr (his birthplace), Windflower Way (named after the poem Windflower Leaf), Remembrance Trace (named after his only novel of Remembrance Rock), Flat Rock Dr (his home of Connemara in Flat Rock, NC), and Lombard Dr (the College he attended). Amtrak added the ''
Carl Sandburg Carl August Sandburg (January 6, 1878 – July 22, 1967) was an American poet, biographer, journalist, and editor. He won three Pulitzer Prizes: two for his poetry and one for his biography of Abraham Lincoln. During his lifetime, Sandburg ...
'' train in 2006 to supplement the ''
Illinois Zephyr The ''Illinois Zephyr'' and ''Carl Sandburg'' are a pair of passenger trains operated by Amtrak on a route between Chicago and Quincy, Illinois. As ''Illinois Service'' trains, they are partially funded by the Illinois Department of Transporta ...
'' on the
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive Map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = List of sovereign states, Count ...
Quincy route.


In other media

* Avard Fairbanks produced Sandburg's portrait during the Lincoln Sesquicentennial. It was cast in bronze and placed at the Chicago Historical Museum and at Knox College, his alma mater, in Galesburg, IL. *
NBC The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English-language commercial Commercial may refer to: * a dose of advertising conveyed through media (such as - for example - radio or television) ** Radio advertisement ** Television ...
produced a six-episode
miniseries A miniseries or mini-series is a television series that tells a story in a predetermined, limited number of episodes. "Limited-run series, Limited series" is another more recent US term which is sometimes used interchangeably. , the popularity of ...
entitled '' Lincoln'', also referred to as ''Carl Sandburg's Lincoln'', starring
Hal Holbrook Harold Rowe Holbrook Jr. (February 17, 1925 – January 23, 2021) was an American actor, television director, and screenwriter. He first received critical acclaim in 1954 for a one-man stage show that he developed called '' Mark Twain Tonight!'' ...
and directed by George Schaefer, aired between 1974 and 1976. * Richard Armour's poem "Driving in a Fog; or Carl Sandburg Must Have Been a Pedestrian" was published in the January 1953 '' Westways''. *
William Saroyan William Saroyan (; August 31, 1908 – May 18, 1981) was an Armenian-American novelist, playwright, and short story writer. He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1940, and in 1943 won the Academy Award for Best Story for the film ''T ...
wrote a short story about Sandburg in his 1971 book '' Letters from 74 rue Taitbout or Don't Go But If You Must Say Hello To Everybody''. * Thomas Hart Benton painted a portrait ''Carl Sandburg'' in 1956, for which the poet had posed. * Sandburg's "Sometime they'll give a war and nobody will come" from ''The People, Yes'' was a slogan of the German peace movement ("''Stell dir vor, es ist Krieg, und keiner geht hin''"); however, it is often falsely attributed to
Bertolt Brecht Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet. Coming of age during the Weimar Republic, he had his first successes as a pl ...
. * Daniel Steven Crafts' '' The Song and The Slogan'' is an orchestral composition built around recited passages from Sandburg's "Prairie". * Dan Zanes's ''Parades and Panoramas: 25 Songs Collected by Carl Sandburg for the American Songbag.'' * Peter Louis van Dijk's "Windy City Songs", based on the ''Chicago'' poems, was performed by the Chicago Children's Choir and the
Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University Nelson Mandela University (formerly known as ''Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU)'' ) and before that - the University of Port Elizabeth (UPE), the Port Elizabeth Technikon and Vista University's Port Elizabeth campus. This South Afr ...
Choir in 2007. *
Steven Spielberg Steven Allan Spielberg (; born December 18, 1946) is an American director, writer, and producer. A major figure of the New Hollywood era and pioneer of the modern Blockbuster (entertainment), blockbuster, he is the most List of highest-grossi ...
claimed that the face of E.T. was based on a composite of Sandburg,
Ernest Hemingway Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. His economical and understated style—which he termed the iceberg theory—had a strong influence on 20th-century fic ...
, and
Albert Einstein Albert Einstein ( ; ; 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born Theoretical physics, theoretical physicist, widely acknowledged to be one of the greatest and most influential physicists of all time. Einstein is best known for d ...
. p. 134. *
Bob Gibson Robert Gibson (born Pack Robert Gibson; November 9, 1935October 2, 2020) was an American professional baseball pitcher who played 17 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the St. Louis Cardinals (1959–1975). Nicknamed "Gibby" and "Hoot" ( ...
's "The Courtship of Carl Sandburg", starring Tom Amandes as Sandburg * Samuel M. Steward's gay pulp collection "$tud"'s protagonist refers to Sandburg in an ironic nod to his commentary on the "painted women of Chicago" (as Steward contrarily wrote of the "male whores" of Chicago). * In
Jonathan Lethem Jonathan Allen Lethem (; born February 19, 1964) is an American novelist, essayist, and short story writer. His Debut novel, first novel, ''Gun, with Occasional Music'', a genre work that mixed elements of science fiction and detective fiction, ...
's novel '' Dissident Gardens'' the main character Rose Zimmer became an
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln ( ; February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American lawyer, politician, and statesman who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in 1865. Lincoln led the nation throu ...
devotee after reading Sandburg's biography. Her copy of the six volumes became the centerpiece of her shrine to Lincoln. *
Sufjan Stevens Sufjan Stevens ( ; born July 1, 1975) is an American singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist. He has released nine solo studio albums and multiple collaborative albums with other artists. Stevens has received Grammy The Grammy Awards ...
's "Come on! Feel the Illinoise! Part I: The Columbian Exposition Part II: Carl Sandburg Visits Me in a Dream" (from ''
Illinois Illinois ( ) is a state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern United States. Its largest metropolitan areas include the Chicago metropolitan area, and the Metro East section, of Greater St. Louis. Other smaller metropolitan areas inc ...
''). *Composer Phyllis Zimmerman set Sandburg's poems to music in her choral composition ''Fog'', which was recorded and produced on CD.


Bibliography

*''In Reckless Ecstasy'' (1904) (poetry) (originally published as Charles Sandburg) *''Incidentals'' (1904) (poetry and prose) (originally published as Charles Sandburg) *''Plaint of a Rose'' (1908) (poetry) (originally published as Charles Sandburg) *'' Joseffy'' (1910) (prose) (originally published as Charles Sandburg) *''You and Your Job'' (1910) (prose) (originally published as Charles Sandburg) *''Chicago Poems'' (1916) (poetry) *''Cornhuskers'' (1918) (poetry) *''Chicago Race Riots'' (1919) (prose) (with an introduction by Walter Lippmann) *''Clarence Darrow of Chicago'' (1919) (prose) *''Smoke and Steel'' (1920) (poetry) *'' Rootabaga Stories'' (1922) (children's stories) *''Slabs of the Sunburnt West'' (1922) (poetry) *''Rootabaga Pigeons'' (1923) (children's stories) *''Selected Poems'' (1926) (poetry) *'' Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years'' (1926) (biography) *''The American Songbag'' (1927) (folk songs) *''Songs of America'' (1927) (folk songs) (collected by Sandburg; edited by Alfred V. Frankenstein) *''Abe Lincoln Grows Up'' (1928) (biography rimarily for children *''Good Morning, America'' (1928) (poetry) *''Steichen the Photographer'' (1929) (history) *''Early Moon'' (1930) (poetry) *''Potato Face'' (1930) (children's stories) *''Mary Lincoln: Wife and Widow'' (1932) (biography) *'' The People, Yes'' (1936) (poetry) *'' Abraham Lincoln: The War Years'' (1939) (biography) *''Storm over the Land'' (1942) (biography) (excerpts from Sandburg's own '' Abraham Lincoln: The War Years'') *''Road to Victory'' (1942) (exhibition catalog) (text by Sandburg; images compiled by
Edward Steichen Edward Jean Steichen (March 27, 1879 – March 25, 1973) was a Luxembourgish American photographer, painter, and curator, renowned as one of the most prolific and influential figures in the history of photography. Steichen was credited with tra ...
and published by the
Museum of Modern Art The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, on 53rd Street (Manhattan), 53rd Street between Fifth Avenue, Fifth and Sixth Avenues. It plays a major role in developing and collecting modern art, ...
) *''Home Front Memo'' (1943) (essays) *'' Remembrance Rock'' (1948) (novel) *''Lincoln Collector: the story of the Oliver R. Barrett Lincoln collection'' (1949) (prose) *''The New American Songbag'' (1950) (folk songs) *''Complete Poems'' (1950) (poetry) *''The Wedding Procession of the Rag Doll and the Broom Handle and Who Was In It'' (1950) (children's story) *''Always the Young Strangers'' (1953) (autobiography) *''Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years and the War Years'' (1954) (illustrated one-volume edition) *''Selected Poems of Carl Sandburg'' (1954) (poetry) (edited by Rebecca West) *''
The Family of Man ''The Family of Man'' was an ambitious exhibition of 503 photography, photographs from 68 countries curated by Edward Steichen, the director of the New York City Museum of Modern Art's (MoMA) Department of Photography. According to Steichen, ...
'' (1955) (exhibition catalog) (introduction; images compiled by
Edward Steichen Edward Jean Steichen (March 27, 1879 – March 25, 1973) was a Luxembourgish American photographer, painter, and curator, renowned as one of the most prolific and influential figures in the history of photography. Steichen was credited with tra ...
) *''Prairie-Town Boy'' (1955) (autobiography) (essentially excerpts from ''Always the Young Strangers'') *''Sandburg Range'' (1957) (prose and poetry) *''Harvest Poems, 1910–1960'' (1960) (poetry) *''Wind Song'' (1960) (poetry) *'' The World of Carl Sandburg'' (1960) (stage production) (adapted and directed by
Norman Corwin Norman Lewis Corwin (May 3, 1910 – October 18, 2011) was an American writer, screenwriter, producer, essayist and teacher of journalism and writing. His earliest and biggest successes were in the writing and directing of radio drama during the ...
, dramatic readings by
Bette Davis Ruth Elizabeth "Bette" Davis (; April 5, 1908 – October 6, 1989) was an American actress with a career spanning more than 50 years and 100 acting credits. She was noted for playing unsympathetic, sardonic characters, and was famous for her pe ...
and Leif Erickson, singing and guitar by Clark Allen, with closing cameo by Sandburg himself) *''Carl Sandburg at Gettysburg'' (1961) (documentary) *''Honey and Salt'' (1963) (poetry) *''The Letters of Carl Sandburg'' (1968) (autobiographical/correspondence) (edited by Herbert Mitgang) *''Breathing Tokens'' (poetry by Sandburg, edited by Margaret Sandburg) (1978) (poetry) *''Ever the Winds of Chance'' (1983) (autobiography) (started by Sandburg, completed by Margaret Sandburg and George Hendrick) *''Carl Sandburg at the Movies: a poet in the silent era, 1920–1927'' (1985) (selections of his reviews of silent movies; collected and edited by Dale Fetherling and Doug Fetherling) *''Billy Sunday and other poems'' (1993) (edited with an introduction by George Hendrick and Willene Hendrick) *''Poems for Children Nowhere Near Old Enough to Vote'' (1999) (compiled and with an introduction by George and Willene Hendrick) *''Poems for the People.'' (1999) 73 newfound poems from his early years in Chicago, edited with an introduction by George Hendrick and Willene Hendrick *''Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years and the War Years'' (2007) (illustrated edition with an introduction by Alan Axelrod)


See also

* Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site


References


Footnotes


Notes


Further reading

* Niven, Penelope. ''Carl Sandburg: A Biography''. New York: Scribner's, 1991. * Sandburg, Carl. ''The Letters of Carl Sandburg''. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968. * Sandburg, Helga. ''A Great and Glorious Romance: The Story of Carl Sandburg and Lilian Steichen''. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1978.


External links


Carl Sandburg's birthplace
in Galesburg, IL (at sandburg.org)
Carl Sandburg Birthplace, Galesburg, IL
(at uncharted101.com)
Carl Sandburg Home, North Carolina
from the
National Park Service The National Park Service (NPS) is an List of federal agencies in the United States, agency of the Federal government of the United States, United States federal government within the United States Department of the Interior, U.S. Department of ...
* * *
The Day Carl Sandburg Died
PBS ''American Masters'' video
''Prayers for the People: Carl Sandburg's Poetry and Songs''
, a
Nebraska Educational Telecommunications Nebraska Public Media, formerly Nebraska Educational Telecommunications (NET), is a state network of public radio and public television, television stations in the U.S. state of Nebraska. It is operated by the Nebraska Educational Telecommunication ...
film, University of Nebraska (video, 1 hour)
Carl Sandburg databases
from the University of Illinois

from the FBI website

* *
Helga Sandburg
at LC Authorities, with 20 records
Carl Sandburg Home NHS images on Open Parks Network

''Without The Cain and The Derby'', a poem by Carl Sandburg: ''Vanity Fair'', May, 1922
* *


Archival materials


Oliver Barrett-Carl Sandburg Papers
at
Newberry Library The Newberry Library is an independent research library, specializing in the humanities and located on Washington Square (Chicago), Washington Square in Chicago, Illinois. It has been free and open to the public since 1887. Its collections encomp ...

North Carolina Writers Photographs Collection
J Murrey Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte
Sandburg Series in the Harry Golden papers
J Murrey Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte
Guide to the Carl Sandburg and Ruth Falkenau Correspondence 1919-1930
at th
University of Chicago Special Collections Research CenterGuide to the Carl Sandburg-Joseph Halle Schaffner Collection 1927-1969
at th
University of Chicago Special Collections Research Center
* Sandburg-Page Papers. Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. {{DEFAULTSORT:Sandburg, Carl 1878 births 1967 deaths 20th-century American novelists 20th-century American poets 20th-century American biographers American folk-song collectors Historians from Illinois American male novelists American male poets American military personnel of the Spanish–American War American people of Swedish descent Grammy Award winners Historians of the United States House of Vasa Industrial Workers of the World members Lombard College alumni Members of the Socialist Party of America American democratic socialists People from Elmhurst, Illinois People from Galesburg, Illinois Poets from North Carolina Poets from Wisconsin Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients Pulitzer Prize for History winners Pulitzer Prize for Poetry winners Writers from Chicago Wisconsin State Federation of Labor people Poets Laureate of Illinois 20th-century American male writers Novelists from Illinois People from Flat Rock, Henderson County, North Carolina Historians of Abraham Lincoln Poets from Illinois American male biographers Members of the American Academy of Arts and Letters