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Protodeacon
Protodeacon
derives from the Greek proto- meaning 'first' and diakonos, which is a standard ancient Greek word meaning "assistant", "servant", or "waiting-man". The word in English may refer to any of various clergy, depending upon the usage of the particular church in question.

Contents

1 Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches 2 Latin Church 3 Canon law references 4 External links

Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches[edit]

Portrait of an Orthodox protodeacon wearing the distinctive burgundy skufia, by Ilya Repin, 1877 (Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow).

Protodeacon
Protodeacon
is an honorific rank given to certain married deacons in Eastern Christian
Eastern Christian
churches. In the Russian Orthodox Church
Russian Orthodox Church
it is an honorary title given to married deacons, as a mark of which, the clergyman is entitled to wear a burgundy-colored skufia. The equivalent rank for Hierodeacons—i.e., monastic deacons—is Archdeacon. The senior deacon of a cathedral or principal church may be awarded the title of protodeacon. In the Greek usage, the chief deacon who is attached to the person of a bishop is called an archdeacon. In the Slavic usage a protodeacon or archdeacon wears a distinctive orarion (deacon's stole). The title of protodeacon is an award, not a distinctive order of ministry; so while a man may be ordained a deacon, he is said to be 'elevated' to the rank of protodeacon. This elevation may be awarded only by the deacon's own ruling bishop. The rite of elevation is identical for both a protodeacon and an archdeacon, and is normally done during the Little Entrance
Little Entrance
of the Divine Liturgy. A protodeacon has precedence when serving with other deacons, regardless of the date of his own ordination to the diaconate. If several protodeacons serve at the same time, their order of precedence is determined by the date of their elevation. In the Archieratikon
Archieratikon
(Slavonic: Chinovnik), the liturgical book containing the services as celebrated by a bishop, the term Protodeacon
Protodeacon
is used to refer to the senior-ranking deacon who is serving, regardless of whether or not he has actually had that rank bestowed upon him. Latin Church[edit]

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See also: Latin Church
Latin Church
and College of Cardinals In the Roman rite, the senior Cardinal Deacon
Deacon
is the Cardinal Protodeacon
Protodeacon
of the Holy Roman Church. He has the privilege of announcing the new Pope's election and name (once he has been ordained to the Episcopate[1]) in the Habemus Papam
Habemus Papam
announcement given from the central balcony at St. Peter's Basilica
St. Peter's Basilica
in Vatican City State. In the past, during papal coronations, the Proto- Deacon
Deacon
also had the honor of bestowing the pallium on the new pope and crowning him with the papal tiara. However, in 1978 Pope
Pope
John Paul I chose not to be crowned and opted for a simpler papal inauguration ceremony, and his three successors followed that example. As a result, the Cardinal protodeacon's privilege of crowning a new pope has effectively ceased. However, the Proto- Deacon
Deacon
still has the privilege of bestowing the pallium on a new pope at his papal inauguration. “Acting in the place of the Roman Pontiff, he also confers the pallium upon metropolitan bishops or gives the pallium to their proxies.”[2] The current Cardinal Proto- Deacon
Deacon
is Renato Martino.[3] Canon law references[edit]

^ Ap. Const. Universi Dominici Gregis, No. 89 ^ Canon 355 §2. ^ "Assegnazione del titolo presbiterale ad alcuni cardinali diaconi creati nel consistoro del 21 ottobre 2003" (in Italian). 2014-06-12. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cardinal protodeacons.

Elevation of a Protodeacon
Protodeacon
photos and description of Melkite Rite Clerical Attire, Vesture, Titles, and Precedence for Deacons, Hierodeacons, Protodeacons and Archdeacons According to the B

.