* Chesapeake Bay * Alexandria * Baltimore * Hampden * Fort Peter
GREAT LAKES / SAINT LAWRENCE RIVER
* Lake Ontario * 1st Sacket\'s Harbor * York * Fort George * 2nd Sacket\'s Harbor * Lake Erie * Fort Oswego * Lake Huron * Lake Champlain
WEST INDIES / GULF COAST
* James Island * Charles Island * Nuku Hiva * Downes Expedition * Porter Expedition * Typee Valley * Valparaiso (Capture of USS Essex) * Seringapatam Mutiny * Action of 9 May 1814
The CAPTURE OF HMS EPERVIER was a naval action fought off the coast
* 1 Prelude * 2 Battle * 3 Aftermath * 4 Results * 5 Notes and references * 6 External links
USS Peacock was one of a class of three heavy sloops-of-war designed
by William Doughty , and was named after the victory the previous
year over the
Early on the morning of 28 April, several sail were sighted to windward. They belonged to a small convoy that had sailed from Havana on 23 April, escorted by Epervier. When the convoy sighted Peacock the merchant ships made all sail to escape, while Epervier prepared to engage.
The British vessel was more lightly armed than the American. Epervier carried sixteen 32-pounder carronades and two 18-pounder carronades as bow chasers. Peacock carried twenty 32-pounder carronades and two 12-pounder guns. The ratio of the vessels' broadsides was 256 pounds to 320.
As the two vessels made toward each other, the wind shifted to the southward, giving neither Peacock nor Epervier the advantage of the windward position. At about 10:20 in the morning, both ships fired their starboard broadsides on opposite tacks, aiming high to disable their opponent's rigging. Both vessels received damage aloft, after which Epervier turned downwind and engaged Peacock on a parallel course.
Peacock directed her fire against Epervier's hull with great effect. The British fire fell away rapidly, and Epervier probably scored no hits after the first broadside from the port battery. After 40 minutes, Epervier was badly damaged, with 45 shot holes in the hull, and 5 feet (1.5 m) of water in the hold. Commander Wales summoned boarding parties to muster, intending to board and capture Peacock, but his crew refused. At 11:05, Epervier struck her colours . Epervier had eight men killed and 15 wounded (about 20 percent of the crew.)
The Americans repaired the damage to Peacock's rigging within an hour. Peacock's first lieutenant took charge of the prize and succeeded in preventing it from sinking; the prize crew had the brig ready to sail by nightfall. Epervier was found to be carrying $118,000 in specie , which was private rather than Government property.
The next day, The Americans sighted two British frigates. Peacock
successfully decoyed them away from Epervier and also herself escaped,
with the result that both vessels reached
The victory of Peacock over Epervier was one of the most one-sided of
the War of 1812, even though the two opposing vessels were not grossly
disparate in strength. It was stated that although Peacock's fire had
dismounted some of Epervier's carronades , more of them fell from
their mounts when they were fired. Wales had carried out little of the
gunnery practice that would have revealed defects in the guns or
carriages before it was too late to remedy them. Wales had also
reported disaffection and unrest among his crew and, unusually for the
NOTES AND REFERENCES
* ^ Forester, pp.168-169 * ^ A B Roosevelt, p.173 * ^ Forester, p.172 * ^ Forester, p.170 * ^ Forester, p.172 * ^ Gossett (1986), p.93.
* Forester, C.S. The Age of Fighting Sail. New English Library. ISBN 0-939218-06-2 . * Gossett, William Patrick (1986). The lost ships of the Royal Navy, 1793-1900. London: Mansell. ISBN 0-7201-1816-6 . * Roosevelt, Theodore . The Naval War of 1812. New York: Modern Library. ISBN 0-375-75419-9 .