CLIFTON GEORGE BAILEY III (born 13 April 1967), better known by the
stage name CAPLETON, is a Jamaican reggae and dancehall artist. He is
also referred to as KING SHANGO, KING DAVID, THE FIREMAN and THE
PROPHET. His record label is called David House Productions. He is
known for his
Rastafari movement views expressed in his songs.
* 1 Biography
* 2 Early career
* 3 Later career
* 4 Religious views
* 5 Criticisms
* 6 Discography
* 7 References
* 8 External links
Bailey was born in Islington in St. Mary in 1967. As a youth, he was
given the surname of a popular St. Mary lawyer and friend of the
family, Capleton, as a nickname by his relatives and friends.
Capleton rejects the name given to him at birth, given its European
origin. He now prefers "King Shango", given its roots in the Yoruba
As a teenager, he sneaked out of his home to catch local dancehall
acts, eventually leaving St. Mary for Kingston at the age of 18 to
work on his career as a dancehall deejay.
Capleton in concert, 2006, in Germany
In 1989, he got his first big international exposure. Stewart Brown,
owner of a
Toronto -based sound called African Star, gave the untested
artist his first break, flying him to Canada for a stage show
Ninjaman and Flourgon.
Capleton first arrived on the scene in the late 1980s, slackness
and gun talk were the dominant lyrics in the dancehalls. The pre-Rasta
Capleton had a string of hit songs from "Bumbo Red" to "Number One on
the Look Good Chart" and "No Lotion Man".
He recorded the song that began to establish his significant place in
Dancehall, "Alms House" in 1992. The tune became a big hit in the
dancehall, followed up immediately by "Music is a Mission" and the
massive hit "Tour". By 1993, he was voicing tunes which became
increasingly conscious, such as "Prophet" and "Cold Blooded Murderer".
Tunes such as "Tour" and "Wings of the Morning" earned him a deal
with Russell Simmons'
Def Jam Recordings , which culminated in the
I-Testament albums of the mid-1990s.
Reggae Sumfest 's dancehall night, to
much fanfare. The performance, which led to a subsequent headliner
placement the following year, is credited with "re-bussing", or
creating a comeback for, his career. The 1999–2000 period elicited
a string of hits, many of which can be found on the album
More Fire .
By 2004, some argued the quality of Capleton's music had been
downgraded by over-proliferation on numerous riddims , while Capleton
himself argued his continued recording over both dancehall and roots
reggae riddims created balance in his musical output. Nonetheless, he
scored hit singles over one of the most popular riddims of 2004,
"That Day Will Come" over the Hard Times riddim.
After a hiatus from the label,
Capleton returned to
VP Records in
2010 with the release of
I-Ternal Fire .
After headlining a U.S. tour which included
Romain Virgo , Munga
Honorable, and Kulcha Knox in the fall of 2010,
Capleton embarked upon
a tour of the African continent for late 2010 and early 2011. Stops
included Gambia, Senegal, South Africa and multiple dates in Zimbabwe.
In December 2012 the music Unite Cape Town International Reggae
Festival saw Capleton, reggae and dancehall artists like Black
Dillinger, Blak Kalamawi .
Capleton's annual 'A St Mary Mi Come From' live show has raised funds
for several charities since it was first staged in 2000, including
local schools and hospitals.
Capleton makes reference to Bobo Ashanti, one of the various mansions
Rastafari movement . Yet he frequently mentions there's no
separation between the mansions of Rastafari as he sees it. He stated
in an interview on TraceTV that he doesn't eat meat of any kind,
consume dairy in any form, or even eat anything from soya. "Not an
ordinary vegetarian..." he stated, "I'm vegan ." He also touches on
the subject of his lyrics regarding fire, saying they are metaphoric
references of purification, not violence or murder.
Capleton has faced criticism for anti-gay lyrics in some of his songs
though homosexuality remains illegal in his native Jamaica. His
manager has argued that some of the controversial lyrics have been
mistranslated and do not actually refer to gays.
Capleton himself has
admitted that through his Rastafari faith he believes that a
homosexual lifestyle is not right, but has insisted that terms such as
"burn" and "fire" are not to be understood in the literal sense "to go
out and burn and kill people", but as a metaphor for "purification"
and cleansing. As part of an agreement to end the Stop Murder Music
Capleton and other artists allegedly signed the Reggae
Compassionate Act (RCA) in 2007.
Capleton has continued to sing songs that some claim violate
the RCA, causing the cancellation of a concert in Switzerland in 2008
and a United States tour in 2010,
* Lotion Man – 1991
* Alms House – 1993
* Good So – 1994
* Prophecy – 1995
I-Testament – 1997
* One Mission (compilation) – 1999
* Gold – 2000
More Fire – 2000
* Final Assassin – 2000
Still Blazin ' – 2002
Voice of Jamaica, Vol.3 – 2003
Praises to the King – 2003
* Reign of Fire – 2004
The People Dem – 2004
* Duppy Man (featured with Chase -webkit-column-width: 30em;
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* ^ A B C Savage, Shannon (6 October 2004)"
silenced" Archived 1 January 2009 at the
Wayback Machine ., The Orion
(student newspaper of CSU Chico ) – Entertainment. Updated 11 May
* ^ Thompson, Dave (2002)
Reggae & Caribbean Music, Backbeat Books,
ISBN 0-87930-655-6 , pp. 67–69
* ^ A B Walters, Basil (2012) "
Capleton lauded for charity work",
Jamaica Observer , 20 July 2012, retrieved 29 July 2012
* ^ A B
Capleton interview. ChicagoReggae.com. Retrieved 24 January
* ^ Barrow, Musa. Art and Music: Interview With Jamaican Reggae
Capleton Archived 21 July 2011 at the
Wayback Machine .. Foroyaa
Online. 4 June 2008.
* ^ "Capleton." Contemporary Musicians. Ed. Leigh Ann DeRemer. Vol.
40. Gale Cengage, 2003. eNotes.com. 2006. Retrieved 2011-4-15.
* ^ Campbell, Howard.
Capleton Finds His Way Back To VP.
VPRecords.com. 30 June 2010.
* ^ Summer Fest ‘99 –
Dancehall Nights Archived 15 July 2011 at
Wayback Machine .. Reggaeweb.com. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
Reggae Sumfest 2000 Archived 15 July 2011 at the Wayback
Machine .. Reggaeweb.com. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
* ^ Huey, Steve.
Capleton biography. allmusic. Retrieved 2 February
* ^ Smith, Germaine. REIGN OF FIRE –
Capleton still blazes
Archived 12 May 2009 at the
Wayback Machine .. Jamaica Star. 7 May
* ^ Drop Leaf album review.
Reggae Vibes Productions. Retrieved 2
* ^ Campbell, Howard.
Capleton finds his way back to VP. Jamaica
Gleaner. 30 June 2010.
* ^ Warming the stage for
Capleton Archived 27 November 2010 at the
Wayback Machine .. The Standard (Zimbabwe). 21 November 2010.
* ^ "
Capleton Headlines The Music Unite Capetown International
Reggae Fest (Dec 8-9 South Africa)". themalaika.com. 3 December 2012.
Retrieved 10 August 2016.
* ^ Park, Esther. Bob Marley Movement Caribbean Festival 2010:
Interview With Capleton. Miami New Times. 25 February 2010.
* ^ Mbiriyamveka, Jonathan.
Capleton Show Organisers Hunt Ghetto
Rappers. The Herald (Zimbabwe). 18 October 2010.
* ^ "Gay in JA: What\'s it like to be gay in a society where it\'s
illegal to practice your sexuality?", BBC. First aired 2008, updated
Tuesday 16 June 2009. (Only regionally available)
* ^ LOGOonline.com: NewNowNext B