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Clifton George Bailey III (born 13 April 1967),[1][2] better known by the stage name Capleton, is a Jamaican reggae and dancehall artist. He is also referred to as King Shango, King David, The Fireman and The Prophet. His record label is called David House Productions. He is known for his Rastafari movement
Rastafari movement
views expressed in his songs.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Early career 3 Later career 4 Religious views 5 Criticisms 6 Discography 7 References 8 External links

Biography[edit] Bailey was born in Islington in St. Mary in 1967.[3] As a youth, he was given the surname of a popular St. Mary lawyer and friend of the family, Capleton, as a nickname by his relatives and friends.[4] Capleton
Capleton
rejects the name given to him at birth, given its European origin. He now prefers "King Shango", given its roots in the Yoruba language.[5] As a teenager, he sneaked out of his home to catch local dancehall acts, eventually leaving St. Mary for Kingston at the age of 18 to work on his career as a dancehall deejay.[6] Early career[edit]

Capleton
Capleton
in concert, 2006, in Germany

In 1989, he got his first big international exposure. Stewart Brown, owner of a Toronto-based sound called African Star, gave the untested artist his first break, flying him to Canada for a stage show alongside Ninjaman and Flourgon.[4] When Capleton
Capleton
first arrived on the scene in the late 1980s, slackness and gun talk were the dominant lyrics in the dancehalls. The pre-Rasta Capleton
Capleton
had a string of hit songs from "Bumbo Red" to "Number One on the Look Good Chart" and "No Lotion Man". He recorded the song that began to establish his significant place in Dancehall, "Alms House" in 1992. The tune became a big hit in the dancehall, followed up immediately by "Music is a Mission" and the massive hit "Tour". By 1993, he was voicing tunes which became increasingly conscious, such as "Prophet" and "Cold Blooded Murderer". Tunes such as "Tour" and "Wings of the Morning" earned him a deal with Russell Simmons' Def Jam Recordings,[7] which culminated in the Prophecy and I-Testament albums of the mid-1990s. Later career[edit] In 1999, Capleton
Capleton
headlined Reggae
Reggae
Sumfest's dancehall night, to much fanfare.[8] The performance, which led to a subsequent headliner placement the following year, is credited with "re-bussing", or creating a comeback for, his career.[9] The 1999–2000 period elicited a string of hits, many of which can be found on the album More Fire.[10] By 2004, some argued the quality of Capleton's music had been downgraded by over-proliferation on numerous riddims, while Capleton himself argued his continued recording over both dancehall and roots reggae riddims created balance in his musical output.[11] Nonetheless, he scored hit singles over one of the most popular riddims of 2004,[12] "That Day Will Come" over the Hard Times riddim. After a hiatus from the label, Capleton
Capleton
returned to VP Records
VP Records
in 2010 with the release of I-Ternal Fire.[13] After headlining a U.S. tour which included Romain Virgo, Munga Honorable, and Kulcha Knox in the fall of 2010, Capleton
Capleton
embarked upon a tour of the African continent for late 2010 and early 2011. Stops included Gambia, Senegal, South Africa and multiple dates in Zimbabwe.[14] In December 2012 the music Unite Cape Town International Reggae
Reggae
Festival saw Capleton, reggae and dancehall artists like Black Dillinger, Blak Kalamawi .[15] Capleton's annual 'A St Mary Mi Come From' live show has raised funds for several charities since it was first staged in 2000, including local schools and hospitals.[3] Religious views[edit] Capleton
Capleton
makes reference to Bobo Ashanti, one of the various mansions of the Rastafari movement.[16] Yet he frequently mentions there's no separation between the mansions of Rastafari as he sees it. He stated in an interview on TraceTV that he doesn't eat meat of any kind, consume dairy in any form, or even eat anything from soya. "Not an ordinary vegetarian..." he stated, "I'm vegan." He also touches on the subject of his lyrics regarding fire, saying they are metaphoric references of purification, not violence or murder.[17] Criticisms[edit] Capleton
Capleton
has faced criticism for anti-gay lyrics in some of his songs though homosexuality remains illegal in his native Jamaica.[18] His manager has argued that some of the controversial lyrics have been mistranslated and do not actually refer to gays.[1] Capleton
Capleton
himself has admitted that through his Rastafari faith he believes that a homosexual lifestyle is not right, but has insisted that terms such as "burn" and "fire" are not to be understood in the literal sense "to go out and burn and kill people", but as a metaphor for "purification" and cleansing.[1] As part of an agreement to end the Stop Murder Music campaign, Capleton
Capleton
and other artists allegedly signed the Reggae Compassionate Act (RCA) in 2007.[19][20] However, Capleton
Capleton
has continued to sing songs that some claim violate the RCA, causing the cancellation of a concert in Switzerland in 2008 and a United States tour in 2010,[21][22] Discography[edit]

Lotion Man – 1991 Alms House – 1993 Good So – 1994 Prophecy – 1995 I-Testament – 1997 One Mission (compilation) – 1999 Gold – 2000 More Fire
More Fire
– 2000 Final Assassin – 2000 Still Blazin' – 2002 Voice of Jamaica, Vol.3 – 2003 Praises to the King
Praises to the King
– 2003 Reign of Fire – 2004 The People Dem
The People Dem
– 2004 Duppy Man (featured with Chase & Status) Free Up – 2006 Hit Wit Da 44 Rounds – 2007 Rise Them Up – 2007 Bun Friend – 2008 Yaniko Roots – 2008 Jah Youth Elevation – 2008 Liberation Time (featured with AZAD) (2009) I-Ternal Fire
I-Ternal Fire
– 2010[23]

References[edit]

^ a b c Savage, Shannon (6 October 2004)" Dancehall
Dancehall
music silenced" Archived 1 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine., The Orion (student newspaper of CSU Chico) – Entertainment. Updated 11 May 2009. ^ Thompson, Dave (2002) Reggae
Reggae
& Caribbean Music, Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-655-6, pp. 67–69 ^ a b Walters, Basil (2012) " Capleton
Capleton
lauded for charity work", Jamaica Observer, 20 July 2012, retrieved 29 July 2012 ^ a b Capleton
Capleton
interview. ChicagoReggae.com. Retrieved 24 January 2011. ^ Barrow, Musa. Art and Music: Interview With Jamaican Reggae
Reggae
Star, Capleton
Capleton
Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Foroyaa Online. 4 June 2008. ^ "Capleton." Contemporary Musicians. Ed. Leigh Ann DeRemer. Vol. 40. Gale Cengage, 2003. eNotes.com. 2006. Retrieved 2011-4-15. [1] ^ Campbell, Howard. Capleton
Capleton
Finds His Way Back To VP. VPRecords.com. 30 June 2010. ^ Summer Fest ‘99 – Dancehall
Dancehall
Nights Archived 15 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Reggaeweb.com. Retrieved 2 February 2011. ^ Reggae
Reggae
Sumfest 2000 Archived 15 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Reggaeweb.com. Retrieved 2 February 2011. ^ Huey, Steve. Capleton
Capleton
biography. allmusic. Retrieved 2 February 2011. ^ Smith, Germaine. REIGN OF FIRE – Capleton
Capleton
still blazes Archived 12 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Jamaica Star. 7 May 2004. ^ Drop Leaf album review. Reggae
Reggae
Vibes Productions. Retrieved 2 February 2011. ^ Campbell, Howard. Capleton
Capleton
finds his way back to VP. Jamaica Gleaner. 30 June 2010. ^ Warming the stage for Capleton
Capleton
Archived 27 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine.. The Standard (Zimbabwe). 21 November 2010. ^ " Capleton
Capleton
Headlines The Music Unite Capetown International Reggae Fest (Dec 8-9 South Africa)". themalaika.com. 3 December 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2016.  ^ Park, Esther. Bob Marley Movement Caribbean Festival 2010: Interview With Capleton. Miami New Times. 25 February 2010. ^ Mbiriyamveka, Jonathan. Capleton
Capleton
Show Organisers Hunt Ghetto Rappers. The Herald (Zimbabwe). 18 October 2010. ^ "Gay in JA: What's it like to be gay in a society where it's illegal to practice your sexuality?", BBC. First aired 2008, updated Tuesday 16 June 2009. (Only regionally available) ^ LOGOonline.com: NewNowNext Blog: Reggae
Reggae
Stars Sign On To Cut Out Homophobic Lyrics Archived 14 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Reggae
Reggae
Stars Renounce Homophobia, Condemn Anti-gay Violence – Towleroad, More than gay news for more gay men ^ http://calcoastnews.com/2010/02/hate-singer-capleton-cancels-u-s-tour/ ^ " Capleton
Capleton
Concert cancelled in Basel, Switzerland", Another Green World. Thursday, 6 November 2008. ^ http://www.unitedreggae.com/news/n583/032510/capleton-unleashes-his-i-ternal-fire

External links[edit]

Official website Capleton's profile at VP Records' website History of Capleton Capleton
Capleton
Biography

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 265156803 LCCN: no2002075654 ISNI: 0000 0000 5518 1145 GND: 134967674 SUDOC: 087931656 BNF: cb140101633 (data) MusicBrainz: b85a56b8-6c3b-4728-942b-9d4f50af0

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