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The Capitoline Museums
Capitoline Museums
(Italian: Musei Capitolini) are a single museum containing a group of art and archeological museums in Piazza
Piazza
del Campidoglio, on top of the Capitoline Hill
Capitoline Hill
in Rome, Italy. The historic seats of the museums are Palazzo dei Conservatori
Palazzo dei Conservatori
and Palazzo Nuovo, facing on the central trapezoidal piazza in a plan conceived by Michelangelo
Michelangelo
in 1536 and executed over a period of more than 400 years. The history of the museums can be traced to 1471, when Pope Sixtus IV donated a collection of important ancient bronzes to the people of Rome
Rome
and located them on the Capitoline Hill. Since then, the museums' collection has grown to include a large number of ancient Roman statues, inscriptions, and other artifacts; a collection of medieval and Renaissance
Renaissance
art; and collections of jewels, coins, and other items. The museums are owned and operated by the municipality of Rome. The statue of a mounted rider in the centre of the piazza is of Emperor Marcus Aurelius. It is a copy, the original being housed on-site in the Capitoline museum. Opened to the public in 1734 under Clement XII, the Capitoline Museums are considered the first museum in the world, understood as a place where art could be enjoyed by all and not only by the owners.[1]

Contents

1 Buildings

1.1 Palazzo dei Conservatori

1.1.1 Main staircase 1.1.2 2nd floor 1.1.3 3rd floor

1.2 Palazzo Nuovo 1.3 Galleria Congiunzione 1.4 New wing

2 Centrale Montemartini 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Buildings[edit]

Capitoline Museums
Capitoline Museums
gallery

Palazzo Nuovo

“Esquiline Venus”.

This section contains collections sorted by building, and brief information on the buildings themselves. For the history of their design and construction, see Capitoline Hill#Michelangelo. The Capitoline Museums
Capitoline Museums
are composed of three main buildings surrounding the Piazza
Piazza
del Campidoglio and interlinked by an underground gallery beneath the piazza. The three main buildings of the Capitoline Museums
Capitoline Museums
are:

Palazzo Senatorio, built in the 12th century and modified according to Michelangelo's designs; Palazzo dei Conservatori, built in the mid-16th century and redesigned by Michelangelo
Michelangelo
with the first use of the giant order column design; and Palazzo Nuovo, built in the 17th century with an identical exterior design to the Palazzo dei Conservatori, which it faces across the palazzo.

In addition, the 16th century Palazzo Caffarelli-Clementino, located off the piazza adjacent to the Palazzo dei Conservatori, was added to the museum complex in the early 20th century. Palazzo dei Conservatori[edit] The collections here are ancient sculpture, mostly Roman but also Greek and Egyptian. Main staircase[edit] Features the relief from the honorary monument to Marcus Aurelius. 2nd floor[edit] The second floor of the building is occupied by the Conservator's Apartment, a space now open to the public and housing such famous works as the bronze she-wolf nursing Romulus and Remus, which has become the emblem of Rome. The Conservator's Apartment is distinguished by elaborate interior decorations, including frescoes, stuccos, tapestries, and carved ceilings and doors. 3rd floor[edit] The third floor of the Palazzo dei Conservatori
Palazzo dei Conservatori
houses the Capitoline Art Gallery, housing the museums' painting and applied art galleries. The Capitoline Coin
Coin
Cabinet, containing collections of coins, medals, jewels, and jewelry, is located in the attached Palazzo Caffarelli-Clementino. Palazzo Nuovo[edit] Statues, inscriptions, sarcophagi, busts, mosaics, and other ancient Roman artifacts occupy two floors of the Palazzo Nuovo. In the Hall of the Galatian can also be appreciated the marble statue of the "Dying Gaul" also called “Capitoline Gaul” and the statue of Cupid and Psyche. Also housed in this building are:

The colossal statue restored as Oceanus, located in the museum courtyard of this building A fragment of the Tabula Iliaca
Tabula Iliaca
located at the Hall of the Doves The statue of Capitoline Venus, from an original by Praxiteles
Praxiteles
(4th century BC)

Galleria Congiunzione[edit] The Galleria Congiunzione is located beneath the Palazzo dei Conservatori and the piazza itself, and links the three palazzos sitting on the piazza. The gallery was constructed in the 1930s. It contains in situ 2nd century ruins of ancient Roman dwellings, and also houses the Galleria Lapidaria, which displays the Museums' collection of epigraphs. New wing[edit] The new great glass covered hall — the Sala Marco Aurelio — created by covering the Giardino Romano is similar to the one used for the Sala Ottagonale and British Museum
Museum
Great Court. The design is by the architect Carlo Aymonino. Its volume recalls that of the oval space designed by Michelangelo
Michelangelo
for the piazza. Its centerpiece is the bronze equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, which was once in the centre of Piazza
Piazza
del Campidoglio and has been kept indoors ever since its modern restoration. Moving these statues out of the palazzo allows those sculptures temporarily moved to the Centrale Montemartini
Centrale Montemartini
to be brought back. It also houses the remaining fragments of the bronze Colossus of Constantine
Colossus of Constantine
and the archaeological remains of the tuff foundations of the temple of Capitoline Jupiter, with a model, drawn and computer reconstructions and finds dating from the earliest occupation on the site (in the mid Bronze Age: 17th-14th centuries B.C.) to the foundation of the temple (6th century BC). In the three halls adjacent to the Appartamento dei Conservatori are to be found the showcases of the famous Castellani Collection with a part of the set of Greek and Etruscan vases that was donated to the municipality of Rome
Rome
by Augusto Castellani in the mid-19th century. Centrale Montemartini[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)

The Centrale Montemartini[2] is a former power station of Acea (active as a power-station between the 1890s and 1930s) in southern Rome, between Piramide and the basilica of San Paolo Fuori le Mura, close to the Metro station Garbatella. In 1997, the Centrale Montemartini
Centrale Montemartini
was adapted to temporarily accommodate a part of the antique sculpture collection of the Capitoline museums, at that time closed for renovation; the temporary exhibition was so appreciated that the venue was eventually converted into a permanent museum. [3] Its permanent collection comprises 400 ancient statues, moved here during the reorganisation of the Capitoline Museums
Capitoline Museums
in 1997, along with tombs, busts, and mosaics. Many of them were excavated in the ancient Roman horti (e.g. the Gardens of Sallust) between the 1890s and 1930s, a fruitful period for Roman archaeology. They are displayed there along the lines of Tate Modern, except that (unlike there) the machinery has not been moved out. Gallery[edit]

The wounded Amazon, copy from original work by Phidias

Capitoline Antinous

Apollo Citharoedus

Bust of Alexander-Helios

Probably a copy of the statue of Artemis by Kephisodotos

Bust of Augustus

Bust of Cleopatra, Centrale Montemartini, Rome

Commodus
Commodus
as Hercules

Constantine I, possibly originally from the Basilica of Maxentius

Head of the colossal statue of Constantine I

Cupid and Psyche

Eros
Eros
Capitolini

Eros
Eros
Thanatos

The dying Gaul

Heracles
Heracles
fighting

Statue from Horti Lamiani

Dancing Maenad

Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius

Mosaic. - Roman artwork from the 2d quarter of the 4th century CE

Bernini's Medusa

Statue of Athena, Centrale Montemartini, Rome

Resting Satyr

Leaning Satyr

Leda and the Swan

The Spinario

Triton

The Capitoline Venus (a Venus Pudica)

She-wolf of Rome

Wounded Warrior

Baby Herakles strangling a snake sent to kill him in his cradle (Roman marble, 2nd century CE)

Play media

Courtyard of the Capitoline Museum

See also[edit]

Capitoline Brutus

References[edit]

^ AA. VV. Roma e dintorni, edito dal T.C.I. nel 1977, pag. 83. ISBN 88-365-0016-1. Sandra Pinto, in Roma, edito dal gruppo editoriale L'Espresso su licenza del T.C.I. nel 2004, pag. 443. ISBN 88-365-0016-1. AA. VV. La nuova enciclopedia dell'arte Garzanti, Garzanti editore, 2000, ISBN 88-11-50439-2, alla voce "museo". ^ Centrale Montemartini
Centrale Montemartini
Archived October 5, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Centrale Montemartini". Inexhibit magazine. Retrieved March 7, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Musei Capitolini.

Capitoline Museums
Capitoline Museums
official website (English language version). Retrieved April 26, 2010. Capitoline Museums
Capitoline Museums
research website (English/German/Italian language versions).

v t e

Museums and art galleries in Rome

List of museums in Rome

National museums

Galleria Borghese Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna

Boncompagni Ludovisi Decorative Art Museum

Galleria Spada MAXXI Museo Archeologico Ostiense Museo Nazionale Etrusco Museo nazionale del Palazzo di Venezia Museo Storico Nazionale dell'Arte Sanitaria National Museum
Museum
of Oriental Art Pigorini National Museum

Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica

Palazzo Barberini Palazzo Corsini

National Roman Museum

Baths of Diocletian

Civic museums

Capitoline Museums Galleria Comunale d'Arte Moderna Museum
Museum
of Contemporary Art of Rome Museo Barracco di Scultura Antica Museo Civico di Zoologia Museo delle Mura Museo di Roma Museo di Roma
Museo di Roma
in Trastevere Museum
Museum
of Roman Civilization Museum
Museum
of the Ara Pacis

Ara Pacis

Other

Casa di Goethe Doria Pamphilj Gallery Giorgio de Chirico House Museum Jewish Museum
Museum
of Rome Keats-Shelley Memorial House Museo delle anime del Purgatorio Museum
Museum
of the Liberation of Rome Palazzo Colonna Porta San Paolo Railway Museum Santa Cecilia Musical Instruments Museum Venanzo Crocetti Museum

Vatican Museums

Pio Cristiano Museum Vatican Historical Museum Modern Religious Art

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 171285001 ISNI: 0000 0001 2117 0496 GND: 1214261-X SUDOC: 029890012 BNF:

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