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Cape Palmas
Cape Palmas
is a headland on the extreme southeast end of the coast of Liberia, Africa, at the extreme southwest corner of the northern half of the continent. The Cape itself consists of a small, rocky peninsula connected to the mainland by a sandy isthmus. Immediately to the west of the peninsula is the estuary of the Hoffman River. Approximately 21 km (15 mi) further along the coast to the east, the Cavalla River empties into the sea, marking the border between Liberia
Liberia
and the Côte d'Ivoire. It marks the western limit of the Gulf of Guinea, according to the International Hydrographic Organisation
International Hydrographic Organisation
(IHO). Approached from the sea,[1] there are several landmarks at the cape. Offshore from the estuary of the Hoffman lies the small, oblong shape of Russwurm Island, which was named after the first black governor of Maryland In Africa
Africa
(later Republic of Maryland), John Brown Russwurm. This island is connected to the peninsula by a breakwater. There is also a lighthouse warning of the numerous shoals in the surrounding sea area. Clearly visible from offshore is a white building with an enormous golden orb on the roof, this being the masonic lodge hall located in the city of Harper, Liberia.

Contents

1 Origin of the name 2 History 3 City of Harper 4 References

Origin of the name[edit]

The Coast in the Vicinity of CAPE PALMAS (1869)

Mission circa 1840

In 1458 Prince Henry the Navigator
Prince Henry the Navigator
of Portugal
Portugal
sent his captain Diogo Gomes (1440-1482) on a voyage of discovery and trade that took him and his crew as far south down the coast of West Africa
Africa
as the mouth of the cape and estuary, which marks the point where the direction of the coastline of West Africa
Africa
ceases to have any southerly component, but turns definitively to the east, beginning the Gulf of Guinea. Gomes named this geographic feature Cabo das Palmas,[2] i.e. "Cape of the Palms", which was later semi-Anglicized to Cape Palmas. The river was named Rio das Palmas, later to be called the Hoffman River. Interestingly, the name Cape Palmas
Cape Palmas
(while Liberia
Liberia
was still known as the Malaguetta Coast in Europe) first appeared on various maps of Africa
Africa
in Latin and later numerous European languages. The earliest map of Africa
Africa
with the name Cape Palmas
Cape Palmas
is Cantino planisphere completed in 1502. History[edit] In December 1831, the Maryland state legislature appropriated US$10,000 for 26 years to transport free blacks and ex-slaves from the United States to Africa, and the Maryland State Colonization Society was established for this purpose.[3] American-born Episcopal missionary teacher Elizabeth Mars Johnson Thomson
Elizabeth Mars Johnson Thomson
taught at Cape Palmas from 1835 until 1862, and died at Cape Palmas
Cape Palmas
in 1864.[4] Originally a branch of the American Colonization Society
American Colonization Society
that founded Liberia
Liberia
in 1822, Maryland State Colonization Society decided to establish a new settlement of its own that could accommodate its emigrants and named it Maryland In Africa
Africa
on February 12, 1834. With Cape Palmas
Cape Palmas
at its center, the colony was granted statehood on February 2, 1841 and then independence on May 29, 1854. On March 18, 1857, the state of Maryland was annexed as a part of the Republic of Liberia, after signing an annexation treaty with the Republic of Liberia. City of Harper[edit] The city of Harper, Liberia
Liberia
(established 1835 by the Maryland State Colonization Society) extends to the northeast inland along the estuary of the Hoffman, providing a small harbor; the Hoffman Station settlement is on the right bank. The name Cape Palmas
Cape Palmas
is generalized to indicate the entire surrounding region of Maryland County. It is also frequently applied in the vernacular as being virtually synonymous with the county seat, Harper. References[edit]

^ Cape Palmas
Cape Palmas
from the Sea. ^ The report Gomes wrote for Prince Henry was written in Latin, and the term used was caput palmarum[1]. ^ Maryland In Africa ^ Randall J. Burkett, " Elizabeth Mars Johnson Thomson
Elizabeth Mars Johnson Thomson
(1807-1864): A Research Note" in Judith Weisenfeld, ed., This Far by Faith: Readings in African-American Women's Religious Biography (Psychology Press 1996): 187. ISBN 9780415913126; originally published in Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 55(1)(March 1986): 21-30.

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Regions of Africa

Central Africa

Guinea region

Gulf of Guinea

Cape Lopez Mayombe Igboland

Mbaise

Maputaland Pool Malebo Congo Basin Chad Basin Congolese rainforests Ouaddaï highlands Ennedi Plateau

East Africa

African Great Lakes

Albertine Rift East African Rift Great Rift Valley Gregory Rift Rift Valley lakes Swahili coast Virunga Mountains Zanj

Horn of Africa

Afar Triangle Al-Habash Barbara Danakil Alps Danakil Desert Ethiopian Highlands Gulf of Aden Gulf of Tadjoura

Indian Ocean islands

Comoros Islands

North Africa

Maghreb

Barbary Coast Bashmur Ancient Libya Atlas Mountains

Nile Valley

Cataracts of the Nile Darfur Gulf of Aqaba Lower Egypt Lower Nubia Middle Egypt Nile Delta Nuba Mountains Nubia The Sudans Upper Egypt

Western Sahara

West Africa

Pepper Coast Gold Coast Slave Coast Ivory Coast Cape Palmas Cape Mesurado Guinea region

Gulf of Guinea

Niger Basin Guinean Forests of West Africa Niger Delta Inner Niger Delta

Southern Africa

Madagascar

Central Highlands (Madagascar) Northern Highlands

Rhodesia

North South

Thembuland Succulent Karoo Nama Karoo Bushveld Highveld Fynbos Cape Floristic Region Kalahari Desert Okavango Delta False Bay Hydra Bay

Macro-regions

Aethiopia Arab world Commonwealth realm East African montane forests Eastern Desert Equatorial Africa Françafrique Gibraltar Arc Greater Middle East Islands of Africa List of countries where Arabic is an official language Mediterranean Basin MENA MENASA Middle East Mittelafrika Negroland Northeast Africa Portuguese-speaking African countries Sahara Sahel Sub-Saharan Africa Sudan (region) Sudanian Savanna Tibesti Mountains Tropical Africa

Coordinates: 4°22′34″N 7°43′01″W / 4.37611°N 7.71694°W /

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