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CAPE MESURADO, also called Cape Montserrado, is a headland on the coast of Liberia
Liberia
near the capital Monrovia and the mouth of the Saint Paul River . It was named Cape Mesurado
Cape Mesurado
by Portuguese sailors in the 1560s. It is the promontory on which African American settlers established the city now called Monrovia on 25 April 1822.

There is a lighthouse on Cape Mesurado, located in the Mamba Point neighborhood of Monrovia and in the cape's northwestern portion, that was established in 1855. It is currently inactive, although the Liberian government is seeking financial assistance to restore and reactivate the lighthouse.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Slave trading post * 1.2 Foundation of Liberia
Liberia

* 2 Climate * 3 References * 4 External links

HISTORY

SLAVE TRADING POST

Colonial Settlement at Cape Mesurado
Cape Mesurado

Cape meurado was being used as a base for the slave trade and in 1815 Governor William Maxwell of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
sent an armed force to raid the settlement, seizing ships, merchandise and enslaved Africans from the factories there. The factory owners, Robert Bostock and John McQueen were sentenced to fourteen years transportation to New South Wales by the Vice admiralty court . :1145

A year later the Le Louis was captured by HMS Queen Charlotte of the British West Africa Squadron
West Africa Squadron
on suspicion of being engaged in the slave trade.

In 1821, the American Colonization Society
American Colonization Society
dispatched a representative, Dr. Eli Ayers , to purchase land farther north up the coast from Sierra Leone, where the settlers had previously landed at Sherbro Island
Sherbro Island
but were experience a high death rate due to the island's swampy, unhealthy conditions.

FOUNDATION OF LIBERIA

With the aid of Robert F. Stockton
Robert F. Stockton
, a U.S. naval officer, Ayers sought out land to establish a new colony. Stockton led negotiations with leaders of the Dei and Bassa peoples who lived in the area of Cape Mesurado. At first, the local ruler, Zolu Duma (King Peter), was reluctant to surrender their peoples' land to the strangers, but was forcefully persuaded—some accounts claim at gun-point—to part with a "36 mile long and 3 mile wide" strip of coastal land for trade goods, supplies, weapons, and rum worth approximately $300.

The Cape Mesurado
Cape Mesurado
colony faced many of the same barriers to success as the previous colony at Sherbro Island: little supplies, as well as swampy and unhealthy conditions. There was also conflict with local tribes, who resented the now Americo-Liberian residents - who had been slaves or the children of former slaves in the United States
United States
before their emigration to Africa - trying to put an end to the slave trade. Led by Lott Carey and Elijah Johnson , the Americo-Liberians organized their own defense against local attacks and rejected British military assistance in exchange for hoisting the Union Jack on Cape Mesurado. During the Battle of Fort Hill on 1 December 1822 colonist Matilda Newport is alleged to have repelled an attack by lighting a cannon with an ember from her pipe. The holiday Matilda Newport Day commemorated her action until its abolishment in 1980.

CLIMATE

CAPE MESURADO

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

16 27 22 72 28 20 73 28 22 169 27 21 329 28 21 636 20 17 590 25 19 475 24 21 692 23 20 516 26 19 247 27 22 110 28 22

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source:

IMPERIAL CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

0.6 81 72 2.8 82 68 2.9 82 72 6.7 81 70 13 82 70 25 68 63 23 77 66 19 75 70 27