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Cape Mesurado, also called Cape Montserrado, is a headland on the coast of Liberia
Liberia
near the capital Monrovia
Monrovia
and the mouth of the Saint Paul River. It was named Cape Mesurado
Cape Mesurado
by Portuguese sailors in the 1560s. It is the promontory on which African American
African American
settlers established the city now called Monrovia
Monrovia
on 25 April 1822.[1] There is a lighthouse on Cape Mesurado, located in the Mamba Point neighborhood of Monrovia
Monrovia
and in the cape's northwestern portion, that was established in 1855. It is currently inactive, although the Liberian government is seeking financial assistance to restore and reactivate the lighthouse.[2]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Slave trading post 1.2 Foundation of Liberia

2 Climate 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] Slave trading post[edit]

Colonial Settlement at Cape Mesurado

Cape Mesurado
Cape Mesurado
was being used as a base for the slave trade and in 1815 Governor William Maxwell of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
sent an armed force to raid the settlement, seizing ships, merchandise and enslaved Africans from the factories there. The factory owners, Robert Bostock and John McQueen were sentenced to fourteen years transportation to New South Wales by the Vice admiralty court.[3]:1145 A year later the Le Louis was captured by HMS Queen Charlotte of the British West Africa Squadron
West Africa Squadron
on suspicion of being engaged in the slave trade. In 1821, the American Colonization Society
American Colonization Society
dispatched a representative, Dr. Eli Ayers, to purchase land farther north up the coast from Sierra Leone, where the settlers had previously landed at Sherbro Island
Sherbro Island
but were experience a high death rate due to the island's swampy, unhealthy conditions.[4] Foundation of Liberia[edit] With the aid of Robert F. Stockton, a U.S. naval officer, Ayers sought out land to establish a new colony. Stockton led negotiations with leaders of the Dei and Bassa peoples who lived in the area of Cape Mesurado. At first, the local ruler, Zolu Duma (King Peter), was reluctant to surrender their peoples' land to the strangers, but was forcefully persuaded—some accounts claim at gun-point—to part with a "36 mile long and 3 mile wide" strip of coastal land for trade goods, supplies, weapons, and rum worth approximately $300.[4][5] The Cape Mesurado
Cape Mesurado
colony faced many of the same barriers to success as the previous colony at Sherbro Island: little supplies, as well as swampy and unhealthy conditions. There was also conflict with local tribes, who resented the now Americo-Liberian
Americo-Liberian
residents - who had been slaves or the children of former slaves in the United States
United States
before their emigration to Africa
Africa
- trying to put an end to the slave trade.[6] Led by Lott Carey
Lott Carey
and Elijah Johnson, the Americo-Liberians organized their own defense against local attacks and rejected British military assistance in exchange for hoisting the Union Jack
Union Jack
on Cape Mesurado.[6] During the Battle of Fort Hill on 1 December 1822 colonist Matilda Newport is alleged to have repelled an attack by lighting a cannon with an ember from her pipe. The holiday Matilda Newport Day commemorated her action until its abolishment in 1980.[7][8] Climate[edit]

Cape Mesurado

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    16     27 22

    72     28 20

    73     28 22

    169     27 21

    329     28 21

    636     20 17

    590     25 19

    475     24 21

    692     23 20

    516     26 19

    247     27 22

    110     28 22

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source: [9]

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    0.6     81 72

    2.8     82 68

    2.9     82 72

    6.7     81 70

    13     82 70

    25     68 63

    23     77 66

    19     75 70

    27     73 68

    20     79 66

    9.7     81 72

    4.3     82 72

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

References[edit]

^ History Of Liberia: A Timeline ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Liberia". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  ^ Helfman, Tara (2006). "The Court of Vice Admiralty at Sierra Leone and the Abolition of the West African Slave Trade". Yale Law Journal. 115 (5): 1122–1156. Retrieved 27 February 2016.  ^ a b [1] ^ The United States
United States
And Africa ^ a b The Roots Of African-American Identity ^ Sheldon, Kathleen (2005). "Newport, Matilda (c. 1795–1837)". Historical Dictionary of Women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Scarecrow Press. pp. 171–172. ISBN 978-0-8108-6547-1.  ^ Steady, Filomena Chioma (2012). "Women and Leadership in Liberia". Women and Leadership in West Africa: Mothering the Nation and Humanizing the State. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-137-01038-4.  ^ "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 

External links[edit]

A Dutch account of Cape Mesurado
Cape Mesurado
in the 17th century

v t e

Regions of Africa

Central Africa

Guinea region

Gulf of Guinea

Cape Lopez Mayombe Igboland

Mbaise

Maputaland Pool Malebo Congo Basin Chad Basin Congolese rainforests Ouaddaï highlands Ennedi Plateau

East Africa

African Great Lakes

Albertine Rift East African Rift Great Rift Valley Gregory Rift Rift Valley lakes Swahili coast Virunga Mountains Zanj

Horn of Africa

Afar Triangle Al-Habash Barbara Danakil Alps Danakil Desert Ethiopian Highlands Gulf of Aden Gulf of Tadjoura

Indian Ocean islands

Comoros Islands

North Africa

Maghreb

Barbary Coast Bashmur Ancient Libya Atlas Mountains

Nile Valley

Cataracts of the Nile Darfur Gulf of Aqaba Lower Egypt Lower Nubia Middle Egypt Nile Delta Nuba Mountains Nubia The Sudans Upper Egypt

Western Sahara

West Africa

Pepper Coast Gold Coast Slave Coast Ivory Coast Cape Palmas Cape Mesurado Guinea region

Gulf of Guinea

Niger Basin Guinean Forests of West Africa Niger Delta Inner Niger Delta

Southern Africa

Madagascar

Central Highlands (Madagascar) Northern Highlands

Rhodesia

North South

Thembuland Succulent Karoo Nama Karoo Bushveld Highveld Fynbos Cape Floristic Region Kalahari Desert Okavango Delta False Bay Hydra Bay

Macro-regions

Aethiopia Arab world Commonwealth realm East African montane forests Eastern Desert Equatorial Africa Françafrique Gibraltar Arc Greater Middle East Islands of Africa List of countries where Arabic is an official language Mediterranean Basin MENA MENASA Middle East Mittelafrika Negroland Northeast Africa Portuguese-speaking African countries Sahara Sahel Sub-Saharan Africa Sudan (region) Sudanian Savanna Tibesti Mountains Tropical Africa

Coordinates: 6°18′48″N 10°48′28″W / 6.31333°N 10.80778°W /

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