CAPE ALAVA, in Clallam County , Washington , U.S. , is the
westernmost point in the contiguous 48 states , with a longitude of
124° 44′ 11.8″ W (during low tide and walking out to the west
side of Tskawahyah Island). The westernmost point is located in
Olympic National Park and the Makah Indian Reservation .
* 1 Name * 2 History * 3 Geology * 4 Recreation * 5 References * 6 External links
The cape was named after the Spaniard Don José Manuel de Álava (born in Vitoria , January 1, 1743) for his role as commissioner during the solution of the conflict of Nootka in 1794.
Petroglyphs at Wedding Rocks, approximately 1 km south of Cape Alava, Olympic NP
In early 1834, a Japanese ship, the Hojun Maru , made landfall at
The Cape became the western terminus of the newly created Pacific Northwest Trail with the passage of the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 .
The beaches surrounding the trail terminus are composed of a variety of different rock types and formations .
The rich mixture is a result of the combined erosive power of the
ocean and relatively recent glacial activity. According to the
Washington State Department of Natural Resources, the area's sediments
are classified as Unconsolidated Deposition, translating to the
geological equivalent of a grab bag. More finely, the deposits are
listed as “
Quaternary Sediments, Dominantly Glacial Drift , includes
alluvium ”. The
Quaternary time period dates to the end of the most
recent ice age , roughly 10,000 to 14,000 BCE. A geologic map of
Washington shows the unique nature of such sediments being exposed to
the full grinding force of the