CAPE ALAVA, in Clallam County , Washington , U.S. , is the
westernmost point in the contiguous 48 states , with a longitude of
124° 44′ 11.8″ W (during low tide and walking out to the west
side of Tskawahyah Island). The westernmost point is located in
Olympic National Park and the Makah Indian Reservation .
* 1 Name * 2 History * 3 Geology * 4 Recreation * 5 References * 6 External links
The cape was named after the Spaniard Don José Manuel de Álava (born in Vitoria , January 1, 1743) for his role as commissioner during the solution of the conflict of Nootka in 1794.
Petroglyphs at Wedding Rocks, approximately 1 km south of Cape Alava, Olympic NP
In early 1834, a Japanese ship, the Hojun Maru , made landfall at
The Cape became the western terminus of the newly created Pacific Northwest Trail with the passage of the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 .
The beaches surrounding the trail terminus are composed of a variety of different rock types and formations .
The rich mixture is a result of the combined erosive power of the ocean and relatively recent glacial activity. According to the Washington State Department of Natural Resources, the area's sediments are classified as Unconsolidated Deposition, translating to the geological equivalent of a grab bag. More finely, the deposits are listed as “ Quaternary Sediments, Dominantly Glacial Drift , includes alluvium ”. The Quaternary time period dates to the end of the most recent ice age , roughly 10,000 to 14,000 BCE. A geologic map of Washington shows the unique nature of suc