CAP-VERT or the CAPE VERDE PENINSULA is a peninsula in
Senegal , and
the westernmost point of the continent of Africa and of the Old World
mainland . Originally called Cabo Verde or "Green Cape" by Portuguese
explorers, it is not to be confused with the _
Cape Verde _ islands,
which are some 560 kilometres (350 mi) further west.
Dakar , the
capital of Senegal, is located near the southern tip.
CAP-VERT is a rocky promontory extending west from the main sandy
Cap-Vert has an excellent harbor, facing Gorée
Formed by a combination of volcanic offshore islands and a land
bridge produced by coastal currents, it projects into the Atlantic
Ocean , bending back to the southeast at its tip. Exposure to
southwesterly winds contributes to Cape Verde's seasonal verdant
appearance, in contrast to the undulating yellow dunes to the north.
The peninsula is shaped like a triangle (about 9 miles (14 km) per
side), with the base of the triangle roughly along the north and its
apex on the south, near
Dakar . Near
Pointe des Almadies , the
north-western tip of the cape, lies
Dakar 's international airport,
famous as a transatlantic ferrying point during
World War II
World War II . Twin
volcanic cones, the
Deux Mamelles ("Two Teats"), dominate the
landscape along the coast northwest of
Dakar . The peninsula embraces
a bay and a natural harbour in the southwest.
The indigenous inhabitants of the peninsula, the
Lebou , lived as
fishermen and farmers. Since about 1444, when the Portuguese first
sighted the cape, it has been an entrepôt for African-European trade.
The French later established the city of