Cap-Vert or the
Peninsula is a peninsula in Senegal, and
the westernmost point of the continent of Africa and of the Old World
mainland. Portuguese explorers called it Cabo Verde or "Green Cape",
but it is not to be confused with the
Cape Verde islands, which are
some 560 kilometres (350 mi) further west. Dakar, the capital of
Senegal, is located near the southern tip.
Cap-Vert is a rocky promontory extending west from the main sandy
areas of Senegal.
Cap-Vert has an excellent harbor, facing Gorée
Formed by a combination of volcanic offshore islands and a land bridge
produced by coastal currents, it projects into the Atlantic Ocean,
bending back to the southeast at its tip. Exposure to southwesterly
winds contributes to Cape Verde's seasonal verdant appearance, in
contrast to the undulating yellow dunes to the north.
The peninsula is shaped like a triangle (about 9 miles (14 km)
per side), with the base of the triangle roughly along the north and
its apex on the south, near Dakar. Near Pointe des Almadies, the
north-western tip of the cape, lies Dakar's international airport,
famous as a transatlantic ferrying point during World War II. Twin
volcanic cones, the
Deux Mamelles ("Two Teats"), dominate the
landscape along the coast northwest of Dakar. The peninsula embraces a
bay and a natural harbour in the southwest.
The indigenous inhabitants of the peninsula, the Lebou, lived as
fishermen and farmers. Since about 1444, when the Portuguese first
sighted the cape, it has been an entrepôt for African-European trade.
The French later established the city of
Dakar on the cape in 1857.
Multilayered Mapping of the Cap-Vert
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cap-Vert.
Satellite picture by Google Maps
Coordinates: 14°44′41″N 17°31′13″W / 14.74472°N
17.52028°W / 14.74472; -17.52028
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