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CANNOCK (/ˈkænək/ ), as of the 2011 census, has a population of 29,018 , and is the most populous of the three towns in the district of Cannock Chase
Cannock Chase
in the central southern part of the county of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
in the West Midlands region
West Midlands region
of England
England
.

Cannock
Cannock
lies to the north of the West Midlands conurbation
West Midlands conurbation
on the M6 , A34 and A5 roads, and to the south of Cannock Chase
Cannock Chase
, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Cannock
Cannock
is served by a railway station on the Chase Line
Chase Line
. The town comprises four district council electoral wards and the Cannock
Cannock
South ward includes the civil parish of Bridgtown , but the rest of Cannock
Cannock
is unparished .

Cannock
Cannock
forms part of the Cannock Built-up Area (population 86,121 in the 2011 census) which also includes Cheslyn Hay
Cheslyn Hay
, Great Wyrley
Great Wyrley
, Hednesford
Hednesford
, Huntington , Heath Hayes and Wimblebury .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Climate * 2.2 Location

* 3 Demography * 4 Media * 5 Transport * 6 Sports * 7 Education

* 8 Notable natives/residents

* 8.1 Entertainment * 8.2 Sport * 8.3 Other

* 9 Twin town * 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

Cannock
Cannock
was called Chenet in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086. It was called Chnoc c.1130, Cnot in 1156, Canot in 1157, and Canoc in 1198. Cannock is probably Old English
Old English
cnocc meaning 'hillock ', modified by Norman pronunciation by the insertion of a vowel to Canoc. The name may refer to Shoal Hill, north-west of the town.

Cannock
Cannock
was a small rural community until mining increased heavily during the mid-to-late 19th century. The area then continued to grow rapidly with many industries coming to the area because of its proximity to the Black Country
Black Country
and its coal reserves. Cannock's population continued to increase steadily in the 20th century and its slight fall since the 1981 census has been more than compensated for by house-building in the adjoining village of Heath Hayes. The last colliery to close in the town was Mid Cannock
Cannock
in 1967, and the last remaining colliery to close in the Cannock Chase
Cannock Chase
area was Littleton (in Huntington ) in 1993. There is now no heavy industry in the area, and Cannock
Cannock
is home to many commuters working in the surrounding towns and cities.

Cannock Chase
Cannock Chase
German war cemetery is located nearby containing 4,885 German military dead from the First and Second World Wars. It is managed by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
.

GEOGRAPHY

Cannock
Cannock
is on a south-west facing slope, falling from the highest point on Cannock Chase
Cannock Chase
(244 m) at Castle Ring , to about 148 m in the town centre and 111 m near Wedges Mills. The soil is light with a gravel and clay subsoil, and there are extensive coal measures.

CLIMATE

Cannock
Cannock
has a moderate, temperate climate. See Penkridge
Penkridge
weather station for details of average temperature and rainfall figures taken between 1981 and 2010 at the Met Office
Met Office
weather station in Penkridge (around 5 miles (8 km) north-west of Cannock).

LOCATION

Cannock
Cannock
is about 20 miles (30 km) by road north-north-west of Birmingham, 80 miles (130 km) south-south-east of Manchester and 130 miles (210 km) north-west of London. It is 9 to 10 miles (14 to 16 km) by road from many of the nearest towns and cities (Aldridge, Lichfield, Stafford, Walsall, Willenhall and Wolverhampton), but Hednesford
Hednesford
(2 miles (3 km)), Burntwood and Penkridge
Penkridge
(5 miles (8 km)), Bloxwich and Brownhills (6 miles (10 km)) and Rugeley (7 miles (11 km)) are nearer.

Cities and towns below are in upper case. Only a few of the nearest villages are shown.

DESTINATIONS FROM CANNOCK

PENKRIDGE Huntington , STAFFORD HEDNESFORD , RUGELEY , Armitage
Armitage

Brewood
Brewood
, SHIFNAL , TELFORD , Gailey

Cannock Wood , BURNTWOOD , Hammerwich , Heath Hayes , LICHFIELD

CANNOCK

Featherstone , WOLVERHAMPTON Great Wyrley
Great Wyrley
, Cheslyn Hay
Cheslyn Hay
, Landywood , BLOXWICH , WILLENHALL , WALSALL Norton Canes
Norton Canes
, BROWNHILLS , ALDRIDGE

DEMOGRAPHY

In the decade to 2011 the number of dwellings rose by 7.8% to 13,152. The ward with the biggest increase (16.1%) was Cannock
Cannock
South. Of the town's 12,690 households in the 2011 census, 31.5% were one-person households including 13.9% where that person was 65 or over. 63.6% were one family with no others (9.0% all pensioners, 30.9% married or same-sex civil partnership couples, 12.3% cohabiting couples and 11.3% lone parents). 27.7% of households had dependent children including 5.5% with no adults in employment. 59.3% of households owned their homes outright or with a mortgage or loan.

Of the town's 23,717 residents in the 2011 census aged 16 and over, 33.5% were single (never married), 45.2% married, 0.15% in a registered same-sex civil partnership, 2.6% separated, 10.4% divorced and 8.2% widowed. 33.4% had no formal qualifications and 42.9% had level 2+ qualifications (meaning 5+ GCSEs (grades A*-C) or 1+ \'A\' levels/ AS levels (A-E) or equivalent minimum).

72.7% of the 10,509 men aged 16 to 74 were economically active, including 45.1% working full-time, 5.6% working part-time and 12.6% self-employed. The male unemployment rate ( Male unemployment )(of those economically active) was 9.9%. 60.7% of the 10,724 women aged 16 to 74 were economically active, including 26.8% working full-time, 23.5% working part-time and 3.1% self-employed. The female unemployment rate (of those economically active) was 7.5%.

Of people in employment aged 16 to 74, 13.5% worked in basic industries (ONS categories A, B, and D-F including 11.1% in construction), 14.2% in manufacturing, and 72.2% in service industries (ONS categories G-U including 19.5% in wholesale and retail trade and vehicle repair, 11.6% in health and social work , 7.4% in education, 6.2% in transport and storage, 5.8% in public administration, 5.6% in accommodation and catering, and 4.7% in administrative and support service activities). While 27.7% of households did not have access to a car or van, 76.1% of people in employment travelled to work by car or van.

75.5% of residents described their health as good or very good. The proportion who described themselves as White British was 95.6%, with all white ethnic groups making up 97.4% of the population. The ethnic make-up of the rest of the population was 1.0% mixed/multiple ethnic groups, 0.69% Indian /Pakistani /Bangladeshi , 0.34% Chinese , 0.17% other Asian , 0.35% Black and 0.065% other. 3.1% of Cannock's residents were born outside the United Kingdom.

MEDIA

Cannock
Cannock
has a free weekly local newspaper, the Cannock
Cannock
& Rugeley Chronicle (an edition of the Cannock
Cannock
& Lichfield
Lichfield
Chronicle). Another free weekly, the Chase Post (an edition of the Cannock Chase
Cannock Chase
& Burntwood Post), ceased publication in November 2011.

The Express ">

EDUCATION

Cannock Chase
Cannock Chase
High School is a non-denominational mixed comprehensive with just over 1000 pupils aged 11–18.

Cardinal Griffin Catholic High School is a voluntary aided Roman Catholic secondary school with around 950 pupils aged 11–18.

Chase Grammar School (called Lyncroft House School 1980-1996 then Chase Academy until January 2013) is an independent co-educational boarding school with a day nursery and over 200 pupils up to age 19 including many international students.

South Staffordshire
Staffordshire
College is a further education college which provides courses to students from age 14 up to adults. It was created in 2009 by a merger of Cannock Chase
Cannock Chase
Technical College and centres of further education in Tamworth, Lichfield
Lichfield
and Rodbaston.

NOTABLE NATIVES/RESIDENTS

ENTERTAINMENT

* Carole Ashby (born 1955), actress * Balaam and the Angel , Gothic rock group * Steve Edge
Steve Edge
(born 1972), comedian * Mel Galley (1948–2008), former Whitesnake
Whitesnake
guitarist and songwriter * Elgar Howarth (born 1935), conductor and composer * Glenn Hughes (born 1951), former Deep Purple
Deep Purple
bassist/vocalist * Robert Lloyd (born 1959), vocalist

SPORT

* Malcolm Beard (born 1942), former professional footballer who played mostly for Birmingham City
Birmingham City
* Andy Bishop (born 1982), professional footballer * Luke Chapman (born 1991), professional footballer * Stan Collymore (born 1971), former professional footballer * Tom Galley b. 1915 (Hednesford) d. 2000 (Cannock) Professional footballer with Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
Wanderers & England
England
(2 caps). * Billy Gallier (1932–2011), footballer/football manager * Mick Gosling (born 1972), winner of Britain\'s Strongest Man contest in 2005 * Richard Gosling (born 1974), his brother, winner of Britain\'s Strongest Man contest in 2003 * Deiniol Graham (born 1969), professional footballer/football manager * Jared Hodgkiss (born 1986), professional footballer * Bobby Hosker (born 1955), former professional footballer * Steve James (born 1961), former professional snooker player * Harry Kinsell (1921-2000), professional footballer who played mostly for West Bromwich Albion and West Ham United * Gordon Lee (born 1934), former professional footballer/football manager * Dave Norton (born 1965), former professional footballer * Geoff Palmer (born 1954), former professional footballer who played mostly for Wolves * Kevin Pietersen
Kevin Pietersen
(born 1980), South African-born English cricketer who played for Cannock
Cannock
Cricket Club in 2000 * Jim Rhodes (1946–2015), professional golfer * Alec Talbot (1902–1975), professional footballer who played for Aston Villa
Aston Villa
* Kris Taylor (born 1984), professional footballer

OTHER

* Walter Colman (1600–1645), Franciscan
Franciscan
friar * Raymond Furnell (1936–2006), curate of Cannock
Cannock
1965-69, later dean of York Minster. * Arthur Hopcraft (1932 - 2004) Author, Reporter & TV scriptwriter who wrote perceptively of his upbringing in Cannock. * Howard Henry Jones (1909 - 1993) learned chess at school from Vernon Parton (see below) and later helped founding the Cannock
Cannock
Chase Chess Club in 1944, which went on to become Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Club Champions in 1953. * Robert Howard Jones b.1940 learned chess from his father (see above) and became the 1st Marathon Chess World Record holder (1961) and author -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ A B C " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-13. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-13.

" Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-13.

" Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-13. * ^ "2011 Census - Built-up areas". ONS . Retrieved 9 August 2013. * ^ "2011 Census - Cannock
Cannock
BUA map". ONS . Retrieved 12 August 2013. * ^ Nicolaisen, W. F. H. ; Gelling, Margaret; Richards, Melville (1970). The names of towns and cities in Britain. London: B. T. Batsford. p. 66. ISBN 0-7134-0113-3 . * ^ "Coal Mining in Cannock Chase
Cannock Chase
a Rough Time Line". Cannock
Cannock
Chase Mining Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-11-21. * ^ " Cannock Chase
Cannock Chase
Coalfield & its Coal". BBC News. Retrieved 2011-11-21.

* ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Dwellings, 2001 (UV55)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Dwellings, 2001 (UV55)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. " Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Dwellings, 2001 (UV55)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. " Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Dwellings, 2001 (UV55)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Dwellings, 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Dwellings, 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. " Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Dwellings, 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. " Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Dwellings, 2011 (QS418EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2013-02-17. * ^ A B " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Household Composition, 2011 (KS105EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Household Composition, 2011 (KS105EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Household Composition, 2011 (KS105EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Household Composition, 2011 (KS105EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children etc., 2011 (KS106EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children etc., 2011 (KS106EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children etc., 2011 (KS106EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Adults not in Employment and Dependent Children etc., 2011 (KS106EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Marital and Civil Partnership status, 2011 (KS103EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Marital and Civil Partnership status, 2011 (KS103EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Marital and Civil Partnership status, 2011 (KS103EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Marital and Civil Partnership status, 2011 (KS103EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Qualifications and Students, 2011 (KS501EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Qualifications and Students, 2011 (KS501EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14.

" Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Qualifications and Students, 2011 (KS501EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14.

" Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Qualifications and Students, 2011 (KS501EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Economic Activity - Males, 2011 (KS602EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Economic Activity - Males, 2011 (KS602EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15.

" Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Economic Activity - Males, 2011 (KS602EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15.

" Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Economic Activity - Males, 2011 (KS602EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Economic Activity - Females, 2011 (KS603EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Economic Activity - Females, 2011 (KS603EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15.

" Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Economic Activity - Females, 2011 (KS603EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15.

" Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Economic Activity - Females, 2011 (KS603EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Industry, 2011 (KS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Industry, 2011 (KS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15. " Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Industry, 2011 (KS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15. " Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Industry, 2011 (KS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-15. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Car or Van Availability, 2011 (KS404EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-22.

" Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Car or Van Availability, 2011 (KS404EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-22.

" Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Car or Van Availability, 2011 (KS404EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-22.

" Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Car or Van Availability, 2011 (KS404EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-22. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Method of Travel to Work, 2011 (QS701EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-22.

" Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Method of Travel to Work, 2011 (QS701EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-22.

" Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Method of Travel to Work, 2011 (QS701EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-22.

" Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Method of Travel to Work, 2011 (QS701EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-22. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Ethnic Group, 2011 (KS201EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Ethnic Group, 2011 (KS201EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Ethnic Group, 2011 (KS201EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Ethnic Group, 2011 (KS201EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
East (Ward): Country of Birth, 2011 (KS204EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
North (Ward): Country of Birth, 2011 (KS204EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
South (Ward): Country of Birth, 2011 (KS204EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. " Cannock
Cannock
West (Ward): Country of Birth, 2011 (KS204EW)". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-14. * ^ " Cannock
Cannock
&