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The Cannes
Cannes
Festival (/kæn/; French: Festival de Cannes), named until 2002 as the International Film Festival (Festival international du film) and known in English as the Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, France, which previews new films of all genres, including documentaries, from all around the world. Founded in 1946, the invitation-only festival is held annually (usually in May) at the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès.[1] On 1 July 2014, co-founder and former head of French pay-TV operator Canal+, Pierre Lescure, took over as President of the Festival, while Thierry Fremaux
Thierry Fremaux
became the General Delegate. The board of directors also appointed Gilles Jacob as Honorary President of the Festival.[2][3] The 2017 Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival, its 70th anniversary, took place between 17 and 29 May 2017. The jury president was Pedro Almodóvar, and The Square, directed by Ruben Östlund, won the Palme d'Or.[4]

Contents

1 History

1.1 The early years 1.2 1950s and 1960s 1.3 1970s and 1980s 1.4 1990s to the present

2 Programmes 3 Authorities of the Festival 4 Juries 5 Awards 6 Impact 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 Media 11 External links

History[edit] The early years[edit] The Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival has its origins in 1932 when Jean Zay, the French Minister of National Education, on the proposal of historian Philippe Erlanger and with the support of the British and Americans, set up an international cinematographic festival. Its origins may be attributed in part to the French desire to compete with the Venice Film Festival, which at the time was shocking the democratic world by its fascist bias.[5] The first festival was planned for 1939, Cannes was selected as the location for it, but the funding and organization were too slow and finally the beginning of World War II
World War II
put an end to this plan.[6] On 20 September 1946, twenty-one countries presented their films at the First Cannes
Cannes
International Film Festival, which took place at the former Casino of Cannes.[7] In 1947, amid serious problems of efficiency, the festival was held as the "Festival du film de Cannes", where films from sixteen countries were presented. The festival was not held in 1948 and 1950 on account of budgetary problems. In 1949, the Palais des Festivals was expressly constructed for the occasion on the seafront promenade of La Croisette, although its inaugural roof, while still unfinished, blew off during a storm. In 1951, the festival was moved to spring to avoid a direct competition with the Venice Festival which was held in autumn.[6] 1950s and 1960s[edit] During the early 1950s the festival attracted a lot of tourism and press attention, with showbiz scandals and high profile personalities love affairs. At the same time, the artistic aspect of the festival started developing. Because of controversies over the selection of films, the Critics' Prize was created for the recognition of original films and daring filmmakers. In 1954 the Special
Special
Jury Prize was awarded for the first time. In 1955, the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
was created, replacing the Grand Prix du Festival which had been given until that year. In 1957, Dolores del Río
Dolores del Río
was the first female member of the jury for the official selection.[8] In 1959, the Marché du Film
Marché du Film
(Film Market) was founded, giving the festival a commercial character and facilitating exchanges between sellers and buyers in the film industry. Today it has become the first international platform for film commerce. Still, in the 1950s some outstanding films, like Night and Fog in 1956 and Hiroshima, My Love in 1959 were excluded from the competition for diplomatic concerns. Jean Cocteau, three times president of the jury in those years, is quoted to have said: "The Cannes
Cannes
Festival should be a no man's land in which politics has no place. It should be a simple meeting between friends."[9][10] In 1962, the International Critics' Week was born, created by the French Union of Film Critics as the first parallel section of the Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival. Its goal was to showcase first and second works by directors from all over the world, not succumbing to commercial tendencies. In 1965, an hommage was paid to Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
after his death, and he was named Honorary President for life[citation needed]. That year, Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
was named the first female president of the jury, while the next year Sofia Loren
Sofia Loren
became president.[11] The 1968 festival was halted on 19 May. Some directors, such as Carlos Saura and Miloš Forman, had withdrawn their films from the competition. On 18 May, filmmaker Louis Malle
Louis Malle
along with a group of directors took over the large room of the Palais and interrupted the projections in solidarity with students and labour on strike throughout France,[12] and in protest to the eviction of the then President of the Cinémathèque Française. The filmmakers achieved the reinstatement of the President, and they founded the Film Directors' Society (SRF) that same year.[13] In 1969, the SRF, led by Pierre-Henri Deleau created the Directors' Fortnight
Directors' Fortnight
(Quinzaine des Réalisateurs), a new non-competitive section that programs a selection of films from around the world, distinguished by the independent judgment displayed in the choice of films.[14] 1970s and 1980s[edit] During the 1970s, important changes occurred in the Festival. In 1972, Robert Favre Le Bret was named the new President, and Maurice Bessy the General Delegate. He introduced important changes in the selection of the participating films, welcoming new techniques, and relieving the selection from diplomatic pressures, with films like MASH, and later Chronicle of the Years of Fire
Chronicle of the Years of Fire
marking this turn. In some cases, these changes helped directors like Tarkovski overcome problems of censorship in their own country.[15] Also, until that time, the different countries chose the films that would represent them in the festival. Yet, in 1972, Bessy created a committee to select French films, and another for foreign films.[16] In 1978, Gilles Jacob assumed the position of General Delegate, introducing the Caméra d'Or award, for the best first film of any of the main events, and the Un Certain Regard section, for the non-competitive categories. Other changes were the decrease of length of the festival down to thirteen days, thus reducing the number of selected films; also, until that point the Jury was composed by Film Academics, and Jacob started to introduce celebrities and professionals from the film industry.[17] In 1983, a new, much bigger Palais des Festivals et des Congrès
Palais des Festivals et des Congrès
was built to host the festival, while the Directors' Fortnight
Directors' Fortnight
remained in the old building. The new building was nicknamed "The Bunker", provoking a lot of criticism, especially since it was hardly finished at the event and several technical problems occurred.[18] In 1984, Pierre Viot replaced Robert Favre Le Bret as President of the Festival.[19] In his term, the Festival started including films from more countries, like Philippines, China, Cuba, Australia, India, New Zealand and Argentina. In 1987, for the first time of the Festival, a red carpet was placed at the entrance of the Palais. In 1989, during the first Cinéma & liberté forum, hundred directors from many countries signed a declaration "against all forms of censorship still existing in the world".[20]

Stars posing for photographers are a part of Cannes
Cannes
folklore.

1990s to the present[edit]

American actress Kim Novak
Kim Novak
(2013)

In 1998, Gilles Jacob created the last section of the Official Selection: la Cinéfondation, aiming to support the creation of works of cinema in the world and to contribute to the entry of the new scenario writers in the circle of the celebrities.[21] The Cinéfondation was completed in 2000 with La Résidence, where young directors could refine their writing and screenplays, and in 2005 L'Atelier, which helps twenty directors per year with the funding of their films. Gilles Jacob was appointed Honorary President in 2000, and in 2002 the Festival officially adopted the name Festival de Cannes.[22][23] During the 2000s, the Festival started focusing more on the technological advances taking place in the film world, especially the digital techniques. In 2004, the restored historical films of the Festival were presented as Cannes
Cannes
Clasics, which included also documentaries. In 2007 Thierry Frémaux
Thierry Frémaux
became General Delegate. In 2009 he extended the Festival in Buenos Aires, as La Semana de Cine del Festival de Cannes, and in 2010 he created the Cannes
Cannes
Court Métrage for the Short Film competition. Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival Director Thierry Fremaux
Thierry Fremaux
is known to have ‘banned’ selfies on the Red Carpet of the world’s largest Film Festival back in 2015. [24] In 2017 along with the 70th anniversary events of the Festival, the issue of changing the rules on theatrical screening came up with divided opinions about it.[25] Programmes[edit] The Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival is organised in various sections:[26]

The Official Selection – The main event of the festival.

In Competition – The twenty films competing for the Palme d'Or. They are projected in the Théâtre Lumière. Un Certain Regard – Twenty films selected from cultures near and far; original and different works. They are projected at the Salle Debussy. Out of Competition – These films are also projected in the Théâtre Lumière but do not compete for the main prize. Special
Special
Screenings – The selection committee chooses for these films an environment specially adapted to their particular identity. Cinéfondation – About fifteen shorts and medium-length motion pictures from film schools over the world are presented at the Salle Buñuel. Short Films – The shorts competing for the Short Film Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
are presented at Buñuel and Debussy theatres. There are approximately 10 films in this competition. Cannes
Cannes
Classics – It celebrates the heritage of film, aiming to highlight works of the past, presented with brand new or restored prints. Cinéma de la Plage – Screening of Cannes
Cannes
Classics and Out of Competition films for the mass public on Macé beach, preceded by a programme dedicated to film music.

Parallel Sections – These are non-competitive programmes dedicated to discovering other aspects of cinema.

International Critics' Week – From 1962, it focuses on discovering new talents and showcases first and second feature films by directors from all over the world. Directors' Fortnight
Directors' Fortnight
– From 1969, it cast its lot with the avant-garde, even as it created a breeding ground where the Cannes Festival would regularly find its prestigious auteurs. Tous les Cinémas du Monde – It showcases the vitality and diversity of cinema across the world. Each day, one country is invited to present a range of features and shorts in celebration of its unique culture, identity and recent film works. Caméra d'Or – It rewards the best first film of the Festival, choosing among the debutants' works among the Official Selection, the Directors' Fortnight
Directors' Fortnight
and the International Critics' Week selections.

Other Sections – Produced by outside organisations during the Cannes Festival.

ACID (Association for Independent Cinema and its Distribution)

Events

Marché du Film
Marché du Film
– The busiest movie market in the world. Masterclasses – Given in public by world-renowned filmmakers. Tributes – Honors internationally renowned artists with the presentation of the Festival Trophee following the screening of one of their films. Producers Network – An opportunity to make international co-productions. Exhibitions – Each year, an artist, a body of work or a cinematographic theme becomes the focus of an exhibition that diversifies or illustrates the event's programme. 60th Anniversary – Events organised in 2007 dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the Festival.

Authorities of the Festival[edit]

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Year President General Delegate Gen. Secretary

1949 – – Jean Touzet

1952 Robert Favre Le Bret

1972 Robert Favre Le Bret Maurice Bessy

1978 Gilles Jacob

1984 Pierre Viot

1985 Michel P. Bonnet

1991 François Erlenbach

2001 Gilles Jacob General Director Véronique Cayla Artistic Delegate Thierry Frémaux

2005 Catherine Démier

2007 Thierry Frémaux

2014 Pierre Lescure

2017

The President of the Festival, who represents the Festival in front of its financial partners, the public authorities and the media, is elected by the board of directors of the Festival, officially named the "French Association of the Film Festival". The Board is composed of authorities of the world of cinema, as well as of public authorities which subsidize the event. The President has a renewable 3-year mandate and appoints the members of his team, including the General Delegate, with the approval of the board of directors.[27] Sometimes a President, after his last term, becomes the Honorary President of the Festival. The General Delegate is responsible for the coordination of the events. When Gilles Jacob passed from General Delegate to the position of the President, in 2001, two new positions were created to take over his former post, the General Director to oversee the smooth running of the event, and the Artistic Director, responsible for the selection of films. However, in 2007, the Artistic Director Thierry Fremaux, became again the General Delegate of the Festival. The general secretary is responsible for the reception of works and other practical matters. Juries[edit] Main article: List of Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival juries (Feature films) Prior to the beginning of each event, the Festival's board of directors appoints the juries who hold sole responsibility for choosing which films will receive a Cannes
Cannes
award. Jurors are chosen from a wide range of international artists, based on their body of work and respect from their peers.[28] The appointment of the President of the Jury is made following several annual management proposals made in the fall and submitted to the Festival's board of directors for validation.[29]

Feature Films – An international jury composed of a President and various film or art personalities, who determine the prizes for the feature films in Competition. Cinéfondation and Short Films – Composed of a President and four film personalities. It awards the Short Film Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
as well as the three best films of the Cinéfondation. Un Certain Regard – Composed of a President, journalists, students in cinema, and industry professionals. It awards the Un Certain Regard Prize for best film and can, moreover, honour two other films. Caméra d'Or – Composed of a President, as well as film directors, technicians, and French and international critics. They award the best film in any category.

The jury meets annually at the historic Villa Domergue to select the winners.[30] Awards[edit]

Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
awarded to Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
at the 1979 Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival

In 2013, Adèle Exarchopoulos
Adèle Exarchopoulos
and Léa Seydoux
Léa Seydoux
became the first and only cast members to receive the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
for Blue Is the Warmest Colour in an "unprecedented move", alongside the director Abdellatif Kechiche.

The most prestigious award given at Cannes
Cannes
is the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
("Golden Palm") for the best film.

Competition

Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
– Golden Palm Grand Prix – Grand Prize of the Festival Prix du Jury – Jury Prize Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
du court métrage – Best Short Film Prix d'interprétation féminine – Best Actress Prix d'interprétation masculine – Best Actor Prix de la mise en scène – Best Director Prix du scénario – Best Screenplay

Other Sections

Prix Un Certain Regard – Young talent, innovative and audacious works Cinéfondation prizes – Student films Caméra d'Or – Best first feature film

Given by Independent Entities

Prix de la FIPRESCI International Federation of Film Critics Prize Directors' Fortnight
Directors' Fortnight
Prizes Prix Vulcain – Awarded to a technical artist by the CST International Critics' Week Prizes Prize of the Ecumenical Jury François Chalais Prize L'Œil d'or – Best documentary film Trophée Chopard Palm Dog, for best canine performance.[31] Queer Palm, for LGBT-related films.[32]

Impact[edit] The festival has become an important showcase for European films. Jill Forbes and Sarah Street argue in European Cinema: An Introduction (ISBN 0333752104), that Cannes
Cannes
"became...extremely important for critical and commercial interests and for European attempts to sell films on the basis of their artistic quality" (page 20).[33] Forbes and Street also point out that, along with other festivals such as the Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
and Berlin International Film Festival, Cannes offers an opportunity to determine a particular country's image of its cinema and generally foster the notion that European cinema is "art" cinema.[33] Additionally, given massive media exposure, the non-public festival is attended by many movie stars and is a popular venue for film producers to launch their new films and to attempt to sell their works to the distributors who come from all over the globe. See also[edit]

France portal Film portal

Cannes
Cannes
Lions International Advertising Festival Directors' Fortnight International Critics' Week List of Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival jury presidents List of Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival juries (Feature films) Marché du Film

References[edit]

^ "Presentation of the Palais". palaisdesfestivals.com. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ " Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival Names Pierre Lescure
Pierre Lescure
President". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 14 January 2014.  ^ " Pierre Lescure
Pierre Lescure
elected President of the Festival de Cannes". Festival de Cannes. Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2015.  ^ " Cannes
Cannes
2017: Ruben Östlund's The Square wins the Palme d'Or". theguardian.com. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ "First Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival". history.com. Archived from the original on 27 December 2013.  ^ a b "1938–1951: The birth of the Festival". fresques.ina.fr. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "1st Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival". Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013.  ^ "Honoring the Female Trailblazers of Cannes
Cannes
/2. Dolores del Río". harpersbazaar.com. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ "Festival de Cannes
Cannes
– Festival History". festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 14 May 2007.  ^ "1952–1959: Celebrities, politics and the film world". fresques.ina.fr. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "1960–1968: The growing legitimacy of cinema and a world of new horizons". fresques.ina.fr. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "1968 Cannes
Cannes
Festival". cannes-fest.com. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "The Fortnight in action". quinzaine-realisateurs.com. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "Directors' Fortnight". Directors' Fortnight
Directors' Fortnight
website. Retrieved 27 May 2017.  ^ "1969–1977: A Festival that moves with the times". fresques.ina.fr. Retrieved 30 May 2017.  ^ "1972 – Tout le monde il est beau, tout le monde il est gentil". cannes-fest.com. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "1978 – Cannes, Le Retour". Cannes-fest.com. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "1983 – Le Festival blessé". Cannes-fest.com archive. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "1978–1986: A wind of change". fresques.ina.fr. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "The History of the Festival / The 80s: The Modern Era". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ "Presentation". Cinéfondation. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "1987–1996: The first Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
for a woman director". fresques.ina.fr. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "1997-today: The Festival enters a new century". fresques.ina.fr. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "'I am so Pathetic: I Took a Selfie at the Red Carpet' at the Cannes Film Festival=Ikon London Magazine". Retrieved 2017-05-17.  ^ "Netflix Defends Strategy at Cannes: 'The Culture Is Changing'". nytimes.com. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ "Festival de Cannes
Cannes
– Official Site". Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ " Pierre Lescure
Pierre Lescure
officiellement à la tête du Festival de Cannes". LeMond.fr (in French). Retrieved 30 May 2017. Le président du Festival de Cannes
Cannes
est élu par le conseil d'administration de l'Association française du Festival international du film. Cette instance compte vingt-huit membres et repose sur un subtil équilibre entre le monde du cinéma et les pouvoirs publics, qui subventionnent l'événement.  ^ "Festival de Cannes: Juries". festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.  ^ "Festival de Cannes: Juries". festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015.  ^ "Patrimoine: Villa Domergue". Site officiel de la Ville de Cannes. Retrieved 6 July 2017.  ^ "Pixar pooch picks Up Cannes
Cannes
prize". BBC News. 22 May 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2009.  ^ "Transgender activist Pascale Ourbih on Cannes
Cannes
gay prize jury". On Top Magazine. 10 May 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ a b Forbes, Jill; Street, Sarah (2001). European Cinema: An Introduction. London: Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 0-333-75210-4. 

Further reading[edit]

Coyle, Jake (10 May 2017). "Outcry over Netflix films prompts Cannes to change rules". CBC/Radio-Canada.  Ford, Rebecca; Roxborough, Scott (17 May 2017). "Why Awards Hopefuls Are Losing Confidence in Cannes
Cannes
Debuts". The Hollywood Reporter.  Mumford, Gwilym (17 May 2017). "Concrete flowerpots and drone killers: Cannes
Cannes
opens with beefed-up security". The Guardian. 

Books

Bart, Peter; The Editors of Variety (1997). Cannes: Fifty Years of Sun, Sex & Celluloid: Behind the Scenes at the World's Most Famous Film Festival. Miramax Books. ISBN 978-0786882953.  Beauchamp, Cari; Behar, Henri (1992). Hollywood on the Riviera: The Inside Story of the Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival. William Morrow and Company. ISBN 978-0688110079.  Craig, Benjamin (2012). Cannes: A Festival Virgin's Guide (6 ed.). Cinemagine Media Publishing. ISBN 978-0954173760.  Jungen, Christian (2015). Hollywood in Canne$: The History of a Love-Hate Relationship (Film Culture in Transition). Amsterdam University Press. ISBN 978-9089645661. 

Media[edit]

Footage from the 1946 Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival Retrospective footage of the Festival presented by INA in 2007

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival.

Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival official website (in English) Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival at the Internet Movie Database The History of the Festival at the official website Festival de Cannes
Cannes
at the official website of tourism in France 2017 (in French) Radio France Internationale coverage of the Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival 2017 (in English) Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival unofficial blog Cannes
Cannes
– A Festival Virgin's Guide – Detailed festival history and information for attendees Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival: A Potted History Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

v t e

Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival

Awards

Palme d'Or Grand Prix Best Director Award Best Actor Award Best Actress Award Best Screenplay Award Jury Prize Short Film Palme d'Or Un Certain Regard Cinéfondation Caméra d'Or

Awards given by independent entities

Prix de la FIPRESCI François Chalais Prize Trophée Chopard Vulcan Award L'Œil d'or France 4 Visionary Award Prize of the Ecumenical Jury Palm Dog
Palm Dog
Award Queer Palm Cannes
Cannes
Soundtrack Award

By year

1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Directors' Fortnight International Critics' Week Marché du Film List of jury presidents List of jury members

v t e

Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
winning films

Union Pacific (1939) Torment (Hets) (1946) The Lost Weekend (1946) The Red Meadows (1946) Brief Encounter
Brief Encounter
(1946) María Candelaria
María Candelaria
(1946) Neecha Nagar (1946) The Turning Point (1946) La Symphonie pastorale (1946) The Last Chance (1946) Men Without Wings (1946) Rome, Open City
Rome, Open City
(1946) The Third Man
The Third Man
(1949) Miss Julie (1951) Miracle in Milan
Miracle in Milan
(1951) The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice (1951) Two Cents Worth of Hope
Two Cents Worth of Hope
(1952) The Wages of Fear
The Wages of Fear
(1953) Gate of Hell (1954) Marty (1955) The Silent World
The Silent World
(1956) Friendly Persuasion (1957) The Cranes Are Flying
The Cranes Are Flying
(1958) Black Orpheus
Black Orpheus
(1959) La Dolce Vita
La Dolce Vita
(1960) The Long Absence
The Long Absence
(1961) Viridiana
Viridiana
(1961) O Pagador de Promessas
O Pagador de Promessas
(1962) The Leopard (1963) The Umbrellas of Cherbourg
The Umbrellas of Cherbourg
(1964) The Knack ...and How to Get It
The Knack ...and How to Get It
(1965) A Man and a Woman
A Man and a Woman
(1966) The Birds, the Bees and the Italians
The Birds, the Bees and the Italians
(1966) Blowup
Blowup
(1967) if.... (1969) MASH (1970) The Go-Between (1971) The Working Class Goes to Heaven
The Working Class Goes to Heaven
(1972) The Mattei Affair
The Mattei Affair
(1972) The Hireling (1973) Scarecrow (1973) The Conversation
The Conversation
(1974) Chronicle of the Years of Fire
Chronicle of the Years of Fire
(1975) Taxi Driver
Taxi Driver
(1976) Padre Padrone
Padre Padrone
(1977) The Tree of Wooden Clogs
The Tree of Wooden Clogs
(1978) Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
(1979) The Tin Drum (1979) All That Jazz (1980) Kagemusha
Kagemusha
(1980) Man of Iron (1981) Missing (1982) Yol
Yol
(1982) The Ballad of Narayama (1983) Paris, Texas (1984) When Father Was Away on Business (1985) The Mission (1986) Under the Sun of Satan (1987) Pelle the Conqueror
Pelle the Conqueror
(1988) Sex, Lies, and Videotape
Sex, Lies, and Videotape
(1989) Wild at Heart (1990) Barton Fink
Barton Fink
(1991) The Best Intentions
The Best Intentions
(1992) Farewell My Concubine (1993) The Piano
The Piano
(1993) Pulp Fiction
Pulp Fiction
(1994) Underground (1995) Secrets & Lies (1996) Taste of Cherry
Taste of Cherry
(1997) The Eel (1997) Eternity and a Day
Eternity and a Day
(1998) Rosetta (1999) Dancer in the Dark
Dancer in the Dark
(2000) The Son's Room
The Son's Room
(2001) The Pianist (2002) Elephant (2003) Fahrenheit 9/11
Fahrenheit 9/11
(2004) The Child (2005) The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006) 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
(2007) The Class (2008) The White Ribbon
The White Ribbon
(2009) Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives
Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives
(2010) The Tree of Life (2011) Amour (2012) Blue Is the Warmest Colour
Blue Is the Warmest Colour
(2013) Winter Sleep (2014) Dheepan
Dheepan
(2015) I, Daniel Blake (2016) The Square (2017)

v t e

Short Film Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
Winners

1950s

White Mane
White Mane
Albert Lamorisse
Albert Lamorisse
(1953) Blinkity Blank Norman McLaren
Norman McLaren
(1955) The Red Balloon
The Red Balloon
Albert Lamorisse
Albert Lamorisse
(1956) Courte Histoire – Ion Popescu-Gopo
Ion Popescu-Gopo
(1957) N.Y., N.Y.
N.Y., N.Y.
Francis Thompson
Francis Thompson
(1959) Zmiana warty – Halina Bielinska and Wlodzimierz Haupe (1959)

1960s

La Petite cuillère – Carlos Vilardebo (1961) La Rivière du hibou – Robert Enrico (1961) À fleur d'eau – Alexander J. Seiler and Rob Gnant (1963) Le Haricot – Edmond Séchan (1963) Nyitany – János Vadász (1965) Skaterdater Noel Black (1966) Sky Over Holland – John Fernhout (1967) Cîntecele Renasterii – Mirel Iliesiu (1969)

1970s

Magic Machines – Bob Curtis (1970) Le Fusil à lunette – Jean Chapot (1972) Balablok Bretislav Pojar
Bretislav Pojar
(1973) Ostrov – Fedor Khitrouk, Edouard Nazarov and Vladimir Zouïkov (1974) Lautrec
Lautrec
– Geoff Dunbar (1975) Metamorphosis
Metamorphosis
Barry Greenwald (1976) The Struggle – Marcell Jankovics
Marcell Jankovics
(1977) Rowing Across the Atlantic Jean-François Laguionie
Jean-François Laguionie
(1978) Harpya
Harpya
Raoul Servais
Raoul Servais
(1979)

1980s

Seaside Woman
Seaside Woman
– Oscar Grillo (1980) Moto perpetuo
Moto perpetuo
– Béla Vajda (1981) Merlin ou le cours de l'or – Arthur Joffé (1982) Je sais que j'ai tort mais demandez à mes copains ils disent la même chose – Pierre Levy
Pierre Levy
(1983) Le Cheval de fer – Gérald Frydman and Pierre Levie (1984) Chiri
Chiri
– David Takaichvili (1984) Jenitba – Slav Bakalov and Rumen Petkov (1985) An Exercise in Discipline - Peel – Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1986) Palisade
Palisade
– Laurie McInnes (1987) Vykrutasy
Vykrutasy
Garry Bardin
Garry Bardin
(1988) 50 ans Gilles Carle (1989)

1990s

The Lunch Date – Adam Davidson (1990) Z podniesionymi rekami – Mitko Panov (1991) Omnibus – Sam Karmann (1992) Coffee and Cigarettes (Somewhere in California)
Coffee and Cigarettes (Somewhere in California)
– Jim Jarmusch (1993) El Héroe– Carlos Carrera
Carlos Carrera
(1994) Gagarin– Alexij Kharitidi (1995) Szél– Marcell Iványi (1996) ...Is It the Design on the Wrapper? – Tessa Sheridan (1997) L'Interview – Xavier Giannoli
Xavier Giannoli
(1998) When the Day Breaks Wendy Tilby and Amanda Forbis (1999)

2000s

Anino – Raymond Red (2000) Bean Cake – David Greenspan (2001) Eso utan – Péter Mészáros (2002) Cracker Bag – Glendyn Ivin (2003) Trafic – Catalin Mitulescu (2004) Podorozhni – Igor Strembitsky (2005) Sniffer – Bobbie Peers (2006) Ver Llover Elisa Miller (2007) Megatron
Megatron
– Marian Crisan (2008) Arena
Arena
João Salaviza (2009)

2010s

Chienne d'histoire – Serge Avedikian
Serge Avedikian
(2010) Cross
Cross
– Maryna Vroda (2011) Sessiz-Be Deng – Rezan Yeşilbaş (2012) Safe
Safe
– Byoung-gon Moon (2013) Leidi Simón Mesa Soto (2014) Waves '98 Ely Dagher
Ely Dagher
(2015) A Gentle Night
A Gentle Night
- Qiu Yang (2017)

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Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival jury presidents

1946–1975

Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1951) Maurice Genevoix
Maurice Genevoix
(1952) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1953) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1954) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1955) Maurice Lehmann
Maurice Lehmann
(1956) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon
Georges Simenon
(1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang
Fritz Lang
(1964) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1965) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson
André Chamson
(1968) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias
Miguel Ángel Asturias
(1970) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1971) Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey
(1972) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1973) René Clair
René Clair
(1974) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1975)

1975–2000

Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1976) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1977) Alan J. Pakula
Alan J. Pakula
(1978) Françoise Sagan
Françoise Sagan
(1979) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron
William Styron
(1983) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
(1984) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1985) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1986) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1987) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1988) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1989) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1990) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1991) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1992) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1993) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1996) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1999) Luc Besson
Luc Besson
(2000)

2001–present

Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2001) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(2005) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(2006) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2012) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2013) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2017) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2018)

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FIAPF-accredited film festivals

Feature (Competitive)

Berlin Cairo Cannes Goa Karlovy Vary Locarno Mar del Plata Moscow Montreal San Sebastián Shanghai Tallinn (PÖFF) Tokyo Venice Warsaw

Feature (Competitive Specialised)

Antalya Brussels Busan Cartagena Cluj Napoca (TIFF) Courmayeur Gijón Istanbul Jeonju Kolkata Kyiv Namur Sarajevo Sitges Stockholm Sydney Trivandrum Turin Valencia (Jove)

Feature (Non-competitive)

Toronto Vienna

Documentary and Short

Bilbao Krakow Oberhausen St. Petersburg Tampere

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 149760515 LCCN: n82052860 GND: 4196849-9 SUDOC: 028867378 NDL: 01024765

Coordinates: 43°33′03.10″N 7°01′02.10″E / 43.5508611°N 7.0172500°E / 43.

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