HOME
The Info List - Canadian Army


--- Advertisement ---



The Canadian Army
Army
(French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces. As of 2018[update] the Army
Army
has 23,000 regular soldiers, about 17,000 reserve soldiers, including 5,000 rangers, for a total of 40,000 soldiers. The Army
Army
is supported by 3,000 civilian employees.[3] It maintains regular forces units at bases across Canada, and is also responsible for the Army
Army
Reserve, the largest component of the Primary Reserve. The Commander of the Canadian Army
Army
and Chief of the Army
Army
Staff is Lieutenant-General
Lieutenant-General
Paul Wynnyk. The name "Canadian Army" came into official use beginning only in 1940; from before Confederation until the Second World War
Second World War
the official designation was "Canadian Militia". On 1 April 1966, as a precursor to the unification of Canada's armed services, all land forces were placed under a new entity called Mobile Command. In 1968 the "Canadian Army" ceased to exist as a legal entity as the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), Canadian Army
Army
(CA), and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) were merged to form a single service called the Canadian Armed Forces. Mobile Command was renamed Land Force Command in the 1993 reorganization of the Canadian Armed Forces. In August 2011, Land Force Command reverted to the pre-1968 title of the Canadian Army.[4]

Contents

1 History 2 Structure

2.1 Leadership 2.2 Regular force 2.3 Army
Army
Reserve 2.4 Organization of the Army

3 Bases and training centres 4 Equipment 5 Uniforms, load bearing and protective equipment 6 Meals 7 Badge of the Canadian Army 8 Rank structure

8.1 Insignia

9 Battles involving the Canadian Army 10 Publications 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of the Canadian Army Prior to Confederation in 1867, the British Army, which included both "Fencible" Regiments of the British Army
Army
- recruited within British North America exclusively for service in North America - and Canadian militia units, was responsible for the defence of Canada. Some current regiments of the Canadian Army
Army
trace their origins to these pre-Confederation militia and Fencible units. After 1867, a Permanent Active Militia was formed, and in later decades several regular bodies of troops were created, their descendants becoming the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, the Royal Canadian Dragoons, and the Royal Canadian Regiment. Regular Canadian troops participated in the North West Rebellion in 1885, the South African War
War
(Second Boer War) in 1899, and, in much larger numbers, constituted the Canadian Expeditionary Force in First World War.[5] In 1940, during Second World War, the Permanent Active Militia was renamed the Canadian Army
Army
(Active), supplemented by the non-permanent militia, which was named the Canadian Army
Army
(Reserve). The Army participated in the Korean War
Korean War
and formed part of the NATO
NATO
presence in West Germany
West Germany
during the Cold War. In the years following its unification with the navy and air force in 1968, the size of Canada's land forces was reduced, but Canadian troops participated in a number of military actions with Canada's allies, including the Gulf War
Gulf War
in 1991 and the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, as well as peacekeeping operations under United Nations auspices in various parts of the world.[6] Despite Canada's usual support of British and American initiatives, Canada's land forces did not directly participate in the Vietnam War or the Iraq War.[7] Structure[edit] Main article: Structure of the Canadian Army Command of the Army
Army
is exercised by the Commander of the Canadian Army within National Defence Headquarters located in Ottawa. The Army
Army
is divided into four force generating divisions based on geography:[8]

2nd Canadian Division
2nd Canadian Division
(Quebec) 3rd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division
(Western Canada) 4th Canadian Division
4th Canadian Division
(Ontario) 5th Canadian Division
5th Canadian Division
(Atlantic Canada)

The single force employing division, 1st Canadian Division, is part of the Canadian Joint Operations Command
Canadian Joint Operations Command
and is not under the command of the Canadian Army. It serves as a deployable headquarters to command a divisional-level deployment of Canadian or allied forces on operations, succeeding the previous Canadian Joint Forces HQ.[9] In addition to the four regional command areas, the Canadian Army Doctrine and Training Centre, previously called Land Force Doctrine and Training System, commanded by a major-general and headquartered at McNaughton Barracks, CFB Kingston, Ontario, is responsible for the supervision, integration and delivery of Army
Army
training and doctrine development, including simulation and digitization. It includes a number of schools and training organizations, such as the Combat Training Centre at CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick, and the Canadian Manoeuvre Training Centre at CFB Wainwright, Alberta.[10] Leadership[edit] The senior appointment within the Canadian Army
Army
was Chief of the General Staff until 1964 when the appointment became Commander, Mobile Command in advance of the unification of Canada's military forces.[11] The position was renamed Chief of the Land Staff in 1993.[12] Following the reversion of Land Forces to the Canadian Army
Army
in 2011, the position became Commander of the Canadian Army
Army
and Chief of the Army
Army
Staff. Officers are selected in several ways:

The Regular Officer Training Plan, where candidates are educated at the Royal Military College of Canada
Canada
(RMC) or at civilian Canadian universities. Direct Entry officer Plan, for those who already hold a university degree or technology diploma. Continuing Education Officer Training Plan, addresses shortages in certain officer occupations, and is intended to attract candidates who are otherwise qualified for service as officers, but who lack a degree. Candidates complete their degrees while serving in the Army.[13] University Training Plan (Non-Commissioned Members), designed to develop selected serving non-commissioned members for service as career officers in the Regular Force. Normally, candidates selected for this plan will attend RMC or a civilian university in Canada.[14] Commissioning From the Ranks Plan, provides officers to augment the number of officers commissioned through other plans and applies exclusively to those who have acquired some military experience and possess the necessary qualities that make them suitable for employment as officers.[15] Special
Special
Requirements Commissioning Plan, is designed to meet the needs of the officer occupations. It allows the Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
to profit from the skills and experience of senior non-commissioned members and may provide an opportunity for career advancement for selected deserving Chief Warrant Officers.[16] Subsidized special education, which includes the Medical Officer Training Plan or Dental Officer Training Plan.[17]

In addition there were other commissioning plans such as the Officer Candidate Training Plan and Officer Candidate Training Plan (Men) for commissioning serving members which are no longer in effect. Occupational training for Canadian Army
Army
officers takes place at one of the schools of the Combat Training Centre for Army-controlled occupations (armour, artillery, infantry, electrical and mechanical engineers, etc.) or at a Canadian Armed Forces
Canadian Armed Forces
school, such as the Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
School of Administration and Logistics or the Defence Public Affairs Learning Centre for officers from career fields controlled outside the Army. Regular force[edit] Main article: List of units of the Canadian Army Canadian infantry and armoured regimental traditions are strongly rooted in the traditions and history of the British Army. Many regiments were patterned after regiments of the British Army, and a system of official "alliances", or affiliations, was created to perpetuate a sense of shared history. Other regiments developed independently, resulting in a mixture of both colourful and historically familiar names. Other traditions such as battle honours and colours have been maintained by Canadian regiments as well. Approximately two-thirds of the Regular Force is composed of anglophone units, while one third is francophone. Between 1953 and 1971, the Regular Canadian Infantry
Infantry
consisted of seven regiments, each of two battalions (except the Royal 22e Régiment, which had three, the Canadian Guards
Canadian Guards
which had four battalions between 1953 and 1957 and the Canadian Airborne Regiment, which was divided into three commandos). The three present Regular infantry regiments were augmented by three further regiments each of two battalions:

The Canadian Guards The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada

Following the unification of the three services to form the Canadian Armed Forces in 1968, the Regular Force battalions of The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Canada
and the Black Watch were dissolved (their Militia battalions remained in Toronto and Montreal, respectively), the Regular regiment of The Fort Garry Horse
The Fort Garry Horse
was disbanded and the Canadian Guards
Canadian Guards
were reduced to nil strength. The 1st Battalion
Battalion
of the Canadian Guards
Canadian Guards
was disbanded on 1 October 1968. On 6 July 1970, the 2nd Battalion, The Canadian Guards
Canadian Guards
was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle, with the unit's soldiers and officers becoming the 3rd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment. On 1 July 1970, the 1st and 2nd Battalions of The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada
Canada
were reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle, and the Reserve Force battalion automatically relinquished its numerical designation. On 15 September 1968, the 2nd Battalion, The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Canada
was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle, while when the 1st Battalion
Battalion
was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 27 April 1970, with the unit's officers and soldiers forming the 3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry. The Reserve Force battalion automatically relinquished its numerical designation at that time. The Canadian Airborne Regiment
Canadian Airborne Regiment
was disbanded in 1995.[18] The Regular Force regiment of the 8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's), formed in 1957, was converted to a mixed Regular and Reserve “Total Force” unit with the close-out of 4 Canadian Mechanized Brigade
Brigade
Group at Lahr, Germany
Germany
in 1994, before reverting to a Reserve regiment in 1997.[19] Army
Army
Reserve[edit] Main article: Primary Reserve The Army
Army
Reserve is the reserve element of the Canadian Army
Army
and the largest component of the Primary Reserve. The Army
Army
Reserve is organized into under-strength brigades (for purposes of administration) along geographic lines. The Army
Army
Reserve is very active and has participated heavily in all Regular Army
Army
deployments in the last decade, in some cases contributing as much as 40 per cent of each deployment in either individual augmentation, as well as occasional formed sub-units (companies). LFR regiments have the theoretical administrative capacity to support an entire battalion, but typically have the deployable manpower of only one or two platoons. They are perpetuated as such for the timely absorption of recruits during times of war. Current strength of the Army
Army
Reserve is approximately 18,000. On April 1, 2008, the Army
Army
Reserve absorbed all units of the former Communications Reserve.[NOTE: "light infantry" and "heavy infantry" are obsolete historic British Army
Army
categories for lightly equipped troops who could march fast and rove ahead of the main army force (rifle regiments were an example of this) and the normal ("heavy") infantry who marched slower but could handle the normal fighting and were not so lightly equipped. All Canadian infantry units in the war in Afghanistan were loaded even more than historic heavy infantry ever were with body armour and large rucksacks, even those with "light infantry" in their title e.g. PPCLI.] Organization of the Army[edit]

Canadian Army
Army
Headquarters (Ottawa, ON) Canadian Army
Army
Doctrine and Training Centre (Kingston, ON) 2nd Canadian Division
2nd Canadian Division
(formerly Land Force Quebec
Quebec
Area)

2nd Canadian Division
2nd Canadian Division
HQ (Montreal, QC) 2nd Canadian Division
2nd Canadian Division
Support Group (Montreal, QC) 2nd Canadian Division
2nd Canadian Division
Training Centre (Valcartier, QC) 5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade
Brigade
Group

5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade
Brigade
Group HQ and Signals Squadron (Valcartier, QC) 5e Régiment d'artillerie-légère du Canada
Canada
(Valcartier, QC) 12e Régiment blindé du Canada
Canada
(Valcartier, QC) 1er Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment
Royal 22e Régiment
(Valcartier, QC) 2e Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment
Royal 22e Régiment
(Valcartier, QC) 3e Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment
Royal 22e Régiment
(Valcartier, QC) 5 Combat Engineer Regiment (Valcartier, QC) 5 Service Battalion
Battalion
(Valcartier, QC)

34 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group[20]

34 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group Headquarters (Montreal) The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal)
The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal)
(armoured) (Montreal) Le Régiment de Hull (RCAC)
Le Régiment de Hull (RCAC)
(armoured) (Hull) 4e Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment
Royal 22e Régiment
(Châteauguay) (light infantry) (Laval) 6e Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment
Royal 22e Régiment
(infantry) (Saint-Hyacinthe) Le Régiment de Maisonneuve
Le Régiment de Maisonneuve
(infantry) (Montreal) Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal
Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal
(infantry) (Montreal) The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada
Canada
(infantry) (Montreal) The Canadian Grenadier Guards
The Canadian Grenadier Guards
(infantry) (Montreal) The Royal Montreal Regiment
The Royal Montreal Regiment
(infantry) (Westmount) 2nd Field Artillery Regiment, RCA
2nd Field Artillery Regiment, RCA
(artillery) (Montreal) 34th Signals Regiment (Montreal) Signals (Support) (Montreal) 34 Combat Engineer Regiment (combat engineer) (Westmount) 34 Service Battalion
Battalion
(service and support) (Saint-Hubert)

35 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group

35 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group Headquarters Sherbrooke Hussars
Sherbrooke Hussars
(armoured) (Sherbrooke) 12e Régiment blindé du Canada
Canada
(Militia) (armoured) (Trois-Rivières) Le Régiment de la Chaudière
Le Régiment de la Chaudière
(light infantry) (Lévis) Le Régiment du Saguenay (infantry) (Chicoutimi) Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke
(infantry) (Sherbrooke) Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent
Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent
(light infantry) (Rimouski) Les Voltigeurs de Québec
Les Voltigeurs de Québec
(light infantry) ( Quebec
Quebec
City) 6th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA (artillery) (Lévis) 6 2nd Field Artillery Regiment, RCA
2nd Field Artillery Regiment, RCA
(artillery) (Shawinigan) 3 5 Combat Engineer Regiment (combat engineer) ( Quebec
Quebec
City) 35 (Quebec) Service Battalion
Battalion
(service and support) ( Quebec
Quebec
City)

71 Communications Group (Montreal)

712 Communication Squadron – Montreal 713 Communication Regiment – Beauport 714 Communication Squadron – Sherbrooke

2 Canadian Ranger Patrol Group – Richelain

3rd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division
(formerly Land Force Western Area )

3rd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division
HQ (Edmonton, AB) 3rd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division
Support Group (Edmonton, AB) 3rd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division
Training Centre (Wainwright, AB) 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade
Brigade
Group (Edmonton, AB)

1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade
Brigade
Group and Signal Squadron (Edmonton, AB) 1st Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
(Shilo, MB) Lord Strathcona's Horse
Lord Strathcona's Horse
(Edmonton, AB) 1st Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
(Edmonton, AB) 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
(Shilo, MB) 3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
(Edmonton, AB) 1 Combat Engineer Regiment (Edmonton, AB) 1 Service Battalion
Battalion
(Edmonton, AB)

38 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group

38 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group Headquarters (Winnipeg, Manitoba) The Saskatchewan Dragoons
The Saskatchewan Dragoons
(armoured) (Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan) The Fort Garry Horse
The Fort Garry Horse
(armoured) (Winnipeg, Manitoba) The Royal Regina Rifles
The Royal Regina Rifles
(light infantry) (Regina, Saskatchewan) The North Saskatchewan Regiment
The North Saskatchewan Regiment
(light infantry) (Saskatoon, Saskatchewan) The Royal Winnipeg Rifles
The Royal Winnipeg Rifles
(light infantry) (Winnipeg, Manitoba) The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment
The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment
(infantry) (Thunder Bay, Ontario) The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada
Canada
(infantry) (Winnipeg) 10th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA (artillery) (Regina, Saskatchewan) 26th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA (artillery) (Brandon, Manitoba) 116th Independent Field Battery (artillery) (Kenora, Ontario) 38 Combat Engineer Regiment (combat engineers) (Winnipeg, Manitoba and Saskatoon, Saskatchewan) 38 Signal Regiment (communications) (Winnipeg, Manitoba, Thunder Bay, Ontario
Ontario
and Saskatoon and Regina, Saskatchewan) 38 Service Battalion
Battalion
(service and support) (Regina, Saskatchewan, Winnipeg, Manitoba and Thunder Bay, Ontario)

39 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group

39 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group Headquarters (Vancouver, British Columbia) The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)
The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)
(armoured) (Vancouver, British Columbia) The British Columbia Dragoons
The British Columbia Dragoons
(armoured) (Vernon and Kelowna, British Columbia) The Rocky Mountain Rangers
The Rocky Mountain Rangers
(infantry) (Kamloops and Prince George, British Columbia) The Royal Westminster Regiment
The Royal Westminster Regiment
(infantry) (New Westminster and Chilliwack, British Columbia) The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
Canada
(infantry) (Vancouver, British Columbia) The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's)
The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's)
(infantry) (Victoria, British Columbia) 5th (British Columbia) Field Regiment, RCA (artillery) (Victoria and Nanaimo, British Columbia) 15th Field Regiment, RCA (artillery) (Vancouver, British Columbia) 39 Combat Engineer Regiment (combat engineer) (Vancouver, Chilliwack and Trail, British Columbia) 39 Signal Regiment (Communications) (Vancouver, Victoria and Nanaimo, British Columbia)[21] 39 Service Battalion
Battalion
(service and support) (Victoria and Vancouver, British Columbia)

41 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group

41 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group Headquarters (Calgary, Alberta) The South Alberta Light Horse
The South Alberta Light Horse
(armoured) (Edmonton and Medicine Hat, Alberta) The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC)
The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC)
(armoured) (Calgary, Alberta) The Loyal Edmonton Regiment (4th Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry) (light infantry) (Edmonton, Alberta, and Yellowknife, N.W.T.) The Calgary Highlanders
The Calgary Highlanders
(infantry) (Calgary, Alberta) 20th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
20th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
(artillery) (Edmonton and Red Deer, Alberta) 20th Independent Field Battery, RCA (artillery) (Lethbridge, Alberta) 4 1 Combat Engineer Regiment (combat engineer) (Edmonton, Alberta) 41 Signal Regiment
41 Signal Regiment
(Communications) (Edmonton, Calgary and Red Deer, Alberta) 41 Service Battalion
Battalion
(service and support) (Calgary and Edmonton, Alberta)

4 Canadian Ranger Patrol Group (Victoria, British Columbia)

4th Canadian Division
4th Canadian Division
(formerly Land Force Central Area
Land Force Central Area
)

4th Canadian Division
4th Canadian Division
HQ (Toronto, ON) 4th Canadian Division
4th Canadian Division
Support Group (Petawawa, ON) 4th Canadian Division
4th Canadian Division
Training Centre (Meaford, ON) 2 Canadian Mechanized Brigade
Brigade
Group (Petawawa, ON)

2 Canadian Mechanized Brigade
Brigade
Group HQ and Signal Squadron (Petawawa, ON) 2nd Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
(Petawawa, ON) Royal Canadian Dragoons
Royal Canadian Dragoons
(Petawawa, ON) 1st Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Canadian Regiment
(Petawawa, ON) 2nd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Canadian Regiment
(Gagetown, NB) 3rd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Canadian Regiment
(Petawawa, ON) 2 Combat Engineer Regiment (Petawawa, ON) 2 Service Battalion
Battalion
(Petawawa, ON)

31 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group

31 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group Headquarters (London, Ontario) 1st Hussars
1st Hussars
(armoured) (London and Sarnia, Ontario) The Windsor Regiment (armoured) (Windsor, Ontario) The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)
The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)
(infantry) (Hamilton, Ontario) The Lincoln and Welland Regiment
The Lincoln and Welland Regiment
(infantry) (St. Catharines and Welland, Ontario) 4th Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment
Royal Canadian Regiment
(light infantry) (London and Stratford, Ontario) The Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
Canada
(light infantry) (Cambridge and Kitchener, Ontario) The Essex and Kent Scottish
The Essex and Kent Scottish
(light infantry) (Windsor and Chatham, Ontario) The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada
Canada
(Princess Louise's) (light infantry) (Hamilton, Ontario) 11th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA (artillery) (Guelph and Hamilton, Ontario) 56th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA (artillery) (Brantford,St. Catharines and Simcoe Ontario) 3 1 Combat Engineer Regiment (The Elgins) (combat engineer) (St. Thomas and Waterloo, Ontario) 31 Service Battalion
Battalion
(service and support) (Windsor, London and Hamilton, Ontario)

32 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group

32 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group Headquarters (Toronto) The Governor General's Horse Guards
The Governor General's Horse Guards
(armoured) (Toronto) The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (RCAC)
The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (RCAC)
(armoured) (Toronto and Aurora, Ontario) The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
Canada
(light infantry/airborne) (Toronto (Downtown and Scarborough), Ontario) The Royal Regiment of Canada
Canada
(light infantry) (Toronto, Ontario) The Grey and Simcoe Foresters
The Grey and Simcoe Foresters
(light infantry) (Owen Sound and Barrie, Ontario) The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment)
The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment)
(infantry) (Brampton, Oakville and Georgetown, Ontario) 48th Highlanders of Canada
Canada
(infantry) (Toronto, Ontario) The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother's Own) (infantry) (Toronto, Ontario) 7th Toronto Regiment, RCA
7th Toronto Regiment, RCA
(artillery) (Toronto, Ontario) 3 2 Combat Engineer Regiment (combat engineer) (Toronto, Ontario) 32 (Toronto) Service Battalion
Battalion
(service and support) (Toronto, Ontario)

33 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group

33 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group Headquarters (Ottawa, Ontario) The Ontario
Ontario
Regiment (RCAC) (armoured) (Oshawa, Ontario) Governor General's Foot Guards
Governor General's Foot Guards
(light infantry) (Ottawa, Ontario) The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment
(infantry) (Kingston, Ontario) The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment
The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment
(infantry) (Belleville, Peterborough and Cobourg, Ontario) The Brockville Rifles
The Brockville Rifles
(light infantry) (Brockville, Ontario) Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders
Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders
(infantry) (Cornwall, Ontario) The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Duke of Edinburgh's Own)
The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Duke of Edinburgh's Own)
(infantry) (Ottawa, Ontario) The Algonquin Regiment
The Algonquin Regiment
(light infantry) (North Bay and Timmins, Ontario) 2nd Battalion, Irish Regiment of Canada
Canada
(light infantry) (Sudbury, Ontario) 30th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA (artillery) (Ottawa, Ontario) 49th (Sault Ste. Marie) Field Artillery Regiment, RCA (artillery) (Sault Ste Marie, Ontario) 42nd Field Artillery Regiment (Lanark and Renfrew Scottish), RCA (Pembroke, Ontario) 33 Combat Engineer Regiment (combat engineer) (Ottawa, Ontario) 33 Service Battalion
Battalion
(service and support) (North Bay, Ottawa and Sault Ste. Marie Ontario)

2 Operational Support Group (Toronto, Ontario)

700 Communication Squadron (Borden, Ontario) 705 Communication Squadron (Hamilton, Ontario) 709 Communication Regiment (Toronto, Ontario) 763 Communication Regiment (Ottawa, Ontario) 21 Electronic Warfare Regiment (Kingston, Ontario)

3 Canadian Ranger Patrol Group (Borden, Ontario) 2 Military Police Regiment (Toronto, Petawawa, Kingston, London, Meaford Ontario) Ceremonial Guard (Ottawa, Ontario) 2 Intelligence Company
2 Intelligence Company
(London, Toronto Ontario)

5th Canadian Division
5th Canadian Division
(formerly Land Force Atlantic Area )

5th Canadian Division
5th Canadian Division
HQ (Halifax, NS) 5th Canadian Division
5th Canadian Division
Support Group (Gagetown, NB) 5th Canadian Division
5th Canadian Division
Training Centre (Gagetown, NB) 4 Engineer Support Regiment 4th Regiment (General Support) Royal Canadian Artillery 36 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group

36 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group Headquarters 36 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group (NS) Band (music) The Halifax Rifles (RCAC)
The Halifax Rifles (RCAC)
(armoured) (Halifax, Nova Scotia) The Prince Edward Island Regiment (RCAC)
The Prince Edward Island Regiment (RCAC)
(armoured) (Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island) 1st (Halifax-Dartmouth) Field Artillery Regiment, RCA (artillery) (Halifax, Nova Scotia) 84th Independent Field Battery, RCA (artillery) (Yarmouth, Nova Scotia) 45 Engineer Squadron (combat engineer) (Sydney, Nova Scotia) The Princess Louise Fusiliers
The Princess Louise Fusiliers
(infantry) (Halifax, Nova Scotia) The West Nova Scotia Regiment
The West Nova Scotia Regiment
(infantry) (Aldershot, Nova Scotia) The Nova Scotia Highlanders
The Nova Scotia Highlanders
(infantry) (Truro, Nova Scotia) The Cape Breton Highlanders
The Cape Breton Highlanders
(infantry) (Sydney, Nova Scotia) 36 Service Battalion
Battalion
(service and support) (Halifax and Sydney, Nova Scotia) 36 Signals Regiment (Glace Bay, Nova Scotia; Halifax, Nova Scotia; Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island)

37 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group

37 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group Headquarters 8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)
8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)
(armoured) (Moncton, New Brunswick) 3rd Field Artillery Regiment, RCA (artillery) (Saint John, New Brunswick) 56 Engineer Squadron (combat engineer) (St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador) 1 Engineer Squadron (combat engineer) (Fredericton, New Brunswick) 1st Battalion, The Royal New Brunswick Regiment
Royal New Brunswick Regiment
(Carleton and York) (infantry) (Fredericton, New Brunswick) The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment (infantry) (Bathurst, New Brunswick) 1st Battalion, Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
(infantry) (St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador) 2nd Battalion, Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
(infantry) (Corner Brook, Newfoundland and Labrador) 37 Service Battalion
Battalion
(service and support) (Saint John, New Brunswick and St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador) 37 Signal Regiment 2 Squadron (Saint John, New Brunswick) 724 Communication Squadron (Oromocto, New Brunswick) [Update Needed] 37 Signal Regiment 8 Squadron (St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador)

5 Canadian Ranger Patrol Group (Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador) 3 Military Police Regiment (Canada)
3 Military Police Regiment (Canada)
Lower Sackville, Nova Scotia

Bases and training centres[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2010)

2nd Canadian Division

2nd Canadian Division
2nd Canadian Division
Support Base Montreal Garrison Valcartier Garrison St Jean 2nd Canadian Division
2nd Canadian Division
Training Centre Valcartier

3rd Canadian Division

3rd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division
Support Base Edmonton Garrison Wainwright Garrison Shilo 3rd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division
Training Centre Wainwright 3rd Canadian Division
3rd Canadian Division
Training Centre Detachment Shilo

4th Canadian Division

4th Canadian Division
4th Canadian Division
Support Base Petawawa Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
Base Kingston 4th Canadian Division
4th Canadian Division
Training Centre Meaford

5th Canadian Division

5th Canadian Division
5th Canadian Division
Support Base Gagetown 5th Canadian Division
5th Canadian Division
Training Centre Gagetown 5th Canadian Division
5th Canadian Division
Training Centre Detachment Aldershot

Equipment[edit] Main articles: List of equipment of the Canadian Army, Planned Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
projects, List of infantry weapons and equipment of the Canadian military, and Tanks of Canada

Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle
Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle
from the 12e Régiment blindé du Canada

Soldiers of the 12e Régiment blindé du Canada
Canada
armoured reconnaissance regiment

Canada
Canada
is an industrial nation with a highly developed science and technology sector. Since the First World War, Canada
Canada
has produced its own infantry fighting vehicle, anti-tank guided missile and small arms for the Army. Regular and reserve units operate state-of-the-art equipment able to handle modern threats through 2030–2035. Despite extensive financial cuts to the defence budget between the 1960s–2000s, the Army
Army
is relatively well equipped.[22] The Army currently operates approximately 10,500 utility vehicles including G-wagon
G-wagon
and 7000-MV
7000-MV
and also operates approximately 2,700 armoured fighting vehicles including the LAV-III
LAV-III
and the Leopard 2.[23] The Army
Army
also operates approximately 150 field artillery pieces including the M777 howitzer
M777 howitzer
and the LG1
LG1
Mark II.[24] In the near future, between 2011 and 2017, (see also the list of Future Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
projects), the Army
Army
will receive a new family of tactical armoured patrol vehicles which will eventually replace the RG-31 Nyala
RG-31 Nyala
and Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle, known as the Textron Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle.[25] The dismounted soldiers will be equipped with the long-awaited Integrated Soldier System designed to improve command execution, target acquisition and situational awareness. The Army
Army
will receive a new family of engineering vehicles especially designed to clear pathways for troops and other vehicles through minefields and along roadside bombs and improvised explosive devices. This new family of vehicles will eventually replace the aging fleet of AEV Badger, ARV Taurus and AVLB Beaver. The Army
Army
infantry uses the C7 Rifle or C8 Carbine as the basic assault rifle, with grenadiers using the C7 with an attached M203 grenade launcher, and the C9 squad automatic weapon.[26] The Canadian Army also uses the Browning Hi-Power
Browning Hi-Power
and the SIG Sauer P226 Newer variants of the C7/C8 family have since been integrated into common use throughout the Canadian Armed Forces. The C7 has most recently been updated in the form the C7A2. The major internal components remain the same, however, several changes have been made to increase versatility of the rifle.[27]

Members of the Canadian Grenadier Guards on parade in Ottawa

Uniforms, load bearing and protective equipment[edit] Main articles: Uniforms of the Canadian Forces
Uniforms of the Canadian Forces
and Battledress Canada's battledress developed parallel to that of the British from 1900 to 1968, though always with significant differences, and then increasingly followed the American pattern of separate uniforms for separate functions, becoming distinctively "Canadian" in the process. Prior to unification in 1968, the uniforms of the RCN, CA, and RCAF were similar to their counterparts in the forces of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries, save for national identifiers and some regimental accoutrements. With unification in 1968 all branches started wearing a new rifle green coloured service uniform. The present distinctive environmental uniforms in different colours for the navy, army and air force were introduced in the late 1980s and have a different cut and colour than their pre-1968 counterparts. The Honourable Peter MacKay, Minister of National Defence, announced on 8 July 2013 the Government of Canada's intent to restore Canadian Army rank insignia, names and badges to their traditional forms.[28]

Canadian Grenadier Guards in Florida

Meals[edit] Field kitchens and catering are used to feed members of the Canadian Army
Army
personnel at bases and overseas operation centres. For personnel on patrol away from bases, they are supplied Individual Meal Packs (IMPs). The IMP is used by the Canadian Forces. Other types of rations are used by the Canadian Forces, notably fresh rations, or cooked meals provided directly from the kitchen or by haybox. There are also patrol packs, which are small high-protein snack-type foods (such as beef jerky or shredded cheese) and boxed lunches (consisting of assorted sandwiches, juice, fruit, pasta and a dessert) provided for soldiers to consume in situations in which meal preparation is not possible. Badge of the Canadian Army[edit]

Current badge, since 2011

Badge 1993-2011

The badge of the Canadian Army
Army
consists of:[29]

St. Edward's Crown Three red maple leaves on one stem Crossed swords Motto: Vigilamus pro te (Latin for "We stand on guard for thee")

Rank structure[edit] Main article: Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
ranks and insignia Military rank in the Canadian Army
Army
is granted based on a variety of factors including merit, qualification, training, and time in-rank. However, promotion up to the rank of corporal for non-commissioned members, and to captain for officers, is automatic based on time in previous rank. Some ranks are associated with specific appointments. For example, a regimental sergeant major is held by a chief warrant officer, or adjutant held by a Captain. In some branches or specific units, rank titles may differ due to tradition. A trained private within the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
is a trooper, whereas the same rank within the artillery is gunner. Other titles for the rank of private include fusilier, sapper, rifleman, craftsman, and guardsman.[30] For a comparison of ranking structure, see Ranks and insignia of NATO. Not shown are the various appointment badges for specialist positions such as Base Chief Warrant Officer, Drum Major, etc. Insignia[edit] Commander-in-Chief

Canada Commander-in-chief

Insignia

Title Commander-in-chief

Abbreviation C-in-C

Officers

The Canadian Army's naval-style insignia for commissioned officers has been replaced by the previous British Army
Army
style, effective August 2014, following the restoration of the Canadian Army
Army
in 2011. The rank insignia for General ranks was reverted to the post-unification insignia in 2016. The Canadian Army
Army
rank structure is shown below.

NATO
NATO
code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer

Canada (Edit) No equivalent

No equivalent

General Lieutenant-General Major-General Brigadier-General Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer cadet

Général Lieutenant-général Major-général Brigadier-général Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Élève-officier

Non-Commissioned

Senior non-commissioned member appointments of the Canadian Army

Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
Chief Warrant Officer Army
Army
Sergeant-Major/ Command, Group Chief Warrant Officer

Command, Group, Formation, Brigade, Garrison Chief Warrant Officer

NATO
NATO
Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Canada (Edit)

Chief Warrant Officer Adjudant-chef Master Warrant Officer Adjudant-maître Warrant Officer Adjudant Sergeant Sergent Master Corporal Caporal-chef Corporal Caporal Private Soldat Private (Basic) Soldat (Confirmé) Private (Recruit) Soldat (Recrue)

Battles involving the Canadian Army[edit] See also: Category:Battles involving Canada The Canadian Army
Army
has participated in the following campaigns as a combatant:

Second Boer War

Battle of Paardeberg Battle of Leliefontein

First World War

Western Front

Second Battle of Ypres Battle of Somme Vimy Ridge Passchendaele Hundred Days Offensive

Siberian Expedition

Second World War

Pacific Campaign

Battle of Hong Kong Aleutian Islands Campaign

Italian Campaign

Sicily Italy Battle of Ortona Hitler Line

Northwest Europe

Dieppe Raid Juno Beach Operation Market Garden Battle of Normandy Battle of the Scheldt Battle of the Rhineland Battle of Groningen

Korean War

Battle of Kapyong

Afghanistan

Operation Anaconda Operation Apollo Operation Mountain Thrust Operation Medusa Battle of Panjwaii Operation Falcon's Summit Siege of Sangin Operation Achilles Operation Hoover Operation Moshtarak

Note: The Canadian army was involved in the battle of the Medak Pocket, but the actual type of involvement is under dispute. Publications[edit]

Canadian Military Journal[31] Canadian Army
Army
Journal[32]

See also[edit]

Canadian Armed Forces
Canadian Armed Forces
portal

History of the Canadian Army Canadian Forces Canadian Special
Special
Operations Forces Command Regimental nicknames of the Canadian Forces Intelligence Branch (Canadian Forces) Permanent Active Militia Non-Permanent Active Militia Primary Reserve Canadian Rangers

References[edit]

^ "About the Army". Canadian Army. Government of Canada. Retrieved 19 July 2015.  ^ "Canadian Army". Ottawa: Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada. 2013.  ^ "About the Army". Department of National Defence. Retrieved 31 August 2010.  ^ "Navy and air force to be royal once again". CBC News. 16 August 2011.  ^ "Soldiers of the First World War
First World War
- CEF". Retrieved 10 September 2013.  ^ " Canada
Canada
in Afghanistan: Overview of Military and Development Activities". Retrieved 10 September 2013.  ^ "Canada's 'No' To Iraq War
War
A Defining Moment For Prime Minister, Even 10 Years Later". Retrieved 10 September 2013.  ^ "Canadian Army
Army
reverts to British-style ranks and designations". Retrieved 10 September 2013.  ^ " 1st Canadian Division
1st Canadian Division
moves to CJOC". National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. Retrieved 20 November 2015.  ^ Department of National Defence, 2011. Leader in Land Operations: LFDTS Land Force Doctrine and Training System ^ Dr. Wilf Lund (n.d.) Integration and Unification of the Canadian Forces Archived 2010-01-15 at the Wayback Machine., CFB Esquimalt Naval & Military Museum, www.navalandmilitarymuseum.org ^ Major Andrew B. Godefroy CD PhD (2007) Chasing the Silver Bullet: the Evolution of Capability Development in the Canadian Army, Canadian Military Journal, vol 8, no 1, pg 59. ^ CF Military Personnel Instructions 09/05 ^ CFAO 9-13—University Training Plan—Non-Commissioned Members ^ CFAO 11-9—Commissioning From The Ranks Plan ^ CFAO 11-14— Special
Special
Requirements Commissioning Plan ^ The Canadian Officer Selection System Retrieved 17 August 2011 ^ Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
Publication A-DH-267-003/AF-002—Part Two: Infantry Regiments ^ Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
Publication A-DH-267-003/AF-001—Part One: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments ^ "34 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group Reserve Brigade
Brigade
Canadian Army". www.army-armee.forces.gc.ca. Retrieved 2017-09-05.  ^ 39 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group – The Army
Army
Reserve in British Columbia, published by the authority of the Brigade
Brigade
Commander, 39 Canadian Brigade
Brigade
Group, Vancouver, September 2011 ^ Lance W. Roberts (2005) 9.3 Military Forces, Recent social trends in Canada, 1960-2000, McGill-Queen's University Press, pp.372-376. ^ Equipment: Vehicles, www.army.forces.gc.ca ^ Equipment: Weapons, www.army.forces.gc.ca ^ [1] ^ Equipment: Weapons, www.forces.gc.ca ^ " Canadian Armed Forces
Canadian Armed Forces
Assault Rifle". 2008.  ^ Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
to go back to the future with British-style ranks ^ "Canadian Army". Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges. Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 12 January 2015.  ^ canadiansoldiers.com article on Rank and Responsibility ^ Canadian Military Journal ^ Canadian Army
Army
Journal Archived 2005-10-27 at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading[edit]

Kasurak, Peter. A National Force: The Evolution of Canada’s Army, 1950–2000 (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2013)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Canadian Army.

Official website Faces of War: The Canadian Army
Army
at Library and Archives Canada army.ca - Army.ca, a web forum and interactive wiki dealing with both current and historical issues related to the Canadian Army. Battle Honours in the Canadian Army
Army
by J.R. Grodzinski Canadiansoldiers.com

v t e

Canadian Armed Forces

Royal Canadian Navy Canadian Army Royal Canadian Air Force

Military history

Royal Canadian Navy Canadian Army Royal Canadian Air Force

Leadership

Commander-in-Chief Chief of the Defence Staff Vice Chief of the Defence Staff Armed Forces Council Commander of the Royal Canadian Navy Commander of the Canadian Army Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
Chief Warrant Officer

Commands

Canadian Joint Operations Command Canadian Special
Special
Operations Forces Command Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
Intelligence Command Primary Reserve

Bibliography Conflicts Operations Victories Peacekeeping

Category Portal WikiProject

v t e

Canadian Army 

History

History of the Canadian Army Canadian Corps First Canadian Army Military History of Canada Fort Frontenac Library

Structure

Structure of the Canadian Army 2nd Canadian Division 3rd Canadian Division 4th Canadian Division 5th Canadian Division List of Units

Mechanized brigade groups

1 CMBG 2 CMBG 5 CMBG

Brigade
Brigade
groups

31 CBG 32 CBG 33 CBG 34 CBG 35 CBG 36 CBG 37 CBG 38 CBG 39 CBG 41 CBG

Small arms

C9 machine-gun C7A1 rifle/C8A1 carbine/C7A2 rifle C6 machine-gun Browning .50 calibre heavy machine gun Browning-HP 9 mm pistol P225, 226 C15 Long Range Sniper Weapon (LRSW) C3A1 sniper rifle C14 Timberwolf C13 fragmentation grenade M203 grenade launcher M72 SRAAW(L)

Crewed weapons

Carl Gustav SRAAW(M) ERYX
ERYX
SRAAW(H) TOW LRAAW(H) 81 mm mortar 60 mm mortar Javelin short-range air defence missile Skyguard C3 close support howitzer LG1
LG1
Mark II 105 mm towed howitzer M777 lightweight 155mm howitzer C16 CASW

Armoured fighting vehicles

LAV III Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle ADATS Leopard C2 Leopard 2 Bison APC M113A3 and MTVL RG-31 Textron TAPV

Schools

Canadian Army
Army
Command and Staff College Peace Support Training Centre Canadian Army
Army
Advanced Warfare Centre

Category Portal WikiProject

v t e

Evolution of the Military of Canada

Current Canadian Forces

Canadian Armed Forces

Canadian Army Royal Canadian Navy Royal Canadian Air Force

History of the Canadian Forces

History of the Canadian Army History of the Royal Canadian Air Force History of the Royal Canadian Navy Unification of the Canadian Armed Forces

Canadian military formation

Canadian Expeditionary Force

Canadian Aviation Corps

Canadian Militia

Permanent Active Militia Non-Permanent Active Militia

Royal Flying Corps Canada Naval Service of Canada

Military formation in British North America

Provincial Marine Royal Navy British Army

regulars, provincial regiments and volunteer militia units

Military formation in New France

Military of New France Carignan-Salières Regiment French Marines
Marines
in Canada, 1683-1715 Compagnies Franches de la Marine Troupes de la marine

Book Category Portal WikiProject

v t e

NATO
NATO
Land Forces

Land forces

Albanian Land Force Albanian Military Police

Belgian Land Component Belgian Medical Component

Bulgarian Land Forces Canadian Army Croatian Army

Czech Land Forces Czech Castle Guard

Royal Danish Army Danish Army
Army
Home Guard

Estonian Land Forces Estonian Defence League

French Army French National Gendarmerie French National Guard

German Army German Joint Support Service German Joint Medical Service

Hellenic Army Hungarian Ground Forces Iceland
Iceland
Crisis Response Unit

Italian Army Italian Carabinieri

Latvian Land Forces Latvian National Guard

Lithuanian Land Force Lithuanian Special
Special
Operations Force

Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Army Montenegrin Ground Army

Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Army Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Marechaussee

Norwegian Army Norwegian Home Guard

Polish Land Forces Polish Special
Special
Forces Polish Territorial Defence Force

Portuguese Army Romanian Land Forces Ground Forces of the Slovak Republic Slovenian Ground Force

Spanish Army Spanish Royal Guard Common Corps of the Spanish Armed Forces Military Emergencies Unit

Turkish Land Forces Turkish Gendarmerie General Command

British Army United States
United States
Army

Maritime land forces

Military Police Company of the Bulgarian Naval Forces Command Croatian Naval Security Company Estonian Naval Base Defense Company French Fusiliers Marins German Naval Force Protection Battalion Italian Navy San Marco Marine Brigade Netherlands
Netherlands
Marine Corps Portuguese Marine Corps Romanian Naval Forces 307th Marine Battalion Spanish Navy Marines Turkish Naval Amphibious Marine Brigade British Royal Marines United States
United States
Marine Corps

Air force land forces

Belgian Air Component Force Protection Squadron Military Police Company of the Bulgarian Air Forces Command Czech Air Force
Czech Air Force
Security Squadrons Estonian Air Force
Estonian Air Force
Base Defense Operations Center French Fusiliers Commandos de l'Air German Air Force Regiment Latvian Air Force Security Platoon Lituanian Air Force Air Defence Battalion Montenegrin Air Force
Montenegrin Air Force
Air Base Security Platoon Royal Norwegian Air Force Base Defense Squadron Portuguese Polícia Aérea British Royal Air Force Regiment United States
United States
Air For

.