Canada 2016 Census is the most recent detailed enumeration of the
Canadian residents, which counted a population of 35,151,728, a
7000500000000000000♠5% change from its 2011 population of
33,476,688. The census, conducted by Statistics Canada, was Canada's
seventh quinquennial census.[N 1] The official census day was May 10,
2016. Census web access codes began arriving in the mail on May 2,
2016. The 2016 census marked the reinstatement of the mandatory
long-form census, which had been dropped in favour of the voluntary
National Household Survey for the 2011 census. With a response rate
of 98.4%, this census is said to be the best one ever recorded since
1666 census of New France. Canada's next census is scheduled for
2 Data release schedule
4 Public response
6 See also
9 External links
Consultation with census data users, clients, stakeholders and other
interested parties closed in November 2012. Qualitative content
testing, which involved soliciting feedback regarding the
questionnaire and tests responses to its questions, was scheduled for
the fall of 2013, with more extensive testing occurring in May 2014.
Statistics Canada was scheduled to submit its census content
recommendations for review by the Parliament of
Canada in December
2014 for subsequent final approval by the Cabinet of Canada.
On November 5, 2015, during the first Liberal caucus meeting after
forming a majority government, the party announced that it would
reinstate the mandatory long-form census, starting in 2016. By
early January 2016,
Statistics Canada had announced a need for 35,000
people to complete this survey to commence in May.
Data release schedule
The release dates for geography products from the 2016 Census
November 16, 2016, for boundary files (first edition), road network
files, hydrography files, reference maps (first edition), attribute
information products (correspondence files), and reference guides and
documents (first edition); and
February 8, 2017, for boundary files (second edition), reference maps
(second edition), attribute information products (GeoSuite and
geographic attribute file), and reference guides and documents (second
The release dates for data by release topic from the 2016 Census
February 8, 2017, for population and dwelling counts;
May 3, 2017, for age and sex, type of dwelling;
May 10, 2017, for Census of Agriculture;
August 2, 2017, for language and families, households and marital
September 13, 2017, for income;
October 25, 2017, for immigration and ethnocultural diversity, housing
and Aboriginal peoples; and
November 29, 2017, for education, labour, journey to work, language of
work and mobility and migration.
Portions of Canada's three territories and remote areas within
Alberta, Labrador, Manitoba,
Saskatchewan were subject to
early enumeration between February 1, 2016, and March 31, 2016.
Enumeration of the balance of
Canada began on May 2, 2016, with the
unveiling of the online census questionnaire, eight days prior to
the official census day of May 10, 2016. Because of a wildfire in
early May in northeast Alberta,
Statistics Canada suspended
enumeration efforts in the
Fort McMurray area with alternate means to
collect data from its evacuated residents to be determined at a later
date. Shortly after re-entry, residents were encouraged to
complete their census form online or over the phone; however
door-to-door enumeration remained suspended.
Non-binary activists expressed concern that the choice between "male"
and "female" on the "sex" question left them with no valid
options. In response,
Statistics Canada stated that "Respondents
who cannot select one category ... can leave the question blank and
indicate, in the Comments section at the end of the questionnaire, the
reason(s) for which they’ve chosen to leave this question
Statistics Canada stated that they intend to analyze
these comments but that because of the technical difficulties of
analyzing free-form text, this analysis will not be released on the
same schedule as the binary gender data.
This section needs expansion with: high level summary of marital
status, language and income results. You can help by adding to it.
In the 2016 Census of Population,
Canada recorded a population of
35,151,728 living in 14,072,079 of its 15,412,443 total private
dwellings, a 7000500000000000000♠5% change from its 2011 population
of 33,476,688. With a land area of 8,965,588.85 km2
(3,461,633.21 sq mi), it had a population density of
385.9/km2 (999.6/sq mi) in 2016. Canada's most and least
populous provinces were
Ontario at 13,448,494 and Prince Edward Island
at 142,907 respectively. Among the three territories, the Northwest
Territories was the largest with a population of 41,786 while Yukon
was the smallest with a population of 35,874 after Nunavut's
Yukon for the first time in its history.
The majority of Canada's population in 2016 were females at
7001509000000000000♠50.9%, while 7001491000000000000♠49.1% were
males. The average age of the population was 41.0 years (40.1 years
for males and 41.9 years for females).
In terms of occupied private dwellings, 7001536000000000000♠53.6% of
them were single detached dwellings, followed by
7001180000000000000♠18% being units in apartment buildings less than
five storeys, and 7000990000000000000♠9.9% being apartment units in
buildings with five or more storeys. The average household size was
2.4 people per household. Two-person households were the most frequent
size among private households at 7001344000000000000♠34.4%.
In regards to the journey to work data in Ottawa, there was an
increase of people driving their car to work of 51.3% which has the
highest mode of transportation. On the other hand, public transit
decreased to 25.1% comparing to the 2011 census. The census data in
2016 shows that people have been using other modes of transportation
more than other years, this includes walking and cycling.
Demographics of Canada
^ Canada's first quinquennial census was conducted in 1956.
^ "Overview of the Census: Census year 2011" (PDF). Statistics Canada.
April 2012. p. 4. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
Statistics Canada on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved May 2,
^ "Liberal gov't restores mandatory long-form census". CTV News.
November 5, 2015. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
^ "Canadians' overwhelming response enables 'best ever' Census in
2016". Statistics Canada. August 29, 2016. Retrieved July 9,
^ "'Best census ever' in 2016, StatsCan says". Retrieved August 30,
^ "2016 Census Program Content Consultation Guide: Census year 2016"
(PDF). Statistics Canada. p. 10. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
^ Berthiaume, Lee. "The long-form census is back – with penalties
still possible if you ignore it". Ottawa Citizen.
^ "Liberals can restore long-form census for 2016, if they act
quickly, observers say". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October
^ Tencer, Daniel (January 5, 2016). "
Statistics Canada Hiring 35,000
For 2016 Census That Will Replace Harper's Voluntary Survey".
Huffington Post. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
^ a b "2016 Census Program release schedule". Statistics Canada.
February 23, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
^ "Early enumeration jobs". Statistics Canada. April 29, 2016.
Retrieved May 6, 2016.
^ "The 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. April 29, 2016. Retrieved May
^ "2016 Census questions". Statistics Canada. April 10, 2015.
Retrieved April 21, 2015.
Statistics Canada suspends Census collection in Fort McMurray
area". Statistics Canada. May 5, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
^ "Update on Census collection in the
Fort McMurray area". Statistics
Canada. June 17, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
^ "Neither male nor female, transgender student calls for 3rd option
on census form". www.cbc.ca. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
^ a b Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Who is included in
the census?". www.census.gc.ca. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Canada". Statistics Canada.
August 25, 2017. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and
territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada.
August 28, 2017. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
^ "Population size and growth in Canada: Key results from the 2016
Census". Statistics Canada. March 30, 2017. Retrieved October 15,
2017. For the first time since
Nunavut was founded in 1999, its
population surpassed that of Yukon.
2016 Census Program Content Consultation
Population by years
Population by municipalities
Largest cities by census
People of Canada
Horn of Africa
English North American
Flemish - Walloons
By province & territory.. Alberta
Newfoundland & Labrador
Prince Edward Island
By city.. Calgary
Canadian cities by census
By province & territory..
Newfoundland and Labrador
Prince Edward Island
Members of.. Canada's Walk of Fame
Fathers of Confederation
The Greatest Canadian
Newsmaker of the Year
Individuals by.. Aboriginals
Province and city