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A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings are situated. Usually a college campus includes libraries, lecture halls, residence halls, student centers or dining halls, and park-like settings. A modern campus is a collection of buildings and grounds that belong to a given institution, either academic or non-academic. Examples include the Googleplex
Googleplex
and the Apple Campus.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Uses

3.1 Office buildings 3.2 Universities

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Etymology[edit] The word derives from a Latin
Latin
word for "field" and was first used to describe the large field adjacent Nassau Hall
Nassau Hall
of the College
College
of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1774.[2] The field separated Princeton from the small nearby town. Some other American colleges later adopted the word to describe individual fields at their own institutions, but "campus" did not yet describe the whole university property. A school might have one space called a campus, one called a field, and another called a yard. History[edit] The tradition of a campus began with the medieval European universities where the students and teachers lived and worked together in a cloistered environment.[3] The notion of the importance of the setting to academic life later migrated to America, and early colonial educational institutions were based on the Scottish and English collegiate system.[3] The campus evolved from the cloistered model in Europe
Europe
to a diverse set of independent styles in the United States. Early colonial colleges were all built in proprietary styles, with some contained in single buildings, such as the campus of Princeton University
University
or arranged in a version of the cloister reflecting American values, such as Harvard's.[4] Both the campus designs and the architecture of colleges throughout the country have evolved in response to trends in the broader world, with most representing several different contemporary and historical styles and arrangements. Uses[edit] The meaning expanded to include the whole institutional property during the 20th century, with the old meaning persisting into the 1950s in some places. Office buildings[edit] Sometimes the lands on which company office buildings sit, along with the buildings, are called campuses. The Microsoft Campus
Microsoft Campus
in Redmond, Washington is a good example. Hospitals, and even airports sometimes use the term to describe the territory of their facilities. Universities[edit] The word "campus" has also been applied to European universities, although most such institutions are characterized by ownership of individual buildings in urban settings rather than park-like lawns in which buildings are placed. See also[edit]

Campus
Campus
novel Campus
Campus
university Satellite campus History of college campuses and architecture in the United States

References[edit]

^ Turner, Paul V. (1996). Joseph Ramée: International Architect of the Revolutionary Era. Cambridge: Cambridge University
University
Press. p. 190.  ^ Harper, Douglas. " Campus
Campus
(n.)". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 20 December 2013.  ^ a b Chapman, M. Perry (2006). American Places: In Search of the Twenty-first Century Campus. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 7.  ^ Turner, Paul Venable (1984). Campus: An American Planning Tradition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. 

External links[edit]

The dictionary definition of campus at Wiktionary Media related to Campuses at Wikimedia Commons

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Real estate developments

Commercial

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inland

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Residential

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Apartment
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Science / Education

Campus Research park

list

Satellite campus Science park

Municipal

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parks

Buildings

Apartment House

types

Skyscraper Tower block Villa

Miscellaneous

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