A CAMPUS is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings are situated. Usually a college campus includes libraries , lecture halls, residence halls , student centers or dining halls, and park-like settings.
A modern campus is a collection of buildings and grounds that belong
to a given institution, either academic or non-academic. Examples
* 1 Etymology * 2 History
* 3 Uses
* 3.1 Office buildings * 3.2 Universities
* 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links
The word derives from a
Some other American colleges later adopted the word to describe individual fields at their own institutions, but "campus" did not yet describe the whole university property. A school might have one space called a campus, one called a field, and another called a yard.
The tradition of a campus began with the medieval European universities where the students and teachers lived and worked together in a cloistered environment. The notion of the importance of the setting to academic life later migrated to America, and early colonial educational institutions were based on the Scottish and English collegiate system.
The campus evolved from the cloistered model in
The meaning expanded to include the whole institutional property during the 20th century, with the old meaning persisting into the 1950s in some places.
Sometimes the lands on which company office buildings sit, along with the buildings, are called campuses. The Microsoft Campus in Redmond, Washington is a good example. Hospitals, and even airports sometimes use the term to describe the territory of their facilities.
The word "campus" has also been applied to European universities, although most such institutions are characterized by ownership of individual buildings in urban settings rather than park-like lawns in which buildings are placed.
* ^ Turner, Paul V. (1996). Joseph Ramée: International Architect
of the Revolutionary Era. Cambridge: Cambridge