A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university
and related institutional buildings are situated. Usually a college
campus includes libraries, lecture halls, residence halls, student
centers or dining halls, and park-like settings.
A modern campus is a collection of buildings and grounds that belong
to a given institution, either academic or non-academic. Examples
Googleplex and the Apple Campus.
3.1 Office buildings
4 See also
6 External links
The word derives from a
Latin word for "field" and was first used to
describe the large field adjacent
Nassau Hall of the
College of New
Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1774. The field separated
Princeton from the small nearby town.
Some other American colleges later adopted the word to describe
individual fields at their own institutions, but "campus" did not yet
describe the whole university property. A school might have one space
called a campus, one called a field, and another called a yard.
The tradition of a campus began with the medieval European
universities where the students and teachers lived and worked together
in a cloistered environment. The notion of the importance of the
setting to academic life later migrated to America, and early colonial
educational institutions were based on the Scottish and English
The campus evolved from the cloistered model in
Europe to a diverse
set of independent styles in the United States. Early colonial
colleges were all built in proprietary styles, with some contained in
single buildings, such as the campus of Princeton
arranged in a version of the cloister reflecting American values, such
as Harvard's. Both the campus designs and the architecture of
colleges throughout the country have evolved in response to trends in
the broader world, with most representing several different
contemporary and historical styles and arrangements.
The meaning expanded to include the whole institutional property
during the 20th century, with the old meaning persisting into the
1950s in some places.
Sometimes the lands on which company office buildings sit, along with
the buildings, are called campuses. The
Microsoft Campus in Redmond,
Washington is a good example. Hospitals, and even airports sometimes
use the term to describe the territory of their facilities.
The word "campus" has also been applied to European universities,
although most such institutions are characterized by ownership of
individual buildings in urban settings rather than park-like lawns in
which buildings are placed.
History of college campuses and architecture in the United States
^ Turner, Paul V. (1996). Joseph Ramée: International Architect of
the Revolutionary Era. Cambridge: Cambridge
^ Harper, Douglas. "
Campus (n.)". Online Etymology Dictionary.
Retrieved 20 December 2013.
^ a b Chapman, M. Perry (2006). American Places: In Search of the
Twenty-first Century Campus. Greenwood Publishing Group.
^ Turner, Paul Venable (1984). Campus: An American Planning Tradition.
Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
The dictionary definition of campus at Wiktionary
Media related to Campuses at Wikimedia Commons
Real estate developments
Shopping mall / center
Shopping streets and districts
Golf course community
Model dwellings for the poor
Single room occupancy
Science / Education
Garden city movement
Urban open space