The Info List - Campus

--- Advertisement ---

A campus is traditionally the land on which a college or university and related institutional buildings are situated. Usually a college campus includes libraries, lecture halls, residence halls, student centers or dining halls, and park-like settings. A modern campus is a collection of buildings and grounds that belong to a given institution, either academic or non-academic. Examples include the Googleplex
and the Apple Campus.


1 Etymology 2 History 3 Uses

3.1 Office buildings 3.2 Universities

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Etymology[edit] The word derives from a Latin
word for "field" and was first used to describe the large field adjacent Nassau Hall
Nassau Hall
of the College
of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1774.[2] The field separated Princeton from the small nearby town. Some other American colleges later adopted the word to describe individual fields at their own institutions, but "campus" did not yet describe the whole university property. A school might have one space called a campus, one called a field, and another called a yard. History[edit] The tradition of a campus began with the medieval European universities where the students and teachers lived and worked together in a cloistered environment.[3] The notion of the importance of the setting to academic life later migrated to America, and early colonial educational institutions were based on the Scottish and English collegiate system.[3] The campus evolved from the cloistered model in Europe
to a diverse set of independent styles in the United States. Early colonial colleges were all built in proprietary styles, with some contained in single buildings, such as the campus of Princeton University
or arranged in a version of the cloister reflecting American values, such as Harvard's.[4] Both the campus designs and the architecture of colleges throughout the country have evolved in response to trends in the broader world, with most representing several different contemporary and historical styles and arrangements. Uses[edit] The meaning expanded to include the whole institutional property during the 20th century, with the old meaning persisting into the 1950s in some places. Office buildings[edit] Sometimes the lands on which company office buildings sit, along with the buildings, are called campuses. The Microsoft Campus
Microsoft Campus
in Redmond, Washington is a good example. Hospitals, and even airports sometimes use the term to describe the territory of their facilities. Universities[edit] The word "campus" has also been applied to European universities, although most such institutions are characterized by ownership of individual buildings in urban settings rather than park-like lawns in which buildings are placed. See also[edit]

novel Campus
university Satellite campus History of college campuses and architecture in the United States


^ Turner, Paul V. (1996). Joseph Ramée: International Architect of the Revolutionary Era. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press. p. 190.  ^ Harper, Douglas. " Campus
(n.)". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 20 December 2013.  ^ a b Chapman, M. Perry (2006). American Places: In Search of the Twenty-first Century Campus. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 7.  ^ Turner, Paul Venable (1984). Campus: An American Planning Tradition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. 

External links[edit]

The dictionary definition of campus at Wiktionary Media related to Campuses at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Real estate developments


Airport Business park Commercial area Mixed-use development Office building Port


Retail park Riverfront Shopping mall
Shopping mall
/ center Shopping streets and districts Warehouse District


Business cluster Industrial district Industrial park Technology centers


complex Bungalow court City block Company town Golf course community Gated community Housing estate Intentional community Mixed-use development Model dwellings for the poor Multi-family residential Private community Public housing Residential area Retirement community Revenue house Single room occupancy Subdivision Tract housing

Science / Education

Campus Research park


Satellite campus Science park


Arcology Garden city movement Model village Planned cities Planned community Urban open space



Apartment House


Skyscraper Tower block Villa


Brownfield land Cemetery Cluster development Construction Context theory Eminent domain Greenfield land Greyfield land Land-use planning Park Parking Playground Redevelopment Regional planning Urban design Urban planning Zoning

Authority control

GND: 43004