Camillo Rusconi (14 July 1658 – 8 December 1728) was an Italian
sculptor of the late
Baroque in Rome. His style displays both features
Baroque and Neoclassicism. He has been described as a Carlo Maratta
Initially trained in his hometown of
Milan with Giuseppe Rusnati. By
1685-1686, he had moved to
Rome and into the studio of Ercole Ferrata,
who died within a year or two of his arrival. Rusconi's talent
attracted commissions, for example, for plaster allegorical statues
depicting four virtues (prudence, justice, temperance, and strength)
for the Ludovisi chapel in the church of Sant'Ignazio. He then worked
alongside Le Gros in sculpting angels for the tympanum of the altar of
Saint Ignatius at the Church of the Gesù.
Camillo’s masterpieces are the four larger-than-life apostles
(Matthew, James the Great, Andrew, and John) completed during
1708-1718 for the niches of the
Archbasilica of St. John Lateran
Archbasilica of St. John Lateran (San
Giovanni in Laterano). This sculptural program was the major such
project in the
Rome of his day. The other main sculptors for the
project, Le Gros and Pierre-Etienne Monnot, each only garnered two
Pope Clement XI
Pope Clement XI had established a committee to select the
artists, and included
Carlo Fontana and Rusconi's friend, Carlo
Maratta, in the panel. The classical restraint of the figures was to
set a trend toward neoclassicism.
Other works include some of the architectural decoration for San
Silvestro in Capite, San Salvatore in Lauro, and for the Chiesa Nuova
(Santa Maria in Vallicella). He also completed the tomb of Pope
Gregory XIII (1715–1723) for the St. Peter's; the tomb of Bartolomeo
Corsino in San Giovanni in Laterano, and of the principe Alessandro
Sobieski in the church of Santa Maria della Concezione. He also
complete the portrait of Giulia Albani degli Olivieri, the powerful
aunt of Clement XI, (presently in the Kunsthistorisches Museum,
Vienna. His tomb for Caesar Fabretti (? -1700) is on the first pillar
to the left in the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva.
Among his pupils were Pietro Bracci, Giovanni Battista Maini, and
Filippo della Valle. In 1727, he was named principe of the Accademia
di San Luca.
Boucher, Bruce (1998). Italian
Baroque Sculpture. Thames & Hudson.
Enggass, Robert (1974). "Rusconi and Raggi in Sant'Ignazio". The
Burlington Magazine. pp. 258–63.
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