CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS (CUP) is the publishing business of the
University of Cambridge . Granted letters patent by
The Press's mission is "To further the University's mission by disseminating knowledge in the pursuit of education, learning and research at the highest international levels of excellence."
* 1 History * 2 Governance
* 3 Structure
* 3.1 Academic publishing
* 4 Electronic and digital developments
* 5 Controversies
* 6 Community work * 7 Open access * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 External links
University printing began in
In 1591, Thomas's successor, John Legate, printed the first Cambridge
Bible, an octavo edition of the popular
Geneva Bible . The London
Stationers objected strenuously, claiming that they had the monopoly
on Bible printing. The university's response was to point out the
provision in its charter to print 'all manner of books'. Thus began
the Press's tradition of publishing the Bible, a tradition that has
endured for over four centuries, beginning with the Geneva Bible, and
continuing with the
Authorized Version , the
Revised Version , the New
English Bible and the
Revised English Bible . The restrictions and
compromises forced upon
It was in Bentley's time, in 1698, that a body of senior scholars
('the Curators', known from 1733 as 'the Syndics') was appointed to be
responsible to the university for the Press's affairs. The Press
Syndicate's publishing committee still meets regularly (eighteen times
a year), and its role still includes the review and approval of the
Press's planned output.
John Baskerville became University Printer in
the mid-eighteenth century. Baskerville's concern was the production
of the finest possible books using his own type-design and printing
techniques. The University
Baskerville wrote, _"The importance of the work demands all my
attention; not only for my own (eternal) reputation; but (I hope) also
to convince the world, that the University in the honour done me has
not entirely misplaced their favours."_ Caxton would have found
nothing to surprise him if he had walked into the Press's printing
house in the eighteenth century: all the type was still being set by
hand; wooden presses, capable of producing only 1,000 sheets a day at
best, were still in use; and books were still being individually bound
by hand. A technological breakthrough was badly needed, and it came
when Lord Stanhope perfected the making of stereotype plates. This
involved making a mould of the whole surface of a page of type and
then casting plates from that mould. The Press was the first to use
this technique, and in 1805 produced the technically successful and
By the 1850s the Press was using steam-powered machine presses,
employing two to three hundred people, and occupying several buildings
in the Silver Street and Mill Lane area, including the one that the
Press still occupies, the Pitt Building (1833), which was built
specifically for the Press and in honour of
William Pitt the Younger .
Under the stewardship of C. J. Clay, who was University Printer from
1854 to 1882, the Press increased the size and scale of its academic
and educational publishing operation. An important factor in this
increase was the inauguration of its list of schoolbooks (including
what came to be known as the 'Pitt Press Series'). During Clay's
administration, the Press also undertook a sizable co-publishing
venture with Oxford: the
Revised Version of the Bible, which was begun
in 1870 and completed in 1885. It was in this period as well that the
Syndics of the Press turned down what later became the Oxford English
Dictionary —a proposal for which was brought to
The appointment of R. T. Wright as Secretary of the Press Syndicate
in 1892 marked the beginning of the Press's development as a modern
publishing business with a clearly defined editorial policy and
administrative structure. It was Wright (with two great historians,
Lord Acton and
F. W. Maitland ) who devised the plan for one of the
In 1992 the Press opened its own bookshop at 1 Trinity Street , in the centre of Cambridge. Books have been sold continuously on this site since at least 1581, perhaps even as early as 1505, making it the oldest known bookshop site in Britain.
In 2012 the Press decided to end the tradition of printing after 428 years and now uses third parties to provide all of its print publications.
The Pitt Building in Cambridge, which used to be the
The Press has, since 1698, been governed by the Press 'Syndics' (originally known as the 'Curators'), made up of 18 senior academics from the University of Cambridge who represent a wide variety of subjects. The Syndicate has several sub-committees: an Operating Board, an Academic Publishing Committee, an ELT "> On the main site of the Press
ELECTRONIC AND DIGITAL DEVELOPMENTS
Owing to the changes taking place in the way that books and content
are bought and accessed,
Other recent ventures include Race to Learn, curriculum software that
ALMS FOR JIHAD
Main article: Alms for Jihad
In 2007, controversy arose over CUP's decision to destroy all
remaining copies of its 2006 book, _Alms for Jihad: Charity and
Terrorism in the Islamic World _, by Burr and Collins, as part of the
settlement of a lawsuit brought by Saudi billionaire Khalid bin
Mahfouz . Within hours, _Alms for Jihad_ became one of the 100 most
sought after titles on
Amazon.com and eBay in the
The American Library Association issued a recommendation to libraries still holding _Alms for Jihad_: "Given the intense interest in the book, and the desire of readers to learn about the controversy first hand, we recommend that U.S. libraries keep the book available for their users." The publisher's decision did not have the support of the book's authors and was criticised by some who claimed it was incompatible with freedom of speech and with freedom of the press and that it indicated that English libel laws were excessively strict. In a _ New York Times Book Review _ (7 October 2007), United States Congressman Frank R. Wolf described Cambridge's settlement as "basically a book burning." CUP pointed out that, at that time, it had already sold most of its copies of the book.
CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, _ET AL. V._ BECKER _ET AL._
In this ongoing case, begun in 2008, CUP et al. accused Georgia State University of infringement of copyright.
2008 conference booth
The Press has been recognised on several occasions for its commitment to community involvement and social responsibility, and it has stated that public engagement is an important part of the Press's role, by undertaking educational projects and fundraising.
The Press partnered with Bookshare in 2010 to make their books accessible to people with qualified print disabilities . Under the terms of the digital rights licence agreement, the Press delivers academic and scholarly books from all of its regional publishing centres on the world to Bookshare for conversion into accessible formats. People with qualified print disabilities around the world can download the books for a nominal Bookshare membership fee and read them using a computer or other assistive technology, with voice generated by text-to-speech technology, as well as options for digital Braille.
CUP is one of thirteen publishers to participate in the Knowledge Unlatched pilot, a global library consortium approach to funding open access books . CUP is a member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association .
* List of
* ^ "Oldest printing and publishing house".
Guinnessworldrecords.com. 2002-01-22. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
* ^ Black, Michael (1984). _
* Anonymous; _The Student's Guide to the University of Cambridge.
Third Edition, Revised and Partly Re-written_; Deighton Bell, 1874
_ Wikisource has