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Coordinates : 38°34′36″N 121°29′37″W / 38.57667°N 121.49361°W / 38.57667; -121.49361

CALIFORNIA STATE SENATE

California State Legislature

TYPE

TYPE Upper house of the California State Legislature

TERM LIMITS Elected before 2012: 2 terms (8 years) Elected 2012 and after: 3 terms (12 years)

HISTORY

NEW SESSION STARTED December 5, 2016

LEADERSHIP

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE Gavin Newsom (D ) Since January 10, 2011

PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE Kevin de León (D ) Since October 15, 2014

MAJORITY LEADER Bill Monning (D ) Since December 17, 2014

MINORITY LEADER Patricia Bates (R ) Since April 12, 2017

STRUCTURE

SEATS 40

POLITICAL GROUPS

MAJORITY Democratic (27)

MINORITY Republican (13)

LENGTH OF TERM 4 years

AUTHORITY Article 4, California Constitution

SALARY $104,118/year + per diem

ELECTIONS

LAST ELECTION November 8, 2016 (20 seats)

NEXT ELECTION November 6, 2018 (20 seats)

REDISTRICTING California Citizens Redistricting Commission

MOTTO

_Senatoris est civitatis libertatem tueri_ ("It is a senator's duty to protect the liberty of the people.")

MEETING PLACE

State Senate Chamber California State Capitol Sacramento , California

WEBSITE

www.sen.ca.gov

The CALIFORNIA STATE SENATE is the upper house of the California State Legislature . The legislative body consists of 40 members, with each member representing approximately 931,000 people. Due to the state's large population and relatively small legislature, the State Senate has the largest population per representative ratio of any state legislative house. In the United States House of Representatives , California is apportioned 53 representatives, each representing approximately 704,566 people, while in the State Senate, each of the 40 Senators represents approximately 931,349 people, with the result that California state senators each actually represent more voters than California's representatives to the United States Congress do. Each member roughly represents a population equivalent to the state of Delaware. As a result of Proposition 140 in 1990 and Proposition 28 in 2012, members elected to the legislature prior to 2012 are restricted by term limits to two four-year terms (eight years), while those elected in or after 2012 are allowed to serve 12 years in the legislature in any combination of four-year state senate or two-year state assembly terms.

The State Senate convenes at the California State Capitol in Sacramento .

In the current session, Democrats control 27 seats, comprising a two-thirds supermajority of the chamber. Republicans control 13 seats.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Leadership * 3 Meeting chamber * 4 Officers

* 5 Composition

* 5.1 Seating chart

* 6 Committees

* 6.1 Standing * 6.2 Joint

* 7 Offices * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

HISTORY

_ THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (April 2013)_

Prior to 1968, state senate districts were drawn so that each county had at most one state senator. This led to the situation of a populous county such as Los Angeles County being accorded the same number of state senators (1) as less populous counties such as Humboldt County . In _ Reynolds v. Sims _, the United States Supreme Court compelled all states to draw up districts with equal population. As such, boundaries were changed to comply with the ruling.

LEADERSHIP

The Lieutenant Governor is the _ex officio _ President of the Senate and may break a tied vote. The President pro tempore is elected by the majority party caucus, followed by confirmation of the full senate. Other leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders , are elected by their respective party caucuses according to each party's strength in the chamber.

The current president pro tem is Democrat Kevin de León (22nd –Los Angeles ). The minority leader is Republican Patricia Bates (36th –Laguna Niguel ).

MEETING CHAMBER

The red tones of the California State Senate Chamber are based on the British House of Lords , which is outfitted in a similar color. The dais rests along a wall shaped like an "E", with its central projection housing the rostrum. Along the cornice appears a portrait of George Washington and the Latin quotation: _senatoris est civitatis libertatem tueri_ ("It is a senator's duty to protect the liberty of the people"). Almost every decorating element is identical to the Assembly Chamber.

OFFICERS

POSITION NAME PARTY DISTRICT

Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom Democratic

President pro tempore Kevin de León Democratic 24th– Los Angeles

Majority leader Bill Monning Democratic 17th–Carmel

Majority whip Nancy Skinner Democratic 9th–Berkeley

Majority caucus chair Connie Leyva Democratic 20th–Chino

Majority caucus vice chair Mike McGuire Democratic 2nd–Healdsburg

Minority leader Patricia Bates Republican 36th–Laguna Niguel

Minority caucus chair Jim Nielsen Republican 4th–Gerber

Minority whip Ted Gaines Republican 1st–El Dorado Hills

Secretary Daniel Alvarez

Sergeant-at-Arms Debbie Manning

Chaplain Sister Michelle Gorman

The Secretary, the Sergeant-at-Arms, and the Chaplain are not members of the Legislature.

COMPOSITION

Composition of the California State Senate Democratic Party Republican Party

27 13

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN

AFFILIATION PARTY (SHADING INDICATES MAJORITY CAUCUS) TOTAL

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN VACANT

END OF PREVIOUS LEGISLATURE 26 13 39 1

BEGIN 27 13 40 0

LATEST VOTING SHARE 7001675000000000000♠67.5% 7001325000000000000♠32.5%

SEATING CHART

              President Newsom

Wilk Anderson   Moorlach Vidak   Hueso Hernandez   Roth Galgiani   Hertzberg Wieckowski   Pan McGuire

Morrell Stone   Nguyen BATES   Bradford Hill   Lara Allen   Mendoza Wiener   Leyva Portantino

Gaines Nielsen   Berryhill Cannella   Fuller Dodd   Jackson Mitchell   Glazer Atkins   Stern Beall

            Skinner DE LEóN   MONNING Newman

COMMITTEES

Current committees include:

STANDING

* Senate Committee on Agriculture

* Senate Committee on Appropriations

* Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Fiscal Oversight and Bonded Indebtedness

* Senate Committee on Banking and Financial Institutions

* Senate Committee on Budget and Fiscal Review

* Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 1 on Education * Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 2 on Resources * Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 3 on Health and Human Services * Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 4 on State Administration and General Government * Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 5 on Corrections

* Senate Committee on Business, Professions and Economic Development

* Senate Committee on Education

* Senate Education Subcommittee on Sustainable School Facilities

* Senate Committee on Elections and Constitutional Amendments * Senate Committee on Energy, Utilities and Communications * Senate Committee on Environmental Quality * Senate Committee on Governmental Organizations * Senate Committee on Governance and Finance * Senate Committee on Health * Senate Committee on Human Services * Senate Committee on Insurance * Senate Committee on Judiciary * Senate Committee on Labor and Industrial Relations * Senate Committee on Legislative Ethics

* Senate Committee on Natural Resources and Water

* Senate Natural Resources and Water Subcommittee on Urban Rivers

* Senate Committee on Public Employment and Retirement * Senate Committee on Public Safety * Senate Committee on Rules * Senate Committee on Transportation and Housing * Senate Committee on Veterans Affairs

JOINT

* Joint Committee on Arts * Joint Committee on Fairs, Allocation and Classification * Joint Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture * Joint Committee on Legislative Audit * Joint Committee on Rules * Joint Legislative Budget * Joint Legislative Committee on Emergency Management

OFFICES

* Senate Office of Research * Senate Office of Demographics * Senate Office of Floor Analysis * Senate Office of International Relations * Senate Office of Oversight and Outcomes

SEE ALSO

* California portal

* Bill (proposed law) * California State Senate districts * California State Senate election, 2016 * California State Legislature * California State Legislature, 2017–18 session * California State Assembly * California State Capitol * California State Capitol Museum * Districts in California * Members of the California State Legislature

REFERENCES

* ^ "Apportionment Data". United States Census Bureau. * ^ "Senate Roster". State of California. * ^ "Article 4. Legislative". _