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Coordinates : 38°34′36″N 121°29′37″W / 38.57667°N 121.49361°W / 38.57667; -121.49361

CALIFORNIA STATE SENATE

California State Legislature
California State Legislature

TYPE

TYPE Upper house
Upper house
of the California State Legislature
California State Legislature

TERM LIMITS Elected before 2012: 2 terms (8 years) Elected 2012 and after: 3 terms (12 years)

HISTORY

NEW SESSION STARTED December 5, 2016

LEADERSHIP

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE Gavin Newsom (D ) Since January 10, 2011

PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE Kevin de León (D ) Since October 15, 2014

MAJORITY LEADER Bill Monning (D ) Since December 17, 2014

MINORITY LEADER Patricia Bates (R ) Since April 12, 2017

STRUCTURE

SEATS 40

POLITICAL GROUPS

MAJORITY Democratic (27)

MINORITY Republican (13)

LENGTH OF TERM 4 years

AUTHORITY Article 4, California Constitution

SALARY $104,118/year + per diem

ELECTIONS

LAST ELECTION November 8, 2016 (20 seats)

NEXT ELECTION November 6, 2018 (20 seats)

REDISTRICTING California Citizens Redistricting Commission

MOTTO

Senatoris est civitatis libertatem tueri ("It is a senator's duty to protect the liberty of the people.")

MEETING PLACE

State Senate Chamber California State Capitol
California State Capitol
Sacramento , California
California

WEBSITE

www.sen.ca.gov

The CALIFORNIA STATE SENATE is the upper house of the California State Legislature
Legislature
. Due to the state's large population and relatively small legislature, the State Senate has the largest population per representative ratio of any state legislative house. In the United States House of Representatives , California
California
is apportioned 53 representatives, each representing approximately 704,566 people, while in the State Senate, each of the 40 Senators represents approximately 931,349 people, with the result that California
California
state senators each actually represent more voters than California's representatives to the United States Congress
United States Congress
do. Each member roughly represents a population equivalent to the state of Delaware. As a result of Proposition 140 in 1990 and Proposition 28 in 2012, members elected to the legislature prior to 2012 are restricted by term limits to two four-year terms (eight years), while those elected in or after 2012 are allowed to serve 12 years in the legislature in any combination of four-year state senate or two-year state assembly terms.

The State Senate convenes at the California State Capitol
California State Capitol
in Sacramento .

In the current session, Democrats control 27 seats, comprising a two-thirds supermajority of the chamber. Republicans control 13 seats.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Leadership * 3 Meeting chamber * 4 Officers

* 5 Composition

* 5.1 Seating chart

* 6 Committees

* 6.1 Standing * 6.2 Joint

* 7 Offices * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

HISTORY

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (April 2013)

Prior to 1968, state senate districts were drawn so that each county had at most one state senator. This led to the situation of a populous county such as Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County being accorded the same number of state senators (1) as less populous counties such as Humboldt County . In Reynolds v. Sims , the United States Supreme Court
United States Supreme Court
compelled all states to draw up districts with equal population. As such, boundaries were changed to comply with the ruling.

LEADERSHIP

The Lieutenant Governor is the ex officio President of the Senate and may break a tied vote. The President pro tempore is elected by the majority party caucus, followed by confirmation of the full senate. Other leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders , are elected by their respective party caucuses according to each party's strength in the chamber.

The current president pro tem is Democrat Kevin de León (22nd –Los Angeles ). The minority leader is Republican Patricia Bates (36th –Laguna Niguel ).

MEETING CHAMBER

The red tones of the California
California
State Senate Chamber are based on the British House of Lords
British House of Lords
, which is outfitted in a similar color. The dais rests along a wall shaped like an "E", with its central projection housing the rostrum. Along the cornice appears a portrait of George Washington
George Washington
and the Latin quotation: senatoris est civitatis libertatem tueri ("It is a senator's duty to protect the liberty of the people"). Almost every decorating element is identical to the Assembly Chamber.

OFFICERS

POSITION NAME PARTY DISTRICT

Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom Democratic

President pro tempore Kevin de León Democratic 24th– Los Angeles
Los Angeles

Majority leader Bill Monning Democratic 17th–Carmel

Majority whip Nancy Skinner Democratic 9th–Berkeley

Majority caucus chair Connie Leyva Democratic 20th–Chino

Majority caucus vice chair Mike McGuire Democratic 2nd–Healdsburg

Minority leader Patricia Bates Republican 36th–Laguna Niguel

Minority caucus chair Jim Nielsen Republican 4th–Gerber

Minority whip Ted Gaines Republican 1st–El Dorado Hills

Secretary Daniel Alvarez

Sergeant-at-Arms Debbie Manning

Chaplain
Chaplain
Sister Michelle Gorman

The Secretary, the Sergeant-at-Arms, and the Chaplain
Chaplain
are not members of the Legislature.

COMPOSITION

Composition of the California
California
State Senate Democratic Party Republican Party

27 13

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN

AFFILIATION PARTY (SHADING INDICATES MAJORITY CAUCUS) TOTAL

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN VACANT

END OF PREVIOUS LEGISLATURE 26 13 39 1

BEGIN 27 13 40 0

LATEST VOTING SHARE 7001675000000000000♠67.5% 7001325000000000000♠32.5%

SEATING CHART

              President Newsom

Wilk Anderson   Moorlach Vidak   Hueso Hernandez   Roth Galgiani   Hertzberg Wieckowski   Pan McGuire

Morrell Stone   Nguyen BATES   Bradford Hill   Lara Allen   Mendoza Wiener   Leyva Portantino

Gaines Nielsen   Berryhill Cannella   Fuller Dodd   Jackson Mitchell   Glazer Atkins   Stern Beall

            Skinner DE LEóN   MONNING Newman

COMMITTEES

Current committees include:

STANDING

* Senate Committee on Agriculture

* Senate Committee on Appropriations

* Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Fiscal Oversight and Bonded Indebtedness

* Senate Committee on Banking and Financial Institutions

* Senate Committee on Budget and Fiscal Review

* Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 1 on Education * Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 2 on Resources * Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 3 on Health and Human Services * Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 4 on State Administration and General Government * Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 5 on Corrections

* Senate Committee on Business, Professions and Economic Development

* Senate Committee on Education

* Senate Education Subcommittee on Sustainable School Facilities

* Senate Committee on Elections and Constitutional Amendments * Senate Committee on Energy, Utilities and Communications * Senate Committee on Environmental Quality * Senate Committee on Governmental Organizations * Senate Committee on Governance and Finance * Senate Committee on Health * Senate Committee on Human Services * Senate Committee on Insurance * Senate Committee on Judiciary * Senate Committee on Labor and Industrial Relations * Senate Committee on Legislative Ethics

* Senate Committee on Natural Resources and Water

* Senate Natural Resources and Water Subcommittee on Urban Rivers

* Senate Committee on Public Employment and Retirement * Senate Committee on Public Safety * Senate Committee on Rules * Senate Committee on Transportation and Housing * Senate Committee on Veterans Affairs

JOINT

* Joint Committee on Arts * Joint Committee on Fairs, Allocation and Classification * Joint Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture * Joint Committee on Legislative Audit * Joint Committee on Rules * Joint Legislative Budget * Joint Legislative Committee on Emergency Management

OFFICES

* Senate Office of Research * Senate Office of Demographics * Senate Office of Floor Analysis * Senate Office of International Relations * Senate Office of Oversight and Outcomes

SEE ALSO

* California
California
portal

* Bill (proposed law)
Bill (proposed law)
* California
California
State Senate districts * California State Senate election, 2016 * California State Legislature
California State Legislature
* California
California
State Legislature, 2017–18 session * California
California
State Assembly * California State Capitol
California State Capitol
* California State Capitol
California State Capitol
Museum * Districts in California
California
* Members of the California State Legislature
California State Legislature

REFERENCES

* ^ "Apportionment Data". United States Census Bureau. * ^ "Senate Roster". State of California. * ^ "Article 4. Legislative". California Constitution . California Legislative Counsel . Retrieved December 1, 2012. * ^ " California
California
Senate Committees". Open States. Sunlight Foundation . 2014-04-09. Retrieved 2014-04-09.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Official website of the California
California
State Senate

* Democratic Caucus * Republican

.