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Calidris
Calidris
is a genus of Arctic-breeding, strongly migratory wading birds. The genus name is from Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle
Aristotle
for some grey-coloured waterside birds.[1] This genus is closely related to other calidrids. These birds form huge mixed flocks on coasts and estuaries in winter. They are the typical "sandpipers", small to medium-sized, long-winged and relatively short-billed. Their bills have sensitive tips which contain numerous corpuscles of Herbst. This enables the birds to locate buried prey items, which they typically seek with restless running and probing.[2] Species in taxonomic order[edit] The species, according to the 2015 I.O.C. assessment,[3] are as follows:

Great knot, Calidris
Calidris
tenuirostris Red knot, Calidris
Calidris
canutus Sanderling, Calidris
Calidris
alba Semipalmated sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
pusilla Western sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
mauri Red-necked stint, Calidris
Calidris
ruficollis Little stint, Calidris
Calidris
minuta Temminck's stint, Calidris
Calidris
temminckii Long-toed stint, Calidris
Calidris
subminuta Least sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
minutilla White-rumped sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
fuscicollis Baird's sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
bairdii Pectoral sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
melanotos Sharp-tailed sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
acuminata Curlew sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
ferruginea Purple sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
maritima Rock sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
ptilocnemis Dunlin, Calidris
Calidris
alpina Stilt sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
himantopus Buff-breasted sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
subruficollis Spoon-billed sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
pygmaea Broad-billed sandpiper, Calidris
Calidris
falcinellus Ruff, Calidris
Calidris
pugnax Surfbird, Calidris
Calidris
virgata

References[edit]

^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 84. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.  ^ Nebel, S.; Jackson, D.L.; Elner, R.W. (2005). "Functional association of bill morphology and foraging behaviour in calidrid sandpipers" (PDF). Animal
Animal
Biology. 55 (3): 235–243. doi:10.1163/1570756054472818.  ^ "buttonquail". International Ornithological Congress. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q30838 ADW: Calidris EoL: 18677 EPPO: 1CLDRG Fauna Europaea: 96789 Fossilworks: 83484 ITIS: 176641 NCBI:

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