PISA CHARTERHOUSE, also known as CALCI CHARTERHOUSE (Certosa di Pisa,
Certosa di Calci), is a former
Carthusian monastery, or charterhouse,
currently the home of the Museo di storia naturale e del territorio
The monastery is noted for the fresco of the Last Supper, by
* 1 Charterhouse * 2 Museum * 3 Notes * 4 External links
The Carthusians founded a monastery in 1366/67 in what is called Val Graziosa , a plain overlooked by the Monti Pisani ("Pisan Mountains"), when Francesco Moricotti Prignani was archbishop of Pisa. Shortly afterwards Pope Gregory XI , a noted reformer of monasteries, expelled the monks from the Benedictine Gorgona Abbey , on the island of Gorgona , and gave the island and the estate to the Carthusians of Val Graziosa, who repopulated them. This event must have happened not long before Catherine of Siena 's visit of 1375, as she mentions in her letters the need to convert the facilities for the Carthusian use. Benedictines were barred from the island.
In 1425, the
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the complex was renovated, receiving its current Baroque appearance.
In November 1946, following
World War II
In 1981, the University of