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Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, officially the City of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro; Filipino: Lungsod ng Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro), or simply referred to as Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro City, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Northern Mindanao, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 675,950 people.[3] It is a chartered city and capital of the province of Misamis Oriental where governance is independent and separate from the province. It also serves as the regional center and business hub of Northern Mindanao
Mindanao
(Region X), and part of the growing Metropolitan Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro area, which includes the city of El Salvador, the towns of Opol, Alubijid, Laguindingan, Gitagum
Gitagum
at the western side, and the towns of Tagoloan, Villanueva, Jasaan, Claveria at the eastern side. The City of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is located along the north central coast of Mindanao
Mindanao
island facing Macajalar Bay
Macajalar Bay
and is bordered by the municipalities of Opol
Opol
to the west, Tagoloan to the east, and the provinces of Bukidnon
Bukidnon
and Lanao del Norte
Lanao del Norte
to the south of the city. According to the 2015 census, the city has a population of 675,950, making it the 10th most populous city in the Philippines.[3] Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is also famous for its white water rafting or kayaking adventures, one of the tourism activities being promoted along the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro River.[4][5][6]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Classical period 2.2 Colonial period

2.2.1 Spanish period 2.2.2 American period 2.2.3 Japanese period and second American period

2.3 Independence period

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Demographics

4.1 Religion 4.2 Languages

5 Economy

5.1 Big industries and homegrown industries 5.2 Bank industry 5.3 Automobile industry 5.4 Real estate and construction supply industry 5.5 Retail industry 5.6 Business process outsourcing 5.7 Cooperative business

6 Culture and arts

6.1 Cuisine 6.2 Sports

7 Tourism

7.1 Museums 7.2 Hotels

8 Infrastructure

8.1 Transportation

8.1.1 Ports 8.1.2 Airport 8.1.3 Bus terminals

8.2 Public utilities 8.3 Law and order 8.4 Medical facilities

9 Education 10 Media 11 Local government

11.1 Barangay
Barangay
and legislative districts

12 Notable people 13 International relations

13.1 Twin towns or sister cities

14 See also 15 Gallery 16 References 17 External links

Etymology[edit] The name Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro (lit.River of Gold)[7] can be traced back to the arrival of the Spanish Augustinian Recollect friars in 1622, the area around Himologan (now Huluga), was already known as "Cagayán". Early Spanish written documents in the 16th century already referred to the place as "Cagayán". The region of Northern Mindanao, which included Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, was granted as Encomienda to a certain Don Juan Griego on January 25, 1571. It was then former Vice President of the Philippines
Philippines
Emmanuel Peláez who appended de Oro to Cagayan. There are also other places in the Philippines
Philippines
with the Cagayan
Cagayan
name; these include the province of Cagayan
Cagayan
in northern Luzon
Luzon
and the Cagayan
Cagayan
islands in the Sulu
Sulu
Sea. History[edit] Classical period[edit] The area was first inhabited prior to 350-377 AD (the late Neolithic period) as proven by a skull found in the area by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. The natives lived in a settlement then known as Himologan[8] (now known as Huluga), eight kilometers from present-day Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. The natives were polytheistic animists, Austronesian in origin with seafaring capabilities similar to the Badjaos. Their customs were closely related to the prosperous Rajahnate of Butuan
Butuan
with rich Sri Vijayan (Visayan) and Indian culture. They also wore tribal and traditional costumes and dressings having similarities to those found in Bali, Indonesia. Ceramics have been found in the area; Chinese probably having visited from the period of the Song to Ming dynasties. It was also possibly an old thriving port of the Srivijaya Empire with an overseas trading link to China, India and even to America. Colonial period[edit] Spanish period[edit] In 1622, two Spanish Augustinian Recollect missionaries came in contact with the natives of Himologan and in 1626, Fray Agustín de San Pedro persuaded the chief of Himologan, Datu
Datu
Salangsang, to transfer his settlement down the Cagayan
Cagayan
River, to the present-day Gaston Park. De San Pedro later fortified the new settlement against Sultan Kudarat's raiders. In 1738, Spanish dominance was felt in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. When Misamis gained the status of province in 1818, one of its four districts was the Partidos de Cagayan. In 1871, the "Partidos" became a town and was made a permanent capital of Misamis. On February 27, 1872, Governor-General Carlos María de La Torre issued a decree declaring Cagayan
Cagayan
the permanent capital of Segundo Distrito de Misamis. During this era, the name of the town was known as Cagayan
Cagayan
de Misamis. In 1883, the town became a seat of the Spanish government in Mindanao for the provinces of Misamis Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Bukidnon and Lanao del Norte. On January 10, 1899, Cagayan
Cagayan
de Misamis joined the government of Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Aguinaldo
and celebrated its independence from Spain. It was the second time the Aguinaldo government was declared and the new Philippine flag raised on the Mindanao
Mindanao
island. By virtue of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, Spain
Spain
ceded the Philippines
Philippines
to the United States; this caused friction and resulted in the Philippine-American War. American period[edit] On March 31, 1900, Americans occupied the town of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Misamis and on April 7, 1900, a battle erupted in the town center led by General Nicolas Capistrano[9] and Filipino resistance fighters. This would later become known as the Battle of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Misamis. The Americans won the war, and about forty years later, gave the Philippines
Philippines
its independence on July 4, 1946.[10] The war years in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro were prompted by the presence of the Americans in 1898. The Americans were initially and successfully repulsed by the Kagay-anons forces led by Mayor
Mayor
Don Apolinar Vélez at the historic Battle of Makahambus on June 4, 1900.

The American forces attacking Makahambus, circa 1900s.

After the troubled years, peace finally brought back the economic activities to normality under the guidance of the United States. Consequently, from a purely farming-fishing area, Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro emerged into a booming commerce and trade center. Japanese period and second American period[edit] May 3rd 1942, American and Philippine forces fought heroically against invading Japanese forces from Panay. Unable to resist the overwhelming and the better supplied Japanese, the allied forces retreated to more defensive positions outside the city. The Japanese burned most of the city and took up residence at Ateneo De Cagayan
Cagayan
university, now Xavier university and used the ferry crossing near San Agustin Church. The Carmen bridge did not exist at that time. The Japanese army implemented a scorch earth policy. Filipino and American guerrilla forces fought back during this occupation and American planes bombed both the university and San Agustin church on October 10, 1944. The Japanese were never able to successfully move outside the city for any length of time due to the constant pressure and attacks from the Philippine resistant movement. American and combined Free Philippine forces landed in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro on May 10th 1945, three years and 7 days after the Japanese occupation. During this period the Japanese committed many atrocities against the local population of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, as they did throughout the Philippines. Colonel Fumio Suski and two hundred of his men escaped capture during the liberation of the city and withdrew into the mountainous jungle. They were caught two years later, only 38 had survived but when caught they had been cannibalizing the Higaonon tribal people. At least 70 people had been eaten. Independence period[edit] In 1948, the barrios of El Salvador and Molugan with their sitios known as Sala, Sambulawan, Sinaloc, Lagtang, Talaba, Kalabaylabay and Hinigdaan were separated from Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro to form the town of El Salvador.[11] In 1950, the barrios of Opol, Igpit, and lower Iponan were separated from Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro to form the town of Opol.[12] On June 15, 1950, President Elpidio Quirino
Elpidio Quirino
signed Republic Act No. 521, which granted the status of a chartered city to the Municipality of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Misamis.[13] This was made possible through the efforts of then Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Congressman Emmanuel Pelaez.[14] During the martial law era, Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oror was not spared from military bombings and the usage of brutal mechanisms against dissenters of the Marcos regime. When martial law ended, more than a thousand people from the city were tortured, raped, electrocuted, or salvaged. Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro was then declared a highly urbanized city by the Ministry of Local Government on November 22, 1983. In 1986, the city participate in the People Power Revolution
People Power Revolution
through rallies in the streets of the city. When the revolution succeeded and ousted Marcos from power in Manila, the city was among those who supported the installation of Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
as president. In 1992, the National Museum of the Philippines
Philippines
recognized the archaeological value of Huluga when it gave the Open Site and caves separate accession numbers. In 1999, however, mayor Vicente Y. Emano conceived the plan to bulldoze Huluga to give way to a road-and-bridge project. The project was stopped in 2001, but was eventually continued in 2002. The construction destroyed at least 60% of the archaeological sites's open area, where the majority of artifacts can be found. Protests against the heritage destruction was made by cultural experts, but nothing happened with their plea. In 2003, the Heritage Conservation Advocates (HCA) went to the open area of Huluga for a scientific surface investigation and managed to find earthenware, Chinese pottery sherds, obsidian flakes, animal bones, an ancient Spanish coin, and a whale harpoon similar to those being used in Lomblen Island, Indonesia. The newly discovered artifacts proved that there are still many artifacts that can be found in the area. This caused the HCA to file a case against Emano and the contractor UKC Builders, before the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB). However, the construction continued and was inguarated in September 2003 by Emano. A day later, president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
made a speech in UNESCO
UNESCO
about her administration's gains in cultural conservation. In January 2004, the city council enacted an ordinance that authorized Emano to sign a contract with the Archaeological Studies Program (ASP) of the University of the Philippines
Philippines
to do salvage archaeology in Huluga and vicinities. The program did not make cooperitve linkages with existing archeological programs from Xavier University. The ASP declared that the site was an ancient camp, not a settlement, due to their findings in the destroyed archaeological site. The report did not consider the findings of Xavier University. The issue later climbed into the Philippine Senate, where Loren Legarda
Loren Legarda
issued a resolution for investigation of the matter, but the investigation was never approved by the other members of the Senate. The artifacts found in the Huluga Caves and its destroyed open site from 1992 to 2003 are housed in Xavier University, Capitol University, and the University of the Philippines.[15][16]

Aftermath of Tropical Storm Sendong (Washi)

On the evening of December 16–17, 2011, Tropical Storm Sendong (international name Washi) caused widespread flash flooding in Northern Mindanao. In Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, hundreds living near the banks of the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro River were killed, with hundreds still missing. Officials said that despite government warning, some people did not evacuate. Five people were killed in a landslide, while others died in the flash floods which occurred overnight, following 10 hours of rain, compounded by overflowing rivers and tributaries. Most of the victims had been sleeping. In some areas, up to 20 centimeters of rain fell in 24 hours. More than 2,000 were rescued, according to the Armed Forces of the Philippines
Philippines
(AFP), and at least 20,000 people were staying in 10 evacuation centers in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. Officials were also investigating reports that an entire village was swept away.[17] The confirmed death toll from the disaster is 1,268.[18] In January 2017, Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, along with other parts of Visayas
Visayas
and Mindanao, was impacted by a combination of a low-pressure area and the tail-end of a cold front. The heavy rain inundated many streets, stranding many commuters.[19] At the University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines
Philippines
(USTP), about 900-1,000 students were trapped as most of their campus was flooded. The students were forced to climb to the upper floors of the school's buildings and wait until rescue arrived.[20] The city's shopping malls on Claro M. Recto Avenue were also severely affected, with Limketkai Center completely inundated by the floodwaters. A basement parking area of a mall at the corner of Corrales St. was covered with water, while another one near Bitan-ag Creek was flooded as well, even though the area was elevated.[21] On December 21, 2017, Typhoon Vinta (international name Tembin) impacted most of Mindanao. It made its landfall in the Davao Region. Three bridges were closed due to rising water levels in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, where 1,719 individuals were forced to evacuate. Roughly 30,000 people were either stranded in ports or stayed in evacuation centers while 22,000 people moved to higher grounds due to heavy flooding. Geography[edit]

NASA—satellite image captured of Macajalar Bay
Macajalar Bay
and the metropolis area.

See also: Metro Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is located along the north central coast of Mindanao, the second-largest island in the Philippine archipelago. The southern part of the city is bordered by the provinces of Bukidnon and Lanao del Norte. The municipality of Opol
Opol
borders the city on the west and Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
to the east. To the north lies Macajalar Bay
Macajalar Bay
facing the Bohol
Bohol
Sea. Its total land area is 488.86 km² representing 13.9 percent of the entire Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
province. It includes 25 kilometers of coastline and a harbor, Macajalar Bay. 44.7 percent of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is classified as agricultural land, while 38.4 percent is classified as open spaces.[22] The city is frequently categorized and referenced according to geographic factors: the 1st District (west of the Cagayan
Cagayan
River) consisting of 24 barangays which are mostly suburban, and the 2nd District (east of the river), made up of 17 barangays, including city proper barangays numbering from 1-40. Climate[edit] Under the Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
system, Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro has a tropical climate with an annual average temperature of 28 °C. In June 1998, the city recorded its highest temperature to date of 39 °C. Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro does not receive an even amount of rainfall throughout the year. The driest months are March and April while August and September are the wettest months. The rainy or wet season lasts from June until November with the relatively drier seasons lasting from December until May. The city lies outside the typhoon belt but is affected by the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone.

Climate data for Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, Philippines

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 37 (99) 38 (100) 38 (100) 38 (100) 38 (100) 39 (102) 37 (99) 37 (99) 36 (97) 37 (99) 38 (100) 37 (99) 39 (102)

Average high °C (°F) 30 (86) 30 (86) 31 (88) 32 (90) 32 (90) 32 (90) 31 (88) 32 (90) 31 (88) 31 (88) 31 (88) 30 (86) 31 (88)

Daily mean °C (°F) 27 (81) 27 (81) 27 (81) 28 (82) 29 (84) 28 (82) 28 (82) 28 (82) 28 (82) 28 (82) 27 (81) 27 (81) 28 (82)

Average low °C (°F) 23 (73) 23 (73) 23 (73) 25 (77) 25 (77) 25 (77) 24 (75) 24 (75) 24 (75) 24 (75) 24 (75) 23 (73) 24 (75)

Record low °C (°F) 17 (63) 17 (63) 18 (64) 20 (68) 22 (72) 18 (64) 17 (63) 21 (70) 22 (72) 18 (64) 20 (68) 18 (64) 17 (63)

Average rainy days 10 7 6 6 8 13 14 14 15 15 11 11 130

Source: Weatherbase[23]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1903 21,779 —    

1918 28,062 +1.70%

1939 48,084 +2.60%

1948 46,266 −0.43%

1960 68,026 +3.26%

1970 128,319 +6.54%

1975 165,220 +5.20%

1980 227,312 +6.59%

1990 339,598 +4.10%

2000 461,871 +3.12%

2007 553,966 +2.54%

2010 602,088 +3.08%

2015 675,950 +2.23%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][24][25][26]

As of the 2015 census, the city has a population of 675,950, making it the 10th most populous city in the Philippines
Philippines
and 3rd most populous in Mindanao
Mindanao
after Zamboanga City.[3] About 44 percent of the household population in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro classified themselves as ethnically mixed people, 22.15 percent as Cebuano, 4.38 percent as Boholano, while 28.07 percent as other ethnic groups. (2000 Census).[27] Religion[edit] Main article: Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Roman Catholicism is the city's dominant religion, represented by almost 70 percent of the population. Other religious affiliations include the Seventh-day Adventist Church, Iglesia ni Cristo, the Philippine Independent Church, the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Christ's Commission Fellowship, Baptists, the United Methodist
Methodist
Church, Jesus Miracle Crusade, and Islam. The Archdiocese of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro comprises the three civil provinces of Misamis Oriental, Bukidnon, Camiguin
Camiguin
and the entire Caraga
Caraga
region. It is a metropolitan seat on the island of Mindanao. The current archbishop in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is Most Reverend Antonio J. Ledesma, S.J., D.D. [clarification needed], who was installed on March 4, 2006, and his seat is located at St. Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral. Recently, the Basilica of the Black Nazarene
Black Nazarene
in Quiapo Church decided to move the replica statue of the Black Nazarene
Black Nazarene
to Jesus Nazareno Parish Church in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro along Claro M. Recto Avenue, so that the Black Nazarene
Black Nazarene
devotees from Mindanao
Mindanao
do not have to travel to Quiapo in Manila
Manila
for their annual pilgrimage. Protestant missionary activity in the city started in 1916, although have grown in numbers in the recent decades. One of the known Protestant groups in the city is Pentecostalism, which dramatically increased with 2.8 percent in total population About 20 churches have settled in the metropolitan area. Celebration International Church has one of the highest member attendances with a record of 735 members. In addition, three main Pentecostal mother churches are situated in the suburban area and few in the metropolitan areas. Also, Adventists, Mormons, and Methodists have also grown in numbers within the suburban areas. Islam
Islam
is practiced mainly by Maranao settlers and the Balik Islam members. There are several large mosques and about 50 small mosques that can be found in the city. Masjid Sharif Alawi in Barangay Balulang is the largest mosque in Northern Mindanao, with over 3,200 square meters in land area, which also includes a madrasa and seminar building. Buddhism
Buddhism
and Taoism
Taoism
are practiced by majority of local Chinese. Languages[edit] Mindanao
Mindanao
Cebuano is primarily the spoken language in the city. Tagalog (Filipino) serves as the city's secondary language. English is mainly used for business and in the academe. Maranao is widely spoken within the city's Maranao communities. Economy[edit] See also: Economy of the Philippines Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is the melting pot of Mindanao
Mindanao
because of its accessibility, business growth, attractions and its warm and hospitable people. Being the regional center and logistics and business hub of Northern Mindanao, the city is one of the most progressive and competitive cities in the Philippines.[28] Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro due to its strategic location prompted Pilipinas Shell Petroleum Corporation to put up its multi-billion peso fuel import facility, dubbed as the North Mindanao
Mindanao
Import Facility (NMIF) to cater to the power and energy needs of millions of residents, motorists and other end-users and consumers in Visayas
Visayas
and Mindanao.[29] The city's economy is largely based on industry, commerce, trade, service and tourism. Investment in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro City for the first six months of 2012 reached 7.4 billion pesos outpacing the local government's expectation of to nearly 100 percent. Investments in the city are dominated by malls, high-rise hotels and condominiums and convention centers. The net income for 2012 pegged at 2,041,036,807.89 billion pesos. In 2012, the US Agency for International Development (USAID) chose Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro as one of three pilot areas in the country for its Cities Development Initiative. USAID's projects under the USAID’s Cities Development Initiative (CDI) are the Strengthening Urban Resilience for Growth with Equity (SURGE) project aims to help cities to plan better, create more attractive and competitive business environments, link urban and rural centers so that more citizens benefit from rapid economic activity, and provide adequate health and other basic social services; The INVEST Project, a three-year initiative of the USAID; Building Low Emission Alternatives to Develop Economic Resilience and Sustainability or B-LEADEARS project. CDI aims to enhance the city’s business permits and licensing system as an engine for sustainable economic growth. Big industries and homegrown industries[edit] Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is the home of multinational companies, like Del Monte, Nestle, Liwayway Marketing Corporation (goes by a more well-known name, Oishi), Unipace Corporation (a multi-national company carrying the Gaisano Group), Philip Morris Fortune Tobacco Inc. (PMFTC), Madison Shopping and Supervalue, Inc. (runs all SM Malls and Savemore Supermarkets and also into heavy manufacturing and distribution). Bank industry[edit] Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, as the regional economic center of Northern Mindanao, houses the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Branch of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (Central Bank of the Philippines). As of December 2017, at least 100 banks are operating in the city. Automobile industry[edit] Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro has been dubbed as the auto-hub in Mindanao
Mindanao
as world-renowned car brands like Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Isuzu, Mitsubishi, Suzuki, Ford, Kia, Foton, Mazda, Chevrolet, BMW, Peugeot, Hyundai, Subaru, Chery, Jinbei, Tata and Hino have set up dealerships in the city. Most of the car showrooms are located along the Iligan- Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro- Butuan
Butuan
Road. MAN, which stands for Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nuremberg and is one of the leading suppliers of commercial vehicles and transport solutions in the world, had just recently opened their CDO showroom at nearby town of Opol. Monark Equipment, the sole authorized dealer of Caterpillar Heavy Equipment and Power Systems products, has one-hectare equipment yard in El Salvador, Misamis Oriental, which is just 16 minutes drive away from Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. Auto Hardware and car accessory stores for all types of cars and vehicles are abounding in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. A long stretch of auto hardware stores for parts and supplies are located along Osmeňa Street. Real estate and construction supply industry[edit] Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro boasts of a very healthy retail and residential market. National and International companies have started building high-rise and mid-rise hotels and condominiums such as Limketkai Luxe Hotel, Seda Hotel, New Dawn Pensionne, Centrio Tower and Aspira Towers under Avida Residences, Primavera Residences and Primavera City under ItalPinas Corp., The Loop under Vista Residences, MesaVerte Residences under Cebu
Cebu
Landmasters Inc (CLI), Tucania Towers, One Providence, One Oasis under Filinvest Land Inc. Major real estate developers in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro are Ayala Land, A Brown Inc. (Xavier Estates), Camella, Crown Asia, Johndorf Ventures Corp., Pueblo de Oro, Robinsons Home Inc., Land Asia Realty and Development Corp (Zealep and Tuscania), Liberty Land Corp., Filinvest Land Inc., Cebu
Cebu
Landmasters Inc. and Megaworld. The newest to join these is Bria which develops the socialized housing brand Lumina Homes and the economic low-rise condominium Bria Flats. Retail industry[edit] Shopping malls, hypermarkets, stand-alone department stores, large grocery stores, 24-hour convenience stores (30 outlets of 7-Eleven, several local stores of Chams and Grams, Mercury Drug and Rose Pharmacy convenience stores), offering local and imported products. Stores owned by local, national and foreign Chinese, Taiwanese, and Korean businessmen, are abounding in the City. See also: List of shopping malls in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Gas refilling stations as sub-sector of retail are all over the City. These are distributed by Shell, Caltex, Petron, Blu Energy, Phoenix, Jetti, and Geo Gas. Business process outsourcing[edit] Business process outsourcing (BPO) in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is booming due to ample supply of human capital supported by available health, research, educational, and modern telecommunication facilities. At present, business process operators in the city are Concentrix Corporation, a knowledge process outsourcing company and wholly owned subsidiary of SYNNEX Corporation; Rider Livett Bucknall (RLB), a company which provides quantity surveying, project/construction management, and advisory services for BPOs which established its office in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro in 2015; Teleperformance, provider of outsourced omnichannel customer experience management services; Azpired, an outsourcing service center with a number of locations in the Philippines
Philippines
including three offices in Cebu
Cebu
and Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, it specializes in Inbound Customer Service, Technical Support, and Accounting Services; Envizion, an online tutorial services center; Arriba Telecontact Inc., an outsource industry; Accolade Resources Inc. (a business transcription company); Support Zebra formerly FBC Business Solutions; and Versatel, an English language
English language
training center. The increase of business process outsourcing companies in the city has entice businessmen to build new buildings and zones dedicated for contact center. These new buildings are all PEZA registered. One Providence Tower located inside the Lifestyle District caters to medium-sized BPOs such as Azpired in 6th and 7th floor and Envision in 8th floor. A four-storey Centrio Corporate Tower, which sits on the top of Centrio Mall, is the home of Teleperformance Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. Pueblo IT Park, one of the oldest IT economic zones in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, houses Concentrix Corporation. One Montecarlo Building is home to several small-time outsourcing players. Georgetown Cybergate Mall is another mixed-use building for lease primarily for investors, who are into outsourcing industry. Under construction IT-BPO centers are Limketkai Mall
Limketkai Mall
BPO Module Building and SM BPO Tower is a 12-storey building with 8 levels of office. Cooperative business[edit] Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is home to successful cooperatives which provide employment, economic assistance, and considered as one of the prime drivers of the City's economy. The Extension Office of Cooperative Development Authority of the Philippines, located in the City as the center of Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
(Region X), provides technical advisory services, regulatory services, and online application processing. It is also the location of MASS-SPEC (the Cooperative Development Center, a federation of cooperatives in the Philippines). The big names of Cooperatives
Cooperatives
located in CDO are FICCO which has become a billionaire cooperative covering the entire of Mindanao, Oro Integrated Cooperative (constituting a development force of more than 100,000 strong members of farmers, fisherfolk, women, workers, vendors, drivers, government employees scattered in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro and the provinces of Misamis Oriental, Bukidnon
Bukidnon
and Tagbilaran
Tagbilaran
City who are now engaged in small and micro enterprises), ACDI Multipurpose Cooperative (preferred brand of Financial Services in the Armed Forces of the Philippines), Asian Business Cabletow Cooperative Academy (ABCCA), Inc. (provides access to and quality of education for the less-privileged students), CFI Community Cooperative, Coop-Life Mutual Benefit Services (CLIMBS, Life and General Insurance Cooperative owned by over 2000 cooperatives in the Philippines
Philippines
since 1971), Oro Savings & Sharing Cooperative, Cooperative Bank of Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
(with 268 Cooperatives
Cooperatives
and Samahang Nayon as member-incorporators). Culture and arts[edit] There are several notable events in the city. Each barangay or barrio has its own feast locally known as Fiesta (or festivals) honoring their patron saints after achieving recognition in their own rights.

During the Higalaay (Kagay-an Festival) 2014

The Higalaay Festival (formerly the Kagay-an Festival, then the Higalaay Kagay-an Festival) is a week-long celebration in honor of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro's patron saint St. Augustine held every August. Highlights of the Higalaay Festival are the Kahimunan Trade
Trade
Fair, which features the native products of the city and province, particularly agricultural, Miss Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, Folkloric Street Dancing Competition featuring colorful attires and cultural dances of the Higaonon tribes, Higalas Parade of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Icons and Floats, Halad sa Lambagohan, PE Rhythmic Dance Competition, Kalo Festival and Kumbira, a culinary show and exhibit that started in 1996 by Kagay-anons hoteliers and restaurants. It has since evolved over the years and now hosts a culinary competition among students and professionals from all over Mindanao.[30] The competition is divided into students and professionals where hotel and restaurant management schools and professional chefs compete against each other in their respective categories. There are also cultural shows, competitions and celebrity concerts. In more recent years, some of these competitions have been replaced with new ones, such as the Folkloric Street Dancing Competition, which was replaced by the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Carnival Parade in 2014.[31] The annual religious tradition of the Feast of the Black Nazarene
Black Nazarene
in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro City is held every January 9 by having a procession called “Traslacion” in which hundreds of thousands of devotees participate. Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is one of only three sites in the country to have this ‘Traslacion’. "Himugso", which means birth, is a week-long celebration of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro's Charter Day and Philippine Independence Day. Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro's cityhood was established on June 15, 1950. Independence Day is the national commemoration of the Philippine Declaration of Independence from Spain
Spain
on June 12, 1898. Both Charter Day and Independence day are non-working holidays and a roster of special activities is lined up annually to mark the dual special occasion. RODELSA Hall, operated by Liceo de Cagayan
Cagayan
University, serves as a center for the performing arts and as a vehicle for all intellectual and artistic forms of humanities' gifts. Concerts of many genres have been performed at RODELSA. Cine Europa (films) featuring European Union's cultures which include Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania were shown at RODELSA. Xavier Center for Culture and the Arts (XCCA) creates, delivers, strategizes, manages, and implements culture and arts programs (Filipino and Foreign, Classical and Contemporary) as part of the social outreach and formation framework of Xavier University. Cuisine[edit] See also: Philippine cuisine Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro food cultures include a variety of world cuisines influenced by the city's immigrant history. Western and Austronesian immigrants have made the city famous for pastel bread, chicharrón and Hamon de Cagayan. Some mobile food vendors licensed by the city sell street food like kwek-kwek, fish balls, tempura and proven and grilled meat. Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro boasts of local, national, and foreign owned restaurants (Chinese and Korean cuisines), eateries, fast-foods, snack bars, bakeshops, and coffee shops that sprout all over the city. Sports[edit] Main article: Sports in the Philippines Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is the home of the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Stars and Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Rapids basketball teams. This major teams of the city is member community of Mindanao
Mindanao
Visayas
Visayas
Basketball
Basketball
Association, an amateur commercial basketball league in southern Philippines
Philippines
sanctioned by the country's National Sports Association for basketball, the Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas (SBP). It is also the home of "Holcim MoneyGram-Misamis Oriental" and "Holcim Pryce Pharma", which commencing the Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
province. Aside from basketball, Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is known for its oldest lawn tennis clubs like the "Golden Friendship Tennis
Tennis
Club". In addition, the city is ornamented with amateur volleyball teams like the Xavier University Volleyball Team. The city was known for its leading sport, chess, one of the most common recreations by continuing championships in Mindanao
Mindanao
since the 1990s. White water rafting
White water rafting
and kayaking have annual sport events through the Cagayan
Cagayan
River. Sport venues include one of the biggest sports complex in Mindanao
Mindanao
the Pelaez Memorial Sports Center, Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan Gymnasium, Liceo Civic Center, University of Science and Technology in Southern Philippine Gymnasium and others, a sports and entertainment complex that also hosts concerts. The Pelaez Memorial Sports Center serves as the home complex of Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
sports teams. Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro's new indoor sport is go kart. The Speed Master Go Kart Race Track at SM City Carpark Building was the first race track in the city and in Mindanao. F1 Go Karts will be the second facility of its kind in the city and the first to use electric cars which are much quieter and better for the environment. The go karts are also easier to handle and faster. Tourism[edit] Due to the national government's aggressive tourism campaign, local and foreign tourist arrivals in the city are on the rise. In 2004, the city registered a tourist arrival of 307,820; an increase from a previous of 232,257 in 2003. As of 2012, City Planning and Development Office was able to record a total of 550,249 tourist arrival. Museums[edit]

Gen. MacArthur Memorial Marker
MacArthur Memorial Marker
at Macabalan Wharf

Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro City Museum

City Archives Museum is a museum located inside the Old Water Tower built around 1922, near St. Augustine Cathedral and across from Gaston Park. Recently, it was upgraded into a museum that houses antiquities, memorabilia of well-known families in the city and a gallery parade of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro history. Gen. MacArthur Memorial Marker
MacArthur Memorial Marker
is a historical marker located near the Port of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro; the monument commemorates two historical events. Museo de Oro is a museum located within the main campus of Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan. The museum exhibits artifacts dug from Huluga Caves and repertoire of Bukidnon, and the Maranao cultures that have survived the ravages of time.[5] Museum of Three Cultures is a museum of Capitol University. It houses a gallery of Maranao antiquities from Tugaya, Lanao del Sur; a gallery of ethno history which shall display Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro history, Butuan archaeological artifacts, lumad arts and crafts from the Higaonon and Manobo cultures, and a treasure of Christians
Christians
lowland artifacts of Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
region; and finally an art gallery and coffee shop that promotes the local visual arts of Mindanao. It also has a research archives that will house Spanish era written documents, photographs, memorabilia of well-known personalities in Mindanao, which is open to all researchers and students of culture. La Castilla is a museum of the Philippine household heirlooms and antiques. This is the Peláez family memorabilia administered by the Liceo de Cagayan
Cagayan
University. DXCC Museum is a museum of a well-known radio broadcasting station in the Philippines
Philippines
called RMN-DXCC located at Don Apolinar Velez street. Executive Building (Old City Hall) used to be known as Casa Real de Cagayán, it was a former Spanish Governors' residence and seat of present-day local government officials. MOGCHS Administration Building was part of the 1907 Gabaldon initiatives to established and build public schools all over the Philippines
Philippines
under the Americans regime. Casa del Chino Ygua (Balay na Bato) was built in 1882 by the Sia family; they were the first Chinese migrants in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. Most of the revolutionaries died and buried behind the house during the Philippine-American War. Makahambus Cave and Adventure Park is an underground cave with a 130-foot (40 m) circular gorge. The ravine is thick with various species of plants and huge trees. It is the site of the historic Battle of Makahambus Hill between Kagay-anons and American soldiers during the Philippine-American War
Philippine-American War
circa 1900's [clarification needed].[32] Huluga Caves. is an archaeological site in Sitio Taguanao, barangay Indahag. Huluga Caves is composed of an open site and two caves where skeletal remains of a child and woman were found. A fragment of the woman's skull was 377 A.D. by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, California, United States. The open site is the venue of a prehistoric settlement. Hotels[edit]

International hotel chain Tune Hotels
Tune Hotels
along CM Recto Avenue

Recent data from the Department of Tourism
Tourism
show that Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is among the top 20 most visited tourist destinations in the country. As a result, international hotel chains are attracted to put up their hotel accommodations in or near the city. Drive-in motels are also available in the city and these are mostly located in Kauswagan. Infrastructure[edit] Transportation[edit] As the gateway to Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
and the rest of Mindanao, Cagayan de Oro is very accessible via land, air and water transportation. Main public transportation systems within the City are metered taxis, jeepneys with fixed routes, and motorelas within Poblacion. There are also a couple of river taxis that ply down to the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro River for both locals and tourists. Ports[edit]

Port of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, one of the busiest ports in Mindanao[33]

The Port of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro in Macabalan is located near the estuary of the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro River. It has an anchorage depth of 18 meters and is around 400 meters from the shoreline. It has four large gantry cranes and the biggest international and domestic seaport in Mindanao.[34] It handled 1.399 million metric tons of cargoes during the first quarter of 2016 to rank 3rd in the country after Manila's North Harbor with 5.557 million metric tons and MICT with 3.746 million metric tons. The Port of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro increased its volume of cargoes by 9.7% from 2015. This is according to data from the Philippine Ports Authority
Philippine Ports Authority
(PPA). The Port of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro (Macabalan Port) serves regular trips to and from cities of Metro Manila, Cebu
Cebu
City, Tagbilaran, Bacolod, Dumaguete, Iloilo City
Iloilo City
and Jagna, Bohol. General Milling and Del Monte Philippines
Philippines
also operate their own port facilities within Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. The $85 million Mindanao International Container Port located in nearby town Tagoloan 17 kilometers from Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro serves the PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate. This city's sub-port connects Mindanao
Mindanao
to the ports of major cities in Visayas, Batangas, Metro Manila
Manila
and the rest of the world. Airport[edit]

Laguindingan
Laguindingan
Airport

Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro's Laguindingan
Laguindingan
Airport (CGY), declared recently as the 7th hub of Cebu
Cebu
Pacific Airlines, handles domestic flights to and from Manila, Cebu
Cebu
City, Iloilo
Iloilo
City, Davao City, Bacolod, Zamboanga City, Dumaguete, Tagbilaran, and Clark in Angeles City. It sits on a 4.17 square kilometres (1.61 sq mi) site in Barangay
Barangay
Moog, Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental, some 46 kilometres (29 mi) northwest of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro.[35] The airport was inaugurated on January 11, 2006 by then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who advocated the idea of an international airport along the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro- Iligan
Iligan
Corridor,[36] and was officially opened on June 15, 2013. Laguindingan
Laguindingan
Airport, one of the national government's flagship projects to boost the nation's tourism industry, is poised to become an international airport serving Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
and Lanao del Sur. Laguindingan
Laguindingan
Airport is accessible by various modes of transportation provided by several transport operators from CDO and vice versa. These are ALPHAT Airport metered yellow taxi, regular metered taxi, and several shuttle express vans that run on an hourly basis (Magnum Express with its terminal at Limketkai, LAX Shuttle with its terminal at Ayala Centrio, CAGATRANSCO, Glorymer Transport, Donsals Express, JTS, The Lord’s Transport Services, Europcar, Super 5, CDOTRANSCO, Numano Express). All have booths near the parking area at Laguindingan Airport. Bus terminals[edit] There are two bus terminals in the City: The Eastbound Integrated Bus Terminal also known as MARKET CITY and The Westbound Integrate Bus and Jeepney Termminal. The Eastbound integrated Bus Terminal (Agora) also known as MARKET CITY offers a regular landtrips to and from eastern municipalities of Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
or eastern part of Mindanao
Mindanao
including Balingoan and Gingoog, Carmen (proposed), Nasipit, Butuan
Butuan
(change buses travel to Surigao City), Bukidnon
Bukidnon
including Central or Southern portion of Mindanao
Mindanao
such us Malaybalay
Malaybalay
and Valencia, Davao City, Kabacan, Tacurong
Tacurong
and General Santos. MARKET CITY formerly called as Agora Public Terminal and Market also one of cleanest public market in the country, also home of SM SAVEMORE Market Agora, Social Security System office, Win Min Transient Inn and many more. The Westbound Integrated Bus and Jeepney Terminal also has regular land trips to and from western municipalities of Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
or Western part of Mindanao
Mindanao
including El Salvador and Laguindingan, Iligan, Marawi, Tangub, Ozamiz, Dapitan, Dipolog, and the rest of Zamboanga Peninsula
Zamboanga Peninsula
including Pagadian
Pagadian
and Zamboanga City. Public utilities[edit] Water services are provided by the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Water District (COWD), the first water district established in the entire Philippines. The Bulk Water Supply, a supply agreement between COWD and the contractor, has a total production capacity of 198,262 cumpd., and comes from treated water from Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro river, the main water source of the city. Electricity in the city is provided mainly by Cagayan
Cagayan
Electric Power and Light Company (CEPALCO) and partly by Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
1st Rural Electric Service Cooperative (MORESCO-1). Cagayan
Cagayan
Electric Power and Light Company (CEPALCO). CEPALCO, which began operations in 1952, covers almost all of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro and the Municipalities of Tagoloan, Villanueva and Jasaan, all in the Province of Misamis Oriental, including the 3,000-hectare PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and caters to more than 100,000 consumers. The company's distribution system network includes 138,000 volt, 69,000 volt, 34,500 volt and 13,800 volt systems. CEPALCO's power supply is mainly coming from embedded power generators, namely: 165MW-Coal Power Plant of Minergy Power Corporation in Balingasag, 46MW-Diesel Power Plants of Minergy in Tablon, 8MW-Cabulig Hydro Electric Power Plant in Claveria, 7MW-Bubunawan Hydro Power Plant in Baungon-Libona, Bukidnon, 12.5MW Kirahon Solar Power Plant in Villanueva. CEPALCO is also operating the Developing World's first and largest (at the time of its inauguration in 2004) on-grid solar photovoltaic power plant. The 1-megawatt polycrystalline silicon-based photovoltaic (PV) plant in Barangay Indahag of this city is connected with the distribution network of CEPALCO. It is the biggest solar power plant connected to the power grid in Southeast Asia.[37] Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
-1 Rural Electric Service Cooperative (MORESCO-1) whose office is located in Laguindingan
Laguindingan
covers remote parts of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. These are barangays Canitoan, Pagatpat, San Simon, and Baikingon. Telecommunications are provided by PLDT, Philcom, Misortel, Globe, Smart, and Sun. Law and order[edit] Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is the regional base of Philippine Air Force, Philippine Army, and Philippine National Police
Philippine National Police
in Northern Mindanao. The Philippine Air Force
Philippine Air Force
is using Lumbia Airport
Lumbia Airport
as its air base which is currently operating a service equipment of OV-10 Bronco aircraft as well as UH-1 Huey and MD-520MG Defender helicopters. This will be a future home of the 15th Air Strike Wing that will be moving out from Sangley Point in Cavite The Philippine Army
Philippine Army
operates the largest military camp in Mindanao located in Barangay
Barangay
Patag with an area of 129 hectares. It is home to the 4th infantry division of the Philippine Army. Camp Evangelista's external jurisdiction covers the Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
and Caraga
Caraga
regions. Minor military camps are also located in barangay Lumbia and upper Puerto. The Philippine National Police
Philippine National Police
also operates its Regional Headquarters at Camp Alagar in Barangay
Barangay
Lapasan. Camp Alagar has jurisdiction over the entire Northern Mindanao, namely the Provinces of Bukidnon, Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental
Misamis Occidental
and Misamis Oriental including its major cities; Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro and Iligan.[38] Recently, PNP, AFP and spearheaded by LGU of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro formed a new integrated security force of the city known as TASK FORCE ORO. The local government of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro upgraded its emergency services as it launched on Monday, October 30, 2017, dialing the 911 number will immediately link the call to CDRRMC. The city patterned its improved emergency response program after Davao City's Central 911 emergency call. CDO's 911 will utilize Computer-Aided Emergency response. Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is one of the three locations in the country where the Judiciary's Court of Appeals is holding office. The Court of Appeals of the Philippines
Philippines
is the Philippines' second-highest judicial court. Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro's Court of Appeals has 3 divisions covering all of Mindanao. Medical facilities[edit] Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro has a hospital bed-to-population ratio of 1:474 as of 2003. The Justiniano R. Borja Memorial Medical Hospital (formerly City Hospital), Puerto Community Hospital and Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
Medical Center (formerly Provincial Hospital) are the three government-run hospitals. Capitol University
Capitol University
Medical City, Polymedic General Hospital, Polymedic Medical Plaza, Maria Reyna–Xavier University Hospital, Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Medical Center, Madonna and Child Hospital, Sabal Hospital and Maternity-Children's Hospital and Puericulture Center (formerly Oro Doctor's Hospital) are privately owned. Many of these government-owned and privately owned hospital facilities have undergone expansion, renovation and modernization. Education[edit] Main article: List of schools in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro The City has four major private universities/colleges: Capitol University, Liceo de Cagayan
Cagayan
University, Lourdes College Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, and Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan. The University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines
Philippines
is the only state university in the city.[39] Other higher education institutions include Southern Philippines
Philippines
College, Pilgrim Christian College, Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro College, St. Mary's Academy of Carmen run by the RVM Sisters, Informatics Computer Institute and STI College
STI College
- Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro with a secondary education program in Barangay
Barangay
Kauswagan. There are also a number of foreign schools in the city with study programs. Notable public and private elementary and high schools include Cagayan de Oro National High School, Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
General Comprehensive High School, Gusa Regional Science High School - X, City Central School, St. Mary's School, Corpus Christi School, The Abba's Orchard Montessori School, Merry Child School, International School, Vineyard International Polytechnic College, and Montessori de Oro. There are also schools in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro that use the Accelerated Christian Education system. Two of these schools include Cavite
Cavite
Bible Baptist Academy-CDO branch, and Shekinah Glory Christian Academy. There are two Chinese schools in the city: Kong Hua School (Roman Catholic) and Oro Christian Grace School (an Evangelical Christian school). There are two international schools run by Koreans, namely: Nanuri International School and Immanuel Mission International School. Media[edit] Main article: List of newspapers in the Philippines Notable media publications in the city are the Mindanao
Mindanao
Gold Star Daily, SunStar Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, and Super Balita. Ang Katarungan is the city's major English- Cebuano language
Cebuano language
paper published since 1926. Brigada Newspaper Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is the most popular newspaper company in the city. Mindanao
Mindanao
Business Daily and BusinessWeek Mindanao
Mindanao
are two business publications of BusinessWeek Mindanao
Mindanao
Group of Publications. In local television, famous local produced shows were from ABS-CBN TV-2 Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro that broadcast not only in the city but it reach whole Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
and even Southern Bohol
Bohol
and Caraga
Caraga
region. Morning show like Pamahaw Espesyal; Local news program- TV Patrol Northern Mindanao; Tele-magazine show: MAG TV Na, Asenso Ta!; and news talkshow Arankada. Also, GMA Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
contributed to local flagship news program One Mindanao
Mindanao
(simulcast over GMA Davao) that broadcast in the whole Mindanao. Local government[edit] See also: List of mayors of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro

The seal of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro when it attained its cityhood in 1950. It was replaced in 1976 during the mayoral tenure of Concordio Diel. Further replacements in the seal occurred in 1990 and 2000. In 2014, the 1990 seal was used again.

Elected and appointed public officials have governed Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro since June 15, 1950, with a strong mayor-council government. The city political government is composed of the mayor, vice mayor, two congressional districts representatives, sixteen councilors, one Sangguniang Kabataan
Sangguniang Kabataan
(SK) Federation representative and an Association of Barangay
Barangay
Captains (ABC) representative. Each official is elected publicly to a three-year terms. The following are the current city officials of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro:[40]

House of Representatives

1st Legislative district: Rep. Rolando A. Uy (PDP-Laban) 2nd Legislative district: Rep. Maximo Rodriguez ( PDP-Laban
PDP-Laban
/ CDP)

Mayor: Oscar S. Moreno (LP) Vice Mayor: Raineir Joaquin Uy (LP)

Barangay
Barangay
and legislative districts[edit] Main article: Legislative districts of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro is politically subdivided into 80 barangays. These are grouped into two congressional districts, 24 barangays in the 1st district (West) and 56 barangays in the 2nd district (East), with the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro River as the natural boundary. The city has a 57 urbanized barangays and 23 rural barangays all in all.

District Sub-District (# of Barangays) Population (as of 2010) Barangays

First Non-Poblacion (24) 290,913

Baikingon Balulang Bayabas Bayanga Besigan Bonbon

Bulua Canitoan Carmen Dansolihon Iponan Kauswagan

Lumbia Mambuaya Pagalungan Pagatpat Patag Pigsag-an

San Simon Taglimao Tagpangi Tignapoloan Tuburan Tumpagon

Second Non-Poblacion (16) 311,176

Agusan Balubal Bugo Camaman-an

Consolacion Cugman F.S. Catanico Gusa

Indahag Lapasan Macabalan Macasandig

Nazareth Puerto Puntod Tablon

Poblacion (40)

Barangay
Barangay
1 Barangay
Barangay
2 Barangay
Barangay
3 Barangay
Barangay
4 Barangay
Barangay
5 Barangay
Barangay
6 Barangay
Barangay
7 Barangay
Barangay
8 Barangay
Barangay
9 Barangay
Barangay
10

Barangay
Barangay
11 Barangay
Barangay
12 Barangay
Barangay
13 Barangay
Barangay
14 Barangay
Barangay
15 Barangay
Barangay
16 Barangay
Barangay
17 Barangay
Barangay
18 Barangay
Barangay
19 Barangay
Barangay
20

Barangay
Barangay
21 Barangay
Barangay
22 Barangay
Barangay
23 Barangay
Barangay
24 Barangay
Barangay
25 Barangay
Barangay
26 Barangay
Barangay
27 Barangay
Barangay
28 Barangay
Barangay
29 Barangay
Barangay
30

Barangay
Barangay
31 Barangay
Barangay
32 Barangay
Barangay
33 Barangay
Barangay
34 Barangay
Barangay
35 Barangay
Barangay
36 Barangay
Barangay
37 Barangay
Barangay
38 Barangay
Barangay
39 Barangay
Barangay
40

Notable people[edit]

Miss Universe 2015
Miss Universe 2015
Pia Wurtzbach

Pia Wurtzbach
Pia Wurtzbach
– Miss Universe Philippines
Philippines
2015, Miss Universe 2015; resided in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Maria Isabel Lopez
Maria Isabel Lopez
– Binibining Pilipinas Universe 1982 Elizabeth Berroya – Binibining Pilipinas Universe 1992 Mark Bautista – singer, songwriter, theater actor Aquilino "Nene" Pimentel, Jr. – former Senate President Aquilino "Koko" Pimentel III – Senate President under President Rodrigo Roa Duterte Milan Melindo – professional boxer Ciso Morales – professional boxer Jason Pagara – professional boxer Albert Pagara – professional boxer Maricar Reyes – Filipino actress Martin Andanar
Martin Andanar
– Secretary of the Presidential Communications Operations Office under President Rodrigo Roa Duterte Sheree – member of Viva Hot Babes Jiovani Jalalon – Professional Basketball
Basketball
Player - PBA (Star Hotshots) Jojo Lastimosa – PBA Player Carlo Lastimosa – Professional Basketball
Basketball
Player - PBA (NLEX Road Warriors) May–May Entrata – Pinoy Big Brother: Lucky 7 Big Winner

International relations[edit] Twin towns or sister cities[edit] See also: List of sister cities in the Philippines Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro has sister cities worldwide including local, as classified by the city government.

Lawndale, United States
United States
(1986)[41][42] Tainan City, Taiwan
Taiwan
(2005)[43] Harbin, China
China
(2007)[44] Norfolk, United States
United States
(2008)[45] Gwangyang, South Korea
South Korea
(n/a)[46] Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines
Philippines
(n/a)[47]

See also[edit]

Philippines
Philippines
portal

List of renamed cities and municipalities in the Philippines

Gallery[edit]

North Concourse, Limketkai Mall

CM Recto Flyover

Whitewater rafting or kayaking adventures in the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro River

A Tribute monument to the slain members of the press

View from the Ridge

City Skyline as of Jan. 2018

City Skyline 2018 Nightshot by ProjectLupad

References[edit]

^ ^ "Province: Misamis Oriental". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.  ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ " Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro's White Water Rafting". Philippine Postal Corporation. June 18, 2012. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ a b Cagayan
Cagayan
De Oro Travel Guide Archived 2011-10-02 at the Wayback Machine. ^ GMA goes whitewater rafting in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro - and looks forward to mountain climbing : Philippines : Gov.Ph : News ^ http://cagayandeoro.elizaga.net/Appendix/meaning-of-cagayan.html ^ Montalvan, Antonio J. II (October 16, 2009). "History of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro". Heritage Conservation Advocates. p. 2. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ "Unsung Heroes of the Philippine Revolution: Ang mga Pilipino sa Ating Kasaysayan, a Centennial Resource Book". MSC Institute of Technology. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ Berlow, Alan (July 4, 1996). "The Independence Day That Wasn't". Philippine Centennial Series. Philippine History Group of Los Angeles. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ The 1st Congress of the Philippines
Philippines
(June 15, 1948). "R.A. No. 268, An Act Creating the Municipality of El Salvador, Province of Misamis Oriental". Philippine Law Info. Retrieved April 8, 2011.  ^ The 2nd Congress of the Philippines
Philippines
(June 15, 1950). "R.A. No. 524, An Act Creating the Municipality of Opol, Province of Misamis Oriental". Philippine Law Info. Retrieved April 9, 2011.  ^ The 2nd Congress of the Philippines
Philippines
(June 15, 1950). "R.A. No. 521, Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro City Charter". Philippine Law Info. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ Roa, A. Paulita (June 15, 2012). "The City of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro". Feature. Sun.Star Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ http://heritage.elizaga.net/views/elizaga-salvaging.html ^ http://heritage.elizaga.net/huluga/artifacts/index.html ^ Ressa, Maria (December 19, 2011). "Storm death toll tops 650 in Philippines; hundreds missing". Asia. CNN. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ "Death toll from Typhoon Bopha tops 1,000 in the Philippines
Philippines
- CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 2015-08-06.  ^ Lagsa, Bobby. "Thousands stranded as flash floods hit Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro". Rappler. Retrieved January 19, 2017.  ^ "4 dead, 1 missing, thousands displaced in Oro flood". SunStar Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. Retrieved January 19, 2017.  ^ Jerusalem, JIgger; Saliring, Alwen; Viguella, Abigail. "Heavy rains cause worst flooding in Oro since Sendong". SunStar Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. Retrieved January 19, 2017.  ^ "The Official Website of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro City". The City Government of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro City. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ " Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, Philippines: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved February 4, 2007.  ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Censuses of Population (1903 – 2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.  ^ "Province of Misamis Oriental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.  ^ " Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro City: Population growth rate declined to 1.63 percent". Philippine Statistics Authority. September 17, 2002. Archived from the original on February 21, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ " Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro". Philippine Airlines. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ "Fuel import facility in Mindanao". Pilipinas Shell.  ^ "Kagay-an Festival". CDO Guide: Your Online Guide to Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ " Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Carnival Parade". ACadeO:What To Do in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. Retrieved November 3, 2015.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2003-07-03. Retrieved 2016-08-25.  ^ "Port of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro". Philippine Ports Authority. Archived from the original on July 28, 2010. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ P250-M rehab for Mindanao’s biggest port completed - INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos Archived October 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Rodriguez, Ma. Cecilia (July 22, 2007). "Waiting for the flight from Laguindingan". Inquirer Headlines - Regions. Inquirer Mobile. Archived from the original on September 26, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ Cabahug-Aguhob, Rutchie (December 14, 2009). "Pres. Arroyo inaugurates 17,000th km-milestone FMR" (Press release). Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ "CEPALCO'S 1MWP Photovoltaic Power Plant". Cagayan
Cagayan
Electric Power and Light Company'. Archived from the original on September 1, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ :: WWW.PNP.GOV.PH :: Philippine National Police ^ The 14th Congress of the Philippines
Philippines
(January 7, 2009). "R.A. No. 9519, Mindanao
Mindanao
University of Science and Technology Charter". Philippine Law Info. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ "Officials in Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro City". Elizaga. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ "South Bay Facts". Los Angeles Times. July 31, 1986. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ "Minutes of the Lawndele City Council Regular Meeting" (PDF). City Government of Lawndale City. December 19, 2011. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.  ^ Fuentes Ian A. CdeO To Get 5 Fire Trucks Donation From Tainan , www.cagayandeoro.gov.ph Archived August 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Jaraula Attends Int\'l Trade
Trade
Fair In Harbin
Harbin
, www.cagayandeoro.gov.ph Archived August 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Elson T. Elizaga Neglecting Our Ancient City , Letter. ^ Cagayan
Cagayan
De Oro City adopts Gwangyang, Korea as sister city Archived 2012-11-02 at the Wayback Machine., Philippine Information Agency ^ "Sister Cities". Local Government of Quezon
Quezon
City. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro.

Official website of the city government of Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro development updates LGU Performance Management System Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Encyclopedia

Places adjacent to Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro

Macajalar Bay Tagoloan

Opol

Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro

Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon

Iligan
Iligan
City Talakag / Baungon / Libona, Bukidnon

Articles related to Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro

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Province of Misamis Oriental

Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro (capital)

Municipalities

Alubijid Balingasag Balingoan Binuangan Claveria Gitagum Initao Jasaan Kinoguitan Lagonglong Laguindingan Libertad Lugait Magsaysay Manticao Medina Naawan Opol Salay Sugbongcogon Tagoloan Talisayan Villanueva

Component cities

El Salvador Gingoog

Highly urbanized city

Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro (Administratively independent from the province but grouped under Misamis Oriental
Misamis Oriental
by the Philippine Statistics Authority.)

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Northern Mindanao
Northern Mindanao
(Region X)

Regional Center

Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro

Provinces

Bukidnon Camiguin Lanao del Norte Misamis Occidental Misamis Oriental

Highly Urbanized Cities

Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Iligan

Component Cities

El Salvador Gingoog Malaybalay Oroquieta Ozamiz Tangub Valencia

Provincial Capitals

Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Malaybalay Mambajao Oroquieta Tubod

Municipalities

Aloran Alubijid Bacolod Baliangao Balingasag Balingoan Baloi Baroy Baungon Binuangan Bonifacio Cabanglasan Calamba Catarman Clarin Claveria Concepcion Damulog Dangcagan Don Carlos Don Victoriano Chiongbian Gitagum Guinsiliban Impasugong Initao Jasaan Jimenez Kadingilan Kalilangan Kapatagan Kauswagan Kibawe Kinoguitan Kitaotao Kolambugan Lagonglong Laguindingan Lala Lantapan Libertad Libona Linamon Lopez Jaena Lugait Magsaysay (Lanao del Norte) Magsaysay (Misamis Oriental) Mahinog Maigo Malitbog Mambajao Manolo Fortich Manticao Maramag Matungao Medina Munai Naawan Nunungan Opol Panaon Pangantucan Pantao Ragat Pantar Plaridel Poona Piagapo Quezon Sagay Salay Salvador San Fernando Sapad Sapang Dalaga Sinacaban Sugbongcogon Sultan Naga Dimaporo Sumilao Tagoloan (Lanao del Norte) Tagoloan (Misamis Oriental) Talakag Talisayan Tangcal Tubod Tudela Villanueva

Mindanao, Republic of the Philippines

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Cities of the Philippines

Highly Urbanized Cities

Angeles Bacolod Baguio Butuan Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Caloocan Cebu
Cebu
City Davao City General Santos Iligan Iloilo
Iloilo
City Lapu-Lapu Las Piñas Lucena Makati Malabon Mandaluyong Mandaue Manila Marikina Muntinlupa Navotas Olongapo Parañaque Pasay Pasig Puerto Princesa Quezon
Quezon
City San Juan Tacloban Taguig Valenzuela Zamboanga City

Independent Component Cities

Cotabato
Cotabato
City Dagupan Naga Ormoc Santiago

Component Cities

Alaminos Antipolo Bacoor Bago Bais Balanga Batac Batangas
Batangas
City Bayawan Baybay Bayugan Biñan Bislig Bogo Borongan Cabadbaran Cabanatuan Cabuyao Cadiz Calamba Calapan Calbayog Candon Canlaon Carcar Catbalogan Cauayan Cavite
Cavite
City Danao Dapitan Dasmariñas Digos Dipolog Dumaguete El Salvador Escalante Gapan General Trias Gingoog Guihulngan Himamaylan Ilagan Imus Iriga Isabela Kabankalan Kidapawan Koronadal La Carlota Lamitan Laoag Legazpi Ligao Lipa Maasin Mabalacat Malaybalay Malolos Marawi Masbate
Masbate
City Mati Meycauayan Muñoz Naga, Cebu Oroquieta Ozamiz Pagadian Palayan Panabo Passi Roxas Sagay Samal San Carlos, Negros Occidental San Carlos, Pangasinan San Fernando, La Union San Fernando, Pampanga San Jose San Jose del Monte San Pablo San Pedro Santa Rosa Silay Sipalay Sorsogon
Sorsogon
City Surigao City Tabaco Tabuk Tacurong Tagaytay Tagbilaran Tagum Talisay, Cebu Talisay, Negros Occidental Tanauan Tandag Tangub Tanjay Tarlac
Tarlac
City Tayabas Toledo Trece Martires Tuguegarao Urdaneta Valencia Victorias Vigan

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Largest cities in the Philippines PSA Census August 2015

Rank Name Region Pop. Rank Name Region Pop.

Quezon
Quezon
City

Manila 1 Quezon
Quezon
City National Capital Region 2,936,116 11 Parañaque National Capital Region 665,822

Davao City

Caloocan

2 Manila National Capital Region 1,780,148 12 Dasmariñas Calabarzon 659,019

3 Davao City Davao Region 1,632,991 13 Valenzuela National Capital Region 620,422

4 Caloocan National Capital Region 1,583,978 14 Bacoor Calabarzon 600,609

5 Cebu
Cebu
City Central Visayas 922,611 15 General Santos Soccsksargen 594,446

6 Zamboanga City Zamboanga Peninsula 861,799 16 Las Piñas National Capital Region 588,894

7 Taguig National Capital Region 804,915 17 Makati National Capital Region 582,602

8 Antipolo Calabarzon 776,386 18 San Jose del Monte Central Luzon 574,089

9 Pasig National Capital Region 755,300 19 Bacolod Western Visayas 561,875

10 Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Northern Mindanao 675,950 20 Muntinlupa National Capital Region 504,509

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Provincial capital cities and municipalities of the Philippines

Luzon

Abra: Bangued Albay: Legazpi Apayao: Kabugao / Luna1 Aurora: Baler Bataan: Balanga Batanes: Basco Batangas: Batangas
Batangas
City Benguet: La Trinidad Bulacan: Malolos Cagayan: Tuguegarao Camarines Norte: Daet Camarines Sur: Pili Catanduanes: Virac Cavite: Imus
Imus
/ Trece Martires1 Ifugao: Lagawe Ilocos Norte: Laoag Ilocos Sur: Vigan Isabela: Ilagan Kalinga: Tabuk La Union: San Fernando Laguna: Santa Cruz Marinduque: Boac Masbate: Masbate
Masbate
City Mountain Province: Bontoc Nueva Ecija: Palayan Nueva Vizcaya: Bayombong Occidental Mindoro: Mamburao Oriental Mindoro: Calapan Palawan: Puerto Princesa Pampanga: San Fernando Pangasinan: Lingayen Quezon: Lucena Quirino: Cabarroguis Rizal: Antipolo Romblon: Romblon Sorsogon: Sorsogon
Sorsogon
City Tarlac: Tarlac
Tarlac
City Zambales: Iba

Visayas

Aklan: Kalibo Antique: San Jose de Buenavista Biliran: Naval Bohol: Tagbilaran Capiz: Roxas Cebu: Cebu
Cebu
City Eastern Samar: Borongan Guimaras: Jordan Iloilo: Iloilo
Iloilo
City Leyte: Tacloban Negros Occidental: Bacolod Negros Oriental: Dumaguete Northern Samar: Catarman Samar: Catbalogan Siquijor: Siquijor Southern Leyte: Maasin

Mindanao

Agusan del Norte: Cabadbaran
Cabadbaran
/ Butuan1 Agusan del Sur: Prosperidad Basilan: Lamitan Bukidnon: Malaybalay Camiguin: Mambajao Compostela Valley: Nabunturan Cotabato: Kidapawan Davao del Norte: Tagum Davao del Sur: Digos Davao Occidental: Malita Davao Oriental: Mati Dinagat Islands: San Jose Lanao del Norte: Tubod Lanao del Sur: Marawi Maguindanao: Buluan / Sultan Kudarat2 Misamis Occidental: Oroquieta Misamis Oriental: Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Sarangani: Alabel South Cotabato: Koronadal Sultan Kudarat: Isulan Sulu: Jolo Surigao del Norte: Surigao City Surigao del Sur: Tandag Tawi-Tawi: Bongao Zamboanga del Norte: Dipolog Zamboanga del Sur: Pagadian Zamboanga Sibugay: Ipil

1 de facto seat of provincial government · 2 seat of legislative branch of provincial government

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Broadcast television in the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro market

VHF channels

DXEC
DXEC
2 (ABS-CBN) DXCS 4 (ETC) DXKO 5 ( CNN
CNN
PH) DXCO 7 (S+A) DXCC 10 (IBC)

UHF channels

DXTE 21 (TV5) DXCE 23 (ABS-CBN) DXGC 25 (3ABN) DXRL 29 (AksyonTV) DXRJ 31 (RJTV/2nd Avenue) DXVM
DXVM
33 (BEAM TV) DXLX 35 (GMA) DXNY 41 (UNTV) DXXL 43 (GMA News TV) DXGN 45 (GNN)

Digital channels

24 (ABS-CBN)

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Radio stations in the Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro market

By FM frequency

DXRJ 88.5 DXKB
DXKB
89.3 DXCX 91.1 DXEC
DXEC
91.9 DXCS 92.7 DXQR
DXQR
93.5 DXWZ
DXWZ
94.3 DXBL 95.7 DXKS 96.9 DXVM
DXVM
99.1 DXRK
DXRK
99.9 DXLX 100.7 DXRL 101.5 DXYQ 102.5 DXJL 103.3 DXBC 103.9 DXYR 104.7 DXHY 106.3 DXNY 107.9

By AM frequency

DXIF 729 DXCC 828 DXIM 936 DXKH 972 DXCO 1044 DXCL 1098 DXRU 1188 DXDZ 1242 DXKO 1368 DXSI 1440 DXRJ 1476 DXJR 1575

Philippine radio markets Bacolod Balanga Baguio Batangas-Lipa Bislig Boracay Butuan Cabanatuan Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Cebu Cotabato Dagupan Davao Dipolog Dumaguete General Santos Iloilo Iligan Kidapawan Koronadal Laguna Laoag Legazpi Lucena Metro Manila Naga North Cebu Olongapo Ozamis Puerto Princesa Pagadian Roxas San Fernando-Angeles Santiago-Cauayan Surigao Sorsogon Tacloban-Ormoc Tandag Tuguegarao Zamboanga

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 136059

.